PubMed Journals Articles About "Serum Alpha-fetoprotein Levels And Response To Direct Antiviral Therapy In Patients With Chronic Hepatitis C" RSS

16:19 EDT 30th March 2020 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Serum Alpha fetoprotein Levels Response Direct Antiviral Therapy" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 43,000+

Imaging findings in association with altered maternal alpha-fetoprotein levels during pregnancy.

Maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein is a valuable laboratory test used in pregnant women as an indicator to detect certain clinical abnormalities. These can be grouped into four main categories: fetal factors, pregnancy complications, placental abnormalities, and maternal factors. Imaging is an invaluable tool to investigate the various etiologies leading to altered maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein. By reading this article, the radiologist, sonologist, or other health care practitioner should be able to define...

Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase Nonreceptor Type 2 Expression Does Not Correlate with Viral Load or Response to Direct-Acting Antiviral Therapy in Hepatitis C Virus Infections-Infected Patients.

The hepatitis C virus nonstructural 3/4A protease has been shown to cleave protein tyrosine phosphatase nonreceptor type 2 (PTPN2, also known as T cell protein tyrosine phosphatase), thereby inducing a shift from a Th1 toward a nonantiviral Th2 immunity. Ribavirin therapy reverses these effects and supports direct-acting antiviral (DAA) therapy as an immunomodulatory compound and ultimately improves the response to DAA therapy. Here we aimed to assess whether intrahepatic levels of PTPN2 might be used as a ...

First trimester maternal serum alpha fetoprotein is associated with ischemic placental disease.

While elevated second trimester maternal serum alpha fetoprotein (msAFP) has been associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes, the utility of first trimester msAFP in predicting these outcomes is limited. Some laboratories have been including msAFP as part of the first trimester analyte screening for aneuploidy and preeclampsia, offering its potential utility in predicting pregnancy outcomes.

Daily decrease of post-operative alpha-fetoprotein by 9% discriminates prognosis of HCC: A multicenter retrospective study.

Mixed evidence challenges preoperative alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) as an independent prognostic factor for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after hepatectomy.

Viral and host factors are associated with retreatment failure in hepatitis C patients receiving all-oral direct antiviral therapy.

Direct-acting antiviral (DAA) therapy for hepatitis C virus (HCV) is associated with high sustained virologic response (SVR) rates. However, patients in whom DAA therapy fails acquire resistance-associated substitutions (RASs). We therefore evaluated the efficacy of DAA retreatment and factors associated with retreatment failure.

Clinical role of combining alpha-fetoprotein and lens culinaris agglutinin-reactive fraction of alpha-fetoprotein for hepatocellular carcinoma: Evidence from literature and an original study.

To evaluate the clinical diagnostic efficacy of the combination of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) and lens culinaris agglutinin-reactive fraction of AFP/total AFP (AFP-L3%) for detecting hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).

Expression of TRIM22 mRNA in Chronic Hepatitis C Patients Treated with Direct-Acting Antiviral Drugs.

Hepatitis C is a global public health problem and Pakistan is the second largest country in the globe with highest prevalence rate of hepatitis C virus (HCV). Until 2014, Pegylated interferon (PEG-IFN) plus ribavirin (RBV), have been the standard therapy for HCV, however, owing to its adverse side effects and very low sustained virologic response (SVR) rates therapeutics trend is shifted towards direct acting antivirals. Tripartite motif-containing 22 (TRIM22) is a dynamic antiviral protein that can inhibit...

Progressive Ataxia with Elevated Alpha-Fetoprotein: Diagnostic Issues and Review of the Literature.

Ataxias represent a challenging group of disorders due to significant clinical overlap. Here, we present a patient with early-onset progressive ataxia, polyneuropathy and discuss how elevation of alpha fetoprotein (AFP) narrows the differential diagnosis.

Hepatitis B virus X protein upregulates alpha-fetoprotein to promote hepatocellular carcinoma by targeting miR-1236 and miR-329.

