PubMed Journals Articles About "Shire Pays 750M Advanced BioHealing Amylin Sues Lilly" RSS

17:58 EST 11th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Shire Pays 750M Advanced BioHealing Amylin Sues Lilly" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 4,000+

Interaction of amylin species with transition metals and membranes.

Islet Amyloid Polypeptide (IAPP), also known as amylin, is a 37-amino-acid peptide hormone that is secreted by pancreatic islet β-cells. Amylin is complementary to insulin in regulating and maintaining blood glucose levels in the human body. The misfolding and aggregation of amylin is primarily associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus, which is classified as an amyloid disease. Recently, the interactions between amylin and specific metal ions, e.g., copper(II), zinc(II), and iron(II), were found to impact ...

Amyloidogenicity, Cytotoxicity and Receptor Activity of Bovine Amylin; Implications for Xenobiotic Transplantation and the Design of Non-toxic Amylin Variants.

Islet amyloid formation contributes to β-cell death and dysfunction in type-2 diabetes and to the failure of islet transplants. Amylin (Islet amyloid polypeptide, IAPP), a normally soluble 37 residue polypeptide hormone produced in the pancreatic β-cells, is responsible for amyloid formation in type-2 diabetes. The peptide is deficient in type-1 diabetes. Amylin normally plays an adaptive role in metabolism and the development of non-toxic, non-amyloidogenic, bioactive variants of human amylin are of inte...

Serum Preptin and Amylin Levels with Respect to Body Mass Index in Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Patients.

BACKGROUND Preptin and amylin are pancreatic hormones which participate in glucose homeostasis. This study aimed to evaluate how serum preptin and amylin levels are altered in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) patients and healthy women based on BMI groups (

Characterization of Novel F-Labeled Phenoxymethylpyridine Derivatives as Amylin Imaging Probes.

Deposition of islet amyloid consisting of amylin constitutes one of pathological hallmarks of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and it may be involved in the development and progression of T2DM. However, the details about the relationship between the deposition of islet amyloid and the pathology of T2DM remain unclear, since no useful imaging tracer enabling the visualization of pancreatic amylin is available. In the present study, we synthesized and evaluated six novel F-labeled phenoxymethylpyridine (PMP) ...

Determination and significance of serum MPO and amylin in adult patients with OSAHS after short-range noninvasive positive pressure ventilation.

The aim of this study to investigate the determination and significance of serum MPO and amylin in adult patients with OSAHS after short-range noninvasive positive pressure ventilation. Eighty-seven OSAHS patients were divided into severe group (30 cases), moderate group (30 cases) and mild group (27 cases) according to the AHI range. Twenty-seven outpatient health persons were selected as the control group. Serum amylin and myeloperoxidase were measured by ELISA; Amyloid and myeloperoxidase were reassessed...

Amperometric immunoassay for the obesity biomarker amylin using a screen printed carbon electrode functionalized with an electropolymerized carboxylated polypyrrole.

Amylin (the islet amyloid polypeptide) is a hormone related to adiposity, hunger and satiety. It is co-secreted with insulin from pancreatic B-cells. An amperometric immunosensor is presented here for the determination of amylin. It is making use of a screen printed carbon electrode (SPCE) functionalized with electropolymerized poly(pyrrole propionic acid) (pPPA) with abundant carboxyl groups that facilitate covalent binding of antibody against amylin. A competitive immunoassay was implemented using biotiny...

An amyloidogenic hexapeptide derived from amylin attenuates inflammation and acute lung injury in murine sepsis.

Although the accumulation of amyloidogenic proteins in neuroinflammatory conditions is generally considered pathologic, in a murine model of multiple sclerosis, amyloid-forming fibrils, comprised of hexapeptides, are anti-inflammatory. Whether these molecules modulate systemic inflammatory conditions remains unknown. We hypothesized that an amylin hexapeptide that forms fibrils can attenuate the systemic inflammatory response in a murine model of sepsis. To test this hypothesis, mice were pre-treated with e...

Increased toxicity of amylin (Islet Amyloid Polypeptide) in beta cells induced by photochemical internalization.

Gut-brain axis and addictive disorders: A review with focus on alcohol and drugs of abuse.

Due to the limited efficacy of existing medications for addictive disorders including alcohol use disorder (AUD), the need for additional medications is substantial. Potential new medications for addiction can be identified through investigation of the neurochemical substrates mediating the ability of drugs of abuse such as alcohol to activate the mesolimbic dopamine system. Interestingly, recent studies implicate neuropeptides of the gut-brain axis as modulators of reward and addiction processes. The prese...

Management of patients with hereditary angioedema in Germany: comparison to other countries in the Icatibant Outcome Survey.

The Icatibant Outcome Survey (IOS; NCT01034969) is a Shire-sponsored, international, observational study monitoring the safety and effectiveness of icatibant, a bradykinin B2 receptor antagonist approved for the acute treatment of adults with hereditary angioedema with C1 inhibitor deficiency (HAE-C1-INH).

Physico-chemical properties of co-formulated fast-acting insulin with pramlintide.

Since the discovery of amylin its use has been discouraged by the inadequacy of the protocol involving multiple injections in addition to insulin. We aimed here to develop a combined fixed-dose formulation of pramlintide with fast-acting insulin. We have investigated the compatibility of regular and fast-acting insulin analogues (Aspart, Asp, and LisPro, LysPro) with the amylin analogue pramlintide by using electrospray ionization - ion mobility spectrometry-mass spectrometry (ESI-IMS-MS), kinetic aggregati...

