PubMed Journals Articles About "Short-term Efficacy Of Reducing Screen-based Media Use" RSS

13:11 EST 29th January 2020 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Short term Efficacy Reducing Screen based Media" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 51,000+

Why won't she sleep? Screen exposure and sleep patterns in young infants.

The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends infants' exposure to electronic screen-based media be minimized; however, more research is needed to understand effects of viewing screen-based media. Here, we examine relations between media use and sleep. Data were collected from mothers when their infants (N = 429) were four months of age. Mothers answered questions about the time their infants spent watching electronic screen-based media. Exposure to electronic screen-based media was negatively associate...

Associations between screen time and short sleep duration among adolescents varies by media type: evidence from a cohort study.

Different types of electronic screen media have repeatedly been linked to impaired sleep; yet, how different uses of electronic media are linked to sleep has received much less attention. Currently, the role of chronotype in these associations is understudied. To address these gaps, this study examined how different uses of screen media are linked to sleep, and whether these associations were accounted for or differed across chronotype.

Associations Between Screen-Based Media Use and Brain White Matter Integrity in Preschool-Aged Children.

The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommends limits on screen-based media use, citing its cognitive-behavioral risks. Screen use by young children is prevalent and increasing, although its implications for brain development are unknown.

Association Between Screen Media Use and Academic Performance Among Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

The health consequences of excessive screen media use in children and adolescents are increasingly being recognized; however, the association between screen media use and academic performance remains to be elucidated.

Reducing Surgical Site Infections During Otolaryngology Surgical Missions.

To determine what measures an otolaryngology-head and neck surgery team might adopt to decrease the incidence of surgical site infection (SSI) on a short-term surgical mission. Despite concerns about safety and efficacy, short-term surgical missions remain the predominant structure for humanitarian surgical care in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). Hospitals in high-income countries strive to improve surgical outcomes through implementation of World Health Organization (WHO) safe surgery guidelines. ...

Short-term Efficacy of Different First-Line Chemotherapy Regimens for Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer: A Network Meta-Analysis.

The study intends to compare short-term efficacy of 12 chemotherapy regimens in treatment of advanced NSCLC by a network meta-analysis (NMA). PubMed, Cochrane Library and Embase were searched from the inception of each database to June, 2018. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of the 12 chemotherapy regimens for advanced NSCLC were included. Direct and indirect evidence were combined by NMA to evaluate the odds ratio (OR) and the surface under the cumulative ranking curves (SUCRA) of the 12 chemotherapy re...

Social media use and parent-child relationship: A cross-sectional study of adolescents.

We examined the association between social media use and parent-child relationship quality and tested whether this association is independent of total screen time. Data on 9,732 students (48.4% female) aged 11-20 years were obtained from a provincially representative school-based survey. Heavy use of social media (daily use of more than 2 hr) was associated with greater odds of negative relationships between mother-daughter (odds ratio [OR] = 1.79; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.27-2.52), father-daug...

Real-life efficacy of vedolizumab on endoscopic healing in inflammatory bowel disease- A nationwide Hungarian cohort study.

: GEMINI trials demonstrated the therapeutic efficacy of vedolizumab (VDZ) in Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC).: Aim of this study was to determine the real-life effectiveness of VDZ on endoscopic healing in the Hungarian nationwide cohort of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients based on changes on clinical and endoscopic scores. Every adult IBD patient in the country (121 UC and 83 CD) who completed short-term VDZ therapy were enrolled, of which 72 UC and 52 CD patients could complete ...

Personality Factors and Attachment Styles as Predictors of the Therapeutic Efficacy of a Short-Term Ambulatory Intervention for Depression.

Several studies have shown a significant positive impact of intensive short-term ambulatory psychiatric interventions for depression. However, data on outcomes related to factors that are predictive of the efficacy of these interventions in terms of remission or response to treatment remain scarce. The goal of this naturalistic prospective study was to identify factors, including Big Five Inventory personality traits and attachment style, that are predictive of the efficacy of crisis interventions (CIns) in...

Text messaging and brief phone calls for weight loss in overweight and obese English- and Spanish-speaking adults: A 1-year, parallel-group, randomized controlled trial.

Weight loss interventions based solely on text messaging (short message service [SMS]) have been shown to be modestly effective for short periods of time and in some populations, but limited evidence is available for positive longer-term outcomes and for efficacy in Hispanic populations. Also, little is known about the comparative efficacy of weight loss interventions that use SMS coupled with brief, technology-mediated contact with health coaches, an important issue when considering the scalability and cos...

Short-term and long-term efficacy of PGLA thread-embedding therapy in treatment of stage Ⅰ post-stroke shoulder-hand syndrome.

To investigate short-term and long-term efficacy of PGLA thread-embedding therapy in the treatment of stage Ⅰ post-stroke shoulder-hand syndrome.

Commentary on "Short-term efficacy of transvaginal specimen extraction for right colon cancer based on propensity score matching: a retrospective cohort study".

Invited Commentary "Short-term efficacy of transvaginal specimen extraction for right colon cancer based on propensity score matching: a retrospective cohort study".

A Systematic Review of eHealth Interventions Addressing HIV/STI Prevention Among Men Who Have Sex With Men.

