PubMed Journals Articles About "Sleep Promotion In Critically Ill And Injured Patients Cared For In The Intensive Care Unit" RSS

08:41 EST 17th November 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Sleep Promotion Critically Injured Patients Cared Intensive Care" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 44,000+

Melatonin for the promotion of sleep in adults in the intensive care unit.

Patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) experience sleep deprivation caused by environmental disruption, such as high noise levels and 24-hour lighting, as well as increased patient care activities and invasive monitoring as part of their care. Sleep deprivation affects physical and psychological health, and patients perceive the quality of their sleep to be poor whilst in the ICU. Artificial lighting during night-time hours in the ICU may contribute to reduced production of melatonin in critically ill pa...

Actigraphy to Evaluate Sleep in the Intensive Care Unit: A Systematic Review.

Poor sleep quality is common in the intensive care unit (ICU) and may be associated with adverse outcomes. Hence, ICU-based efforts to promote sleep are gaining attention, motivating interest in methods to measure sleep in critically ill patients. Actigraphy evaluates rest and activity by algorithmically processing gross motor activity data, usually collected by a non-invasive wristwatch-like accelerometer device. In critically ill patients, actigraphy has been used as a surrogate measure of sleep, however ...

Association between death and loss of stage N2 sleep features among critically Ill patients with delirium.

Critically ill patients experience significant sleep disruption. In this study of ICU patients with delirium, we evaluated associations between the loss of stage N2 features (K-complexes, sleep spindles), grade of encephalopathy based on electroencephalography (EEG), and intensive care unit (ICU) outcomes. We hypothesized that loss of stage N2 features is associated with more severe grades of encephalopathy and worse ICU outcomes including death.

Sleep Quality During and After Cardiothoracic Intensive Care and Psychological Health During Recovery.

Intensive care patients experience poor sleep quality. Psychological distress and diminished health-related quality of life (HRQOL) are also common among former intensive care unit (ICU) patients. Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery is a frequent reason adults require treatment in ICU. The effect of on- versus off-pump surgery on sleep and recovery has not been reported.

Impact of a Nurse Intervention to Improve Sleep Quality in Intensive Care Units: Results From a Randomized Controlled Trial.

Patients of adult intensive care units (ICUs) often suffer from a lack of sleep. Reducing anxiety by promoting adaptation to the ICU prior to admission may be an appropriate way to increase sleep quality.

Different Harm and Mortality in Critically Ill Medical vs Surgical Patients: Retrospective Analysis of Variation in Adverse Events in Different Intensive Care Units.

Institutional harm reduction campaigns are essential in improving safe practice in critical care. Our institution embarked on an aggressive project to measure harm. We hypothesized that critically ill surgical patients were at increased risk of harm compared with medical intensive care patients.

Nonpharmacological Interventions for Sleep Promotion on Preterm Infants in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit: A Systematic Review.

Nonpharmacological interventions are often used to promote sleep among preterm infants in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). However, there is a lack of synthesis in the evidence of their effectiveness.

The use of bronchoscopy in critically ill patients: considerations and complications.

Flexible bronchoscopy has been well established for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes in critically ill patients. Areas covered: This review outlines the clinical evidence of the utility and safety of flexible bronchoscopy in the intensive care unit, as well as specific considerations, including practical points and potential complications, in critically ill patients. Expert commentary: Its ease to learn and perform and its capacity for bedside application with relatively few complications make flexible b...

Safety in Intensive Home Care for Ventilated Patients: Professional Players' Perspective.

There is an increasing number of ventilated and other technology-dependent patients, cared for in their own homes or in shared apartments in Germany. Issues of patient safety have hardly been examined in this context. In this follow-up of a survey of patients and their relatives, the perspective of professional players on the subject of safety in intensive home care is explored.

Impact of oversedation prevention in ventilated critically ill patients: a randomized trial-the AWARE study.

Although oversedation has been associated with increased morbidity in ventilated critically ill patients, it is unclear whether prevention of oversedation improves mortality. We aimed to assess 90-day mortality in patients receiving a bundle of interventions to prevent oversedation as compared to usual care.

Use of dietary fibers in enteral nutrition of critically ill patients: a systematic review.

