PubMed Journals Articles About "Simplot Innate Bruise Resistant Potatoes Approved Sale Japan" RSS

09:34 EDT 15th August 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Simplot Innate bruise resistant potatoes approved sale Japan" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 6,500+

What to Know About Medicines With New Active Ingredients Approved in FY 2016 / 2016 in Japan and EU: A Brief Comparison of New Medicines Approved in Japan and the EU in 2016.

The Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices Agency (PMDA) in Japan and the European Medicines Agency (EMA) have a long-standing experience of reviews of new medicines, and they meet their target pre-market review periods. In FY 2016 / 2016, 112 and 83 new medicines were approved in Japan and EU, respectively. Out of these medicines, 41 and 27 medicines containing new active ingredients were approved with total pre-market review periods of 209 days and 428 days in Japan and EU, respectively. Approximately one-th...

Bone Bruise Patterns in Skeletally Immature Patients With Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury: Shock-Absorbing Function of the Physis.

Bone bruises are frequently found on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury and have been related to the force associated with the trauma. Yet, little is known about the bone bruise distribution pattern of skeletally immature (SI) patients, as the presence of an open physis may play a role in energy dissipation given its unique structure.

Clinical case of a patient undergoing radium-223 treatment following treatment with abiraterone acetate and enzalutamide.

Over the last decade, significant advances have been made in the development of therapies for patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer. Abiraterone and enzalutamide were approved as treatments based on data supporting improved overall survival compared to placebo. Radium-223 became the first approved radiopharmaceutical which decreased skeletal-related events, palliated pain, and showed improved overall survival in symptomatic patients with castration-resistant prostate cancer and bone ...

Identification of Drug Characteristics for Implementing Multiregional Clinical Trials Including Japan.

Multiregional clinical trials (MRCT) are a standard strategy used to improve global drug approval efficiency and the feasibility of clinical trials. Japan is the world's third largest drug market with a unique health care system, making it a key inclusion as an operational region for MRCT (MRCT-JP) for global drug development. We aimed to identify the factors required for efficient drug development by comprehensively reviewing the clinical trials of drugs approved in Japan to identify the factors associated...

Treatment of a complex orthopaedic infection due to extensively drug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), approximately 51 000 healthcare-associated infections caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa occur annually in the USA, more than 6000 of which (13%) are caused by multidrug resistant (MDR) strains. Ceftolozane/tazobactam (TOL/TAZ) (Zerbaxa) was approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in December 2014 for the treatment of complicated intra-abdominal and urinary tract infections. At this time, clinical data on the role of TOL/TAZ trea...

Consistency of listed indications and contraindications between the U.S., the U.K., Japan, and Korea on prescription drug labels.

Inclusion of indications and contraindications in drug labeling is essential for drug approval. Little is known regarding how well new drug information labels agree across countries. To compare the number of indications and contraindications on the labels of drugs in the U.S., U.K., Japan, and Korea, we selected 81 new drugs approved in these countries between 2008 and 2016 and assessed the number of indications and contraindications on each label. Average and median numbers with standard deviations were pr...

Epidemiological observations of Kawasaki disease in Japan, 2013-2014.

The etiology of Kawasaki disease (KD) is unknown. In Japan, the number of patients and incidence rate of KD has increased continuously since its discovery. This report aimed to analyze the latest nationwide epidemiological survey of KD in Japan.

Clinical experience with ceftazidime/avibactam for treatment of antibiotic-resistant organisms other than klebsiella pneumoniae.

Ceftazidime/avibactam is a newly approved β-lactam/β-lactamase inhibitor combination with activity against antibiotic-resistant gram-negative organisms, including many carbapenem-resistant strains. While this agent may offer a promising treatment option for serious infections with limited alternatives available, clinical experience with ceftazidime/avibactam in treatment of infections caused by multidrug-resistant gram-negative organisms outside of Klebsiella pneumoniae is limited.

