PubMed Journals Articles About "Silvia Formenti Awarded ASTRO Gold Medal Contributions Radiation" RSS

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Showing "Silvia Formenti Awarded ASTRO Gold Medal Contributions Radiation" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 5,000+

Adherence of United States Insurance Payer Policies to American Society of Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) Stereotactic Radiosurgery (SRS) Model Policy.

Medical necessity of stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) is non-uniform across insurance policies. American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) created a model policy based on the consensus of the radiation oncology community to communicate "medically necessary" indications for SRS. We compared current insurance policies for SRS with ASTRO model policy.

Letter to the Editor: The American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) Clinical Practice Guidelines on Radiation Therapy for Basal and Squamous Cell Cancers of the Skin.

ACR-ASTRO Practice Parameter for the Performance of Proton Beam Radiation Therapy.

The American College of Radiology (ACR) and the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) have jointly developed the following practice parameter for proton beam radiation therapy. Proton radiotherapy is the application of a high-energy proton beam to a patient in a clinical setting with therapeutic intent. Proton radiotherapy may permit improved therapeutic ratios with lower doses to sensitive normal structures and greater dose to target tumor tissues.

In Reply to the American Academy of Dermatology Letter Regarding: Definitive and Postoperative Radiation Therapy for Basal and Squamous Cell Cancers of the Skin: An ASTRO Clinical Practice Guideline.

Herbert R. Lissner: The Father of Impact Biomechanics.

Professor Herbert R. Lissner was a pioneer in impact biomechanics, having initiated research on the injury mechanisms, mechanical response and human tolerance of the human brain to blunt impact 80 years ago - in 1939. This paper summarizes the contributions made by Professor Lissner in head injury as well as in the many areas of impact biomechanics in which he was involved. In 1977, the Bioengineering Division of ASME established the H.R. Lissner Award to recognize outstanding career achievements in the are...

Minimum Data Elements for Radiation Oncology: An ASTRO.

ASTRO Journals' Data Sharing Policy and Recommended Best Practices.

Transparency, openness, and reproducibility are important characteristics in scientific publishing. Although many researchers embrace these characteristics, data sharing has yet to become common practice. Nevertheless, data sharing is becoming an increasingly important topic among societies, publishers, researchers, patient advocates, and funders, especially as it pertains to data from clinical trials. In response, ASTRO developed a data policy and guide to best practices for authors submitting to its journ...

Better than CD: Eugénie Cotton (1881-1967).

Aimé Cotton is known for his invention of circular dichroism spectroscopy. In 1913, he married Eugénie Feytis, a scientist who studied physics with Marie Curie. Following the Second World War, Eugénie Cotton was determined to advance the rights and standing of women, sure in the belief that doing so was necessary not only because it was just but also because a world with women in the forefront would be more secure and less susceptible to the catastrophe worldwide military conflict. She was a cofounder of...

Marine mammal vet's dedication marked by prestigious award.

Vet pathologist has been awarded the ZSL Silver Medal for his outstanding work in the field of wildlife conservation involving marine mammals. Jan Loveridge explains why the award is so well deserved.

The German Society for Social Medicine and Prevention (DGSMP) confers the Salomon Neumann Medal for outstanding merit in the field of Preventive and Social Medicine. The Salomon Neumann Medal 2017 was awarded to Gerhard Trabert, founder and chairman of the association "Poverty and Health in Germany" and professor for social medicine und social psychiatry at the RheinMain University of applied sciences in Wiesbaden. It honours a physician in the field of social medicine, whose personality and activity as "do...

Political follower or loyal National Socialist? : On the role of former DGP President Herbert Siegmund (1892-1954) in the Third Reich. German version.

Herbert Siegmund (1892-1954) was undoubtedly one of the most influential German pathologists of the 20th century. He received numerous high honors both during the Third Reich and after 1945. He was, among other things, rector of the University of Münster (1943-1945), holder of the Goethe Medal awarded by Hitler (1944), honorary doctor of the University of Cologne (1949), recipient of the Paracelsus Medal (1953), and president of the German Society for Pathology (DGP, 1954). The almost seamless post-war car...

Obituary Rudolf Alexakhin.

Professor Rudolf Mikhailovich Alexakhin passed away on 2 May 2017. He was born on December 15, 1936 in the city Korolev, near Moscow. In 1954, R. Alexakhin graduated from high school with a gold medal and entered Moscow University (Moscow State University). Subsequently, he defended his PhD thesis in 1963 and his dissertation for the degree of doctor of biological sciences in 1974. In 1985, the Higher Attestation Commission of the USSR awarded him the title of Professor in Radiobiology. In 1988, he was elec...

Commercial Insurance Coverage of Advanced Radiotherapy Techniques Compared to American Society for Radiation Oncology Model Policies.

To compare and contrast the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) Model Policies (MPs) for intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT), stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS), stereotactic ablative radiotherapy (SABR), and proton beam therapy (PBT) with the coverage policies constructed by five of the largest publicly-available commercial insurers throughout the United States (Aetna, Anthem, Cigna, Humana, United).

Far-Field Radiation of Three-Dimensional Plasmonic Gold Tapers near Apexes.

Three-dimensional plasmonic gold tapers are widely used structures in nano-optics for achieving imaging at the nanometer scale, enhanced spectroscopy, confined light sources, and ultrafast photoelectron emission. To understand their radiation properties further, especially in the proximity of the apex at the nanoscale, we employ cathodoluminescence spectroscopy with high spatial and energy resolution. The plasmon-induced radiation in the visible spectral range from three-dimensional gold tapers with opening...

