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PubMed Journals Articles About "Saccharomyces Cerevisiae Strain Comparison Glucose Xylose Fermentations Defined" RSS

12:58 EST 12th December 2017 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain comparison glucose xylose fermentations defined" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 11,000+

Engineering of Saccharomyces cerevisiae for the efficient co-utilization of glucose and xylose.

The rapid co-fermentation of both glucose and xylose is important for the efficient conversion of lignocellulose biomass into fuels and chemicals. Saccharomyces cerevisiae is considered to be a potential cell factory and has been used to produce various fuels and chemicals, but it cannot metabolize xylose, which has greatly limited the utilization of lignocellulose materials. Therefore, numerous studies have attempted to develop xylose fermenting strains in past decades. The simple introduction of the xylos...


Construction of efficient xylose-fermenting Saccharomyces cerevisiae through a synthetic isozyme system of xylose reductase from Scheffersomyces stipitis.

Engineered Saccharomyces cerevisiae has been used for ethanol production from xylose, the abundant sugar in lignocellulosic hydrolyzates. Development of engineered S. cerevisiae able to utilize xylose effectively is crucial for economical and sustainable production of fuels. To this end, the xylose-metabolic genes (XYL1, XYL2 and XYL3) from Scheffersomyces stipitis have been introduced into S. cerevisiae. The resulting engineered S. cerevisiae strains, however, often exhibit undesirable phenotypes such as s...

Improved xylose metabolism by a CYC8 mutant of Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

Engineering Saccharomyces cerevisiae for the utilization of pentose sugars is an important goal for the production of second-generation bioethanol and biochemicals. However, S. cerevisiae lacks specific pentose transporters and, in the presence of glucose, pentoses enter the cell inefficiently via endogenous hexose (HXT) transporters. By means of in vivo engineering, we have evolved a quadruple hexokinase deletion mutant of S. cerevisiae into a strain that efficiently utilizes D-xylose in the presence of hi...


Metabolic engineering of Saccharomyces cerevisiae for production of spermidine under optimal culture conditions.

Spermidine is a polyamine compound exhibiting important biological activities, such as increasing lifespan, inflammation reduction, and plant growth control. As such, many applications of spermidine as a bio-modulating agent are anticipated. However, sustainable and scalable production of spermidine has not been achieved yet. Therefore, construction of a spermidine production system using Saccharomyces cerevisiae was attempted in this study. In order to secrete spermidine into fermentation broth, TPO1 codin...

Oxygen availability and strain combination modulate yeast growth dynamics in mixed culture fermentations of grape must with Starmerella bacillaris and Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

Starmerella bacillaris (synonym Candida zemplinina) is a non-Saccharomyces yeast that has been proposed as a co-inoculant of selected Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains in mixed culture fermentations to enhance the analytical composition of the wines. In order to acquire further knowledge on the metabolic interactions between these two species, in this study we investigated the impact of oxygen addition and combination of Starm. bacillaris with S. cerevisiae strains on the microbial growth and metabolite pro...

Torulaspora delbrueckii contribution in mixed brewing fermentations with different Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains.

In recent years, there has been growing demand for distinctive high quality beer. Fermentation management has a fundamental role in beer quality and the levels of aroma compounds. Use of non-conventional yeast has been proposed to enhance beer bioflavor. In the present work we investigated mixed fermentations using three commercial Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains, without and with addition of a selected Torulaspora delbrueckii strain evaluating their interactions, as well as the aroma profiles. At the S. c...

Selection of yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae promoters available for xylose cultivation and fermentation.

To efficiently utilize xylose, a major sugar component of hemicelluloses, in Saccharomyces cerevisiae requires the proper expression of varied exogenous and endogenous genes. To expand the repertoire of promoters in engineered xylose-utilizing yeast strains, we selected promoters in S. cerevisiae during cultivation and fermentation using xylose as a carbon source. To select candidate promoters that function in the presence of xylose, we performed comprehensive gene expression analyses using xylose-utilizin...

Mutations in PMR1 stimulate xylose isomerase activity and anaerobic growth on xylose of engineered Saccharomyces cerevisiae by influencing manganese homeostasis.

Combined overexpression of xylulokinase, pentose-phosphate-pathway enzymes and a heterologous xylose isomerase (XI) is required but insufficient for anaerobic growth of Saccharomyces cerevisiae on d-xylose. Single-step Cas9-assisted implementation of these modifications yielded a yeast strain expressing Piromyces XI that showed fast aerobic growth on d-xylose. However, anaerobic growth required a 12-day adaptation period. Xylose-adapted cultures carried mutations in PMR1, encoding a Golgi Ca(2+)/Mn(2+) ATPa...

