PubMed Journals Articles About "Screening Of Patients Admitted To A Local Hospital With Pocket-sized Ultrasound" RSS

19:09 EST 17th February 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Screening Patients Admitted Local Hospital With Pocket sized" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 43,000+

Hospital admission on weekends for patients who have surgery and 30-day mortality in Ontario, Canada: A matched cohort study.

Healthcare interventions on weekends have been associated with increased mortality and adverse clinical outcomes, but these findings are inconsistent. We hypothesized that patients admitted to hospital on weekends who have surgery have an increased risk of death compared with patients who are admitted and have surgery on weekdays.

Validity of a screening method for delirium risk in older patients admitted to a general hospital in the Netherlands.

Delirium is an impactful, frequently occurring complication in older hospital patients. Consequently, risk stratification of delirium was included in a set of mandatory safety measures in general hospitals in the Netherlands. This risk stratification contains three consensus-based questions that have not been validated. Therefore, we evaluated their predictive performance and examined whether other routinely collected patient data can improve the prediction of delirium.

Elevated triglycerides level in hospital stay as a risk factor of mortality in patients with severe acute pancreatitis.

Hypertriglyceridaemia is one of the most common causes of severe acute pancreatitis (SAP). However, the association between elevated triglycerides (TG) level in hospital stay and outcome in SAP patients with normal TG level at admission has not been clearly demonstrated. This retrospective study assessed the serum TG levels of patients with SAP admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) in 2017. Variables with a statistically significant association with the incidence of in-hospital TG elevation, as determin...

Mortality in trauma patients admitted during, before, and after national academic emergency medicine and trauma surgery meeting dates in Japan.

Annually, many physicians attend national academic meetings. While participating in these meetings can have a positive impact on daily medical practice, attendance may result in reduced medical staffing during the meeting dates. We sought to examine whether there were differences in mortality after trauma among patients admitted to the hospital during, before, and after meeting dates. Using the Japan Trauma Data Bank, we analyzed in-hospital mortality in patients with traumatic injury admitted to the hospit...

Nutrition screening in public hospital emergency rooms: Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool and Nutritional Risk Screening-2002 can be applied.

To evaluate the agreement between two nutritional screening tools (Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool [MUST] and Nutritional Risk Screening-2002 [NRS-2002]) and Subjective Global Assessment (SGA) to identify nutritional risk in patients admitted to public emergency rooms.

Use of “Months of the Year Backwards” (MOTYB) as a Screening Tool for Delirium in Palliative Care Patients in the Acute Hospital Setting

Introduction Delirium is common in palliative care. It effects up to 88% of patients with advanced cancer at end of life and has a point prevalence of 20% in the acute hospital setting across all diagnoses. It is under diagnosed and not optimally treated. “Months of the Year Backwards” (MOTYB) is an ideal screening tool for delirium with a sensitivity of 83.8%. It is brief to perform and carries low burden for patients. The aim of this study is to investigate the use of MOTYB as a screening tool for del...

Hospital-based screening to detect patients with cadmium nephropathy in cadmium-polluted areas in Japan.

In health examinations for local inhabitants in cadmium-polluted areas, only healthy people are investigated, suggesting that patients with severe cadmium nephropathy or itai-itai disease may be overlooked. Therefore, we performed hospital-based screening to detect patients with cadmium nephropathy in two core medical institutes in cadmium-polluted areas in Akita prefecture, Japan.

Mortality of Adult Patients With Cancer Admitted to an Intensive Care Unit in Chile: A Prospective Cohort Study.

Increasing numbers of reports have shown acceptable short-term mortality of patients with cancer admitted into the intensive care unit (ICU). The aim of this study was to determine the mortality of critically ill patients with cancer admitted to the ICU in a general hospital in Chile.

Prevalence of Out-Of-Pocket Payments for Mammography Screening Among Recently Screened Women.

Because cost may be a barrier to receiving mammography screening, cost sharing for "in-network" screening mammograms was eliminated in many insurance plans with implementation of the Affordable Care Act. We examined prevalence of out-of-pocket payments for screening mammography after elimination in many plans.

Early recognition of sepsis; a diagnostic challenge for the general practitioner.

Early recognition and treatment of sepsis is essential to prevent morbidity and mortality. Many sepsis patients are initially assessed by a general practitioner (GP). Delay can be prevented if patients are referred to the hospital as soon as possible. However, signs and symptoms of sepsis can be subtle or aspecific, complicating the distinction between patients who need urgent care and patients who can be safely treated at home. We describe three patients who were admitted to the intensive care after repeat...

The AMR-BESH Study: A mixed methods study of barriers and enablers to MRSA admission screening in hospitals.

To reduce the risk of transmission of meticillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), international guidelines recommend admission screening to identify hospital patients at risk of colonisation. However, routine monitoring indicates that optimum screening compliance levels are not always achieved. In order to enhance compliance, we must better understand those factors which influence staff screening behaviours.

Compliance with Guidelines on Thromboprophylaxis for Acutely Admitted Medical Patients.

The risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) is increased by more than 100-fold among hospitalised medical patients compared to subjects in the community. The Danish Council for the Use of Expensive Hospital Medicines has published national guidelines on thromboprophylaxis (TP) in which the risks of VTE and bleeding are balanced. We wanted to investigate the proportion of acutely admitted medical patients for whom thromboprophylaxis was indicated and to what extent the guidelines were followed.

Non-invasive ventilation of patients with acute asthma.

