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PubMed Journals Articles About "Saccharomyces Cerevisiae Strain Comparison Glucose Xylose Fermentations Defined" RSS

22:54 EDT 20th June 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Saccharomyces Cerevisiae Strain Comparison Glucose Xylose Fermentations Defined" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 11,000+

Increased xylose affinity of Hxt2 through gene shuffling of hexose transporters in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

Optimizing D-xylose transport in Saccharomyces cerevisiae is essential for efficient bioethanol production from cellulosic materials. We have used a gene shuffling approach of hexose (Hxt) transporters in order to increase the affinity for D-xylose.


Fermentation of Saccharomyces cerevisiae - combining kinetic modeling and optimization techniques points out avenues to effective process design.

A combined experimental/theoretical approach is presented, for improving the predictability of Saccharomyces cerevisiae fermentations. In particular, a mathematical model was developed explicitly taking into account the main mechanisms of the fermentation process, allowing for continuous computation of key process variables, including the biomass concentration and the respiratory quotient (RQ). For model calibration and experimental validation, batch and fed-batch fermentations were carried out. Comparison ...

Rapid and stable production of 2,3-butanediol by an engineered Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain in a continuous airlift bioreactor.

Utilization of renewable feedstocks for the production of bio-based bulk chemicals, such as 2,3-butanediol (2,3-BDO), by engineered strains of the non-pathogenic yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, has recently become an attractive option. In this study, to realize rapid production of 2,3-BDO, a flocculent, 2,3-BDO-producing S. cerevisiae strain YPH499/dPdAdG/BDN6-10/FLO1 was constructed from a previously developed 2,3-BDO-producing strain. Continuous 2,3-BDO fermentation was carried out by the flocculent stra...


SaccharomycesIDentifier, SID: strain-level analysis of Saccharomyces cerevisiae populations by using microsatellite meta-patterns.

Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a common yeast with several applications, among which the most ancient is winemaking. Because individuals belonging to this species show a wide genetic and phenotypic variability, the possibility to identify the strains driving fermentation is pivotal when aiming at stable and palatable products. Metagenomic sequencing is increasingly used to decipher the fungal populations present in complex samples such as musts. However, it does not provide information at the strain level. Mic...

Effects of feedstock and co-culture of Lactobacillus fermentum and wild Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain during fuel ethanol fermentation by the industrial yeast strain PE-2.

Even though contamination by bacteria and wild yeasts are frequently observed during fuel ethanol fermentation, our knowledge regarding the effects of both contaminants together is very limited, especially considering that the must composition can vary from exclusively sugarcane juice to a mixture of molasses and juice, affecting the microbial development. Here we studied the effects of the feedstock (sugarcane juice and molasses) and the co-culture of Lactobacillus fermentum and a wild Saccharomyces cerevi...

Engineering E. coli for simultaneous glucose-xylose utilization during methyl ketone production.

We previously developed an E. coli strain that overproduces medium-chain methyl ketones for potential use as diesel fuel blending agents or as flavors and fragrances. To date, the strain's performance has been optimized during growth with glucose. However, lignocellulosic biomass hydrolysates also contain a substantial portion of hemicellulose-derived xylose, which is typically the second most abundant sugar after glucose. Commercialization of the methyl ketone-producing technology would benefit from the in...

Signature pathway expression of xylose utilization in the genetically engineered industrial yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

Haploid laboratory strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae are commonly used for genetic engineering to enable their xylose utilization but little is known about the industrial yeast which is often recognized as diploid and as well as haploid and tetraploid. Here we report three unique signature pathway expression patterns and gene interactions in the centre metabolic pathways that signify xylose utilization of genetically engineered industrial yeast S. cerevisiae NRRL Y-50463, a diploid yeast. Quantitative exp...

Glutathione levels influence chronological life span of Saccharomyces cerevisiae in a glucose-dependent manner.

Diet plays a key role in determining the longevity of the organisms since it has been demonstrated that glucose restriction increases lifespan whereas a high-glucose diet decreases it. However, the molecular basis of how diet leads to the aging process is currently unknown. We propose that the quantity of glucose that fuels respiration influences ROS generation and glutathione levels, and both chemical species impact in the aging process. Herein, we provide evidence that mutation of the gene GSH1 in S. cere...

Laboratory evolution of a glucose-phosphorylation-deficient, arabinose-fermenting S. cerevisiae strain reveals mutations in GAL2 that enable glucose-insensitive l-arabinose uptake.

