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PubMed Journals Articles About "Rising Pharmaceuticals Agreed More Than Million Resolve Criminal" RSS

22:14 EST 23rd January 2020 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Rising Pharmaceuticals agreed more than million resolve criminal" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 2,600+

National Study of Childhood Traumatic Events and Adolescent and Adult Criminal Justice Involvement Risk: Evaluating the Protective Role of Social Support From Mentors During Adolescence.

With nearly 11 million people in the United States arrested in 2015, the need to identify antecedent risk factors driving criminal justice involvement (CJI) and possible mitigating factors is crucial. This study examines the relation between childhood trauma and CJI in adolescence and adulthood and assesses how this relation is moderated by mentoring during young adulthood.


OBTAINING SAMPLES FOR EXAMINATION IN CRIMINAL PROCEEDINGS: PROBLEMS OF NORMATIVE REGULATION AND LAW ENFORCEMENT.

The aim of the study is to identify topical issues of the regulatory framework and the application of legal provisions related to acquisition (collection) of samples for examination in criminal proceedings. To achieve this objective, as well as justify the results, a set of general scientific and special methods is used. The comparative legal method enables to analyze the criminal procedure legislation of Ukraine and other countries, as well as the practice of the European Court of Human Rights. The system-...

Acceptability and efficacy of naltrexone for criminal justice-involved individuals with opioid use disorder: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Criminal justice-involved individuals carry a disproportionately higher burden of opioid use disorder (OUD) than those not involved with the criminal justice system and are often unable to access opioid agonist therapies like methadone and buprenorphine. The opioid receptor antagonist naltrexone (NTX) is effective for the prevention of relapse to OUD and may be more acceptable in criminal justice settings. This objectives of this review were: (1) to provide an overall summary effect across studies for the e...


Medical negligence subject to criminal law.

Introduction: Legal liability for medical negligence should contribute to the protection of patients' rights to life and health. At the same time, unreasonably strict sanctions against physicians should be analyzed much closely. More balanced model of such liability requires serious in-depth research. The aim of the article is to stimulate discussion about the necessity to improve the criminal legislation and judicial practice of criminal liability execution.

Mytilidae as model organisms in the marine ecotoxicology of pharmaceuticals - A review.

Growing production and consumption of pharmaceuticals is a global problem. Due to insufficient data on the concentration and distribution of pharmaceuticals in the marine environment, there are no appropriate legal regulations concerning their emission. In order to understand all aspects of the fate of pharmaceuticals in the marine environment and their effect on marine biota, it is necessary to find the most appropriate model organism for this purpose. This paper presents an overview of the ecotoxicologica...

Occurrence and ranking of pharmaceuticals in the major rivers of China.

Residual pharmaceuticals have received widespread attention worldwide due to their continuous release and potential hazard to the environment. As a result of rapid development and a large population, China has become a country with high production and consumption of pharmaceuticals. This may be the main reason for the high detection frequencies and concentrations of pharmaceuticals in the aquatic environment in China. Rivers represent an important water resource and play an important role in the sustainable...

Analysis, occurrence and removal of pharmaceuticals in African water resources: A current status.

Pharmaceuticals are organic compounds used in medicines for alleviation of pain. Since 2017, there has been a steady increase on the availability of information on contamination of water resources caused by pharmaceuticals in some African countries. Thus far, most environmental monitoring studies of pharmaceuticals are conducted in South Africa while there is still no available data in majority of the African countries. Therefore, the knowledge on the presence of pharmaceuticals in African water resources i...

Prioritization of pharmaceuticals in water environment in China based on environmental criteria and risk analysis of top-priority pharmaceuticals.

Numerous studies have shown that a wide range of pharmaceuticals are present in the environment and many of their adverse biological effects on the aquatic ecosystem and human health are unknown. Due to the high population density and large number of pharmaceuticals produced and consumed in China, a systematic approach is needed to identify pharmaceuticals that require greater attention. The present study provides a ranking of pharmaceuticals in China in terms of their occurrence (O), persistence, bioaccumu...

The budgetary impact of genetic testing for hereditary breast cancer for the statutory health insurance.

