PubMed Journals Articles About "Risk Nonsteroidal Anti Inflammatory Drug Associated Renal Dysfunction" RSS

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Showing "Risk nonsteroidal anti inflammatory drug associated renal dysfunction" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 39,000+

The Frequency of Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drug Hypersensitivity in Children with Asthma.

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are the second-most frequent drug type to cause hypersensitivity reactions in children. Asthma is one of the risk factors for NSAID hypersensitivity (NSAID-H) in adult patients. There are limited number of studies evaluating NSAID-H among children with asthma. Our aim was to assess the frequency of confirmed NSAID-H and evaluate the classification of NSAID-H in children with asthma.

Contribution of Helicobacter pylori infection to the risk of peptic ulcer bleeding in patients on nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, antiplatelet agents, anticoagulants, corticosteroids and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors.

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, low-dose aspirin, non-aspirin antiplatelet agents, anticoagulants, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors and corticosteroids increase the risk of gastroduodenal bleeding.

Improvement of Cisplatin-induced Renal Dysfunction by Schisandra chinensis Stems via Anti-inflammation and Anti-apoptosis Effects.

Schisandra chinensis (Turcz.) Baill (S. chinensis) is a frequently used traditional Chinese medicine, and modern pharmacological research has proven that S. chinensis has antioxidant, anti-hepatotox, anti-inflammatory, and anti-nephrotoxic effects. Cisplatin is widely used as antineoplastic drug at presenteffects, but the clinical application of cisplatin is limitedowing to nephrotoxicity.

Activation of the cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway by GTS-21 attenuates cisplatin-induced acute kidney injury in mice.

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is the most common side effect of cisplatin, a widely used chemotherapy drug. Although AKI occurs in up to one third of cancer patients receiving cisplatin, effective renal protective strategies are lacking. Cisplatin targets renal proximal tubular epithelial cells leading to inflammation, reactive oxygen species, tubular cell injury, and eventually cell death. The cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway is a vagus nerve-mediated reflex that suppresses inflammation via α7 nicotinic ...

FactFinders for Patient Safety: Risk of Bleeding with Nonaspirin Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs Before Spine Procedures.

The effect of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs on bone healing in humans: A qualitative, systematic review.

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are widely used in postoperative pain management. While an increasing number of in vitro and animal studies point toward an inhibitory effect of NSAIDs on bone healing process, the few existing retro- and prospective clinical studies present conflicting data.

Anti-inflammatory and Immune Response Regulation of Si-Ni-San in 2,4-dinitrochlorobenzene-induced Atopic Dermatitis-like Skin Dysfunction.

Si-Ni-San (SNS) is a well-known decoction in traditional Chinese medicine. Although studies have indicated that the anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic properties of SNS and its components can account for their therapeutic effects, the role and mechanism of SNS in treating skin dysfunction remain unclear.

Diclofenac-induced renal toxicity in female Wistar albino rats is protected by the pre-treatment of aqueous leaves extract of Madhuca longifolia through suppression of inflammation, oxidative stress and cytokine formation.

Kidney has a vital role in renal clearance, maintenance of blood pressure, elimination of toxic products and formation of prostaglandins. Certain medications are known to cause renal injury on its frequent usage and high dosage. Diclofenac is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug which is used in the treatment of pain and arthritis. Madhuca longifolia is a deciduous tree which is known to the have anti-microbial, anti-ulcer, hepatoprotective, anti-diabetic, anti-inflammatory and analgesic activity. The aim...

Association between use of aspirin or non-aspirin non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and erectile dysfunction: A systematic review.

There are various etiologies of erectile dysfunction (ED), including endothelial dysfunction, atherosclerosis, and chronic inflammation. Aspirin has a protective role against endothelial dysfunction and atherosclerosis, whease all non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are known for their anti-inflammatory properties. However, association between the use of aspirin or non-aspirin NSAIDs and ED is controversial. Therefore, we reviewed this relationship.

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug choice and adverse outcomes in clopidogrel users: A retrospective cohort study.

To examine the comparative safety of individual NSAIDs when given concomitantly with clopidogrel.

Are natural analgesic products safe in patients with allergy to non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs?

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID)-induced hypersensitivity reactions can be clinically apparent with asthma, rhinosinusitis, anaphylaxis or rash. Although natural anti-inflammatory products can have similar components, they are not subjected to rigorous quality control standards.

Anticonvulsant effects of acetaminophen in mice: Comparison with the effects of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.

The appropriate use of analgesic drugs based on their degree of analgesia and adverse effects is important for pain management. Although it has been reported that AM404, a metabolite of acetaminophen, has anticonvulsant effects in several animal seizure models, little is known about the relation between acetaminophen and seizures. We therefore investigated the effects of acetaminophen on seizure susceptibility in several mouse seizure and epilepsy models and compared the effects with those of nonsteroidal a...

Injectable Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs in Sport.

The primary objective of this article is to review the basic science of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), their clinical effects, indications, potential complications, and ethical issues associated with the use of injectable NSAIDs in the treatment of athletes. These objectives are presented taking into consideration the contemporaneous issues associated with the treatment of amateur and professional athletes.

Hydroxychloroquine attenuates renal ischemia/reperfusion injury by inhibiting cathepsin mediated NLRP3 inflammasome activation.

Inflammation is a major contributor to the pathogenesis of ischemic acute kidney injury (AKI), which complicates the post-operative outcomes of large numbers of hospitalized surgical patients. Hydroxychloroquine (HCQ), a well-known anti-malarial drug, is commonly used in clinical practice for its anti-inflammatory actions. However, little is known about its role in renal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. In the current study, mice were subjected to I/R injury and HCQ was administered for seven days by gava...