Saccharomyces cerevisiae accumulates GAPDH-derived peptides on its cell surface that induce death of non-Saccharomyces yeasts by cell-to-cell contact.

During wine fermentations Saccharomyces cerevisiae starts to excrete into the growth medium antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) that induce death of non-Saccharomyces yeasts at the end of exponential growth phase (24-48 h). Those AMPs were found to derive from the glycolytic enzyme glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH). On the other hand, the early death of non-Saccharomyces yeasts during wine fermentations was also found to be mediated by a cell-to-cell contact mechanism. Since GAPDH is a cell wall-as...

SaccharomycesIDentifier, SID: strain-level analysis of Saccharomyces cerevisiae populations by using microsatellite meta-patterns.

Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a common yeast with several applications, among which the most ancient is winemaking. Because individuals belonging to this species show a wide genetic and phenotypic variability, the possibility to identify the strains driving fermentation is pivotal when aiming at stable and palatable products. Metagenomic sequencing is increasingly used to decipher the fungal populations present in complex samples such as musts. However, it does not provide information at the strain level. Mic...

The role of nitrogen uptake on the competition ability of three vineyard Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains.

Three vineyard strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, P301.4, P304.4 and P254.12, were assayed in comparison with a commercial industrial strain, QA23. The aim was to understand if nitrogen availability could influence strain competition ability during must fermentation. Pairwise-strain fermentations and co-fermentations with the simultaneous presence of the four strains were performed in synthetic musts at two nitrogen levels: control nitrogen condition (CNC) that assured the suitable assimilable nitrogen am...

Enhanced D-lactic acid production by recombinant Saccharomyces cerevisiae following optimization of the global metabolic pathway.

Utilization of renewable feedstocks for the production of bio-based chemicals such as D-lactic acid by engineering metabolic pathways in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae has recently become an attractive option. In this study, to realize efficient D-lactic acid production by S. cerevisiae, the expression of 12 glycolysis-related genes and the Leuconostoc mesenteroides D-LDH gene was optimized using a previously developed global metabolic engineering strategy, and repeated batch fermentation was carried ou...

Re-engineering Escherichia coli KJ122 to enhance the utilization of xylose and xylose/glucose mixture for efficient succinate production in mineral salt medium.

Escherichia coli KJ122 was previously engineered to produce high concentration and yield of succinate in mineral salt medium containing glucose and sucrose under anaerobic conditions. However, this strain does not efficiently utilize xylose. To improve the xylose uptake and utilization in the strain KJ122, xylFGH and xylE genes were individually and simultaneously deleted. E. coli KJ12201 (KJ122::ΔxylFGH) exhibited superior abilities in growth, xylose consumption, and succinate production compared to those...

Metabolic pathway analysis of the xylose-metabolizing yeast protoplast fusant ZLYRHZ7.

Xylose is the second major fermentable sugar present in hard woods and herbs (after d-glucose). Therefore, efficient conversion of xylose to ethanol is essential for the commercialization of lignocellulosic ethanol, which may provide an ideal alternative to fossil fuels in the future. ZLYRHZ7 is a fusant produced by protoplast fusion between two different yeast species, Saccharomyces cerevisiae W5 and Candida shehatae 20335, which is able to utilize xylose to produce ethanol. To improve ethanol production a...

Detection of cAMP and of PKA activity in Saccharomyces cerevisiae single cells using Fluorescence Resonance Energy Transfer (FRET) probes.

In Saccharomyces cerevisiae the second messenger cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) and protein kinase A (PKA) play a central role in metabolism regulation, stress resistance and cell cycle progression. To monitor cAMP levels and PKA activity in vivo in single S. cerevisiae cells, we expressed an Epac-based FRET probe and a FRET-based A-kinase activity reporter, which were proven to be useful live-cell biosensors for cAMP levels and PKA activity in mammalian cells. Regarding detection of cAMP in single y...

The isolation of pentose-assimilating yeasts and their xylose fermentation potential.

For the implementation of cellulosic ethanol technology, the maximum use of lignocellulosic materials is important to increase efficiency and to reduce costs. In this context, appropriate use of the pentose released by hemicellulose hydrolysis could improve de economic viability of this process. Since the Saccharomyces cerevisiae is unable to ferment the pentose, the search for pentose-fermenting microorganisms could be an alternative. In this work, the isolation of yeast strains from decaying vegetal mater...

The yeasts of the genus Spathaspora: potential candidates for second-generation biofuel production.

Yeasts of the Spathaspora clade have the ability to convert d-xylose to ethanol and/or xylitol. This is an important trait, as these yeasts may be used to produce bioethanol from lignocellulosic biomass, or as a source of new d-xylose metabolism genes for recombinant industrial strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The core group of the genus Spathaspora has 22 species, both formally described and not yet described. Other species, such as Sp. allomyrinae, Candida alai, C. insectamans, C. lyxosophila, C. sake...