Intensity modulated radiation therapy following lumpectomy in early-stage breast cancer: Patterns of use and cost consequences among Medicare beneficiaries.

In 2013, the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) issued a Choosing Wisely recommendation against the routine use of intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) for whole breast irradiation. We evaluated IMRT use and subsequent impact on Medicare expenditure in the period immediately preceding this recommendation to provide a baseline measure of IMRT use and associated cost consequences.

Reflections on Randomized Trials and Observational Studies: "Big Is Beautiful" A Conversation With Sir Rory Collins, FRS.

Rory Collins is the Head, Nuffield Department of Population Health, University of Oxford, Principal Investigator and Chief Executive, UK Biobank, and the British Heart Foundation Professor of Medicine and Epidemiology at the University of Oxford. He was born in Hong Kong and received his medical degree from St Thomas's Hospital Medical School, University of London. He was Knighted for Services to Science in 2011 and became a Fellow of the Royal Society in 2015. He has delivered the Paul Dudley White Interna...

Catalytically Active Peptide-Gold Nanoparticle Conjugates: Prospecting for Artificial Enzymes.

The self-assembly of peptides onto the surface of gold nanoparticles has emerged as a promising strategy towards the creation of artificial enzymes. The resulting high local peptide density surrounding the nanoparticle leads to cooperative and synergistic effects, which result in rate accelerations and distinct catalytic properties compared to the unconjugated peptide. This minireview summarizes contributions to and progress made in the field of catalytically active peptide-gold nanoparticle conjugates. The...

The earliest experimental convulsions by Joseph Priestley in 1766 friendship with Benjamin Franklin.

In 1766, Joseph Priestley (1733-1804) was the first to systematically demonstrate the universal convulsive effect of an electrical discharge applied to the head of all the several species studied. We here republish his overlooked experiments, which often resulted in death, and which ante date the scientific studies of the electrical functions of the brain, the role of "discharges" in seizures, and experimental epilepsy by about a century. Priestley's studies of electricity were influenced by those of Benjam...

Intercomparison of dose enhancement ratio and secondary electron spectra for gold nanoparticles irradiated by X-rays calculated using multiple Monte Carlo simulation codes.

Targeted radiation therapy has seen an increased interest in the past decade. In vitro and in vivo experiments showed enhanced radiation doses due to gold nanoparticles (GNPs) to tumors in mice and demonstrated a high potential for clinical application. However, finding a functionalized molecular formulation for actively targeting GNPs in tumor cells is challenging. Furthermore, the enhanced energy deposition by secondary electrons around GNPs, particularly by short-ranged Auger electrons is difficult to me...

Physical dosimetry reconstructions of significant radiation exposure at an industrial accelerator facility in Tianjin (China).

The goal of this thesis is to estimate the physical radiation doses for two victims who were accidently exposed to an industrial electron beam at an industrial accelerator facility on 7 July 7 2016 in Tianjin, China. On the basis of the radiation source parameters, irradiation situation and irradiation time, physical dose reconstruction was carried out at the accident site by using a Bottle-Manikin-Absorption (BOMAB) phantom and an Alderson Radiation Therapy (ART) phantom. With thermoluminscent dosimeters (...

Contribution of the acoustic waves to near-field heat transfer.

Calculations of the radiative and phonon heat transfer between metals in an extreme near field in presence of electrostatic potential difference are given. Potential difference leads to a coupling between the radiation field and acoustic waves in solid, as a result of which the heat flux between two gold plates associated with $p$ -polarized electromagnetic waves increases by many orders of magnitude as the potential difference varies from 0 to 10V. The radiative heat transfer is compared with the phonon he...

Ionizing radiation for maternal medical indications.

Ionizing radiation should be considered an avoidable exposure although all pregnant women receive some radiation from their environment. The potential effect of ionizing radiation on the fetus is determined by the dose and the timing of the exposure with growing interest in the potential risks of transgenerational effects of radiation as an epigenetic phenomenon. High dosage exposure is very unlikely in routine situations such as occupational, diagnostic or therapeutic exposures. Individual diagnostic radia...

Association between Long-Term Second Malignancy Risk and Radiation: A Comprehensive Analysis of the Entire Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Database (1973-2014).

Second malignancies (SMs) after radiation therapy are rare but serious sequelae of treatment. This study investigates whether radiation therapy use is associated with changes in baseline SM risk.

Ultrasound-assisted cyanide extraction of gold from gold concentrate at low temperature.

A sonochemical reactor was developed to study the ultrasound-assisted cyanide extraction of gold from gold ore at low temperature. The effects of ultrasound on gold leaching in low temperature and conventional conditions were investigated. At the low temperature of 10 °C, ultrasound-assisted extraction increased extraction rate of gold by 0.6%-0.8% and reduced the gold content of cyanide tailings to 0.28 g/t in the leaching of gold concentrate and cyanide tailings, respectively. At the conventional tempe...

Radiation effects on early phase of NT2/D1 neural differentiation .

Widespread medical use of radiation in diagnostic, imaging and treatment of different central nervous system malignancies lead to various consequences. Aim of this study was to further elucidate mechanism of cell response to radiation and possible consequence on neural differentiation.

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