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PubMed Journals Articles About "Safe Your Drinking Water Take Look" RSS

08:33 EST 11th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

Safe Your Drinking Water Take Look PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Safe Your Drinking Water Take Look articles that have been published worldwide.

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We have published hundreds of Safe Your Drinking Water Take Look news stories on BioPortfolio along with dozens of Safe Your Drinking Water Take Look Clinical Trials and PubMed Articles about Safe Your Drinking Water Take Look for you to read. In addition to the medical data, news and clinical trials, BioPortfolio also has a large collection of Safe Your Drinking Water Take Look Companies in our database. You can also find out about relevant Safe Your Drinking Water Take Look Drugs and Medications on this site too.

Showing "Safe Your Drinking Water Take Look" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 10,000+

Subnational regional inequality in access to improved drinking water and sanitation in Indonesia: results from the 2015 Indonesian National Socioeconomic Survey (SUSENAS).

Universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water and adequate sanitation and hygiene in Indonesia are vital to ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages.


Effectiveness of multi-level risk management emergency response activities to ensure free chlorine residual in household drinking water in southern Syria.

To provide safe drinking water and reduce the risk of disease, emergency responders in southern Syria are implementing a multi-level risk reduction strategy with the aim of ensuring free chlorine residual (FCR) in household drinking water. Responders implemented activities across the water chain (from chlorination station and well operators to water vendors to household members), including distribution of supplies for chlorination and training on chlorine use; activities varied by responder. We evaluated th...

Low numbers of microplastics detected in drinking water from ground water sources.

Microplastic particles have been detected in various natural habitats and the digestive tracts of several species. These particles have also been reported in commercially available seafood, salt or bottled water starting discussions on potential implications for human health. To be able to assess the related risks, exposure concentrations and pathways need to be known. Here, we analysed ground water and drinking water for the presence of microplastics (>20 μm) using FTIR imaging. Samples were taken at di...


Determination of six iodotrihalomethanes in drinking water in Korea.

Trihalomethanes (THMs) are chemicals regulated by Environmental Protection Agency's first drinking water regulation issued after the passage of the Safe Drinking Water Act. Among THMs, iodotrihalomethanes (I-THMs) are produced by treating water containing iodides ion with chlorine or ozone. I-THMs are more carcinogenic and biotoxic than chlorinated or brominated THMs. The purpose of this study was to analyze of I-THMs in drinking water using the liquid-liquid extraction (LLE) method with various extraction ...

Occurrence and exposure assessment of bisphenol analogues in source water and drinking water in China.

Bisphenol analogues (BPs) are widely used in the production of epoxy resins and polycarbonate plastics. In recent years, the demand and production capacity of BPs are growing rapidly in China. However, knowledge on the occurrence of BPs other than bisphenol A (BPA) in the aquatic environment, especially in source and drinking water, is still limited. In this study, occurrence of 16 BPs, which have been used in various industrial applications, was investigated in source and drinking water from twenty drinkin...

Physiologically-based pharmacokinetic modeling suggests similar bioavailability of Mn from diet and drinking water.

Due to concerns for enhanced absorption of manganese (Mn) from drinking water compared to diet, bioavailability of Mn from drinking water remains a major data gap in understanding Mn kinetics. In this study, PBPK models for adult rats and humans were updated with a drinking water exposure route and were used to assess the homeostatic control of Mn uptake, excretion and tissue kinetics between the two different ingestion modes. Drinking water model parameters were estimated from tissue kinetic data from a dr...

The association between domestic animal presence and ownership and household drinking water contamination among peri-urban communities of Kisumu, Kenya.

Household drinking water can be contaminated by diarrheagenic enteropathogens at numerous points between the source and actual consumption. Interventions to prevent this contamination have focused on preventing exposure to human waste through interventions to improve drinking water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH). In many cases though, the infectious agent may be of zoonotic rather than human origin suggesting that unsafely managed animal waste may contribute to the contamination of household drinking water ...

Succession of bacterial and fungal communities within biofilms of a chlorinated drinking water distribution system.

