PubMed Journals Articles About "Screening For Childhood-Onset Psychotic Disorders" RSS

05:03 EST 19th January 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Screening Childhood Onset Psychotic Disorders" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 14,000+

The mediating role of borderline personality features in the relationship between childhood trauma and psychotic-like experiences in a sample of help-seeking non-psychotic adolescents and young adults.

Psychotic-like experiences (PLEs) often occur across different non-psychotic disorders in adolescent and young adult population and are related to early trauma. However, the mechanisms of how exposure to early trauma shapes the risk of PLEs are unclear. In our study, we investigated whether borderline personality features and further non-psychotic symptoms, i.e. factors related to both PLEs and childhood trauma, may mediate the relationship between childhood trauma and PLEs.

Association of Trauma Type, Age of Exposure, and Frequency in Childhood and Adolescence With Psychotic Experiences in Early Adulthood.

Cross-sectional and longitudinal studies have consistently reported associations between childhood trauma and psychotic experiences and disorders. However, few studies have examined whether the age of exposure or specific trauma types are differently associated with the risk of developing psychotic experiences.

Relationship between Early Psychotraumatisation with the Onset and the Course of Psychotic Disorders.

Connections between specific types of altered brain functioning and some mental disorders are still not fully clarified. However, there is a large number of evidence that indicates mental disorders are results of complex interactions of biological and environmental factors. When it comes to environmental factors, the main focus in the scientific literature has been particularly focused on early psychotraumatisation. Early psychotraumatisation is a multi-layered construct that essentially involves sexual, em...

Increased Mortality of Patients with Childhood-onset Inflammatory Bowel Diseases, Compared With the General Population.

Childhood onset inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is believed to be a more severe disease than adult-onset IBD, but there is little information on all-cause and cause-specific mortality in patients with childhood-onset IBD. We performed a population-based cohort study, with 50 years of follow up, to estimate absolute and relative risks for overall and cause-specific mortality in patients with childhood-onset IBD, during childhood and adulthood.

Expanded carrier screening: A current perspective.

Prenatal carrier screening has expanded to include a large number of genes offered to all couples considering pregnancy or with an ongoing pregnancy. Expanded carrier screening refers to identification of carriers of single-gene disorders outside of traditional screening guidelines. Expanded carrier screening panels include numerous autosomal recessive and X-linked genetic conditions, including those with a very low carrier frequency, as well as those with mild or incompletely penetrant phenotype. Therefore...

Psychotic symptoms in youth with Pediatric Acute-onset Neuropsychiatric Syndrome (PANS) may reflect syndrome severity and heterogeneity.

In the clinical syndrome Pediatric Acute-onset Neuropsychiatric Syndrome (PANS), obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) and/or food refusal symptoms have an abrupt-onset (over 48 h) coupled with at least two other specified neuropsychiatric symptoms. We aimed to characterize in detail for the first time, psychotic symptoms experienced by children with PANS as well as the impact of psychotic symptoms on disease severity and course of illness. We inform about the diagnosis of the clinical description: PANS and...

Posttraumatic stress disorder with secondary psychotic features (PTSD-SP): Diagnostic and treatment challenges.

Trauma exposure leads to various psychiatric disorders including depression, anxiety, bipolar disorders, personality disorders, psychotic disorders, and trauma related disorders, especially posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). There are some overlapping symptoms of both PTSD and psychosis that make diagnosis challenging. Despite this overlap, the evidence of PTSD with comorbid psychosis as a distinct entity lies in the research showing biologic, genetic and treatment management differences between psychoti...

A within-subject consideration of the psychotic spectrum disorder concept in a patient in remission associated with cortical gray matter recovery.

Psychotic spectrum disorder (PSD) links the syndromes of bipolar disorder, psychotic depression, and schizophrenia, often viewed as unique disorders.

Variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease Presenting as New-onset Psychosis.

The case of a patient with a first presentation psychotic episode secondary to variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (vCJD) is presented. While psychiatric symptoms are considered a prominent feature of vCJD, they may precede characteristic neurological symptoms, which can delay diagnosis. The psychotic symptoms in this case differed in quality from typical psychotic presentations, which could have helped with earlier diagnosis. The patient's symptomatology suggested that errors in cognition and perception were...

Childhood Trauma and Neurocognition in Adults With Psychotic Disorders: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

Characterizing the link between childhood trauma and adult neurocognitive function in psychosis is crucial for improving the fields understanding of how early environmental risk factors impact the presentation of the disorder. To date, the literature has been inconsistent: meta-analytic synthesis is lacking, and it is unclear whether specific cognitive functions are affected.

The emergence of psychotic experiences in the early adolescence of 22q11.2 Deletion Syndrome.

Individuals with 22q11.2 Deletion Syndrome (22q11.2DS) are at substantial increased risk of psychosis spectrum outcomes including schizophrenia. We conducted a prospective, longitudinal study of the psychopathological and neurocognitive correlates of early psychotic phenomena in young people with 22q11.2DS (n = 75, mean age time 1 (T1) 9.9 years, time 2 (T2) 12.5 years). We also assessed unaffected control siblings (n = 33, mean age T1 10.6 years, T2 13.4 years). The prevalence of psychotic experien...