Association between the display of cigarette packs at the point of sale and smoking susceptibility among adolescents in Brazil.

This was a cross-sectional study aimed at determining the association between exposure to tobacco displays at the point of sale and susceptibility to smoking in schoolchildren in the 14- to 17-year age bracket. Of the participating students, 69.0%, 21.3%, and 9.7% were classified as never smokers, experimenters, and smokers, respectively. Of the participants who were classified as being exposed to smoking, 18.9% were susceptible to smoking. Of the participants who were classified as being unexposed to smoki...

N-(1,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl)benzamide analogs, bacteriostatic agents against methicillin- and vancomycin-resistant bacteria.

Various reports of multidrug-resistant bacteria that are immune to all available FDA-approved drugs demand the development of novel chemical scaffolds as antibiotics. From screening a chemical library, we identified compounds with antibacterial activity. The most potent compounds, F6-5 and F6, inhibited growth of various drug-resistant Gram-positive bacterial pathogens at concentrations ranging from 1 μg/mL to 2 μg/mL. Both compounds were active against clinical isolates of methicillin-resistant Staph...

Changes in New Zealand's alcohol environment following implementation of the Sale and Supply of Alcohol Act (2012).

To assess the impact of the Sale and Supply of Alcohol Act 2012 (SSAA) on the alcohol environment from 2013 to 2015.

FRI-4 carbapenemase-producing Enterobacter cloacae complex isolated in Tokyo, Japan.

A carbapenem-resistant Enterobacter cloacae complex isolated in Tokyo, Japan, produced a carbapenemase that was detected by a Carba NP test and a modified carbapenem inactivation method, but none of the 'Big Five' carbapenemase genes was detected by PCR. This study aimed to identify the carbapenemase.

Decrease in the prevalence of extended-spectrum cephalosporin-resistant Salmonella following cessation of ceftiofur use by the Japanese poultry industry.

Extended-spectrum cephalosporin (ESC)-resistant Salmonella in chicken meat is a significant food safety concern. We previously reported that the prevalence of ESC-resistant Salmonella in chicken meat, giblets, and processed chicken (chicken meat products) increased in Japan between 2005 and 2010, with 27.9% (17/61) of Salmonella isolated from chicken meat products in 2010 showing resistance to ESC. The aims of the present study were to clarify trends in the prevalence of ESC-resistant Salmonella in chicken ...

Impact of removing point-of-sale tobacco displays on smoking behaviour among adolescents in Europe: a quasi-experimental study.

An increasing number of European countries implemented a point-of-sale (PoS) display ban on tobacco products. This study assessed the association between PoS display bans in Europe and adolescent smoking and perceived accessibility of tobacco, 2-6 years after PoS display ban implementation.

Global evidence on the effect of point-of-sale display bans on smoking prevalence.

Since Iceland became the first country to impose a ban on point-of-sale (POS) tobacco product displays in 2001, 20 countries have implemented POS display bans as of 2016. This study examined the effect that POS display bans have on smoking prevalence.

A Japanese trial to monitor methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in imported swine during the quarantine period.

This study aimed to determine the prevalence of Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in imported swine during the quarantine period in Japan.

Introduction of laryngeal mask airway in Japan, and its rescue use for newborns.

In neonatal resuscitation, laryngeal mask airway (LMA) is recommended when both face mask ventilation and endotracheal intubation fail. However, experience of LMA among obstetricians, nurses and midwives in Japan is limited. The aims of the present study were to (i) offer an LMA training course to professionals dealing with low-risk pregnancies at institutions across Japan, and (ii) assess the subsequent use and value of LMA at the participating institutions.

A clinical isolate of Escherichia coli co-harbouring mcr-1 and blaNDM-5 in Japan.

The mcr-1 gene encodes a phosphoethanolamine transferase, which confers resistance to colistin by transferring phosphoethanolamine to lipid A. This study describes the emergence of a colistin- and carbapenem-resistant clinical isolate of Escherichia coli harbouring mcr-1 and blaNDM-5 genes, located on 90 and 150 Kb plasmids, respectively. The isolate belonged to ST132. This is the first report of a clinical isolate in Japan co-harbouring mcr-1 and blaNDM-5.

