PubMed Journals Articles About "Scientology Cruise Ship Leaves Lucia After Measles Quarantine" RSS

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Showing "Scientology cruise ship leaves Lucia after measles quarantine" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 1,200+

Help Your Patients Stay Healthy on Their Cruise Vacation: Suggestions for Primary Care Physicians from a Cruise Ship Physician.

Histopathological and Immunohistochemical Characteristics of Measles Exanthema: A Study of a Series of 13 Adult Cases and Review of the Literature.

Despite available vaccination, measles is one of the leading causes of death among young children in developing countries. In clinical practice, the spectrum of differential diagnoses of morbilliform exanthemas associated with fever is wide, and it can be hard to differentiate from other infectious eruptions, especially in adults or in atypical courses in immunocompromised patients. The goal of our study was to identify characteristic histomorphological and immunohistochemical patterns of measles exanthema ...

Measles in pregnancy: a threat for Italian women?

Measles in pregnancy may lead to serious sequelae for newborns and mothers. In Italy assessment of immunity against measles is not recommended as pregnancy screening. This study aimed to assess the immunity against measles in pregnant women from Apulia Region in Southern Italy between 2016 and 2017. Overall, 96.9% of pregnant women were positive for anti-measles IgG, younger women aged 19-29 years had a seroprevalence below 90%. No samples were positive for anti-measles IgM. In conclusion, younger pregnant ...

Estimates of case-fatality ratios of measles in low-income and middle-income countries: a systematic review and modelling analysis.

In the 21st century, increases in immunisation coverage and decreases in under-5 mortality have substantially reduced the global burden of measles mortality. However, the assessment of measles mortality burden is highly dependent on estimates of case-fatality ratios for measles, which can vary according to geography, health systems infrastructure, prevalence of underlying risk factors, and measles endemicity. With imprecise case-fatality ratios, there is continued uncertainty about the burden of measles mor...

Emergence of attenuated measles illness among IgG positive/IgM negative measles cases, Victoria​, Australia 2008-2017.

Waning measles immunity among vaccinated individuals may result in an attenuated illness and is considered less infectious. This study aims to compare the epidemiological, clinical, and laboratory profile of measles cases with waning immunity to other measles cases.

Summary and lessons of the European and Hungarian measles situation.

Measles is one of the most serious preventable infectious diseases, which in our country were among the rare diseases in the last 10 to 20 years. One of the reasons for this is that the Hungarian population born after 1969 was vaccinated in almost 99 percent. The other reason is that in the period prior to vaccination era, the often-occurring measles epidemics left life-long immunity in the affected persons. Thus, natural and artificial immunizations provided extensive herd immunity. However, the ongoing me...

Controlling Measles through Politics and Policy.

Vaccination is one of history's most successful public health interventions. Since 2000, vaccination campaigns against measles, which is highly contagious but preventable through the measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine, have reduced both the global incidence of the disease and measles deaths by 80 percent. However, progress toward measles elimination has slid backward in several previously well-protected global regions. With more communities below or at risk of falling below the 95 percent immunization rate...

Ensuring Compliance With Quarantine by Undocumented Immigrants and Other Vulnerable Groups: Public Health Versus Politics.

A successful quarantine requires a high rate of compliance by individuals with potential exposure to a communicable disease. Many individuals would be reluctant to comply with a quarantine because they fear that contact with government officials will place them in legal, personal, or economic jeopardy. These include undocumented immigrants and individuals with a substance use disorder. For a quarantine to succeed, individuals must be granted temporary immunity from arrest, deportation, or similar adverse co...

Vaccination Against Measles, Mumps, and Rubella in the Light of Current Epidemic Threats: Unjustified Postponement.

A worrying increase in the number of measles cases has been noted recently in Poland, which may have to do with a decreasing proportion of children vaccinated against measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) in the second year of life (

Seroepidemiology of measles in Beijing, China: a cross-sectional study.

The aim of this study was to assess the seroprevalence of measles and identify the high risk of measles infection in the general population of Beijing. A total of 2144 subjects aged 0-76 years old were selected using a multi-stage stratified sampling method. Socio-demographic characteristics, vaccination history, and disease history of measles were collected by questionnaire. Serum samples were tested for measles-specific IgG by using commercial ELISA kits. The overall seropositivity rate of measles was 79...

Measles Pneumonitis.

Measles represents an acute febrile illness, potentially fatal and highly contagious through the respiratory mode of transmission. Fever combined with one of the following: cough, coryza, conjunctivitis are the first manifestations of the disease. Koplik's spots may also appear on the buccal mucosa providing an opportunity to set the diagnosis even before the appearance of rash. Rash typically appears 3-4 days after the onset of fever, initially on the face and behind the ears and its appearance is associat...

Time-Varying Risk Measurement for Ship Collision Prevention.

We propose an innovative time-varying collision risk (TCR) measurement for ship collision prevention in this article. The proposed measurement considers the level of danger of the approaching ships and the capability of a ship to prevent collisions. We define the TCR as the probability of the overlap of ships' positions in the future, given the uncertainty of maneuvers. Two sets are identified: (1) the velocity obstacle set as the maneuvers of the own ship that lead to collisions with target ships, and (2) ...