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is the most common cause of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) worldwide, wherein the expression of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) is reactivated to promote tumorgenesis. Hepatitis B virus X protein (HBx) protein encoded by the HBV virus X gene has been considered to be oncogenic and implicated in hepatocarcinogenesis. However, the relationship between HBx and abnormal AFP expression in HCC is yet to be fully understood. To explore the potential regulation of HBx on AFP re-expression ...

Efficiency of whole-body 18F-FDG PET CT in detecting the cause of rising serum AFP level in post-therapeutic follow-up for HCC patients.

The goal of this study was to assess the value of whole-body F-FDG PET/CT in detecting the cause of rising serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) level after the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).

Serum Vitamin D Levels in Chronic Hepatitis B Patients Before and During Treatment.

Hepatitis B is a potentially life-threatening liver infection and it is a major global health problem. Over the past decade, numerous studies have reported that patients with CLD, especially HCV-positive and HBV-positive patients, have decreased 25(OH) D levels. The current study was designed to assess the serum levels of vitamin D [25(OH) D3] in chronic hepatitis B patients, before and during treatment with antiviral therapy.

The threshold of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) for the diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has become a pressing health problem facing the world today due to its high morbidity, high mortality, and late discovery. As a diagnostic criteria of HCC, the exact threshold of Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) is controversial. Therefore, this study was aimed to systematically estimate the performance of AFP in diagnosing HCC and to clarify its optimal threshold.

APEX1 is a novel diagnostic and prognostic biomarker for hepatocellular carcinoma.

In this study, we analyzed the expression and clinical significance of apyrimidinic endodeoxyribonuclease 1 (APEX1) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The APEX1 mRNA and protein levels were significantly higher in HCC than adjacent normal liver tissues in multiple datasets from the Oncomine, GEO and TCGA databases. APEX1 levels were significantly higher in early-stage HCC patients with low alpha-fetoprotein expression. The positive predictive value (PPV) for APEX1 was significantly higher than the PPV for a...

The possible role of Dickkopf-1, Golgi protein- 73 and Midkine as predictors of hepatocarcinogenesis: a review and an Egyptian study.

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the second most common cause of cancer-related death worldwide. The use of alpha fetoprotein (AFP) alone was not an accurate biomarker for HCC despite its high specificity. Therefore, we assessed the possible role of serum biomarkers that have been mentioned briefly in previous studies on Egyptian patients ion top of HCV. However these studies included small number of patients and did not assess the different stages of hepatocarcinogenesis. In the current study we assessed...

Prognostic role of serial alpha-fetoprotein levels in hepatocellular carcinoma treated with locoregional therapy.

To evaluate early serial AFP changes in responders and non-responders to locoregional therapy and identify differences between significant AFP decliners and non-decliners post-treatment. Case records of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients having AFP ≥20 ng/ml and treated with locoregional therapy were examined retrospectively. Patients with complete details were included. Trends of serial AFP change (from baseline to post-treatment one month) in patients showing early tumor response (complete respo...

Natural History and Treatment Indications of Chronic Hepatitis B.

HBV is the most common etiology of both liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma in Korea. Despite much progress made, the currently available antiviral therapies cannot eradicate or eliminate this virus. Hence, the benefits and risks of antiviral therapy should be carefully evaluated on an individual basis and within the context of the clinical situation. The ultimate goals of treatment are to decrease the mortality from liver disease. The benefits of antiviral therapy come from prevention of progressi...

Clinical and laboratory markers associated with anti-TNF-alpha trough levels and anti-drug antibodies in patients with inflammatory bowel diseases.

Monitoring anti-TNF agents in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients may be helpful in optimizing outcomes. We aimed to evaluate potential correlations among demographic, clinical, laboratory, or imaging parameters, as well as serum levels of infliximab (IFX) and adalimumab (ADA) and their respective antibodies, in the clinical management of IBD patients.A cross-sectional study of 95 patients with Crohn's disease (CD) or ulcerative colitis (UC) in maintenance therapy with infliximab or adalimumab was per...