Mating of natural Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains for improved glucose fermentation and lignocellulosic inhibitor tolerance.

Natural Saccharomyces cerevisiae isolates from vineyards in the Western Cape, South Africa were evaluated for ethanol production in industrial conditions associated with the production of second-generation biofuels. The strains displayed high phenotypic diversity including the ability to grow at 45 °C and in the presence of 20% (v/v) ethanol, strain YI13. Strains HR4 and YI30 were inhibitor-tolerant under aerobic and oxygen-limited conditions, respectively. Spore-to-spore hybridization generated progeny t...

Schizosaccharomyces pombe and Saccharomyces cerevisiae yeasts in sequential fermentations: Effect on phenolic acids of fermented Kei-apple (Dovyalis caffra L.) juice.

Kei-apple (Dovyalis caffra) is an evergreen tree indigenous to Southern Africa. The fruit contains high concentrations of l-malic acid, ascorbic acid, and phenolic acids. Kei-apple juice was sequentially inoculated with Schizosaccharomyces pombe and Saccharomyces cerevisiae yeasts. A reference fermentation using only S. cerevisiae was included. The fermentation was monitored by recording mass loss. At the end of fermentation, twelve untrained judges conducted free choice aroma profiling on the fruit wines. ...

Quantitative proteome profiles help reveal efficient xylose utilization mechanisms in solventogenic Clostridium sp. strain BOH3.

Development of sustainable biobutanol production platforms from lignocellulosic materials is impeded by inefficient five carbon sugar uptake by solventogenic bacteria. The recently isolated Clostridium sp. strain BOH3 is particularly advantaged in this regard as it serves as a model organism which can simultaneously utilize both glucose and xylose for high butanol (>15 g/L) production. Strain BOH3 was therefore investigated for its metabolic mechanisms for efficient five carbon sugar uptake using a quanti...

Improving xylose utilization of defatted rice bran for nisin production by overexpression of a xylose transcriptional regulator in Lactococcus lactis.

Present investigation explores the potential of defatted rice bran (DRB) serving as sole carbon source and partial nitrogen source to support Lactococcus lactis growth and nisin production. To retain the nutrients in DRB, especially protein fractions, thermal pretreatment followed by enzymatic hydrolysis without washing step was applied for saccharification. A maximum of 45.64g reducing sugar mainly containing 30.26g glucose and 5.66g xylose from 100g DRB was attained in hydrolysates of DRB (HD). A novel st...

Physiological and transcriptomic analysis of a salt-resistant Saccharomyces cerevisiae mutant obtained by evolutionary engineering.

Salt-resistant yeast strains are highly demanded by industry due to the exposure of yeast cells to high concetrations of salt, in various industrial bioprocesses. The aim of this study was to perform a physiological and transcriptomic analysis of a salt-resistant Saccharomyces cerevisiae (S. cerevisiae) mutant generated by evolutionary engineering. NaCl-resistant S. cerevisiae strains were obtained by ethyl methane sulfonate (EMS) mutagenesis followed by successive batch cultivations in the presence of grad...

Comparative metabolomics profiling of engineered Saccharomyces cerevisiae lead to a strategy that improving β-carotene production by acetate supplementation.

A comparative metabolomic analysis was conducted on recombinant Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain producing β-carotene and the parent strain cultivated with glucose as carbon source using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), high performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS) and ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) based approach. The results showed that most of the central intermediates associated with amino acids, carbohydrates, glycoly...

Cell Surface Display of MerR on Saccharomyces cerevisiae for Biosorption of Mercury.

The metalloregulatory protein MerR which plays important roles in mer operon system exhibits high affinity and selectivity toward mercury (II) (Hg(2+)). In order to improve the adsorption ability of Saccharomyces cerevisiae for Hg(2+), MerR was displayed on the surface of S. cerevisiae for the first time with an α-agglutinin-based display system in this study. The merR gene was synthesized after being optimized and added restriction endonuclease sites EcoR I and Mlu I. The display of MerR was indirectly co...

Saccharomyces cerevisiae x Saccharomyces uvarum hybrids generated under different conditions share similar winemaking features.

Interspecific hybrids among species in the Saccharomyces genus are frequently detected in anthropic habitats and can also be obtained easily in the laboratory. This occurs because the most important genetic barriers among Saccharomyces species are post-zygotic. Depending on several factors, including the involved strains, the hybridisation mechanism and stabilisation conditions, the hybrids that bear differential genomic constitutions, and hence phenotypic variability, can be obtained. In the present study,...


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