PubMed Journals Articles About "Screening For Childhood-Onset Psychotic Disorders" RSS

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Showing "Screening Childhood Onset Psychotic Disorders" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 14,000+

Relationship between Early Psychotraumatisation with the Onset and the Course of Psychotic Disorders.

Connections between specific types of altered brain functioning and some mental disorders are still not fully clarified. However, there is a large number of evidence that indicates mental disorders are results of complex interactions of biological and environmental factors. When it comes to environmental factors, the main focus in the scientific literature has been particularly focused on early psychotraumatisation. Early psychotraumatisation is a multi-layered construct that essentially involves sexual, em...

Developmental evaluation of family functioning deficits in youths and young adults with childhood-onset bipolar disorder.

Childhood-onset bipolar disorder (BD) is a serious condition that affects the patient and family. While research has documented familial dysfunction in individuals with BD, no studies have compared developmental differences in family functioning in youths with BD vs. adults with prospectively verified childhood-onset BD.

Increased Mortality of Patients with Childhood-onset Inflammatory Bowel Diseases, Compared With the General Population.

Childhood onset inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is believed to be a more severe disease than adult-onset IBD, but there is little information on all-cause and cause-specific mortality in patients with childhood-onset IBD. We performed a population-based cohort study, with 50 years of follow up, to estimate absolute and relative risks for overall and cause-specific mortality in patients with childhood-onset IBD, during childhood and adulthood.

Expanded carrier screening: A current perspective.

Prenatal carrier screening has expanded to include a large number of genes offered to all couples considering pregnancy or with an ongoing pregnancy. Expanded carrier screening refers to identification of carriers of single-gene disorders outside of traditional screening guidelines. Expanded carrier screening panels include numerous autosomal recessive and X-linked genetic conditions, including those with a very low carrier frequency, as well as those with mild or incompletely penetrant phenotype. Therefore...

Early scars are forever: Childhood abuse in patients with adult-onset PTSD is associated with increased prevalence and severity of psychiatric comorbidity.

Childhood abuse and PTSD are independently associated with severe psychiatric comorbidity. We hypothesized that among patients with adult-onset PTSD, a history of child abuse was associated with increased prevalence and severity of comorbid mental disorders. Participants were 109 adult treatment-seeking patients, 23.9% of whom had a history of childhood sexual, physical or emotional abuse. The socio-demographic characteristics and comorbidity profile of PTSD patients with and without history of child abuse ...

Long term outcomes of acute and transient psychotic disorders: The missed opportunity of preventive interventions.

Acute and transient psychotic disorders (ATPD) are characterized by an acute onset and a remitting course, and overlap with subgroups of the clinical high-risk state for psychosis. The long-term course and outcomes of ATPD are not completely clear.

Posttraumatic stress disorder with secondary psychotic features (PTSD-SP): Diagnostic and treatment challenges.

Trauma exposure leads to various psychiatric disorders including depression, anxiety, bipolar disorders, personality disorders, psychotic disorders, and trauma related disorders, especially posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). There are some overlapping symptoms of both PTSD and psychosis that make diagnosis challenging. Despite this overlap, the evidence of PTSD with comorbid psychosis as a distinct entity lies in the research showing biologic, genetic and treatment management differences between psychoti...

A within-subject consideration of the psychotic spectrum disorder concept in a patient in remission associated with cortical gray matter recovery.

Psychotic spectrum disorder (PSD) links the syndromes of bipolar disorder, psychotic depression, and schizophrenia, often viewed as unique disorders.

Emerging psychiatric disorders in Kleine-Levin syndrome.

In Kleine-Levin syndrome (KLS), episodes of hypersomnia and cognitive, psychiatric and behavioural disturbances alternate with asymptomatic periods in adolescents. We evaluated whether psychiatric disorders would emerge during asymptomatic periods in a naturalistic, uncontrolled clinical cohort. Patients with primary KLS underwent psychiatric interviews at diagnosis and every year for 1-10 years, leading to diagnosis of former and present comorbid psychiatric disorders. Among the 115 patients (65.2% male a...

Childhood Trauma and Neurocognition in Adults With Psychotic Disorders: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

Characterizing the link between childhood trauma and adult neurocognitive function in psychosis is crucial for improving the fields understanding of how early environmental risk factors impact the presentation of the disorder. To date, the literature has been inconsistent: meta-analytic synthesis is lacking, and it is unclear whether specific cognitive functions are affected.

Sexual Expression and It's Determinants, in People Diagnosed with Psychotic Disorders.

This qualitative study aims to explore the difficulties people with a psychotic disorder have in sexual expression, and associated determinants. Twenty-eight semi-structured interviews were conducted and analyzed using the Grounded Theory method. Almost all participants experienced unfulfilled needs in sexual expression. These unfulfilled needs were associated with a range of factors, including antipsychotic medication, psychotic symptoms, sexual abuse, social skills and stigma, all of which may converge on...

Does dissociation mediate the relationship between childhood trauma and hallucinations, delusions in first episode psychosis?