Potential opportunities and challenges of predictive genetic risk classification of healthy persons are currently discussed. However, the budgetary impact of rising demand is uncertain. This project aims to evaluate budgetary consequences of predictive genetic risk classification for the statutory health insurance in Germany. A Markov model was developed in the form of a cohort simulation. It analyses a population of female relatives of hereditary breast cancer patients. Mutation carriers are offered inten...

Criminal Recidivism After Forensic Psychiatric Treatment. A Multicenter Study on the Role of Pretreatment, Treatment-Related, and Follow-Up Variables.

This study examined associations between criminal recidivism after discharge from forensic treatment and variables related to either the time before the current forensic treatment, or the current forensic treatment, or the follow-up after discharge. Participants were treated in 12 forensic clinics according to section 63 of the German penal code. A patient was classified as a criminal recidivist when the patient or the aftercare reported that the patient was delinquent at follow-up. Patients without crimina...

Biological-activity-based prioritization of pharmaceuticals in wastewater for environmental monitoring: G protein-coupled receptor inhibitors.

Pharmaceuticals raise concerns for aquatic species owing to their biological activities. It is estimated that nearly 40% of marketed pharmaceuticals target G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). Using an in vitro transforming growth factor-α (TGFα) shedding assay, we previously detected antagonistic activities of GPCR-acting pharmaceuticals against angiotensin (AT1), dopamine (D2), acetylcholine (M1), adrenergic family members (β1), and histamine (H1) receptors at up to μg-antagonist-equivalent quantities...

Estimated costs to the Pennsylvania criminal justice system resulting from the opioid crisis.

The opioid crisis has made financial impacts across all levels of the public sector. This report focuses on costs related to the criminal justice system (CJS) in Pennsylvania. Costs impacting 3 principal areas of the CJS are examined: opioid-related arrests, court costs, and incarceration. Analysis of the state-level CJS is our main focus; no local-level costs are included. Through this examination, costs of the opioid crisis for the period of 2007 to 2016 were estimated using opioid costs for 2006 as a bas...

Comparison of the regulatory outline of ecopharmacovigilance of pharmaceuticals in Europe, USA, Japan and Australia.

Pharmaceuticals are known to improve the quality of life by curing and preventing diseases. However, these pharmaceutical products, when it diffuses through the environment by various routes, can cause severe harmful effects to the living organisms. During the last several years, the coping with the impact of pharmaceuticals on the environment was one of the challenging tasks for the pharmaceutical industries. These concerns about the environmental health and safety risks paved the way in developing a prope...

Exposure to the US Criminal Legal System and Well-Being: A 2018 Cross-Sectional Study.

To assess the association between exposure to the US criminal legal system and well-being. We used data from the 2018 Family History of Incarceration Survey, a nationally representative cross-sectional study of family incarceration experience (n = 2815), which includes measures of participants' own criminal legal system exposure, including police stops, arrests, and incarceration. We measured well-being across 5 domains-physical, mental, social, spiritual, and overall life evaluation-and analyzed trends...

Self-reported antiretroviral therapy adherence and viral load in criminal justice-involved populations.

Self-reported antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence measures that are associated with plasma viral load (VL) are valuable to clinicians and researchers, but are rarely examined among groups vulnerable to dropping out of care. One-seventh of all those living with HIV pass through incarceration annually and criminal-justice (CJ) involved people living with HIV (PLH) are vulnerable to falling out of care. We examined the association of self-reported ART adherence with VL in a criminal-justice sample compared ...

Biological removal of pharmaceuticals by Navicula sp. and biotransformation of bezafibrate.

Pharmaceutically active compounds are of great concern due to their detection frequency in the environment and the unexpected risks. In this study, the simultaneous removal of mixed pharmaceuticals by microalgae was explored using a typical freshwater diatom Navicula sp. Results showed that Navicula sp. could efficiently remove atenolol, carbamazepine, ibuprofen and naproxen with the efficiencies of >90% after 21 d of exposure. As compared to the removal efficiencies of each pharmaceutical in the individu...

Perceived Discrimination Based on Criminal Record in Healthcare Settings and Self-Reported Health Status among Formerly Incarcerated Individuals.

