PubMed Journals Articles About "Small Plant Based Nutrition Study Results Weight Loss" RSS

22:25 EDT 22nd September 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Small Plant Based Nutrition Study Results Weight Loss" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 100,000+

Flexible Eating Behavior Predicts Greater Weight Loss Following a Diet and Exercise Intervention in Older Women.

Eating behaviors (cognitive restraint, flexible and rigid restraint, disinhibition, hunger) have been associated with obesity and weight loss success in middle-aged individuals, but little is known about these relationships in older adults. This study examined relationships between eating behaviors and weight loss in overweight/obese older women (n = 61; 69 ± 3.6 years; body mass index = 31.1 ± 5.0 kg/m) completed a 6-month behavioral weight loss intervention. Baseline, postintervention,...

The role of group cohesion in a group-based behavioral weight loss intervention.

Behavioral weight loss interventions are often delivered in groups. Group cohesion may enhance program attendance and, thereby, weight loss. In this secondary analysis, our goals were to: (1a) assess whether group cohesion measured early in a behavioral weight loss intervention predicts program attendance and weight loss outcomes and, if so, (1b) explore whether attendance mediates the link between group cohesion and weight loss; (2) characterize the association between change in group cohesion and weight l...

Early weight loss predicts weight loss treatment response regardless of binge-eating disorder status and pretreatment weight change.

Individuals seeking weight loss treatment have diverse pretreatment weight trajectories, and once enrolled, individuals' response to weight loss treatments also varies greatly and may be influenced by the presence of binge-eating disorder (BED). Reported average weight losses may obscure these considerable differences. This study examined whether BED status and different weight-related change variables are associated with successful weight loss treatment outcomes in a controlled treatment study.

Self-reported Intentional Weight Loss and Risk of Death in Moderate Chronic Kidney Disease in the United States.

We hypothesized that intentional weight loss is associated with lower mortality risk, whereas unintentional weight loss is associated with higher mortality risk in chronic kidney disease (CKD).

Cognitive and behavioural strategies for weight management in overweight adults: Results from the Oxford Food and Activity Behaviours (OxFAB) cohort study.

Though many overweight and obese adults attempt to lose weight without formal support, little is known about the strategies used in self-directed weight loss attempts. We set out to assess cognitive and behavioural strategies for weight loss and their associations with weight change.

Supervised Physical Training Improves Weight Loss After Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass Surgery: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Bariatric surgery results in significant weight loss and reduces cardiovascular morbidity. However, a large variation in postsurgery weight loss is seen. Physical activity promotes weight loss in nonsurgically treated subjects with obesity. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of 6 months of supervised physical training following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery (RYGB) on body weight and cardiovascular risk markers.

Personalised nutrition for weight loss in overweight patients.

Over the past several decades numerous trials have compared various diets for the management of overweight and obesity, assuming that one diet fits all. However, it is far more likely, that different people will have different levels of success on different diets. We have investigated fasting plasma glucose (and insulin) levels as well as the microbiota Prevotella/Bacteroides-ratio as prognostic markers of weight loss during periods of characterised dietary composition. Overall, these biomarkers hold great ...

Normo-Carbohydrate Nutrition: Results from a Pilot Study.

This study was a test of the feasibility of educating a convenience sample about normo-carbohydrate nutrition (NCN). From May 2015 and May 2016, 51 participants were enrolled in this intervention study about NCN. Participants were measured for chest, waist, abdomen, and hip circumferences, weight, and height at start and month 1, 2, and 3. After 1 month, there was a significant reduction in hip circumference, weight, and BMI with similar findings after 2 and 3 months. Significant reductions in chest, hips...

Pentraxin3 increases in adult overweight and obese men after weight-loss by dietary modification with exercise training.

The circulatory level of pentraxin3 (PTX3), an anti-inflammatory cardio-protective protein, has been known to be lower in obese individuals than in those with normal weight. However, reports on the effects of different weight-loss methods on PTX3 were limited. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of weight loss on the circulating PTX3 levels in overweight and obese men and to examine the combined effect of dietary modification and exercise training on PTX3 levels. Forty-eight overweight and obe...

Optimal Thermal Control with Sufficient Nutrition May Reduce the Incidence of Neonatal Jaundice by Preventing Body-Weight Loss Among Non-Low Birth Weight Infants Not Admitted to Neonatal Intensive Care Unit.

Neonatal jaundice is strongly attributable to excess body-weight loss as a result of insufficient calorific intake.

Weight loss and metabolic improvements in obese patients undergoing gastric banding and gastric banded plication: A comparison.

Obesity is a pandemic health problem. Bariatric surgery is the only efficient method for long-term effective weight loss in subjects with severe obesity. Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) has been widely applied for weight loss. However, a novel technique called laparoscopic adjustable gastric banded plication (LAGBP) has been proposed as an alternative to LAGB. Surgeons generally consider LAGBP to have a relative advantage on weight loss than that derived from LAGB. This initial study applied ...

Weight bias among exercise and nutrition professionals: a systematic review.