Childhood trauma has been linked to the presence of delusions and hallucinations in psychosis, although the mechanisms underlying this relationship require elucidation. Dissociation, characterized by disruptions to the integrative functioning of several core mental domains, has emerged as a potential mechanism. There is a paucity of research using a clinician-rated measure of dissociation to test the indirect effect of dissociation on the relationship between childhood trauma and psychotic symptoms. This st...

Ultrahigh risk for developing psychosis and psychotic personality organization.

Childhood adversities combined with unsafe parenting may disturb personality development. This study investigated whether psychotic personality organization as defined by Kernberg and assessed with de Dutch Short Form of the MMPI (DSFM) is more prevalent in ultrahigh risk (UHR) for psychosis compared with non-psychotic psychiatric control patients (NPPC).

Assessment of the Prodromal Questionnaire-Brief Child Version for Measurement of Self-reported Psychoticlike Experiences in Childhood.

Childhood psychoticlike experiences (PLEs) are associated with greater odds of a diagnosis of a psychotic disorder during adulthood. However, no known, well-validated self-report tools have been designed to measure childhood PLEs.

Challenges of assessment and treatment of ultra high risk for psychosis in an adolescent.

The onset of psychosis is typically preceded by a prodromal phase that is characterised by the emergence of "attenuated" psychotic symptoms. This phase is described as ultra-high risk (UHR) or at-risk mental state (ARMS) of psychosis. Criteria have been established for identifying these young people who are at clinical high risk. People at ultra-high risk (UHR) of psychosis have about 30% chance of developing the illness within two years. This category was introduced with the goal of developing treatments f...

Early warning signs in misrecognized secondary pediatric psychotic disorders: a systematic review.

Childhood psychotic symptoms are not uncommon, but lack an evidence-based diagnostic approach. Hallucinations, delusions and other psychotic symptoms, without endangered vital symptoms, can be the result of a primary psychiatric disorder or can be the presenting symptom of an underlying somatic disease. It is important to discriminate between these origins because their diagnostic and therapeutic approaches differ substantially. We searched the existing literature to present a first overview of warning symp...

The neural representation of the association between comorbid drug use disorders and childhood maltreatment.

Comorbidity of drug use disorders (DUD) with other psychopathology is associated with worse functional and treatment outcomes than DUD alone. The present study sought to identify altered functional neural circuitry underlying DUD comorbidity with other psychiatric disorders, and model the relationship of these alterations to childhood trauma (Childhood Trauma Questionnaire) and negative self-beliefs (Beck Depression Inventory).

Comorbid cannabis and tobacco use disorders in hospitalized patients with psychotic-spectrum disorders.

Individuals with psychotic-spectrum disorders use tobacco and cannabis at higher rates than the general population and individuals with other psychiatric disorders, which may contribute to increased rates of medical problems and mortality. The present study examined whether individuals with psychosis and comorbid tobacco and/or cannabis use disorders exhibit differing clinical characteristics in terms of their sociodemographic, mental health, substance use, physical health, and medication use patterns. Eluc...

Screening for childhood anxiety: A meta-analysis of the screen for child anxiety related emotional disorders.

The Screen for Child Anxiety Related Emotional Disorders (SCARED) is a commonly used instrument that evaluates anxiety symptoms in children and adolescents.

Commentary on "Long-term validity of the At Risk Mental State (ARMS) for predicting psychotic and non-psychotic mental disorders".

Comparing childhood-versus adult-onset polyarteritis nodosa. Results from the French Vasculitis Study Group Registry.

To investigate differences between childhood (cPAN)- and adult-onset polyarteritis nodosa (aPAN) patients.

Relation of inflammatory markers with symptoms of psychotic disorders: a large cohort study.

Immunological mechanisms may play a role in symptomatology of patients with a psychotic disorder. Besides metabolic problems and medication use, inflammatory processes that may occur due to the disorder may cause increased inflammatory markers and concurrent psychiatric symptoms. The aim of this study is to investigate whether levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) and white blood cell count (WBC) are related to positive and negative symptoms of psychotic disorders, and whether age, gender, duration of illness,...

Associations between risk factors for schizophrenia and concordance in four monozygotic twin samples.

Concordance for schizophrenia is high in monozygotic twins but the extent to which concordance varies according to the presence of other schizophrenia risk factors is not well established. We aimed to investigate this in systematically ascertained twin samples. DSM-III-R/DSM-IV diagnoses were made from original data or published case histories from four systematically ascertained monozygotic twin samples. Probandwise concordance for schizophrenia was calculated according to the presence of psychotic disorde...

High incidence of maternal vitamin B deficiency detected by newborn screening: first results from a study for the evaluation of 26 additional target disorders for the German newborn screening panel.

Newborn screening (NBS) in Germany currently includes 15 target disorders. Recent diagnostic improvements suggest an extension of the screening panel.

Association between olanzapine treatment and brain cortical thickness and gray/white matter contrast is moderated by cholesterol in psychotic disorders.

Altered cortical brain morphology is observed in psychotic disorders. Despite the importance of lipid homeostasis for healthy brain functioning, knowledge about its role in cortical alterations in psychosis is limited. In a sample of patients with psychotic disorders, we investigated the relationship between treatment with olanzapine (OLZ), and cortical thickness and gray/white matter intensity contrast, and the association between these measures and serum lipid levels. We included 33 OLZ users, 19 unmedica...

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