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16:15 EST 21st February 2018 | BioPortfolio

Salmonella Outbreak Linked Microbiology Laboratories PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Salmonella Outbreak Linked Microbiology Laboratories articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Salmonella outbreak linked microbiology laboratories" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 7,100+

Outbreak of Salmonella enteritidis PT14b gastroenteritis at a restaurant in England: the use of molecular typing to achieve a successful prosecution.

To describe an outbreak of Salmonella enteritidis phage type (PT) 14b in people who had eaten at a restaurant, and the investigation and subsequent prosecution of the food business operator (FBO).

Impact of Clinical Salmonellosis in Veal Calves on the Recovery of Salmonella in Lymph Nodes at Harvest.

The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence, serotypes, antimicrobial resistance phenotypes, and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) patterns of Salmonella recovered in feces and mesenteric and prefemoral lymph nodes (LNs) from cohorts of calves with and without a confirmed outbreak of salmonellosis. In a prospective cohort study, 160 calves from four farms without a reported outbreak (nonoutbreak farms) were sampled at farm and harvest. In addition, harvest samples from 80 calves of two...

Identification of a KPC-9-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae ST258 cluster among KPC-2-producing isolates of an ongoing outbreak in Northwestern Greece: A retrospective study.

We identified the first nosocomial outbreak of KPC-9-producing isolates. Genetic comparison between our isolates and isolates of KPC-KP ST258 associated with Greece indicated that blaKPC-9 may have been replaced by blaKPC-2 on the pKpQiL- plasmid in KPC-KP ST258. The KPC-9-KP outbreak cluster is closely related to the KPC-2-KP outbreak in Greece. Screening for specific sublineages of KPC-KP ST258 by molecular tests may become an important tool in outbreak investigation.

Evidence for Multiple Sylvatic Transmission Cycles During the 2016-2017 Yellow Fever Virus Outbreak, Brazil.

Since December 2016, Brazil has experienced an unusually large outbreak of yellow fever (YF). Whether urban transmission may contribute to the extent of the outbreak is unclear. The objective of this study was to characterize yellow fever virus (YFV) genomes and to identify spatial patterns to determine the distribution and origin of YF cases in Minas Gerais, Espírito Santo and Rio de Janeiro, the most affected Brazilian states during the current YFV outbreak.

Practices of clinical microbiology laboratories in reporting voided urine culture results.

Fate of Salmonella enterica and Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli cells, Artificially Internalized into Vegetable Seeds during Germination.

Vegetable seeds contaminated with bacterial pathogens have been linked to fresh produce-associated outbreaks of gastrointestinal infections. This study was undertaken to observe the physiological behavior of Salmonella enterica and enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) cells, artificially internalized into vegetable seeds during the germination process. Surface-decontaminated seeds of alfalfa, fenugreek, lettuce, and tomato were vacuum-infiltrated with four individual strains of Salmonella or EHEC. Cont...

Maternal vaccination as a Salmonella Typhimurium reduction strategy on pig farms.

The control of Salmonella in pig production is necessary for public and animal health and vaccination was evaluated as a strategy to decrease pig prevalence.

Next Generation Sequencing for the investigation of an Outbreak of Salmonella Schwarzengrund in Nanjing, China.

Salmonella Schwarzengrund is most frequently isolated from poultry meat and can cause human infections. S. Schwarzengrund was isolated from diarrheal patients in a food poisoning event in Nanjing, China.

Recent Trends in Salmonella Outbreaks and Emerging Technology for Biocontrol of Salmonella Using Phages in Foods: A Review.

Salmonella is one of the principal causes of foodborne outbreaks. As traditional control methods have shown efficacy against emerging Salmonella serotypes or antimicrobial-resistant Salmonella, new approaches have been attempted. The use of lytic phages for the biocontrol of Salmonella in food industry has become an attractive method owing to the many advantages offered by the use of phages as biocontrol agents. Phages are natural alternatives to traditional antimicrobial agents; they have proven effective ...