Understanding the temporal dynamics of multi-species biofilms in Drinking Water Distribution Systems (DWDS) is essential to ensure safe, high quality water reaches consumers after it passes through these high surface area reactors. This research studied the succession characteristics of fungal and bacterial communities under controlled environmental conditions fully representative of operational DWDS. Microbial communities were observed to increase in complexity after one month of biofilm development but th...

Low-level exposure to arsenic in drinking water and incidence rate of stroke: A cohort study in Denmark.

High arsenic concentration in drinking water is associated with a higher incidence rate of stroke, but only few studies have investigated an association with arsenic in drinking water at low concentration (

Novel AgNWs-PAN/TPU membrane for point-of-use drinking water electrochemical disinfection.

The safety of drinking water remains a major challenge in developing countries and point-of-use (POU) drinking water treatment device plays an important role in decentralised drinking water safety. In this study, a novel material, i.e. a silver nanowires-polyacrylonitrile/thermoplastic polyurethane (AgNWs-PAN/TPU) composite membrane, was fabricated via electrospinning and vacuum filtration deposition. Morphological and structural characterisation showed that the PAN/TPU fibres had uniform diameters and enha...

Access to drinking water: time matters.

Despite the reported achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) with respect to drinking water, lack of access to water remains widespread worldwide. The indicator used there to measure access to water in the MDGs refers to the use of an improved water source. However, the amount of time spent in collecting water is high in countries where access to drinking water supplies located on premises is not common. 26.3% of the world's population did not have such access in 2015. Thus the need to travel...

Concentrations and potential health risks of strontium in drinking water from Xi'an, Northwest China.

Information about the concentrations of strontium (Sr(II)) in drinking water in China and the corresponding health risks to Chinese residents is lacking. This study investigated Sr(II) in drinking water through a monthly sampling campaign in twelve locations in Xi'an, Northwest China. A health risk assessment for different age groups and exposure pathways were carried out by Monte Carlo simulation. The results show Sr(II) concentrations of 0.06-1.69 mg/L in all drinking water samples, which exceeded the m...

Urban Slums: A Supportive Ecosystem for Typhoidal Salmonellae.

The typhoidal Salmonellae were controlled in cities in North America and Europe in the late 19th and early 20th century by development of centralized water treatment systems. In the early 21st century, large urban centers where drinking water routinely mixes with human feces have the highest burden of typhoid fever. Although improving municipal drinking water quality is the most robust approach to reduce enteric fever burden, the high costs and managerial capacity that such systems require and decreasing pe...

Toxicological risk assessment and prioritization of drinking water relevant contaminants of emerging concern.

Toxicological risk assessment of contaminants of emerging concern (CEC) in (sources of) drinking water is required to identify potential health risks and prioritize chemicals for abatement or monitoring. In such assessments, concentrations of chemicals in drinking water or sources are compared to either (i) health-based (statutory) drinking water guideline values, (ii) provisional guideline values based on recent toxicity data in absence of drinking water guidelines, or (iii) generic drinking water target v...

Softening of drinking water by the pellet reactor - Effects of influent water composition on calcium carbonate pellet characteristics.

Pellet softening of drinking water can provide aesthetic, socioeconomic and environmental benefits in areas with hard water. Calcium carbonate pellets are the main by-product from pellet softening and their characteristics determine their reuse potentials. We characterized pellets from a pilot-scale pellet reactor treating 16 water types at 8 Danish drinking water treatment plants to investigate the variations in pellet characteristics and how they depend on the influent water composition. The pellets consi...

Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances in source and treated drinking waters of the United States.

Contaminants of emerging concern (CECs), including per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS), are of interest to regulators, water treatment utilities, the general public and scientists. This study measured 17 PFAS in source and treated water from 25 drinking water treatment plants (DWTPs) as part of a broader study of CECs in drinking water across the United States. PFAS were quantitatively detected in all 50 samples, with summed concentrations of the 17 PFAS ranging from

Chemical characterization and relative toxicity assessment of disinfection byproduct mixtures in a large drinking water supply network.

In order to reduce the formation of disinfection by-products (DBPs) during potabilization of water it is necessary to explore the potential of the source water and the applied treatment to generate these chemicals. This is actually more challenging in large drinking water networks that use different source waters to satisfy drinking water demand. In this regard, this work investigated the formation of DBPs in water matrices that are commonly supplied to the city of Barcelona and its metropolitan area. The r...

