PubMed Journals Articles About "Risk Nonsteroidal Anti Inflammatory Drug Associated Renal Dysfunction" RSS

13:45 EDT 18th March 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Risk nonsteroidal anti inflammatory drug associated renal dysfunction" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 37,000+

Perioperative use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and the risk of anastomotic failure in emergency general surgery.

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are commonly used analgesic and anti-inflammatory adjuncts. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug administration may potentially increase the risk of postoperative gastrointestinal anastomotic failure (AF). We aim to determine if perioperative NSAID utilization influences gastrointestinal AF in emergency general surgery (EGS) patients undergoing gastrointestinal resection and anastomosis.

Improvement of Cisplatin-induced Renal Dysfunction by Schisandra chinensis Stems via Anti-inflammation and Anti-apoptosis Effects.

Schisandra chinensis (Turcz.) Baill (S. chinensis) is a frequently used traditional Chinese medicine, and modern pharmacological research has proven that S. chinensis has antioxidant, anti-hepatotox, anti-inflammatory, and anti-nephrotoxic effects. Cisplatin is widely used as antineoplastic drug at presenteffects, but the clinical application of cisplatin is limitedowing to nephrotoxicity.

Polymorphism of IL10, IL4, CTLA4, and DAO Genes in Cross-Reactive Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drug Hypersensitivity.

Our aim was to evaluate genetic polymorphism of molecules involved in immunoregulatory/allergic processes in patients who presented with cutaneous hypersensitivity caused by chemically unrelated nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Polymorphisms at IL10 (-1082 G>A), IL4 (-589 C>T), CTLA4 (+49A>G), and DAO (+8956 C>G) genes were studied in 55 cases and 97 controls by the polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism technique. With regard to the polymorphism at IL10 -1082, higher freque...

In Vitro Chondrotoxicity of Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs and Opioid Medications.

A variety of medications are administered to the intra-articular space for the relief of joint pain. While amide-type local anesthetics have been extensively studied, there is minimal information regarding the potential chondrotoxicity of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and opioid medications.

Activation of the cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway by GTS-21 attenuates cisplatin-induced acute kidney injury in mice.

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is the most common side effect of cisplatin, a widely used chemotherapy drug. Although AKI occurs in up to one third of cancer patients receiving cisplatin, effective renal protective strategies are lacking. Cisplatin targets renal proximal tubular epithelial cells leading to inflammation, reactive oxygen species, tubular cell injury, and eventually cell death. The cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway is a vagus nerve-mediated reflex that suppresses inflammation via α7 nicotinic ...

Acetyl Salicylic Acid Challenge in Children with Hypersensitivity Reactions to Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs Differentiates Between Cross-Intolerant and Selective Responders.

Hypersensitivity reactions to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in children are becoming a great concern. Most studies have focused on adults, with noted discrepancies observed in the classification of hypersensitivity reactions to NSAIDs in children when compared with adults.

Diclofenac-induced renal toxicity in female Wistar albino rats is protected by the pre-treatment of aqueous leaves extract of Madhuca longifolia through suppression of inflammation, oxidative stress and cytokine formation.

Kidney has a vital role in renal clearance, maintenance of blood pressure, elimination of toxic products and formation of prostaglandins. Certain medications are known to cause renal injury on its frequent usage and high dosage. Diclofenac is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug which is used in the treatment of pain and arthritis. Madhuca longifolia is a deciduous tree which is known to the have anti-microbial, anti-ulcer, hepatoprotective, anti-diabetic, anti-inflammatory and analgesic activity. The aim...

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and prostate cancer risk: results from the EPICAP study.

Chronic inflammation may play a role in prostate cancer carcinogenesis. In that context, our objective was to investigate the role of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in prostate cancer risk based on the EPICAP data. EPICAP is a population-based case-control study carried out in 2012-2013 (département of Hérault, France) that enrolled 819 men aged less than 75 years old newly diagnosed for prostate cancer and 879 controls frequency matched to the cases on age. Face to face interviews gathere...

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug choice and adverse outcomes in clopidogrel users: A retrospective cohort study.

To examine the comparative safety of individual NSAIDs when given concomitantly with clopidogrel.

Anticonvulsant effects of acetaminophen in mice: Comparison with the effects of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.

The appropriate use of analgesic drugs based on their degree of analgesia and adverse effects is important for pain management. Although it has been reported that AM404, a metabolite of acetaminophen, has anticonvulsant effects in several animal seizure models, little is known about the relation between acetaminophen and seizures. We therefore investigated the effects of acetaminophen on seizure susceptibility in several mouse seizure and epilepsy models and compared the effects with those of nonsteroidal a...

Hydroxychloroquine attenuates renal ischemia/reperfusion injury by inhibiting cathepsin mediated NLRP3 inflammasome activation.

Inflammation is a major contributor to the pathogenesis of ischemic acute kidney injury (AKI), which complicates the post-operative outcomes of large numbers of hospitalized surgical patients. Hydroxychloroquine (HCQ), a well-known anti-malarial drug, is commonly used in clinical practice for its anti-inflammatory actions. However, little is known about its role in renal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. In the current study, mice were subjected to I/R injury and HCQ was administered for seven days by gava...

Chronic Kidney Disease in Pregnancy.

With the increasing prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) worldwide, the number of pregnant women with various degrees of renal dysfunction is expected to increase. There is a bidirectional relation between CKD and pregnancy in which renal dysfunction negatively affects pregnancy outcomes, and the pregnancy can have a deleterious impact on various aspects of kidney disease. It has been shown that even mild renal dysfunction can increase considerably the risk of adverse maternal and fetal outcomes. More...

Alzheimer's Disease Can Be Spared by Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs.

