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PubMed Journals Articles About "Rural Populations Face Unavoidable Obstacle Case Stroke Heart" RSS

09:20 EST 19th November 2017 | BioPortfolio

Rural Populations Face Unavoidable Obstacle Case Stroke Heart PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Rural Populations Face Unavoidable Obstacle Case Stroke Heart articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Rural populations face unavoidable obstacle case stroke heart" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 22,000+

Proteomic markers of the functional sperm population in bovines 1. Comparison of low- and high-density spermatozoa following cryopreservation.

Mammalian semen contains a heterogeneous population of sperm cells. This heterogeneity results from variability in the complex processes of cell differentiation in the testis, biochemical modifications undergone by spermatozoa during transit along the male reproductive tract, interactions with secretions from accessory sex glands at ejaculation, and, in the context of reproductive technologies, in the ability of ejaculated spermatozoa to resist damage associated with freeze-thaw procedures. When submitted t...


Behavior of a Liquid Bridge between Nonparallel Hydrophobic Surfaces.

When a liquid bridge is formed between two nonparallel identical surfaces, it can move along the surfaces. Literature indicates that the direction of bridge movement is governed by the wettability of surfaces. When the surfaces are hydrophilic, the motion of the bridge is always towards the cusp (intersection of the plane of the two bounding surfaces). While, the movement is hitherto thought to be always pointing away from the cusp, when the surfaces are hydrophobic. In this study, through experiments, nume...

Prostitution Stigma and Its Effect on the Working Conditions, Personal Lives, and Health of Sex Workers.

Researchers have shown that stigma is a fundamental determinant of behavior, well-being, and health for many marginalized groups, but sex workers are notably absent from their analyses. This article aims to fill the empirical research gap on sex workers by reviewing the mounting evidence of stigmatization attached to sex workers' occupation, often referred to as "prostitution" or "whore" stigma. We give special attention to its negative effect on the working conditions, personal lives, and health of sex wor...


Speech recovery and language plasticity can be facilitated by Sensori-Motor Fusion training in chronic non-fluent aphasia. A case report study.

The rehabilitation of speech disorders benefits from providing visual information which may improve speech motor plans in patients. We tested the proof of concept of a rehabilitation method (Sensori-Motor Fusion, SMF; Ultraspeech player) in one post-stroke patient presenting chronic non-fluent aphasia. SMF allows visualisation by the patient of target tongue and lips movements using high-speed ultrasound and video imaging. This can improve the patient's awareness of his/her own lingual and labial movements,...

Effects of Virtual Reality-Based Training with BTs-Nirvana on Functional Recovery in Stroke Patients: Preliminary Considerations.

cognitive impairment occurs frequently in post-stroke patients. This study aimed to determine the effects of a virtual reality training (VRT) with BTs-Nirvana (BTsN) on the recovery of cognitive functions in stroke patients, using the Interactive-Semi-Immersive Program (I-SIP).

Novel applications for serum procalcitonin testing in clinical practice.

Procalcitonin has emerged as a reliable marker of acute bacterial infection in hospitalized patients and the assay has recently been incorporated into several clinical algorithms to reduce antimicrobial overuse, but its use in patients with end-organ dysfunction is controversial. Areas covered: In this review, the authors examine what is known about procalcitonin testing in patients with organ dysfunction, including those with end-stage renal disease, congestive heart failure, chronic obstructive pulmonary ...

Food Safety at Farmers' Markets: A Knowledge Synthesis of Published Research.

Farmers' markets are increasingly popular venues in North America for the sale of fresh produce and other foods. However, the nature of their operation can present possible food safety issues, challenges, and risks to consumers. A knowledge synthesis was conducted to identify, characterize, and summarize published research on the microbial food safety issues and implications associated with farmers' markets. A scoping review was conducted using the following steps: comprehensive search strategy, relevance s...

Characterization of a Polymicrobial Dermal Infection in a Peninsular Pronghorn (Antilocapra americana peninsularis) in Baja California, Mexico.