Outbreak of measles among persons with secondary vaccine failure, China, 2018.

Although the incidence of measles has been dramatically reduced by the highly effective measles vaccine, cases of measles and outbreaks continue to occur in vaccinated population because of immunization failure. We report on an outbreak in which two cases had previous evidence of measles immunity and then one of them transmitted measles infection to an unvaccinated contact. The cases and contacts exposed during the outbreak were investigated. Clinical information and epidemiological information were obtaine...

Cost-effectiveness of measles treatment: a systematic review.

Measles is still common in many developing countries, and its outbreaks have been on the rise since 2009 even though the disease is almost entirely preventable through safe and effective vaccination. This paper aims to provide evidence about the systematic review of the cost-effectiveness of measles treatment in different regions worldwide.

Sero-epidemiological study in prediction of the risk groups for measles outbreaks in Vojvodina, Serbia.

Age-stratified serologic surveys provide insight into the gaps of measles-specific immunity as well as estimates of the age-specific seroprevalence. The aim of this study was to describe the measles sero-epidemiology in Vojvodina before the occurrence of outbreak in 2017/18 and to discuss preventive measures for potential future epidemics.

Does Food Allergy Require Any Change in Measles-Mumps-Rubella Vaccination?

To determine the allergic reactions that develop after Measles and Measles-Mumps-Rubella (MMR) vaccination, and whether any delay in the timing of vaccination occurs in children with food allergy.

Measles transmission in an international airport - Taiwan, March-April 2018.

During March-April 2018, an infectious measles index case traveling from Thailand led to two successive generations of measles transmissions in Taiwan, with 21 cases confirmed. Median patient age was 30.5 years (range, 22-47 years); six (27%) had documented receipt of one (n = 3) or more (n = 3) previous measles-containing vaccine doses at age ≥12 months. Epidemiological investigation and sequence analysis found that most (n = 16, 76%) measles transmissions occurred in airport and flight setti...

Effect of ship emissions on O in the Yangtze River Delta region of China: Analysis of WRF-Chem modeling.

The Yangtze River Delta (YRD) region locates on the eastern coast of China, and it has suffered severe O pollutions due to high and mixed emissions of air pollutants. There are 3 different emission sectors for O precursors in the region, including anthropogenic VOC and NO emissions, ship emissions (mainly NO), and biogenic emissions from a large forest (biogenic VOC). This unique emission mixture produces complicated chemical processes in studying the O pollutions in the region. This study aims to identify ...

Approaching measles elimination in Switzerland: changing epidemiology 2007-2018.

Switzerland is aiming to eliminate measles, in line with the objectives of the World Health Organization (WHO). Physicians, laboratories and public health authorities have made great efforts to reach this goal. A continually increasing measles vaccination coverage and other preventive measures have made an impact: no major measles outbreak has been recorded since 2011. In order to evaluate progress towards elimination, measles epidemiology of a previous epidemic period (2007–2011) was compared with th...

Reducing measles mortality in India.

A large-scale campaign to promote measles vaccinations has substantially reduced the number of children dying from the disease in India.

Evaluating vaccination policies to accelerate measles elimination in China: a meta-population modelling study.

Measles is among the most highly infectious human diseases. By virtue of increasingly effective childhood vaccination, together with targeted supplemental immunization activities (SIAs), health authorities in the People's Republic of China have reduced measles' reproduction number from about 18 to 2.3. Despite substantial residual susceptibility among young adults, more in some locales than others, sustained routine childhood immunization likely would eliminate measles eventually. To support global eradicat...

Measles Hospitalizations at a United States Children's Hospital 2011-2017.

There are no recent descriptions of measles hospitalizations and complications in US children despite outbreaks within the past decade-including 2 in Minnesota (2011 and 2017). The objective of our study was to describe complications, hospital management and resource utilization for children hospitalized for measles at a US children's hospital.

Preventing Measles among Immunosuppressed Cancer and Hematopoietic Cell Transplant Patients: A Position Statement by the American Society for Transplantation and Cellular Therapy.

Until recently, measles exposures were relatively rare, and so consequently, were an afterthought for cancer and/or blood and marrow transplant recipients and their providers. Declines in measles herd immunity have reached critical levels in many communities throughout the US, due to increasing vaccine hesitancy, so that community-based outbreaks have occurred. The reemergence of measles as a clinical disease has raised serious concern among immunocompromised patients and those who work within the cancer an...

Development of a high-throughput assay to measure measles neutralizing antibodies.

Measles virus is highly infectious and remains a leading cause of vaccine preventable deaths in children. Neutralizing antibody responses elicited by measles virus infection or immunization are a serological correlate of protection. We describe a high-throughput neutralization assay to improve surveillance for measles immunity. Measles virus-antibody mixtures were incubated on Vero cell monolayers and 24 hours later cell-lysates harvested and subjected to one-step SYBR green RT-qPCR to amplify a target sequ...

Measles-related hospitalizations and associated complications in jerusalem, 2018-2019.

The 2018 measles outbreak in Israel has affected > 2000 patients in Jerusalem. The aim of the study was to describe clinical features and complications of hospitalized measles patients in Jerusalem, as related to age group and risk factors.

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