Perceived discrimination based on criminal record is associated with social determinants of health such as housing and employment. However, there is limited data on discrimination based on criminal record within health care settings. We examined how perceived discrimination based on criminal record within health care settings, among individuals with a history of incarceration, was associated with self-reported general health status. We used data from individuals recruited from 11 sites within the Transition...

Sorption of ionic and neutral species of pharmaceuticals to loessial soil amended with biochars.

To clarify the impact of biochar amendment on soil sorption for coexisting pharmaceuticals, wheat straw-derived biochars pyrolyzed at 300 and 700 °C (labeled as WS300 and WS700, respectively) were prepared. Batch experiments on ketoprofen (KTP), atenolol (ATL) and carbamazepine (CBZ) sorption to biochars, loessial soil and biochar-amended soils were conducted. The results indicated that sorption affinity of different species of pharmaceuticals to WS300 and WS700 was in the order of cationic ATL > neutral C...

Single and mixture toxicity of four pharmaceuticals of environmental concern to aquatic organisms, including a behavioral assessment.

Pharmaceuticals are frequently detected in aquatic environments as mixtures and can cause toxic effects to non-target organisms. We aimed to evaluate the single and mixture effects of the pharmaceuticals metformin, bisoprolol, ranitidine and sotalol using Daphnia similis and Danio rerio. In addition, we aimed to test the predictive accuracy of the mathematical models concentration addition and independent action and to evaluate the nature of the possible toxicological interactions among these pharmaceutical...

Relevant issues of the criminal liability of the private doctors for corruption crimes.

Introduction: Corruption, as a socio-economic problem, is characteristic of every society. The aim: To study relevant issues of criminal liability of the private doctors for committing corruption crimes.

Insights into the isotherm and kinetic models for the coadsorption of pharmaceuticals in the absence and presence of metal ions: A review.

Pharmaceuticals are a wide class of emerging pollutants due to their continuous and the increasing consumption of users. These pollutants are usually found in the real environment as mixtures alone or with metal ions. Thus, the migration risk increases, which complicates the removal of pharmaceuticals because of the combined and synergistic effects. The focus of treatment of pharmaceutical mixtures and their coexistence with metals is of considerable importance. For this purpose, adsorption has been efficie...

The prevalence of tattooing and motivations in five major countries over the World.

Tattoos are common in Western countries [1, 2]. There is a growing interest in tattoos in other parts of the globe such as Latin America [3] but overall data are scarce. We report an international online survey among a representative sample of the general population from five major countries (Brazil 209 million inhabitants, China 1 386 million, France 67 million, Russia 144 million and United-States, USA, 325 million) [4]. The data collection procedure was identical to previous studies [1,5,6] and has been...

Photoelectrocatalytic degradation of organics and formation of disinfection byproducts in reverse osmosis concentrate.

The high content of organics in municipal reverse osmosis concentrate (ROC) requires proper treatment. Here, this study applied the photoelectrocatalysis (PEC) to reduce the concentration of organics in ROC. Meanwhile, the formation of disinfection byproducts (DBPs) was investigated. Participation of primary oxidants in organics removal and DBPs formation was revealed at different anodic potentials and pHs. The results showed that PEC process effectively oxidized the organics in ROC, achieving the highest m...

An Approach for Using In Vitro and In Silico Data to Identify Pharmaceuticals with Potential (Anti-)Estrogenic Activity in Aquatic Vertebrates at Environmentally Relevant Concentrations.

Endocrine-active pharmaceuticals can cause adverse reproductive and developmental effects in non-target organisms. Aquatic vertebrates may be susceptible to the effects of such pharmaceuticals given that the structure of hormone receptors and the physiology of the endocrine system are highly conserved across vertebrates. To aid in the regulatory review of the environmental impact of drugs, we demonstrate an approach to screen and support the prioritization of pharmaceuticals based on their ability to intera...

Quantifying the Restrictiveness of Local Housing Authority Policies Toward People With Criminal Justice Histories: United States, 2009-2018.

To quantify variation in the restrictiveness of local public housing authority policies related to the admission and eviction of people with criminal justice histories. We conducted content analysis of housing authority policy documents for US cities with a population of 100 000 or more (n = 152). Factor analysis identified policy provisions to create a restrictiveness score (range = 0-8). We explored associations between restrictiveness scores and city-level measures of racial/ethnic diversity, r...


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