Crossover study in hyperammonemia patients for efficacy, safety, and acceptability of a new lactulose preparation (SK-1202) compared to approved drug.

A novel jelly lactulose preparation (SK-1202) has been developed to improve compliance and reduce the elevation of blood glucose levels in diabetic patients. To compare the equivalence in the efficacy and safety of SK-1202 and an approved commercially available syrup preparation, we conducted a randomized multicenter crossover study in hyperammonemia patients with liver cirrhosis who were taking lactulose.

Discrepancies in the Evidence and Recommendation Levels of Pregnancy Information in Prescription Drug Labeling in the United States, United Kingdom, Japan, and Korea.

To compare the evidence-of-risk and recommendation levels of new drugs' label information in pregnancy among US, UK, Japan, and Korea. Despite the importance of drug labels in guiding decisions, officially approved prescribing information in drug labels is often inconsistent across countries and contains misleading content. Women are unintentionally exposed to drugs during early stages of unplanned or unrecognized pregnancies when treated for medical conditions.

Direct Detection of penA Gene Associated with Ceftriaxone-Resistant Neisseria gonorrhoeae FC428 Strain by Using PCR.

The ceftriaxone-resistant Neisseria gonorrhoeae FC428 clone was first observed in Japan in 2015, and in 2017, it was documented in Denmark, Canada, and Australia. Here, we describe a PCR for direct detection of the penA gene associated with this strain that can be used to enhance surveillance activities.

Assessment of consistency of drug interaction information in drug labels among the US, the UK, China, Japan, and Korea.

Information gap in drug labelingamong countries create challenges in therapeutic use of drugs.We aimed to evaluate the consistency ofdrug interaction information in drug labels among five countries. The studydrugs were chosen fromthe commonly approved drug list inthe United States, United Kingdom, China, Japan, and Korea. The degree of agreement of drug interaction data wasevaluated by kappa coefficient.Thirty-eight drugs wereevaluated, and moderate degree of agreement was observed among all countries' labe...

Prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus among veterinary staff in small animal hospitals in Sapporo, Japan, between 2008 and 2016: A follow up study.

The aim of the present study was to determine and compare the prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and their molecular characteristics among veterinary staff in Sapporo in 2008 and 2016. We isolated MRSA from veterinarians (Vet; n = 91), veterinary technicians (VT; n = 113), and other staff members (n = 24) from 45 small animal hospitals (animal hospitals), as well as from surface swabs (n = 123) obtained from 37 animal hospitals, in 2016. MRSA was observed in 14 Vets (15...

Forodesine in the treatment of relapsed/refractory peripheral T-cell lymphoma: an evidence-based review.

T-cell lymphoma is a rare hematologic malignancy with an incidence rate between 10% and 20% of that of non-Hodgkin lymphomas. Patients with peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL) generally have a poor prognosis when treated with cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisolone (CHOP)/CHOP-like chemotherapy; once relapse occurs, it is mostly regarded as an incurable disease. To overcome the chemorefractoriness of PTCL, several novel agents have been developed. Since the first approval of pralatrexate,...

Risk assessment for potentially toxic metal(loid)s in potatoes in the indigenous zinc smelting area of northwestern Guizhou Province, China.

We investigated potentially toxic metal (loid)s (arsenic, As; cadmium, Cd; chromium, Cr; copper, Cu; mercury, Hg; lead, Pb; selenium, Se; and zinc, Zn) in agricultural samples (i.e., Solanum tuberosum L. tubers (potatoes) and their planting media) in the indigenous zinc smelting area of northwestern Guizhou Province, China. Based on the pollution index values for As, Cd, Pb and Zn, the order of the samples was as follow: slag > planting soil with slag > planting soil without slag, and the order of t...

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