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PubMed Journals Articles About "SCHC Canada Rated PTSD Trauma Treatment Programs Announces" RSS

13:42 EDT 5th April 2020 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "SCHC Canada rated PTSD Trauma Treatment Programs Announces" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 33,000+

Sleep in PTSD: treatment approaches and outcomes.

The high incidence of sleep disturbance associated with trauma exposure and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) points to the need for effective sleep interventions for trauma survivors. The present review focuses on recent psychotherapeutic, pharmacological, and sleep medicine treatment approaches for sleep disturbances in PTSD. Findings highlight that targeted sleep interventions can ameliorate sleep symptoms and mitigate daytime PTSD symptoms. Attention has turned to the role of multidisciplinary and in...


Validation of ICD-11 PTSD and complex PTSD in foster children using the International Trauma Questionnaire.

ICD-11 introduces Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and complex PTSD (CPTSD) as two distinct trauma-related disorders. Using the International Trauma Questionnaire (ITQ) as disorder-specific measure, this study is the first to examine the factorial and construct validity of ICD-11 PTSD, CPTSD, and the ITQs applicability in children.

Examining military population and trauma type as moderators of treatment outcome for first-line psychotherapies for PTSD: A meta-analysis.

There is conflicting evidence as to whether military populations (i.e., veteran and active-duty military service members) demonstrate a poorer response to psychotherapy for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) compared to civilians. Existing research may be complicated by the fact that treatment outcomes differences could be due to the type of trauma exposure (e.g., combat) or population differences (e.g., military culture). This meta-analysis evaluated PTSD treatment outcomes as a function of trauma type (...


Vascular trauma: Does experience in the United States apply to a Canadian centre?

Trauma care has evolved similarly in the United States and Canada over the last 3 decades. Like much of modern trauma care, management of vascular trauma has been influenced by combat surgery experiences in recent wars. The American Association for the Surgery of Trauma sponsored the Prospective Observational Vascular Injury Treatment (PROOVIT) registry to document changes in the treatment of vascular trauma and determine outcomes in the US. However, differences in trauma populations and trauma systems betw...

Factors Affecting Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in South Korean Trauma Nurses.

Trauma nurses are exposed to suffering, death and dying, and vicarious trauma, which may result in nurses experiencing posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This study aims to investigate the extent of PTSD and the effect of the frequency of traumatic events, coping strategies, and social support on PTSD in South Korean trauma nurses. A cross-sectional study was conducted. Participants were 145 trauma nurses recruited from 6 regional trauma centers in Korea. The data were collected through convenience sampl...

Comparing the effectiveness of VA residential PTSD treatment for veterans who do and do not report a history of MST: A national investigation.

The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) has implemented initiatives to promote veterans' recovery from the health sequelae of military sexual trauma (MST), including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). MST can impact emotion regulation, interpersonal functioning, and perceptions of trust and safety, as well as increase risk for psychiatric comorbidity, which may impede PTSD treatment.. VA PTSD Residential Rehabilitation Treatment Programs (RRTPs) may facilitate the therapeutic process by offering increase...

Trauma-affected refugees treated with basic body awareness therapy or mixed physical activity as augmentation to treatment as usual-A pragmatic randomised controlled trial.

The prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is estimated to be as high as 30% among refugees. The coexistence of prevalent chronic pain is believed to maintain symptoms of PTSD and add complexity to the condition. Despite this, little evidence exists on how to treat PTSD and comorbid conditions best in trauma-affected refugees.

The influence of posttraumatic stress disorder and recurrent major depression on risk-taking propensity following trauma script exposure among patients with substance use disorders.

Although evidence suggests that risk-taking among individuals with co-occurring posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance use disorder (SUD) may be precipitated by trauma-related emotional distress, studies have yet to examine moderators of this effect. One moderator worth investigating is recurrent major depressive disorder (MDD), given its influence on emotional responding and subsequent behavior. This study examined the moderating role of recurrent MDD in the relation of PTSD to risk-taking prop...

Sexual trauma history is associated with reduced orbitofrontal network strength in substance-dependent women.