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by deposits of amyloid-β protein (Aβ) in brain which become foci of inflammation. Neurons are destroyed by this inflammatory process, leading to the cognitive deficits which define AD clinical onset. Epidemiological studies indicate that nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can ameliorate this destructive process if they are started well before clinical signs develop. Biomarker studies indicate that the disease process starts at least a decade before cogn...

Prevention of renal ischemia/perfusion-induced renal and hepatic injury in adult male Albino rats by oxytocin: role of nitric oxide.

Oxytocin (OT) has an anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effect in the different inflammatory models. The current study aimed to evaluate the protective function of OT in renal and hepatic damages triggered by renal ischemia/reperfusion (IR) in rats. Moreover, the effect of NG-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester (l-NAME) was investigated on the kidney and liver functions in renal IR model.

Risk of de novo dialysis after elective cardiac surgery according to preoperative renal dysfunction.

The aim was to estimate the risk of dialysis postoperative de novo dialysis in patients undergoing elective cardiac surgery, according to varying degrees of pre-existing renal dysfunction, and to compare the outcomes with the expected prevalence of dialysis based on several risk scores.

Using probability of drug use as independent variable in a register-based pharmacoepidemiological cause-effect study-An application of the reverse waiting time distribution.

In register-based pharmacoepidemiological studies, each day of follow-up is usually categorized either as exposed or unexposed. However, there is an underlying continuous probability of exposure, and by insisting on a dichotomy, researchers unwillingly force a nondifferential misclassification into their analyses. We have recently developed a model whereby probability of exposure can be modeled, and we tested this on an empirical case of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID)-induced upper gastrointest...

Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs in Patients with Anorexia-Cachexia Syndrome Associated with Malignancy and Its Treatments.

Oxaprozin prodrug as safer nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug: Synthesis and pharmacological evaluation.

Oxaprozin is a popular non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) and its chronic oral use is clinically restricted due to its gastrointestinal (GI) complications. In order to circumvent the GI complications, oxaprozin was amended as a prodrug in a one-pot reaction using N,N-carbonyldiimidazole as an activating agent. Dextran of average molecular weight (60,000-90,000 Da) was exploited as a carrier in the process of oxaprozin prodrug production by esterification. The structural profiles of the synthesiz...


Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis are chronic inflammatory bowel diseases. In such pathologies, there is an increased production of alpha tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α). Patients, in whom the conventional immunosuppressant treatment fails, require the use of immunobiological therapy, such as anti-TNF-α, a monoclonal antibody. Infliximab is an anti-TNF-α drug, a chimerical immunoglobulin, with a murine component, which is responsible for the generation of immunogenicity against the drug and formation ...

Kaempferol-3-o-β-d-glucuronate exhibit potential anti-inflammatory effect in LPS stimulated RAW 264.7 cells and mice model.

Kaempferol-3-O-β-d-glucuronide (K3G) having various pharmacological effects was explored for its anti-inflammatory effect in LPS induced RAW 264.7 cells and mice model. K3G significantly inhibited various pro-inflammatory mediators like IL-1β, NO, PGE2, and LTB4. It upregulated the secretion of anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10. K3G is found to reduce inflammation when studied for parameters like phagocytic index, carrageenan induced paw edema in mice and organ weight. It reduced inflammation in a dose dep...

Flaming Mitochondria: The Anti-inflammatory Drug Leflunomide Boosts Mitofusins.

Despite the significance of mitochondrial dynamics in many diseases, drugs that modulate it are lacking. In this issue of Cell Chemical Biology, Miret-Casals et al. (2018) use a phenotypic high-throughput screen to discover a pro-fusion role for the anti-inflammatory drug Leflunomide, paving the way to screen for mitochondrial pro-fusion drug candidates.

Ketorolac and Hematoma Incidence in Postmastectomy Implant-Based Breast Reconstruction.

Ketorolac tromethamine (Toradol) is an effective a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug and a powerful analgesic for patients undergoing breast surgery. However, the potential for postoperative bleeding has not yet been explored specifically in women undergoing implant-based breast reconstruction. There is concern that an increased risk of bleeding exists in this population due to the lack of tissue apposition as a result of implant placement. We therefore seek to assess the associated risk of bleeding compl...

A Survey Study of Gastroenterologists' Attitudes and Barriers Toward Therapeutic Drug Monitoring of Anti-TNF Therapy in Inflammatory Bowel Disease.

Therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) may improve the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of anti-TNF therapy. A standardized approach of utilizing TDM has not been established. The objective of this study was to determine gastroenterologists' attitudes and barriers toward TDM of anti-TNF therapy in clinical practice.

Effects of statin therapy on clinical outcomes after acute myocardial infarction in patients with advanced renal dysfunction: A propensity score-matched analysis.

Lipid lowering therapy is widely used for the prevention of cardiovascular complications after acute myocardial infarction (AMI). However, some studies show that this benefit is uncertain in patients with renal dysfunction, and the role of statins is based on the severity of renal dysfunction. In this study, we investigated the impact of statin therapy on major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) and all-cause mortality in patients with advanced renal dysfunction undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PC...

Curcumin Attenuates High Glucose-Induced Inflammatory Injury through ROS-PI3K/AKT-NF-κB Signaling Pathway in Rat Thoracic Aorta Endothelial Cells.

Endothelial cells inflammatory injury is likely required for barrier dysfunction under hyperglycemia condition. Curcumin (CUR) is famous for its anti-inflammatory effect. However, exert few reports about the anti-inflammatory effect of CUR induced by high glucose in endothelial cells. The aim of the present study is to investigate the inflammatory effect of high glucose and the anti-inflammatory effect of CUR induced by high glucose in rat thoracic aorta endothelial cells (TAECs).

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