A novel KCTD17 mutation is associated with childhood early-onset hyperkinetic movement disorder.

Childhood- versus adult-onset Takayasu arteritis - are they really different?

Takayasu arteritis (TA) is a large vessel vasculitis of unknown origin that mainly occurs in young females and can manifest for the first time in childhood. Clinical expression of TA may differ depending on the age of onset of disease. In the recently published study, Aeschlimann et al compared the clinical features and outcomes and the efficacy and safety of immunosuppressive treatment in the North American patients with childhood-onset (n=29) and adult-onset (n=48) TA. Children had a lower female predomi...

The Impact of Childhood Maltreatment on Age of Onset of Alcohol Use Disorder in Women.

It is unclear whether exposure to childhood maltreatment is associated with the age of onset of alcohol use disorder (AUD). A group of socially stable women with AUD seeking treatment (n = 75) were interviewed using the Addiction Severity Index and the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview. They also filled out the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire-short form. Emotional abuse, sexual abuse and multiple childhood traumas were found to be associated with earlier onset of AUD. Multivariable linear regress...

Ultrahigh risk for developing psychosis and psychotic personality organization.

Childhood adversities combined with unsafe parenting may disturb personality development. This study investigated whether psychotic personality organization as defined by Kernberg and assessed with de Dutch Short Form of the MMPI (DSFM) is more prevalent in ultrahigh risk (UHR) for psychosis compared with non-psychotic psychiatric control patients (NPPC).

Early warning signs in misrecognized secondary pediatric psychotic disorders: a systematic review.

Childhood psychotic symptoms are not uncommon, but lack an evidence-based diagnostic approach. Hallucinations, delusions and other psychotic symptoms, without endangered vital symptoms, can be the result of a primary psychiatric disorder or can be the presenting symptom of an underlying somatic disease. It is important to discriminate between these origins because their diagnostic and therapeutic approaches differ substantially. We searched the existing literature to present a first overview of warning symp...

Comorbid cannabis and tobacco use disorders in hospitalized patients with psychotic-spectrum disorders.

Individuals with psychotic-spectrum disorders use tobacco and cannabis at higher rates than the general population and individuals with other psychiatric disorders, which may contribute to increased rates of medical problems and mortality. The present study examined whether individuals with psychosis and comorbid tobacco and/or cannabis use disorders exhibit differing clinical characteristics in terms of their sociodemographic, mental health, substance use, physical health, and medication use patterns. Eluc...

The neural representation of the association between comorbid drug use disorders and childhood maltreatment.

Comorbidity of drug use disorders (DUD) with other psychopathology is associated with worse functional and treatment outcomes than DUD alone. The present study sought to identify altered functional neural circuitry underlying DUD comorbidity with other psychiatric disorders, and model the relationship of these alterations to childhood trauma (Childhood Trauma Questionnaire) and negative self-beliefs (Beck Depression Inventory).

Commentary on "Long-term validity of the At Risk Mental State (ARMS) for predicting psychotic and non-psychotic mental disorders".

Associations between risk factors for schizophrenia and concordance in four monozygotic twin samples.

Concordance for schizophrenia is high in monozygotic twins but the extent to which concordance varies according to the presence of other schizophrenia risk factors is not well established. We aimed to investigate this in systematically ascertained twin samples. DSM-III-R/DSM-IV diagnoses were made from original data or published case histories from four systematically ascertained monozygotic twin samples. Probandwise concordance for schizophrenia was calculated according to the presence of psychotic disorde...

Screening for childhood anxiety: A meta-analysis of the screen for child anxiety related emotional disorders.

The Screen for Child Anxiety Related Emotional Disorders (SCARED) is a commonly used instrument that evaluates anxiety symptoms in children and adolescents.

Comparing childhood-versus adult-onset polyarteritis nodosa. Results from the French Vasculitis Study Group Registry.

To investigate differences between childhood (cPAN)- and adult-onset polyarteritis nodosa (aPAN) patients.

Association between olanzapine treatment and brain cortical thickness and gray/white matter contrast is moderated by cholesterol in psychotic disorders.

Altered cortical brain morphology is observed in psychotic disorders. Despite the importance of lipid homeostasis for healthy brain functioning, knowledge about its role in cortical alterations in psychosis is limited. In a sample of patients with psychotic disorders, we investigated the relationship between treatment with olanzapine (OLZ), and cortical thickness and gray/white matter intensity contrast, and the association between these measures and serum lipid levels. We included 33 OLZ users, 19 unmedica...

High incidence of maternal vitamin B deficiency detected by newborn screening: first results from a study for the evaluation of 26 additional target disorders for the German newborn screening panel.

Newborn screening (NBS) in Germany currently includes 15 target disorders. Recent diagnostic improvements suggest an extension of the screening panel.

Cognitive Deficits in Psychotic Disorders: A Lifespan Perspective.

Individuals with disorders that include psychotic symptoms (i.e. psychotic disorders) experience broad cognitive impairments in the chronic state, indicating a dimension of abnormality associated with the experience of psychosis. These impairments negatively impact functional outcome, contributing to the disabling nature of schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and psychotic depression. The robust and reliable nature of cognitive deficits has led researchers to explore the timing and profile of impairments, as t...

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