Substance use disorders (SUDs) are highly comorbid with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). PTSD-SUD comorbidity is associated with greater functional impairments and relapse risk. Women with SUDs experience markedly higher rates of trauma and PTSD compared to men with SUDs, particularly due to sexual and domestic abuse. Despite the strong association between trauma exposure and SUDs, the neurobiological correlates are understudied, particularly among females with SUDs. However, there is indication of ab...

Changes in Trauma-Related Emotions Following Treatment With Dialectical Behavior Therapy for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder After Childhood Abuse.

Dialectical behavior therapy for posttraumatic stress disorder (DBT-PTSD) is a trauma-focused therapy shown to reduce core PTSD symptoms, such as intrusions, hyperarousal, and avoidance. Preliminary data indicate effects on elevated trauma-related emotions (e.g., guilt and shame) and possibly radical acceptance of the traumatic event. However, it is unclear if improvements in these variables are significant after controlling for changes in core PTSD symptoms and to what extent nonclinical levels are obtaine...

White matter integrity differences associated with post-traumatic stress disorder are not normalized by concurrent marijuana use.

Marijuana (MJ) use and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have both been associated with abnormalities in brain white matter tracts, including the cingulum and the anterior thalamic radiations (ATR), which project from subcortical regions to frontal cortex. Studies have not assessed the integrity of these tracts in patients with comorbid PTSD and MJ use. To examine effects of PTSD and MJ use on brain structure, we performed diffusion tensor imaging scans on seventy-two trauma-exposed participants, catego...

Cannabinoids as an Emerging Therapy for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Substance Use Disorders.

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a leading psychiatric disorder that mainly affects military and veteran populations but can occur in anyone affected by trauma. PTSD treatment remains difficult for physicians because most patients with PTSD do not respond to current pharmacological treatment. Psychotherapy is effective, but time consuming and expensive. Substance use disorder is often concurrent with PTSD, which leads to a significant challenge for PTSD treatment. Cannabis has recently received wides...

Gender Differences in Threat Biases: Trauma Type Matters in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.

Women are diagnosed with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) at twice the rate of men. This gender difference may be related to differences in PTSD experiences (e.g., more hypervigilance in women) or types of trauma experienced (e.g., interpersonal trauma). We examined whether attentional threat biases were associated with gender, PTSD diagnosis, and/or trauma type. Participants were 70 civilians and veterans (38 women, 32 men; 41 with PTSD, 29 without PTSD) assessed with the Clinician Administered PTSD Sc...

Positive Emotion Dysregulation Among Community Individuals: The Role of Trauma Exposure and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.

Existing literature has provided support for an association between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and emotion dysregulation. However, few studies have examined the relation between PTSD and emotion dysregulation that stems from positive emotions. Moreover, the role of trauma exposure, per se, on positive emotion dysregulation is unknown. Addressing these limitations, the current study compared levels of positive emotion dysregulation among (a) individuals without trauma exposure, (b) trauma-exposed i...

Emotion dysregulation is associated with increased prospective risk for chronic PTSD development.

While emotion dysregulation is associated with many psychological disorders, including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), it remains uncertain whether pre-existing emotion dysregulation increases individual risk for prospectively developing PTSD in the aftermath of trauma exposure. Thus, the objective of the current study was to determine whether emotion dysregulation could prospectively predict the development of chronic PTSD symptoms following a traumatic event above and beyond other known associated f...

Psychiatric comorbidity for veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD): A latent profile analysis and implications for treatment.

Psychiatric comorbidity is common among veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), but there is little known about the patterns of co-occurring mental health problems and implications for treatment. The aim of this study was to identify comorbidity profiles among veterans at treatment intake and assess associations with PTSD and quality of life (QOL) outcomes.

Associations Among Childhood Trauma, Childhood Mental Disorders, and Past-Year Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Military and Civilian Men.