Cas9-assisted genome editing was used to construct an engineered glucose-phosphorylation-negative S. cerevisiae strain, expressing the Lactobacillus plantaruml-arabinose pathway and the Penicillium chrysogenum transporter PcAraT. This strain, which showed a growth rate of 0.26 h-1 on l-arabinose in aerobic batch cultures, was subsequently evolved for anaerobic growth on l-arabinose in the presence of d-glucose and d-xylose. In four strains isolated from two independent evolution experiments the galactose-tr...

New rapid PCR protocol based on High-Resolution Melting analysis (HRMA) to identify Saccharomyces cerevisiae and other species within its genus.

Selection projects aiming at the identification of new Saccharomyces strains are always on going as the use of the suitable yeast can strongly improve fermented food production, particularly winemaking. They are mainly targeted on S. cerevisiae, but others species in the Saccharomyces genus are of interest. For this reason, more and more efficient molecular techniques for yeast identification able to accelerate yeast selection process are always needed. Among the Saccharomyces genus, four yeasts are widespr...

An expanded enzyme toolbox for production of cis, cis-muconic acid and other shikimate pathway derivatives in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

A wide range of commercially relevant aromatic chemicals can be synthesized via the shikimic acid pathway. Thus, this pathway has been the target of diverse metabolic engineering strategies. In the present work, an optimized yeast strain for production of the shikimic acid pathway intermediate 3-dehydroshikimate (3-DHS) was generated, which is a precursor for the production of the valuable compounds cis, cis-muconic acid (CCM) and gallic acid (GA). Production of CCM requires the overexpression of the hetero...

Crystal structure and biochemical characterization of xylose isomerase from Piromyces sp. E2.

Biofuel production using lignocellulosic biomass is gaining attention because it can be substituted for fossil fuels without competing with edible resources. However, because Saccharomyces cerevisiae does not have a D-xylose metabolic pathway, oxidoreductase or isomerase pathways must be introduced to utilize D-xylose from lignocellulosic biomass in S. cerevisiae. To elucidate the biochemical properties of xylose isomerase from Piromyces sp. E2 (PsXI), we determine its crystal structure in complex with subs...

Cell Surface Display of MerR on Saccharomyces cerevisiae for Biosorption of Mercury.

The metalloregulatory protein MerR which plays important roles in mer operon system exhibits high affinity and selectivity toward mercury (II) (Hg(2+)). In order to improve the adsorption ability of Saccharomyces cerevisiae for Hg(2+), MerR was displayed on the surface of S. cerevisiae for the first time with an α-agglutinin-based display system in this study. The merR gene was synthesized after being optimized and added restriction endonuclease sites EcoR I and Mlu I. The display of MerR was indirectly co...

Comparative metabolomics profiling of engineered Saccharomyces cerevisiae lead to a strategy that improving β-carotene production by acetate supplementation.

A comparative metabolomic analysis was conducted on recombinant Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain producing β-carotene and the parent strain cultivated with glucose as carbon source using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), high performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS) and ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) based approach. The results showed that most of the central intermediates associated with amino acids, carbohydrates, glycoly...

Saccharomyces cerevisiae x Saccharomyces uvarum hybrids generated under different conditions share similar winemaking features.

Interspecific hybrids among species in the Saccharomyces genus are frequently detected in anthropic habitats and can also be obtained easily in the laboratory. This occurs because the most important genetic barriers among Saccharomyces species are post-zygotic. Depending on several factors, including the involved strains, the hybridisation mechanism and stabilisation conditions, the hybrids that bear differential genomic constitutions, and hence phenotypic variability, can be obtained. In the present study,...

Secretory overexpression of Bacillus thermocatenulatus lipase in Saccharomyces cerevisiae using combinatorial library strategy.

Simple and cost-effective lipase expression host microorganisms are highly desirable. A combinatorial library strategy was used to improve the secretory expression of lipase from Bacillus thermocatenulatus (BTL2) in the culture supernatant of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. A plasmid library including expression cassettes composed of sequences encoding one of each 15 promoters, 15 secretion signals, and 15 terminators derived from yeast species, S. cerevisiae, Pichia pastoris, and Hansenula polymorpha, was constr...

Complete genomic and transcriptional landscape analysis using third-generation sequencing: a case study of Saccharomyces cerevisiae CEN.PK113-7D.

Completion of eukaryal genomes can be difficult task with the highly repetitive sequences along the chromosomes and short read lengths of second-generation sequencing. Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain CEN.PK113-7D, widely used as a model organism and a cell factory, was selected for this study to demonstrate the superior capability of very long sequence reads for de novo genome assembly. We generated long reads using two common third-generation sequencing technologies (Oxford Nanopore Technology (ONT) and Pa...

Saccharomyces cerevisiae variety diastaticus friend or foe? Spoilage potential and brewing ability of different Saccharomyces cerevisiae variety diastaticus yeast isolates by genetic, phenotypic and physiological characterization.

