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PubMed Journals Articles About "Shire Secures Once Daily ADHD Drug" RSS

15:18 EST 14th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

Shire Secures Once Daily ADHD Drug PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Shire Secures Once Daily ADHD Drug articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Shire secures once daily ADHD drug" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 12,000+

Adverse drug events related to mood and emotion in paediatric patients treated for ADHD: A meta-analysis.

ADHD is frequently comorbid with anxiety and mood disorders, which may increase the severity of inattention and hyperactivity symptoms. Emotional symptoms (anxiety, irritability, mood lability) also affect patients without comorbidity or emerge as adverse drug events. The influence of ADHD drugs on emotional symptoms demands investigation to improve therapies.


Internalized stigma, anticipated discrimination and perceived public stigma in adults with ADHD.

The objective of this study is to assess internalized stigma, perceived public stigma, anticipated discrimination and their associations with demographic, psychiatric and psychosocial characteristics in adult ADHD. Stigmatization was assessed with the Internalized Stigma of Mental Illness Scale, the Questionnaire on Anticipated Discrimination and the Questionnaire on Public Stereotypes Perceived by Adults with ADHD. The sample comprised n = 104 adults with ADHD, of whom n = 24 (23.3%) reported high ...

Global gray matter morphometry differences between children with reading disability, ADHD, and comorbid reading disability/ADHD.

Extensive, yet disparate, research exists elucidating structural anomalies in individuals with Reading Disability (RD) or ADHD. Despite ADHD and RD being highly comorbid, minimal research has attempted to determine shared patterns of morphometry between these disorders. In addition, there is no published research examining the morphometry of comorbid RD and ADHD (RD/ADHD). Hence, we conducted voxel-based morphometry on the MRI scans of 106 children, ages 8-12 years, with RD, ADHD, or RD/ADHD, and typicall...


How treatment improvement in ADHD and cocaine dependence are related to one another: A secondary analysis.

Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is overrepresented among individuals seeking treatment for substance use disorders. We previously reported that treatment with extended release mixed amphetamine salts (MAS-XR) increased abstinence, compared to placebo, among patients with co-occurring ADHD and cocaine dependence. This secondary analysis investigates the temporal relationship between ADHD improvement and cocaine abstinence in the first six weeks of the trial.

Mind wandering perspective on ADHD.

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a common neurodevelopmental disorder associated with a range of mental health, neurocognitive and functional problems. Although the diagnosis is based on descriptions of behaviour, individuals with ADHD characteristically describe excessive spontaneous mind wandering (MW). MW in individuals with ADHD reflects constant mental activity which lacks topic stability and content consistency. Based on this review of the neural correlates of ADHD and mind wandering...

Reward-Based Learning as a Function of Severity of Substance Abuse Risk in Drug-Naïve Youth with ADHD.

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is associated with elevated risk for later development of substance use disorders (SUD), specifically because youth with ADHD, similar to individuals with SUD, exhibit deficits in learning abilities and reward processing. Another known risk factor for SUD is familial history of substance dependence. Youth with familial SUD history show reward processing deficits, higher prevalence of externalizing disorders, and higher impulsivity scores. Thus, the main object...

Inter- and Intraindividual Variation of Methylphenidate Concentrations in Serum and Saliva of Patients with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder.

BackgroundTherapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) is becoming increasingly important in psychiatric therapy; especially in children. However, for several reasons, it cannot yet be implemented as a daily routine in clinical or outpatient settings. To evaluate new, non-invasive procedures; blood and saliva (oral fluid) samples were collected from patients with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) who were also being administered methylphenidate (MPH). The study's main purposes were to correlate MPH conce...

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder beyond adolescence. Time to think different?

ADHD is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by a pattern of severe inattention-disorganization and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity beyond what is expected for individuals with a comparable development level. These behaviors impair daily life activities of patients in more than one environment and impact their performance and abilities compared with their peers. Extensive reviews have been published about the psychiatric comorbidities associated with ADHD but little attention has been given to the overa...

Using ADHD Medications to Treat Coexisting ADHD and Reading Disorders: A Systematic Review.

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), the most common pediatric neurobehavioral disorder, frequently presents with co-existing reading disorders (RD). Despite this, it is unclear whether medication improves symptoms and function in children with comorbid ADHD and RD. We present a systematic review of studies investigating the effects of ADHD medications on ADHD symptoms, academic outcomes, and neuropsychological measures in this important group. This article is protected by copyright. All rights ...

Are ADHD medications under or over prescribed worldwide?: Protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis: Erratum.

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a common neurodevelopmental disorder, characterized by age inappropriate and impairing levels of inattention and/or hyperactivity/impulsivity. Pharmacotherapy is an important part of the ADHD multimodal treatment. The extent to which ADHD is pharmacologically over or under treated worldwide is controversial. We aimed to estimate the pooled worldwide rate of ADHD pharmacological treatment in individuals with and without the disorder.

Drug Regimen Individualization for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Guidance for Methylphenidate and Dexmethylphenidate Formulations.

In 2000, the first biphasic modified-release (MR) formulation of methylphenidate (MPH) was approved for the treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). An immediate-release (IR) MPH pulse (22% of the dose) facilitates rapid onset of stimulant action, while the remaining MR portion of the dose provides for day-long duration of efficacy. A wide array of oral MR-MPH products has subsequently been approved that also allows for once daily dosing, though each product is characterized by distinct...

Temperament and character profiles for children with ADHD with and without tic disorders.

There is no research about whether ADHD with tic disorder that temperamental features that differ from the ADHD. This research aimed to identify temperament and character profiles for children with ADHD according to tic disorder by comparing them with a healthy control group. A discriminant analysis was conducted to identify whether temperament and character profiles can discriminate comorbidity. The sample consisted of three groups (N = 40 per group): ADHD alone, ADHD with tic disorder and age- and sex...