In situ conservation efforts are assisting the recovery of free-ranging populations of the endangered peninsular pronghorns (Antilocapra americana peninsularis) at the Vizcaino Biosphere Reserve, Baja California Sur, Mexico. We detected a polymicrobial dermal infection. Etiologic agents were identified as a keratinophilic dermatomycete and opportunistic pathogenic bacteria.

Gammaherpesvirus (Type 1 Ruminant Rhadinovirus) in Muskox (Ovibos moschatus) in Greenland.

The world's native distribution of muskox (Ovibos moschatus) is restricted to Canada and Greenland, and a muskox-specific gammaherpesvirus has been described from Canadian populations. We analyzed spleen samples from the Kangerlussuaq muskox population in Greenland and identified muskox gammaherpes by PCR and sequencing.

Epidemiology of Schmallenberg Virus in European Bison (Bison bonasus) in Poland.

Schmallenberg virus (SBV), an emerging arbovirus in Europe, is an important pathogen in domestic ruminants; however, its impact on free-ranging wild ruminants is not well studied. Three hundred and forty-seven serum samples collected between 2011 and 2016 from 302 European bison (Bison bonasus) from 12 different sites in Poland were tested for the presence of SBV antibodies. In addition, 86 sera were collected between 2013 and 2016 from three species of cervids for testing for SBV antibodies. After the firs...

Self-Clearance of Pestivirus in a Pyrenean Chamois (Rupicapra pyrenaica) Population.

Understanding the dynamics of host-pathogen interaction is key to the management of epidemics. A pestivirus belonging to the border disease virus group 4 emerged around 2001 in Pyrenean chamois (Rupicapra pyrenaica) in Spain and France. The virus had significant demographic impact in some populations, but it was less harmful and more endemic in other places. The determinants of these local variations are still unclear. Here, we documented empirical evidence of self-clearance of the virus in a chamois popula...

Wild Birds as a Potential Source of Known and Novel Multilocus Sequence Types of Antibiotic-Resistant Enterococcus faecalis.

We assessed the antibiotic resistance and genetic diversity of 27 Enterococcus faecalis isolates from 25 wild bird species in Poland. Resistance to lincomycin (100%) was most common followed by tetracycline (48%), erythromycin (44%), and ciprofloxacin (22%). High-level resistance to streptomycin and kanamycin was observed in 19 and 15% of isolates, respectively. One isolate (4%) exhibited low-level resistance to penicillin and vancomycin, and all isolates were susceptible to gentamicin and chloramphenicol. ...

Patients with cranial dural arteriovenous fistulas may benefit from expanded hypercoagulability and cancer screening.

OBJECTIVE Cranial dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs) have been associated with dural sinus occlusion, and previous reports have suggested the association of hypercoagulability with some cases. But the prevalence of a hypercoagulable state has not been systematically analyzed in conjunction with laboratory markers and clinical manifestations, including history of thromboembolism or systemic malignancy. The authors hypothesize that laboratory or clinical evidence of a hypercoagulable state, including cancer...

Combined interventional and surgical treatment of tandem middle cerebral artery embolus and internal carotid artery occlusion: case report.

Tandem internal carotid artery (ICA) origin occlusion and middle cerebral artery (MCA) thromboembolism is a life-threatening condition with poor neurological outcome. The authors report on a patient presenting with acute ischemic stroke from a tandem ICA and MCA occlusion with penumbra. Emergency MCA mechanical thrombectomy was performed through percutaneous cervical ICA access due to the inability to cross the cervical carotid occlusion. Emergency carotid endarterectomy to reperfuse the poorly collateraliz...

Inhibition of GABA transporters fails to afford significant protection following focal cerebral ischemia.

Brain ischemia triggers excitotoxicity and cell death, yet no neuroprotective drugs have made it to the clinic. While enhancing GABAergic signaling to counterbalance excitotoxicity has shown promise in animal models, clinical studies have failed. Blockade of GABA transporters (GATs) offers an indirect approach to increase GABA inhibition to lower the excitation threshold of neurons. Among the GATs, GAT1 is known to promote neuroprotection, while the protective role of the extrasynaptic transporters GAT3 and...

A Predictive Model for Readmissions Among Medicare Patients in a California Hospital.