Obesity affects approximately one-third of American adults. Recent evidence suggests that weight bias may be pervasive among both exercise and nutrition professionals working with adults who have obesity. However, the published literature on this topic is limited. This review aimed to (i) systematically review existing literature examining weight bias among exercise and nutrition professionals; (ii) discuss the implications of this evidence for exercise and nutrition professionals and their clients; (iii) a...

The impact of the interventionist-participant relationship on treatment adherence and weight loss.

Little is known about the impact of the relationship built between interventionists and their participants on weight loss. Our objective is to determine whether stronger early (i.e., 4 weeks) participant-interventionist bond is associated with significantly greater weight loss success and treatment adherence. Three hundred and ninety-eight participants received an online group behavioral weight control program over 18 months. Weight was measured objectively at baseline and at 6 and 18 months. At 4 weeks, pa...

Comment on "Sarcopenic obesity, weight loss, and mortality: the English Longitudinal Study of Aging".

Attribution of weight regain to emotional reasons amongst European adults with overweight and obesity who regained weight following a weight loss attempt.

Despite the wide availability of effective weight loss programmes, maintenance of weight loss remains challenging. Difficulties in emotion regulation are associated with binge eating and may represent one barrier to long-term intervention effectiveness in obesity. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between emotion regulation difficulties and the extent of weight regain in a sample of adults who had lost, and then regained, weight, and to examine the characteristics associated with e...

Therapeutic alliance in dietetic practice for weight loss: Insights from health coaching.

The psychological construct of 'therapeutic alliance' can be used to better understand the effectiveness of consultations, particularly goal setting for weight management. We analysed audio-recorded health coaching sessions during a weight loss trial to explore relationships between therapeutic alliance and various contextual factors.

Emotional food cravings predicts poor short-term weight loss following laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy.

Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) incidence has increased worldwide. However, a proportion of patients achieve inadequate weight loss and some experience weight regain. Little is known of the influence of eating beliefs and behaviours in response to cravings on early weight loss trajectory. This study aimed to identify the post-surgery eating cravings that predicted patients not achieving excess weight loss outcome (EWL) at 6-8 months post-LSG.

Effect of carbohydrate restriction-induced weight loss on aortic pulse wave velocity in overweight men and women.

Increased aortic stiffness, measured by carotid-to-femoral pulse wave velocity (PWV), is an independent predictor of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and past data have shown that low-fat and low-energy diets, fed for 8-24 wks lower PWV. The purpose of this study was to determine whether a reduction in PWV would be achieved by dietary carbohydrate (CHO) restriction, shown to bring about weight loss over a shorter timeframe. Men [n=10, age: 41.8 ± 3.2 y, BMI: 34.2 ± 1.0 kg/m2 (mean±SE)] and women (n=10, age: ...

Effect of intermittent versus continuous energy restriction on weight loss, maintenance and cardiometabolic risk: A randomized 1-year trial.

Long-term adherence to conventional weight-loss diets is limited while intermittent fasting has risen in popularity. We compared the effects of intermittent versus continuous energy restriction on weight loss, maintenance and cardiometabolic risk factors in adults with abdominal obesity and ≥1 additional component of metabolic syndrome.

Improved cognitive functioning in obese adolescents after a 30-week inpatient weight loss program.

Studies linked obesity with a large number of medical conditions including decreased cognitive functioning. The relation between BMI and cognition was proven in adults, but in adolescents the results are conflicting. Further, limited data are available on the impact of weight loss on cognition. This study analyzed the impact of a 30-week lasting weight loss program on cognition and determined the impact of changes in body composition and self-perceived fatigue on changes in cognition.

Weight loss decreases self-reported appetite and alters food preferences in overweight and obese adults: Observational data from the DiOGenes study.

People with obesity often struggle to maintain their weight loss after a weight loss period. Furthermore, the effect of weight loss on appetite and food preferences remains unclear. Hence this study investigated the effect of weight loss on subjective appetite and food preferences in healthy, overweight and obese volunteers. A subgroup of adult participants (n = 123) from the Diet Obesity and Genes (DiOGenes) study (subgroup A) was recruited from across six European countries. Participants lost ≥8% of...

Improving Weight Loss by Combination of Two Temporary Antiobesity Treatments.

It is generally accepted that the efficacy with an intragastric balloon decreases after the first 4 months of treatment. Aim of this study is to evaluate if the association of a very low-calorie ketogenic diet (VLCKD) can improve the results in terms of weight loss parameters and co-morbidities, as compared to usually prescribed low-calorie diet (LCD).

Features and Trajectories of Eating Behavior in Weight-Loss Maintenance: Results from the German Weight Control Registry.

Eating behaviors such as dietary restraint and disinhibition caused by emotional and external cues play a relevant role in weight-loss maintenance.

The use of a food logging app in the naturalistic setting fails to provide accurate measurements of nutrients and poses usability challenges.

MyFitnessPal is the most popular commercial nutrition weight loss app. The aim of this study was to assess how individuals in naturalistic settings performed when recording their dietary intake in MyFitnessPal, and their usability experiences with the app.

Weight loss thresholds to detect early hypernatremia in newborns.

The literature indicates a single universal cut-off point for weight loss after birth for the risk of hypernatremia, without considering other factors. The aim of this study was to construct and internally validate cut-off points for the percentage weight loss associated with the risk of hypernatremia, taking into account risk factors.

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