Amphetamines for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adults.

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a childhood-onset disorder characterised by inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. ADHD can persist into adulthood and can affects individuals' social and occupational functioning, as well as their quality of life and health. ADHD is frequently associated with other mental disorders such as substance use disorders and anxiety and affective disorders. Amphetamines are used to treat adults with ADHD, but uncertainties about their efficacy and safety rem...

Role of conduct problems in the relation between Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity disorder, substance use, and gaming.

Known comorbidities for Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) include conduct problems, substance use disorder and gaming. Comorbidity with conduct problems may increase the risk for substance use disorder and gaming in individuals with ADHD. The aim of the study was to build a causal model of the relationships between ADHD and comorbid conduct problems, and alcohol, nicotine, and other substance use, and gaming habits, while accounting for age and sex. We used a state-of-the-art causal discovery ...

Impact of Drug Adherence on Oppositional Defiant Disorder and Conduct Disorder Among Patients With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder.

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may be a predecessor of oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) and conduct disorder (CD), and medication is an effective treatment option for ADHD. This study aims to examine whether adherence to medication treatment is associated with developing ODD and CD among youths with ADHD.

Metacognitive knowledge of attention in children with and without ADHD symptoms.

Children with ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) experience difficulty in managing attention in school, but it is not sufficiently clear what their attentional beliefs are. Drawing is a means of expression that is habitually used to access knowledge or ideas of children regarding their classroom experience. The aim of this study is to verify whether children with ADHD use pictorial indicators analogous to children without ADHD (N-ADHD). 92 primary school students participated in this study, hal...

Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder in Brazilian patients with phenylketonuria.

Recent studies have shown that patients with phenylketonuria (PKU), even with the early diagnosis and continuous treatment, may have symptoms of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and that the prevalence of ADHD in this population would be higher than in the general population. This study aims to determine the prevalence of ADHD in a sample of PKU patients from Southern Brazil. Patients were prospectively assessed by clinical interviews, neurological examination, and application of the MTA-SNAP...

A coordinate-based meta-analysis comparing brain activation between ADHD and total sleep deprivation.

Sleep disruption is common in attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder (ADHD). Likewise, deficits in attention are a hallmark of sleep deprivation in healthy individuals. Whether ADHD and sleep deprivation modulate common, or disparate, neural systems is unknown. No study has yet utilized fMRI to investigate sleep loss in ADHD. We address this gap by performing a novel meta-analysis to compare patterns of fMRI activation during sleep deprivation and ADHD.

Role of ADHD in the Co-occurrence between Heavy Alcohol Use and Depression Trajectories in Adulthood.

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is associated with greater heavy alcohol use and depressive symptoms in adulthood. Yet, few studies have investigated whether childhood ADHD predicts an increased association between heavy drinking and depression in adulthood when this co-occurrence becomes more common. We examined associations among heavy alcohol use and depression longitudinally from ages 21 to 29 and whether these associations differed for those with or without childhood ADHD, as well as fo...

Pharmacological cognitive enhancement among non-ADHD individuals-A cross-sectional study in 15 countries.

Psychoactive substance use aiming at increased performance at work or while studying, usually referred to as pharmacological cognitive enhancement (PCE), has been extensively researched in recent years. While large scale national studies have tried to assess the prevalence of PCE among the general population, cross-cultural comparisons have been hampered by the different definitions and designs included. In addition, the non-medical use of prescription drugs indicated to treat the symptoms of the Attention ...

Visual and auditory emotion recognition problems as familial cross-disorder phenomenon in ASD and ADHD.

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are frequently comorbid disorders. Emotion recognition problems are considered an important familial deficit in ASD, but this is unknown in ADHD. Very few studies have directly compared emotion recognition performance of youth with ASD and/or ADHD and of their unaffected siblings across age to quantify the contribution of emotion recognition problems to the ADHD phenotype. We therefore devised a study of 64 ASD+ADHD participa...

Behavior problems in children with epilepsy and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder in Central China.

In this study, we aimed to evaluate the prevalence of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children with epilepsy in Central China and compare the behavioral problems in children with epilepsy combined with and without ADHD. Children with epilepsy aged between 6 and 16 years were recruited for this study. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) criteria were administered for the diagnosis of ADHD and ADHD subtype in children with epilepsy. Children Beha...

Further Evidence of Morbidity and Dysfunction Associated With Subsyndromal ADHD in Clinically Referred Children.

While the diagnostic criteria for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have evolved over the years, some children with impairing ADHD symptoms fail to meet the full diagnostic threshold for the disorder. The main aim of this study was to evaluate the morbidity and dysfunction of subsyndromal ADHD in the clinical setting.

The effects of emotional lability, mind wandering and sleep quality on ADHD symptom severity in adults with ADHD.

Mind wandering, emotional lability and sleep quality are currently mostly independently investigated but are all interlinked and play a major role is adult attention-deficit/ hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Emotional lability is a core feature of the disorder, excessive mind wandering has recently been linked to symptoms and impairments of ADHD and poor sleep quality is experienced by a clear majority of adults with ADHD. All three phenomena lead to functional impairment in ADHD, however their relationship t...

The Atxn7-overexpressing mice showed hyperactivity and impulsivity which were ameliorated by atomoxetine treatment: A possible animal model of the hyperactive-impulsive phenotype of ADHD.

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a heterogeneous neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by varying levels of hyperactivity, inattention, and impulsivity. Patients with ADHD are often classified as (1) predominantly hyperactive-impulsive, (2) predominantly inattentive, and (3) combined type. There is a growing interest in developing specific animal models that would recapitulate specific clinical forms of ADHD, with the goal of developing specific therapeutic strategies. In our previous ...


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