Predictive models for hospital readmission rates are in high demand because of the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) Hospital Readmission Reduction Program (HRRP). The LACE index is one of the most popular predictive tools among hospitals in the United States. The LACE index is a simple tool with 4 parameters: Length of stay, Acuity of admission, Comorbidity, and Emergency visits in the previous 6 months. The authors applied logistic regression to develop a predictive model for a medium-sized n...

Flat Serrated Polyps at CT Colonography: Relevance, Appearance, and Optimizing Interpretation.

Serrated polyps are a recently recognized family of colonic polyps with subgroups that harbor future malignant potential. In the past, the significance of these lesions to the colorectal cancer carcinogenesis pathway was not recognized nor well understood. It is now known that serrated polyps account for approximately one-fourth of all sporadic colorectal cancers. The sessile serrated polyp (SSP) (also known as a sessile serrated adenoma [SSA]) is the main lesion of interest given its prevalence and subtle ...

Use of Mixed-Oil Fat Emulsion to Improve Intestinal Failure-Associated Liver Disease in Long-Term Home Parenteral Nutrition: A Case Report.

Home parenteral nutrition (HPN) is a life-saving therapy for patients who are not able to use their gastrointestinal tract. There are a number of complications associated with HPN, including metabolic bone disease, intestinal failure-associated liver disease (IFALD), and catheter-related bloodstream infections. We present a case of a 32-year-old HPN patient who initially developed biopsy-proven IFALD (total bilirubin, 2.4 mg/dL) while on long-term HPN. His HPN was initiated due to myopathic intestinal dysmo...

Surgical strategies for the treatment of os odontoideum with atlantoaxial dislocation.

OBJECTIVE This study aimed to compare the clinical results of using posterior fixation and fusion with or without anterior decompression to treat os odontoideum with atlantoaxial dislocation. METHODS Twenty-five consecutive patients with os odontoideum were included in this study. Sixteen patients with reducible atlantoaxial dislocation were treated by single-level posterior fusion and stabilization; the other 9 were treated with posterior fusion and stabilization combined with transoral decompression. Pre-...

A Matter of Heart: Beyond Informed Consent.

Human leptospirosis vaccines in China.

The present incidence of leptospirosis in China is significantly lower than past rates, although small localized outbreaks continue to occur in epidemic regions. Improvements in sanitation, as well as vaccination of high-risk populations, have played crucial roles in reducing the disease burden. Several types of human leptospirosis vaccines have been developed, including inactivated whole-cell, outer-envelope, and recombinant vaccines. Of these, only a multivalent inactivated leptospirosis vaccine is availa...

Effect of Measuring γ-Glutamyl Transpeptidase and Using Smoflipid in a Parenteral Nutrition Infusion in a Patient With Severe Malabsorption and Overlapping Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis and Ulcerative Colitis.

Studies discussing inflammation and oxidative stress state that these conditions are known contributors in the pathogenesis of cholestatic diseases and ulcerative colitis, and studies examining patients with liver disease have found decreased antioxidant status and significant elevation of lipid peroxides as compared with healthy subjects. One hypothesis in liver disease is that deficient antioxidant defense mechanisms may lead to excess oxygen free radical formation, which promotes deleterious processes in...

How to do a systematic review.

High quality up-to-date systematic reviews are essential in order to help healthcare practitioners and researchers keep up-to-date with a large and rapidly growing body of evidence. Systematic reviews answer pre-defined research questions using explicit, reproducible methods to identify, critically appraise and combine results of primary research studies. Key stages in the production of systematic reviews include clarification of aims and methods in a protocol, finding relevant research, collecting data, as...

Corrigendum for "Benefits of stroke treatment delivered using a mobile stroke unit trial".

Design and implementation of observational studies to measure disease burden with a focus on stroke.

Observational epidemiological studies have the dual goals of measuring disease burden and assessing the association between exposures and outcomes. This report focuses on the first of these goals and provides an overview of design considerations of commonly used approaches, specifically community surveillance studies, cross-sectional studies, and longitudinal cohort studies. Each of these designs has strengths and weaknesses, with no study design being superior in all cases. Rather, these designs are comple...


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