Assessment of water quality of rivers that serve as water sources for drinking and domestic functions in rural and pre-urban communities in Edo North, Nigeria.

Surface waters are important to humans because they are a significant water supply source. They are, however, under serious environmental stress and are being threatened as a consequence of developmental activities. The present study describes the physicochemical properties and water quality indices of five different rivers used for drinking and other domestic activities in rural and pre-urban communities in Edo North, Nigeria. The physicochemical variable ranges include pH [wet season (6.47 ± 0.30-6.8...

Drinking water in West Virginia (USA): tap water or bottled water - what is the right choice for college students?

West Virginia has had a history of water quality issues. In parallel, the world is facing a plastic pollution crisis. In order to better understand behavioral responses to perceived water quality, a survey was conducted at a major research university to ask participants about water quality perceptions and drinking water behaviors. A total of 4,188 students completed the survey during the Spring 2017 semester. Logistic regression analyses were used to predict behaviors. Results indicated that a third of the ...

Does nitrite and nitrate levels in drinking water impact the health of people in Dakahlia governorate, Egypt?

A total of 1291 drinking water samples were examined for nitrite and nitrate during 6 months from December, 2015 to May, 2016 at 17 cities of Dakahlia governorate (Nile Delta, north of Egypt), and the results were utilized for assessment of health risk of the exposure from drinking water by calculating average daily intake (ADI), hazard quotient (HQ), and the hazard index (HI). The nitrite and nitrate in drinking water had a concentration range of 0.030-0.113 and 2.41-8.70 mg L, with mean values of 0.059...

Coal-fired power plant wet flue gas desulfurization bromide discharges to U.S. watersheds and their contributions to drinking water sources.

Wet flue gas desulfurization (FGD) wastewater discharges from coal-fired power plants may increase bromide concentrations at downstream drinking water intakes, leading to increased formation of toxic disinfection byproducts (DBPs). Despite this, bromide was not regulated in FGD wastewater in the 2015 Steam Electric Effluent Limitations Guidelines and Standards (ELGs). Case-by-case management was recommended instead, depending on downstream drinking water effects. The present work seeks to identify U.S. regi...

Occurrence and potential human health risks of semi-volatile organic compounds in drinking water from cities along the Chinese coastland of the Yellow Sea.

Semi-volatile organic compounds (SVOCs) in drinking water have been considered a severe threat to public health worldwide. However, SVOC contamination and the associated human health risks of the drinking water from cities along tributaries of the Yangtze River and Huaihe River in China have been seldom reported. Here, we focused on the occurrence and distribution of a series of SVOCs, mainly including polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), organochlorine pesticides (OCPs...

Further developing the bacterial growth potential method for ultra-pure drinking water produced by remineralization of reverse osmosis permeate.

Ensuring the biological stability of drinking water is essential for modern drinking water supply. To understand and manage the biological stability, it is critical that the bacterial growth in drinking water can be measured. Nowadays, advance treatment technologies, such as reverse osmosis (RO), are increasingly applied in drinking water purification where the produced water is characterized by low levels of nutrients and cell counts. The challenge is, therefore, how to measure the low bacterial growth pot...

Infectious diseases related to water in Peru.

The growth of the world population has increased the demand for water. On the other hand, climate change shows us that the water sources that were previously safe are not anymore. There are inequalities between urban and rural areas, thus 96% of the urban world population uses drinking water sources compared to 84% of the rural population, while 82% of the urban population versus 51% of the rural population use sanitation facilities. In Peru, 80.4% of homes are supplied with water through a public network. ...

Comparison of the UV/chlorine and UV/HO processes in the degradation of PPCPs in simulated drinking water and wastewater: Kinetics, radical mechanism and energy requirements.

The degradation of pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) by the UV/HO and UV/chlorine processes was compared at practical concentrations in simulated drinking water and wastewater. In pure water, the UV/chlorine process performed better than the UV/HO process for the degradation of 16 PPCPs among the investigated 28 PPCPs under neutral conditions. Interestingly, the UV/chlorine approach was superior to the UV/HO approach for the removal of all PPCPs in simulated drinking water and wastewater at...


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