Serum miR-483-5p and miR-133a as Biomarkers for Diagnosis of Hepatocellular Carcinoma Post-Hepatitis C Infection in Egyptian Patients.

Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common malignant tumors with high incidence and mortality rate. Identification of new, reliable and non invasive biomarkers are important to improve early detection of hepatocellular carcinoma. Circulating micro-RNAs are abundant and play a central role in different biological process of hepatocellular carcinoma. We aimed to evaluate miR-483-5p and miR-133a as potential biomarkers for diagnosis of hepato-cellular carcinoma in cirrhotic patients post chronic ...

Effects of non-surgical periodontal therapy on procalcitonin levels of gingival crevicular fluid and serum in subjects with different periodontal conditions.

To analyze and correlate procalcitonin (PCT) levels in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) and serum in periodontal health and disease. Further, to evaluate the effectiveness of non surgical periodontal therapy (NSPT) on GCF and serum PCT levels of periodontitis patients.

Serum levels of inflammation-related markers and metabolites predict response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy with and without bevacizumab in breast cancers.

Angiogenesis is necessary for tumor growth and has been targeted in breast cancer, however, it is unclear which patients will respond and benefit from anti-angiogenic therapy. We report non-invasive monitoring of patient response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy given alone or in combination with anti-VEGF (bevacizumab) in a randomized clinical trial. At four time points during neoadjuvant chemotherapy ± bevacizumab of Her2-negative breast cancers, we measured metabolites and inflammation-related markers in pat...

Fatty liver is not independently associated with rates of complete response to oral antiviral therapy in chronic hepatitis B patients.

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and chronic hepatitis B (CHB) are common liver diseases. Concurrent NAFLD may affect antiviral treatment outcomes in CHB patients. The aim of this study is to investigate the impact of NAFLD on complete viral suppression [(CVS), HBV DNA < 20-100 IU/mL] and/or biochemical response [(BR), ALT of ≤ 25 U/L for females; 35 U/L for males] in CHB patients who received oral antiviral therapy.

Ramucirumab: A Review in Hepatocellular Carcinoma.

Ramucirumab (Cyramza), a fully human anti-VEGFR-2 monoclonal antibody, has been approved as monotherapy for the treatment of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and α-fetoprotein levels ≥ 400 ng/mL who have been treated with sorafenib. Ramucirumab significantly prolonged overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) relative to placebo in this population in the randomized, double-blind phase 3 REACH 2 trial. These benefits were seen in key prespecified subgroups based on demograph...

Transient elastography in direct acting antiviral era. Relation between liver stiffness measurement after sustained virological response and histology.

The natural history of HCV chronic infection has drastically changed after direct-acting antiviral treatment. Due to the high-sustained virological response (SVR) achieved, non-invasive estimation of liver fibrosis regression has become a major key point. The present study tries to evaluate the relation between liver histology and liver stiffness measurement (LSM) by transient elastography (TE) after SVR.

Alpha 1-antichymotrypsin may be a biomarker for the progression of amnestic mild cognitive impairment.

Alpha 1-antichymotrypsin (ACT), an acute-phase protein, has been reported to be increased in the brain and blood of Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients. However, few previous studies have focused on amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) patients. The aim of our study was to investigate the changing trend in ACT concentrations during the progression of aMCI. Hence, we measured the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and serum levels of ACT in aMCI subjects and normal controls (NC) at 2-year follow-up assessments usi...

Genetic predictors of long-term response and trough levels of infliximab in Crohn's disease.

Several factors, such as trough serum anti-TNF levels, have been associated with response to therapy in Crohn's disease. However, this association is observed after initiation of treatment. Identifying DNA variants may prove useful for predicting long-term response or failure to these drugs before initiation of treatment.

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