Impact of storm runoff on Salmonella and Escherichia coli prevalence in irrigation ponds of fresh produce farms in southern Georgia.

To examine Salmonella and Escherichia coli in storm runoff and irrigation ponds used by fresh produce growers, and compare Salmonella serovars with those found in cases of human salmonellosis.

Effect of storage temperatures and stresses on the survival of Salmonella spp. in halva.

The presence of Salmonella spp. in halva has been associated with foodborne illnesses and product recalls from the markets. This study investigated the effect of environmental stresses on the survival of Salmonella spp. in halva during storage for 12 months at 10 and 25°C. Halva samples were inoculated with a cocktail of four strains of unstressed, desiccation stressed or heat stressed Salmonella (10(6) -10(7) CFU g(-1) ). In general, survival of Salmonella spp. in halva decreased significantly (P ˂ 0.05)...

Analysis of patient data from laboratories during the Ebola virus disease outbreak in Liberia, April 2014 to March 2015.

An outbreak of Ebola virus disease (EVD) in Liberia began in March 2014 and ended in January 2016. Epidemiological information on the EVD cases was collected and managed nationally; however, collection and management of the data were challenging at the time because surveillance and reporting systems malfunctioned during the outbreak. EVD diagnostic laboratories, however, were able to register basic demographic and clinical information of patients more systematically. Here we present data on 16,370 laborator...

Detection of Salmonella Infection in Chickens by an Indirect Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay Based on Presence of PagC Antibodies in Sera.

The outcomes of infection of humans and animals with Salmonella range from a persistent asymptomatic carrier state to temporal mild gastroenteritis or severe systemic infection. A rapid and accurate diagnostic test would help formulate strategies for effective prevention of their infections in the animal population. Current sequencing data predict that the outer membrane protein, PagC, is present in all common Salmonella serovars with sequence similarities of more than 98%. PagC sequences in other bacterial...

An Updated View on the Rck Invasin of Salmonella: Still Much to Discover.

Salmonella is a facultative intracellular Gram-negative bacterium, responsible for a wide range of food- and water-borne diseases ranging from gastroenteritis to typhoid fever depending on hosts and serotypes. Salmonella thus represents a major threat to public health. A key step in Salmonella pathogenesis is the invasion of phagocytic and non-phagocytic host cells. To trigger its own internalization into non-phagocytic cells, Salmonella has developed different mechanisms, involving several invasion factors...

Biofilm formation by Staphylococcus aureus and Salmonella spp. under mono and dual-species conditions and their sensitivity to cetrimonium bromide, peracetic acid and sodium hypochlorite.

The aim of this study was evaluated the biofilm formation by Staphylococcus aureus 4E and Salmonella spp. under mono and dual-species biofilms, onto stainless steel 316 (SS) and polypropylene B (PP), and their sensitivity to cetrimonium bromide, peracetic acid and sodium hypochlorite. The biofilms were developed by immersion of the surfaces in TSB by 10 d at 37°C. The results showed that in monospecies biofilms the type of surface not affected the cellular density (p>0.05). However, in dual-species biofilm...

In response to Tomás, D. et al. (2017). Validation of test portion pooling for Salmonella spp. detection in foods. International Journal of Food Microbiology, 245: 13-21.

Impact of the choice of reference genome on the ability of the core genome SNV methodology to distinguish strains of Salmonella enterica serovar Heidelberg.

Salmonella enterica serovar Heidelberg (S. Heidelberg) is one of the top serovars causing human salmonellosis. The core genome single nucleotide variant pipeline (cgSNV) is one of several whole genome based sequence typing methods used for the laboratory investigation of foodborne pathogens. SNV detection using this method requires a reference genome. The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of the choice of the reference genome on the cgSNV-informed phylogenetic clustering and inferred isola...

6S RNA is involved in acid resistance and invasion of epithelial cells in Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium.