To meet the nutritional requirements of patients admitted to intensive care units, it is necessary to establish a diet schedule. Complications associated with enteral nutrition by tube feeding are not uncommon and may reduce the delivery of required nutrient to patients in intensive care units. Research on the osmolality, fat content, caloric intensity and fiber content of formulas are under way, and a substantial number of studies have focused on fiber content tolerability or symptom reduction. We conducte...

New-onset atrial fibrillation is associated with increased mortality in critically ill patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is one of the most comorbid conditions in critically ill patients requiring intensive care unit (ICU). Multiple studies have suggested that there may be an association between new-onset AF and adverse outcome in critically ill patients. However, there are no meta-analyses to assess this association.

What Happens to Nutrition Intake in the Post-Intensive Care Unit Hospitalization Period? An Observational Cohort Study in Critically Ill Adults.

Little is currently known about nutrition intake and energy requirements in the post-intensive care unit (ICU) hospitalization period in critically ill patients. We aimed to describe energy and protein intake, and determine the feasibility of measuring energy expenditure during the post-ICU hospitalization period in critically ill adults.

Ability of suvorexant to prevent delirium in patients in the intensive care unit: a randomized controlled trial.

There are no effective, tolerable, and established medications for preventing delirium in critically ill patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU). We investigated whether suvorexant was effective in preventing ICU delirium.

Mechanical power of ventilation is associated with mortality in critically ill patients: an analysis of patients in two observational cohorts.

Mechanical power (MP) may unify variables known to be related to development of ventilator-induced lung injury. The aim of this study is to examine the association between MP and mortality in critically ill patients receiving invasive ventilation for at least 48 h.

Predictors of outcome in patients with hematologic malignancies admitted to the intensive care unit.

Several studies showed conflicting results about prognosis and predictors of outcome of critically ill patients with hematological malignancies (HM). The aim of this study is to determine the hospital outcome of critically ill patients with HM and the factors predicting the outcome.

A Multidisciplinary Handoff Process to Standardize the Transfer of Care Between the Intensive Care Unit and the Operating Room.

Critically ill patients are at high risk for adverse events on transfer between intensive care unit and operating room. Patient safety concerns were raised within our institution during such transfers, and absence of a standardized patient handoff process was identified as an area of concern.

Glucose variability during delirium in diabetic and non-diabetic intensive care unit patients: A prospective cohort study.

To determine whether glucose variability is altered during delirium days compared to non-delirious days in critically ill patients with and without diabetes in the intensive care unit (ICU).

The needs of families of trauma intensive care patients: A mixed methods study.

To identify the needs of families of trauma patients in the Intensive Care Unit and to assess nurses' perceptions of those needs.

Opioids in intensive care unit (ICU): causal agent for sleep apnea, unmasking the undiagnosed sleep apnea or both in the ICU.

Correlates of disrupted sleep-wake variables in patients with advanced cancer.

High rates of sleep difficulties have been found in patients with advanced cancer. However, not much is known about factors that are associated with sleep impairments in this population and that could constitute their potential risk factors or consequences. This study conducted in patients with cancer receiving palliative care aimed to evaluate the relationships of subjective (sleep diary; Insomnia Severity Index, ISI) and objective (actigraphy) sleep-wake variables with several physical and psychological s...

Early Hyperoxia in Patients with Traumatic Brain Injury Admitted to Intensive Care in Australia and New Zealand: A Retrospective Multicenter Cohort Study.

Early hyperoxia may be an independent risk factor for mortality in critically ill traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients, although current data are inconclusive. Accordingly, we conducted a retrospective cohort study to determine the association between systemic oxygenation and in-hospital mortality, in critically ill mechanically ventilated TBI patients.

Haloperidol serum concentrations in critically ill patients included in the REDUCE study.

Treatment and mortality of Klebslella pneumoniae infections in critically ill patients: should we do and predict them better?

Use of the critical-care pain observation tool and the bispectral index for the detection of pain in brain-injured patients undergoing mechanical ventilation: A STROBE-compliant observational study.

The assessment of pain in patients with brain injury is challenging due to impaired ability to communicate. We aimed to test the reliability and validity of the critical-care pain observation tool (CPOT) and the bispectral index (BIS) for pain detection in critically brain-injured patients.This prospective observational study was conducted in a neurosurgical intensive care unit in a University-Affiliated Hospital. Adult brain-injured patients undergoing mechanical ventilation were enrolled. Nociceptive (end...

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