Saccharomyces cerevisiae variety diastaticus is generally considered to be an obligatory spoilage microorganism and spoilage yeast in beer and beer-mixed beverages (Folz, Hofmann and Stahl 2011; Hutzler et al. 2012). Their super-attenuating ability causes increased carbon dioxide concentrations, beer gushing and potential bottle explosion along with changes in flavor, sedimentation and increased turbidity. This research shows clear differences in the super-attenuating properties of S. cerevisiae var. diast...

Enhanced cellobiose fermentation by engineered Saccharomyces cerevisiae expressing a mutant cellodextrin facilitator and cellobiose phosphorylase.

To efficiently ferment intermediate cellodextrins released during cellulose hydrolysis, Saccharomyces cerevisiae has been engineered by introduction of a heterologous cellodextrin utilizing pathway consisting of a cellodextrin transporter and either an intracellular β-glucosidase or a cellobiose phosphorylase. Among two types of cellodextrin transporters, the passive facilitator CDT-2 has not enabled better cellobiose fermentation than the active transporter CDT-1, which suggests that the CDT-2 might be en...

Rapid and Efficient CRISPR/Cas9-Based Mating-Type Switching of Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

Rapid and highly efficient mating-type switching of Saccharomyces cerevisiae enables a wide variety of genetic manipulations such as the construction of strains, for instance isogenic haploid pairs of both mating-types, diploids and polyploids. We used the CRISPR/Cas9 system to generate a double-strand break (DSB) at the MAT locus, and in a single co-transformation, both haploid and diploid cells were switched to the specified mating-type at ~80% efficiency. The mating-type of strains carrying either rod or...

Effect of inoculum size on single-cell oil production from glucose and xylose using oleaginous yeast Lipomyces starkeyi.

Oleaginous microbes can convert substrates such as carbon dioxide, sugars, and organic acids to single-cell oils (SCOs). Among the oleaginous microorganisms, Lipomyces starkeyi is a particularly well-suited host given its impressive native abilities, including the capability to utilize a wide variety of carbon sources. In this work, the potential of L. starkeyi NBRC10381 to produce SCOs in a synthetically nitrogen-limited mineral medium (-NMM) was investigated by differing the inoculum size using glucose a...

Exploring the potential of lactic acid production from lignocellulosic hydrolysates with various ratios of hexose versus pentose by Bacillus coagulans IPE22.

The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility of utilizing different lignocellulosic hydrolysates with various hexose versus pentose (H:P) ratios to produce lactic acid (LA) from Bacillus coagulans IPE22 by fermentations with single and mixed sugar. In single sugar utilization, glucose tended to promote LA production, and xylose preferred to enhance cell growth. In mixed sugar utilization, glucose and pentose were consumed simultaneously when glucose concentration was lower than 20 g/L, and alm...

Heterologous expression of mitochondrial nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide transporter (Ndt1) from Aspergillus fumigatus rescues impaired growth in Δndt1Δndt2 Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain.

Our understanding of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide mitochondrial transporter 1 (Ndt1A) in Aspergillus fumigatus remains poor. Thus, we investigated whether Ndt1A could alter fungi survival. To this end, we engineered the expression of an Ndt1A-encoding region in a Δndt1Δndt2 yeast strain. The resulting cloned Ndt1A protein promoted the mitochondrial uptake of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD(+)), generating a large mitochondrial membrane potential. The NAD(+) carrier utilized the electrochemical...

Refactoring the upper sugar metabolism of Pseudomonas putida for co-utilization of cellobiose, xylose, and glucose.

Given its capacity to tolerate stress, NAD(P)H/ NAD(P) balance, and increased ATP levels, the platform strain Pseudomonas putida EM42, a genome-edited derivative of the soil bacterium P. putida KT2440, can efficiently host a suite of harsh reactions of biotechnological interest. Because of the lifestyle of the original isolate, however, the nutritional repertoire of P. putida EM42 is centered largely on organic acids, aromatic compounds and some hexoses (glucose and fructose). To enlarge the biochemical net...

Overproduction of isoprenoids by Saccharomyces cerevisiae in a synthetic grape juice medium in the absence of plant genes.

The objective of this work is to demonstrate if the hexaprenyl pyrophosphate synthetase Coq1p might be involved in monoterpenes synthesis in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, although its currently known function in yeast is to catalyze the first step in ubiquinone biosynthesis. However, in a BY4743 laboratory strain, the presence of an empty plasmid in a chemically defined grape juice medium results in a statistically significant increase of linalool, (E)-nerolidol and (E,E)-farnesol. When COQ1 is overexpressed fr...


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