Acid is an important environmental condition encountered frequently by Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium during its pathogenesis, but the role of small-noncoding RNAs (sRNAs) in response to acid stress is poorly understood.

Rapid detection and serovar identification of common Salmonella enterica serovars in Canada using a new pyrosequencing assay.

Serotyping of Salmonella enterica subspecies enterica is a critical step for foodborne salmonellosis investigation. We have developed a new assay to identify Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica (S. enterica) serovars based on a triplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) with pyrosequencing for amplicon confirmation and phylogenetic discrimination of strain. The top 54 most prevalent serovars of S. enterica in Canada were examined with a total of 23 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and/or variations (SNVs...

Traditional approaches versus mass spectrometry in bacterial identification and typing.

Biochemical methods such as metabolite testing and serotyping are traditionally used in clinical microbiology laboratories to identify and categorize microorganisms. Due to the large variety of bacteria, identifying representative metabolites is tedious, while raising high-quality antisera or antibodies unique to specific biomarkers used in serotyping is very challenging, sometimes even impossible. Although serotyping is a certified approach for differentiating bacteria such as E. coli and Salmonella at the...

Antimicrobial resistance gene expression associated with multidrug resistant Salmonella spp. isolated from retail meat in Hanoi, Vietnam.

The purpose of this study was to further characterize the multi-antimicrobial resistance and antibiotic resistance gene expression associated with multi-drug resistance (MDR) in Salmonella spp. isolates from retail meats in Hanoi, Vietnam. A total of 14 Salmonella spp. belonging to 9 serotypes (e.g., Warragul, London, Derby, Indiana, Meleagridis, Give, Rissen, Assine, and Typhimurium) were tested for sensitivity to 8 antibiotics. Resistance to at least one antibiotic was shown in 13 strains (92.85%). The mu...

Evolution of equine influenza viruses (H3N8) during a Brazilian outbreak, 2015.

Equine influenza is one of the major respiratory infectious diseases in horses. An equine influenza virus outbreak was identified in vaccinated and unvaccinated horses in a veterinary school hospital in São Paulo, SP, Brazil, in September 2015. The twelve equine influenza viruses isolated belonged to Florida Clade 1. The hemagglutinin and neuraminidase amino acid sequences were compared with the recent isolates from North and South America and the World Organisation for Animal Health recommended Florida Cl...

Salmonella survival during thermal dehydration of fresh garlic and storage of dehydrated garlic products.

Salmonella survival was characterized and modeled during thermal dehydration of fresh garlic and storage of dehydrated garlic products. In our experiments that simulated commercial dehydration processing at 80±5°C, moderate level of Salmonella contamination (4-5logCFU/g) on fresh garlic was reduced below the enumeration limit (1.7logCFU/g) after 4.5h of dehydration and not detectable by culture enrichment after 7h. With high level of contamination (7-8logCFU/g), the Salmonella population persisted at 3.6l...

Predictable, Tunable Protein Production in Salmonella for Studying Host-Pathogen Interactions.

Here we describe the use of synthetic genetic elements to improve the predictability and tunability of episomal protein production in Salmonella. We used a multi-pronged approach, in which a series of variable-strength synthetic promoters were combined with a synthetic transcriptional terminator, and plasmid copy number variation. This yielded a series of plasmids that drive uniform production of fluorescent and endogenous proteins, over a wide dynamic range. We describe several examples where this system i...

Comparison between digital PCR and real-time PCR in detection of Salmonella typhimurium in milk.

As a kind of zero-tolerance foodborne pathogens, Salmonella typhimurium poses a great threat to quality of food products and public health. Hence, rapid and efficient approaches to identify Salmonella typhimurium are urgently needed. Combined with PCR and fluorescence technique, real-time PCR (qPCR) and digital PCR (ddPCR) are regarded as suitable tools for detecting foodborne pathogens. To compare the effect between qPCR and ddPCR in detecting Salmonella typhimurium, a series of nucleic acid, pure strain c...

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