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Showing "Screening Rates Lung Cancer Truly Abysmal Study Finds" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 77,000+

An Update on the European Lung Cancer Screening Trials and Comparison of Lung Cancer Screening Recommendations in Europe.

While lung cancer screening has been implemented in the United States, it is still under consideration in Europe. So far, lung cancer screening trials in Europe were not able to replicate the results of the National Lung Screening Trial, but they do show a stage shift in the lung cancers that were detected. While eagerly awaiting the final result of the only lung cancer screening trial with sufficient statistical power, the NELSON trial, a number of European countries and medical societies have published re...

Cost-utility analysis of a potential lung cancer screening program for a high-risk population in Germany: A modelling approach.

Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death in Germany. Although several randomized trials in Europe have evaluated the effectiveness of lung cancer screening programs, evidence on the cost-effectiveness of lung cancer screening is scarce.

A qualitative study exploring patient motivations for screening for lung cancer.

Low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) of the chest for lung cancer screening of heavy smokers was given a 'B' rating by the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) in 2013, and gained widespread insurance coverage in the U.S. in 2015. Lung cancer screening has since had low uptake. However, for those that do choose to screen, little is known about patient motivations for completing screening in real-world practice.

New subsolid pulmonary nodules in lung cancer screening: a brief report of the NELSON trial.

Low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) lung cancer screening is recommended in the United States. While new solid nodules after baseline screening have a high lung cancer probability at small size and require lower size cutoff values than baseline nodules, there only is limited evidence on management of new subsolid nodules.

Cancer screening in the United States, 2018: A review of current American Cancer Society guidelines and current issues in cancer screening.

Each year, the American Cancer Society publishes a summary of its guidelines for early cancer detection, data and trends in cancer screening rates from the National Health Interview Survey, and select issues related to cancer screening. In this 2018 update, we also summarize the new American Cancer Society colorectal cancer screening guideline and include a clarification in the language of the 2013 lung cancer screening guideline. CA Cancer J Clin 2018. © 2018 American Cancer Society.

Targeted lung cancer screening selects individuals at high risk of cardiovascular disease.

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in populations eligible for lung cancer screening. The aim of this study was to determine whether a brief CV risk assessment, delivered as part of a targeted community-based lung cancer screening programme, was effective in identifying individuals at high risk who might benefit from primary prevention.

Patient selection for future lung cancer computed tomography screening programmes: lessons learnt post National Lung Cancer Screening Trial.

The Landscape of United States Lung Cancer Screening Services.

Low adoption of lung cancer screening is potentially due to inadequate access to a comprehensive lung cancer screening registry (LCSR), currently a requirement for reimbursement by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services. However, variations in LCSR facilities have not been extensively studied.

Estimation of the adult population at high risk of developing lung cancer in the European Union.

Background Lung cancer mortality accounts for over 266,000 deaths in the European Union (EU) every year, most of them attributed to smoking. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of the adult population at high risk of developing lung cancer in the EU in 2014. Methods This is a cross-sectional study. We used data from the Special Eurobarometer 429 (n = 27,801). The fieldwork was conducted between November-December 2014. High risk of lung cancer was defined using the criteria of the Nation...

Lifetime Smoking History and Risk of Lung Cancer: Results From the Framingham Heart Study.

The relative risk of lung cancer decreases with years since quitting (YSQ) smoking, but risk beyond 25 YSQ remains unclear. Current lung cancer screening guidelines, which exclude smokers with more than 15 YSQ, may not detect lung cancers in this population.

"To know or not to know…?" Push and pull in ever smokers lung screening uptake decision-making intentions.

In the United States, lung cancer screening aims to detect cancer early in nonsymptomatic current and former smokers. A lung screening pilot service in an area of high lung cancer incidence in the United Kingdom has been designed based on United States trial evidence. However, our understanding of acceptability and reasons for lung screening uptake or decline in a United Kingdom nontrial context are currently limited.

Surgical Disparities among Patients with Stage I Lung Cancer in the National Lung Screening Trial.

Low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) reduces lung cancer mortality in high-risk patients fit to undergo surgical resection. Racial disparities in resection of lung cancer in non-screening populations are well described. We describe surgical resection patterns of early-stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients in the National Lung Screening Trial (NLST) and examine whether racial disparities exist among Black patients.

Prediction of the Risk of Malignancy Among Detected Lung Nodules in the National Lung Screening Trial.