A retrospective observational study of 21 patients admitted to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) of Frankston Hospital with acute asthma between 2011 and 2014 was undertaken. We report the outcomes for three groups of patients; those that did (n = 7) or did not (n = 6) receive initial therapy with non-invasive ventilation (NIV) together with those that received invasive ventilation (n = 8). Patients successfully managed with NIV alone experienced a shorter ICU and hospital stay versus those who required invasiv...

Colorectal Cancer Screening: Role of Family Physicians.

The purpose of this study was to look at the differences in colorectal cancer screening awareness between two rural communities in Texas. In Clifton, patients have access to colonoscopies in their local hospital, while in Haskell, patients have to travel to a tertiary center. A 24-question survey pertaining to colon cancer from the Behavior Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) was given to patients at primary care clinics in Clifton and Haskell. To take the survey, participants had to have been patients ...

Assessment of health needs, satisfaction with care, and quality of life in compulsorily admitted patients with severe mental disorders.

This cross-sectional study compared the levels of needs, care satisfaction, quality of life, and social support of compulsory admitted patients with severe mental disorders to a comparable group of voluntary admitted patients. One hundred and twenty-five patients with schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder were admitted to a hospital by district psychiatrist order (DPO), court observation order (COO), or voluntary (VA). Participants were assessed before discharge using questionnaires, and psychiatric ra...

Trends in stroke outcomes in the last ten years in a European tertiary hospital.

Studying the impact of demographic changes and progress in the management of stroke patients is necessary in order to organize care structures for the coming years. Consequently, we analyzed the prognostic trends of patients admitted to the Stroke Unit of a tertiary hospital in the last ten years.

A new inner-city specialist programme reduces readmission rates in frequently admitted patients with bipolar disorder.

Aims and methodThe OPTIMA mood disorders service is a newly established specialist programme for people with bipolar disorder requiring frequent admissions. This audit compared data on hospital admissions and home treatment team (HTT) spells in patients before entry to and after discharge from the core programme. We included patients admitted between April 2015 and March 2017 who were subsequently discharged. Basic demographic data and numbers of admissions and HTT spells three years before and after discha...

Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency in a French General Hospital: fortuitous detection rather than efficient screening.

We studied the characteristics of the screening procedure for alpha-1 antitrypsin at Nevers Hospital (France), together with the performance of serum protein gel electrophoresis for the fortuitous detection of patients with deficiency.

Longitudinal assessment of the effect of cannabis use on hospital readmission rates in early psychosis: A 6-year follow-up in an inpatient cohort.

Cannabis is the most commonly used illicit drug in psychosis patients and has been identified as a risk factor for relapse and subsequent hospital readmission, having substantial economic implications. To clarify the contribution of cannabis consumption to hospital readmission, a consecutive inpatient cohort of 161 early psychosis patients was included into the study. Data on cannabis use at admission and number of hospital readmissions and length of stay (LOS, number of inpatient days) in a 6-year follow-u...

Protein pocket detection via convex hull surface evolution and associated Reeb graph.

Protein pocket information is invaluable for drug target identification, agonist design, virtual screening and receptor-ligand binding analysis. A recent study indicates that about half holoproteins can simultaneously bind multiple interacting ligands in a large pocket containing structured sub-pockets. Although this hierarchical pocket and sub-pocket structure has a significant impact to multi-ligand synergistic interactions in the protein binding site, there is no method available for this analysis. This ...

Moving Beyond Diagnostic Accuracy with Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses.

In this issue of the Academic Emergency Medicine, Viau et al. assess the yield of computed tomography (CT) of the head among patients presenting with syncope. The systematic review included a total of 17 studies (15 retrospective chart reviews and 2 prospective) that included adult ED patients presenting with the chief complaint of syncope or those admitted to the hospital for syncope. Approximately half of these ED patients underwent head CT with a 1.2% and 3.8% yield of serious intracranial conditions id...

Intravenous Thrombolysis in Ischemic Stroke Patients With Active Cancer.

It has been difficult to state specific guidelines for IV-tPA use in cancer patients. Many of the randomized tPA-trials included too few patients with cancer or excluded patients with cancer entirely. In this report, we aimed to study the use of IV-tPA in patients with active cancer and acute ischemic stroke. We also investigated if the cancer patients who received IV-tPA experienced adverse events. All patients with ischemic stroke admitted to the Stroke Unit at Haukeland University Hospital were prospect...

One-year mortality of patients admitted to the intensive care unit after in-hospital cardiac arrest: a retrospective study.

Little is known about long-term survival after In-Hospital Cardiac Arrest (IHCA). The purpose of this study is to report the one-year survival of patients after IHCA and to identify predicting factors.

Financial risk protection at the bedside: How Ethiopian physicians try to minimize out-of-pocket health expenditures.

Out-of-pocket health expenditures can pose major financial risks, create access-barriers and drive patients and families into poverty. Little is known about physicians' role in financial protection of patients and families at the bedside in low-income settings and how they perceive their roles and duties when treating patients in a health care system requiring high out-of-pocket costs.

Evaluation of Nutrition Risk Screening Score 2002 (NRS) assessment in hospitalized chronic kidney disease patient.

Although chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients are particularly prone to malnutrition, systematic nutritional screening is rarely routinely performed during hospitalization. The primary aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of malnutrition (as captured by the nutritional screening score NRS) in hospitalized CKD patients and explore the impact of malnutrition on hospital mortality.

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