Neoadjuvant Crizotinib in Resectable Locally Advanced Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer with ALK-rearrangement: A Brief Report.

Locally advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is one of the most heterogeneous condition with multidimensional treatments involved. Neoadjuvant therapy was commonly considered as an optimal management for operable locally advanced patients. However, as targeted therapy has been widely applied in advanced NSCLC, neoadjuvant targeted therapy remains poorly explored in locally advanced disease.

Contemporary management of advanced renal cell carcinoma.

Kidney cancer is the eighth most commonly diagnosed cancer in the United States, and nearly one-third of patients have locally advanced or metastatic disease at presentation. Historically, survival outcomes for patients with advanced disease have been poor. In recent years, several novel targeted agents have emerged for the management of advanced renal cell carcinoma that have changed treatment paradigms. At the same time, surgical therapy continues to have a critical role in the management of selected pati...

Peer support for people with advanced cancer: a systematically constructed scoping review of quantitative and qualitative evidence.

The number of people living with advanced cancer is increasing, and appropriate support to this population is essential. Peer support is increasingly advocated as a component of care, but little is known about how to provide this in the context of advanced cancer. This review describes the experience and impact of different forms of peer support for people with advanced cancer.

Medicare for the Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeon.

Medicare, a federally funded insurance program in the United States, is a complex program about which many physicians may not receive formal training or education. Plastic surgeons, residents, and advanced practitioners may benefit from at least a basic understanding of Medicare, its components, reimbursement methods, and upcoming health care trends. Medicare consists of Parts A through D, each responsible for a different form of insurance coverage. Medicare pays hospitals, physicians, and graduate medical ...

Multiple-therapy-resistant major depressive disorder: a clinically important concept.

SummaryMany novel therapeutic options for depression exist that are either not mentioned in clinical guidelines or recommended only for use in highly specialist services. The challenge faced by clinicians is when it might be appropriate to consider such 'non-standard' interventions. This analysis proposes a framework to aid this decision.Declaration of interestIn the past 3 years R.H.M.W. has received support for research, expenses to attend conferences and fees for lecturing and consultancy work (including...

Outcomes of Women Delivering at Very Advanced Maternal Age.

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the maternal outcome in women with very advanced maternal age (VAMA) at childbirth (>45 years) compared to advanced maternal age (35-39 and 40-44 years).

Advanced practices for care management: reflections on the Brazilian Nursing.

to explain about the Advanced Nursing Practice and to discuss the possibilities of the Advanced Practice for the management of nursing care in Brazil.

Microplastic abundance and characteristics in French Atlantic coastal sediments using a new extraction method.

The ubiquitous presence of microplastics (MPs) has been demonstrated in all environmental compartments in the recent years. They are detected in air, freshwater, soil, organisms and particularly in marine ecosystems. Since sediments are known to be the major sink of many organic and inorganic pollutants, the aim of this study was to develop and validate a fast and cheap methodology to assess the MP contamination in intertidal sediments from the Gulf of Biscay (Pays de la Loire region, France). Sediments wer...

Flexible sigmoidoscopy in colorectal cancer screening: implications of different colonoscopy referral strategies.

Flexible sigmoidoscopy (FS) screening reduces colorectal cancer incidence and mortality. Its potential to detect proximal neoplasms depends on colonoscopy referral. We estimated diagnostic performance of sigmoidoscopy using 12 different referral criteria in detecting colorectal cancer and advanced adenomas. Colonoscopy results from 14,947 participants of screening colonoscopy in Germany were used to derive sensitivity of sigmoidoscopy for colorectal cancer, advanced adenomas (AAs), and any advanced neoplasm...

Case Report: Ketamine for Pain and Depression in Advanced Cancer.

Patients with advanced cancer often suffer from both severe pain and severe symptoms of depression. Use of traditional antidepressants is often limited by the short prognosis associated with advanced cancer. We present the case of a patient with neuropathic pain from advanced cancer and severe depression that responded dramatically to an intravenous infusion of ketamine resulting in decreased pain and resolution of severe depression symptoms.

For People Dying to Talk, It Finally Pays to Listen with Reimbursable Advance Care Planning.

Whether at the beginning, middle, or end of life, health care delivery choices abound. Yet only recently have conversations specifically regarding preferences for care at the end of life become a reimbursable intervention, deemed equivalent in importance to a medical procedure. Quite distinct from other procedures, in which expectations for outcomes are explicit and measurable, outcomes have been left intentionally vague for advanced care planning (ACP) conversations. This article will explore the inherent ...

Organ-On-A-Chip Platforms: A Convergence of Advanced Materials, Cells, and Microscale Technologies.

Do Medicare Advantage Plans Respond to Payment Changes? A Look at the Data from 2009 to 2014.

Medicare Advantage (MA) enrollment has grown significantly since 2009, despite legislation that reduced what Medicare pays these plans to provide care to enrollees. MA payments, on average, now approach parity with costs in traditional Medicare.

Physician Well-Being: Financial Aspects.

The US health care system has an unequal distribution of physician supply, is poorly accessible in some areas, and has wide disparities in patient health status. The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) was intended to address these issues by providing affordable health insurance coverage, Medicaid expansion, and care delivery system redesign (particularly through physician payment reform). As part of payment reform, the Medicare Access and CHIP Reauthorization Act (MACRA) went into effect in Ja...

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