Anti-tumor effects of a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug zaltoprofen on chondrosarcoma via activating peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma and suppressing matrix metalloproteinase-2 expression.

Surgical resection is the only treatment for chondrosarcomas, because of their resistance to chemotherapy and radiotherapy; therefore, additional strategies are crucial to treat chondrosarcomas. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) is a ligand-activated transcription factor, which has been reported as a possible therapeutic target in certain malignancies including chondrosarcomas. In this study, we demonstrated that a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, zaltoprofen, could induce PPARγ...

Ketorolac for postoperative pain in children.

Children who undergo surgical procedures in ambulatory and inpatient settings are at risk of experiencing acute pain. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can reduce moderate to severe pain without many of the side effects associated with opioids. However, NSAIDs may cause bleeding, renal and gastrointestinal toxicity, and potentially delay wound and bone healing. Intravenous administration of ketorolac for postoperative pain in children has not been approved in many countries, but is routinely adm...

Aceclofenac-galactose conjugate: design, synthesis, characterization and pharmacological and toxicological evaluations.

Aceclofenac is a popular analgesic, antipyretic and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) used for prolonged treatment (at least three months) in musculoskeletal disorders. It is characterized by several limitations, such as poor water solubility and low oral bioavailability. The main side-effect of aceclofenac, as well as all NSAIDs, is the gastrotoxicity; among other adverse effects, there is the risk of bleeding since aceclofenac reversibly inhibits platelet aggregation. With the aim to reduce thes...

Oxaprozin prodrug as safer nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug: Synthesis and pharmacological evaluation.

Oxaprozin is a popular non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) and its chronic oral use is clinically restricted due to its gastrointestinal (GI) complications. In order to circumvent the GI complications, oxaprozin was amended as a prodrug in a one-pot reaction using N,N-carbonyldiimidazole as an activating agent. Dextran of average molecular weight (60,000-90,000 Da) was exploited as a carrier in the process of oxaprozin prodrug production by esterification. The structural profiles of the synthesiz...

Pharmacological treatment with galectin-1 protects against renal ischaemia-reperfusion injury.

Galectin-1 protein (GAL-1) has important anti-inflammatory properties, but related pharmacologic approaches to effectively treat or prevent renal ischaemia and reperfusion injury are highly limited. Here, we investigated the effect of GAL-1 in a renal ischaemia-reperfusion injury rat model and an in vitro hypoxia-reoxygenation model with a proximal renal tubular epithelial cell line. In vivo, pretreatment with GAL-1 attenuated the renal parameters changed by ischaemia-reperfusion/hypoxia-reoxygenation, with...

Dexamethasone-diclofenac loaded polylactide nanoparticles: Preparation, release and anti-inflammatory activity.

Inflammation is a nonspecific response of tissues to diverse stimuli and/or insults associated with the release of various mediators that induce pain, fever, and general sense of illness. Such responses can be reduced by the administration of non-steroidal or steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. These anti-inflammatory drugs are associated with various side effect. However, the combination of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) with glucocorticoids provides a synergistic anti-inflammatory and pain ...

Kaempferol-3-o-β-d-glucuronate exhibit potential anti-inflammatory effect in LPS stimulated RAW 264.7 cells and mice model.

Kaempferol-3-O-β-d-glucuronide (K3G) having various pharmacological effects was explored for its anti-inflammatory effect in LPS induced RAW 264.7 cells and mice model. K3G significantly inhibited various pro-inflammatory mediators like IL-1β, NO, PGE2, and LTB4. It upregulated the secretion of anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10. K3G is found to reduce inflammation when studied for parameters like phagocytic index, carrageenan induced paw edema in mice and organ weight. It reduced inflammation in a dose dep...

Vascular Involvement in Axial Spondyloarthropathies.

Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a chronic inflammatory joint disease that involves the entheses, causing inflammatory pain and functional impairments. Patients may experience extraarticular manifestations such as uveitis, psoriasis, and inflammatory bowel disease. These, together with the increased risk of cardiovascular disease and osteoporosis and the development of spinal fusion, are the main determinants of adverse disease outcomes. As with many systemic inflammatory diseases, AS is associated with exces...

Should Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs be Contraindicated in the Perioperative Period After Spinal Fusion Surgery?

Bonus Effects of Anti-Diabetic Drugs: Possible Beneficial Effects on Endothelial Dysfunction, Vascular Inflammation and Atherosclerosis.

Diabetes currently affects more than 400 million people worldwide. This metabolic disorder causes various micro- and macrovascular complications that accelerate atherosclerosis and yet trigger other cardiovascular diseases. The characteristic frame of hyperglycaemia, hyperinsulinaemia and hyperlipidaemia in diabetes increases several inflammatory mediators leading to endothelial dysfunction and pro-atherosclerotic processes. This MiniReview summarizes evidence that anti-diabetic drugs have effects beyond lo...

The Significance of Drug-Drug and Drug-Food Interactions of Oral Anticoagulation.

Vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) such as warfarin are the most commonly prescribed oral anticoagulants worldwide. However, factors affecting the pharmacokinetics of VKAs, such as food and drugs, can cause deviations from their narrow therapeutic window, increasing the bleeding or thrombosis risk and complicating their long-term use. The use of direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) offers a safer and more convenient alternative to VKAs. However, it is important to be aware that plasma levels of DOACs are affected b...

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