To identify early life factors associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), we investigated the association between childhood trauma and mental disorders with International Classification of Diseases (ICD)-diagnosed past-year PTSD in employed military and civilian men. Data were derived from the 2010 Australian Defence Force (ADF) Mental Health Prevalence and Wellbeing Study (N = 1,356) and the 2007 Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing Study (N = 2,1...

Impaired Hippocampus-Dependent Associative Learning as a Mechanism Underlying PTSD: A Meta-Analysis.

Smaller hippocampal volume is associated with increased risk for PTSD following trauma, but the hippocampal functions involved remain unknown. We propose a conceptual model that identifies broad impairment in hippocampus-dependent associative learning as a vulnerability factor for PTSD. Associative learning of foreground cues and background context is required to form an integrated representation of an event. People with poor associative learning may have difficulty remembering who or what was present durin...

Modeling Patterns of Polyvictimiztion and Their Associations with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Complex Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in the Israeli Population.

Although evidence is accumulating for the conceptual validity of the ICD-11 proposal for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and complex PTSD (CPTSD), our understanding of the specificity of trauma-related predictors is still evolving. Specifically, studies utilizing advanced statistical methods to model the association between trauma exposure and ICD-11 proposals of traumatic stress and differences in profiles of trauma exposure are lacking. Additionally, time since trauma and a clear memory of the trauma...

Delayed Onset PTSD - A Problem for Diagnosis and Litigation - with Special Reference to Political Imprisonment in GDR.

More often than is generally assumed: according to 2 metaanalyses, an average of about 25% of all cases of PTSD are not definitively diagnosed with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) until 6 months or more after their trauma. Its prevalence varies widely depending on the given population. Delayed onset PTSD is diagnosed in military personnel much more often than in the civilian population (38,2 vs. 15,3%) . The divergence in PTSD's prevalence numbers is attributed to differences in its definition, method...

The relationship between posttraumatic stress disorder, trauma centrality, posttraumatic growth and psychiatric co-morbidity among Chinese adolescents.

This study examined the inter-relationship between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) from past trauma, psychiatric co-morbidity, trauma centrality and posttraumatic growth (PTG) among Chinese adolescents. Nine hundred and forty-eight Chinese adolescents (M = 462, F = 486) were recruited from two secondary schools. They completed the Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist for DSM-5, the Centrality of Events Scale, the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory, the General Health Questionnaire-28, and the Educationa...

The first instrument for complex PTSD assessment: psychometric properties of the ICD-11 Trauma Questionnaire.

The ICD-11 Trauma Questionnaire (ITQ) was developed as a joint effort by researchers from several countries to evaluate post-traumatic stress (PTSD) and complex-PTSD (C-PTSD) symptoms. This study is part of a multi-center international collaborative research project that aims to provide psychometric support for this initial instrument in different languages, considering the specific contexts related to complex traumatization. This study verified the psychometric characteristics of the Portuguese version of ...

Drivers of Preference for Evidence-Based PTSD Treatment: A Qualitative Assessment.

Mental health treatment utilization among persons with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) tends to be low but may be improved by aligning treatment with patient preferences. Our objective was to characterize the reasons that drive a person's selection of a specific evidence-based PTSD treatment.

Medically Induced Exacerbation of PTSD Following Lung Transplantation: A Case Series.

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) occurs at double the rate in individuals undergoing lung transplantation, compared to the normal population. The psychological sequela of PTSD makes recovery more challenging and may result in poor medical and psychological outcomes. A series of three cases illustrate this presentation. In all cases, PTSD history and symptomatology was undisclosed prior to lung transplantation, despite robust psychological evaluation. All patients experienced traumatic delirium during th...

The effect of pre-existing alcohol use disorder on the risk of developing posttraumatic stress disorder: results from a longitudinal national representative sample.

: There is inconsistent evidence in the literature as to whether or not Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD) is a risk factor for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD).: We evaluated the risk of developing PTSD after trauma exposure in individuals with AUD. As a secondary analysis, we also tested if alcohol dependence or alcohol abuse separately increased the risk of PTSD development. We also explored the effect of AUD on exposure to various traumas.: Longitudinal data was obtained from 30,180 individuals with and wi...


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