A systematic review was conducted to summarize and appraise the eHealth interventions addressing HIV/STI prevention among men who have sex with men (MSM), and characterize features of successful eHealth interventions. Fifty-five articles (17 pilots and 38 full efficacy trials) were included with the predominance of web-based interventions in the United States-based settings. Intervention modalities include web-based, short message service (SMS)/text messges/email reminder, online video-based, computer-assis...

Initiating buprenorphine treatment for opioid use disorder during short-term in-patient 'detoxification': a randomized clinical trial.

The effectiveness of linking people from short-term in-patient managed withdrawal programs ('detoxification') to long-term, primary care-based buprenorphine is unknown. We tested whether buprenorphine initiation during an opioid withdrawal program and linkage to office-based buprenorphine (LINK) after discharge would increase engagement with office-based buprenorphine and decrease illicit opioid use during the ensuing 6 months compared with standard withdrawal management (WM).

Short-term effects of early initiation of magnesium infusion combined with cooling after hypoxia-ischemia in term piglets.

Neuroprotection from therapeutic hypothermia (HT) is incomplete, therefore additional strategies are necessary to improve long-term outcomes. We assessed the neuroprotective efficacy of magnesium sulfate (MgSO) bolus and infusion over 48 h plus HT in a piglet model of term neonatal encephalopathy (NE).

Systematic Surgical Assessment of Deceased-Donor Kidneys as a Predictor of Short-Term Transplant Outcomes.

Short-term kidney graft dysfunction is correlated with complications and it is associated with a decreased long-term survival; therefore, a scoring system to predict short-term renal transplant outcomes is warranted.

Strain-dependent variance in short-term adaptation effects of two xylose-fermenting strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

The limited tolerance of Saccharomyces cerevisiae to the inhibitors present in lignocellulosic hydrolysates is a major challenge in second-generation bioethanol production. Short-term adaptation of the yeast to lignocellulosic hydrolysates during cell propagation has been shown to improve its tolerance, and thus its performance in lignocellulose fermentation. The aim of this study was to investigate the short-term adaptation effects in yeast strains with different genetic backgrounds. Fed-batch propagation ...

Immediate and short term effects of values-based interventions on paranoia.

Paranoia is a common, distressing, and persistent experience that can negatively impact on health, wellbeing, and functioning. This study examined the immediate and short term (2-weeks) effects of two values-based interventions, versus a non-values control, on paranoia, as well as the moderating effect of self-esteem.

Short-term clinical and immunologic effects of poly-gamma-glutamic acid (γ-PGA) in women with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia 1 (CIN 1): A multicenter, randomized, double blind, phase II trial.

The aim of this study was to investigate the short-term efficacy and safety of Poly-gamma-glutamic acid (γ-PGA) and the immunologic changes in patients with CIN 1.

Short-term efficacy of transvaginal specimen extraction for right colon cancer based on propensity score matching: a retrospective cohort study.

Recently, the incidence of colorectal cancer has increased each year. Natural orifice specimen extraction surgery (NOSES) removes the specimen from a natural cavity of the human body (anal or vaginal) and completes reconstruction of the digestive tract. There are only a few trocar scars in the abdomen after surgery. Transvaginal specimen extraction for right-sided colon cancer is one of the classic NOSES surgeries. As NOSES is accepted by increasing numbers of colorectal surgeons, NOSES technology is becomi...

Population-based study of the impact of small bowel obstruction due to adhesions on short- and medium-term mortality.

Small bowel obstruction due to adhesions (aSBO) is a common indication for admission to a surgical unit. Despite the prevalence of this condition, the short- and medium-term survival of this patient population has not been well described. The purpose of this study was to measure the short- and medium-term survival of patients admitted to hospital with aSBO.

Comparison of different media for the detection of denitrifying and nitrate reducing bacteria in mesotrophic aquatic environments by the most probable number method.

The cultivation based characterization of microbial communities and the quantification of certain functional bacterial groups is still an essential part of microbiology and microbial ecology. For plate count methods meanwhile low strength media are recommended, since they cover a broader range of different species and result in higher counts compared to established high strength media. For liquid media, as they are used for most probable number (MPN) quantifications, comparisons between high and low strengt...

Paliperidone palmitate in short- and long-term treatment of schizophrenia.

Poor adherence to treatment remains a major problem in the management of patients with schizophrenia. In the 60s, first generation antipsychotics in depot formulation have been introduced on the market with the aim to improve adherence to therapy. However, the limited effectiveness on negative symptoms and the tendency to induce extrapyramidal side effects has limited their use. Currently there are five second-generation antipsychotic long-acting formulations and the use of these drugs has definitely change...

Effects of Opinion Climate, Efficacy Messages, and Publicness of Social Media on Intentions to Retransmit Anti-Binge Drinking Messages on Facebook.

Reducing the rate of college binge drinking is a major public health goal. Social media sites such as Facebook serve as platforms for young adults' online communication, so they could potentially extend the reach of health campaign messages via retransmission. Thus, it is important to identify the factors that predict intentions to share health-related messages on social media. Drawing on the Spiral of Silence framework, the current research examined the effects of opinion climate, message efficacy, and pub...

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