This study aimed to investigate nodule features and patient-specific characteristics associated with improvement in predictive ability of lung cancer screening while maintaining the sensitivity of low-dose CT intact.

A population-based cohort study to evaluate the effectiveness of lung cancer screening using low-dose CT in Hitachi city, Japan.

To evaluate the effectiveness of lung cancer screening using low-dose computed tomography for the general population, we conducted a retrospective cohort study of screening for participants among Hitachi residents.

Low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) versus other cancer screenings in early diagnosis of lung cancer: A meta-analysis.

Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer mortality worldwide. It is often diagnosed at an advanced stage when treatment is no longer possible. Early population-based screening may provide an opportunity for early diagnosis and reduce mortality rates.

Financial analysis of free lung cancer screening program shows profitability using broader NCCN Guidelines.

Lung cancer screening with low-dose CT (LDCT) chest scans in high-risk populations has been established as an effective measure of preventive medicine by the National Lung Screening Trial (NLST). However, the sustainability of funding a program is still controversial. We present a 2.5 year profitability analysis of our screening program using the broader National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) criteria.

Lung Cancer Screening in a Safety-net Hospital: Implications of Screening a Real-world Population versus the National Lung Screening Trial.

Cost-effectiveness of a low-dose computed tomography screening programme for lung cancer in New Zealand.

The cost-effectiveness of low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) screening for lung cancer is uncertain. This study estimated the health gains, costs (net health system, and including 'unrelated') and cost-effectiveness of biennial LDCT screening among 55-74 years olds with a smoking history of at least 30 pack years, and (if a former smoker) having quit within last 15 years, in New Zealand.

Overdiagnosis in Colorectal Cancer Screening - Time to Acknowledge A Blind Spot.

Overdiagnosis is recognized as a major harm of mammography screening for breast cancer and prostate cancer screening with prostate-specific-antigen (PSA). Colorectal cancer screening is being more broadly implemented in many countries, and screening rates are increasing steadily. Surprisingly, there is a striking and almost complete lack of knowledge about overdiagnosis in colorectal cancer screening. Overdiagnosis is not part of patient information material, hardly mentioned in guidelines, and not addresse...

Patient-Physician Discussions on Lung Cancer Screening: A Missed Teachable Moment to Promote Smoking Cessation.

Little is known about whether patients and physicians perceive lung cancer screening as a teachable moment to promote smoking cessation or the degree to which physicians in 'real world' settings link lung cancer screening discussions with smoking cessation counseling. We sought to characterize patient and physician perspectives of discussions about smoking cessation during lung cancer screening.

Estimating Lung, Breast, and Effective Dose from Low-Dose Lung Cancer Screening CT Exams with Tube Current Modulation across a Range of Patient Sizes.

The purpose of this study was to estimate the radiation dose to the lung and breast as well as the effective dose from tube current modulated (TCM) lung cancer screening (LCS) scans across a range of patient sizes.

Effect of Medicaid Expansion on Colorectal Cancer Screening Rates.

Colorectal cancer screening decreases incidence and improves survival. Minorities and low-income patients have lower screening rates. The Affordable Care Act increased insurance coverage for low-income Americans by funding Medicaid expansion. Not all states expanded Medicaid. The effect of Medicaid expansion on colorectal cancer screening is unknown.

Lung Cancer Among Women in the United States.

November marks Lung Cancer Awareness Month, and reminds us that lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death among women in the United States. In this brief report, we highlight CDC resources that can be used to examine the most recent data on lung cancer incidence, survival, prevalence, and mortality among women. Using the U.S. Cancer Statistics Data Visualizations tool, we report that in 2015, 104,992 new cases of lung cancer and 70,073 lung cancer deaths were reported among women in the United States...

Characteristics and Outcomes of Small Cell Lung Cancer Detected by CT Screening.

Previous studies with limited number of patients have reported divergent findings on whether screening can detect small cell lung cancer (SCLC) at an earlier stage and whether there might be a survival benefit.

The Effects of the Nurse Navigation Program in Promoting Colorectal Cancer Screening Behaviors: a Randomized Controlled Trial.

Although screening programs are known and recommended for the early detection of colorectal cancer (CRC), the screening rates for the fecal occult blood test (FOBT) and colonoscopy are very low among adult individuals. Navigation programs, also known as individualized counseling, have recently begun to be used for increasing screening rates. The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of the Nurse Navigation Program versus usual care on CRC screening participation and movement in stage of adoption...

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