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Showing "Small Plant Based Nutrition Study Results Weight Loss" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 100,000+

Evaluation of meal replacements and a home food environment intervention for long-term weight loss: a randomized controlled trial.

Lifestyle change treatments for weight loss produce medically meaningful weight reductions, but lost weight is usually regained. Meal replacements (MRs) represent one avenue for improving long-term weight loss. Another, nutrition-focused approach involves having participants make specific changes in the energy density, composition, and structure of the foods in their personal food environments.

Flexible Eating Behavior Predicts Greater Weight Loss Following a Diet and Exercise Intervention in Older Women.

Eating behaviors (cognitive restraint, flexible and rigid restraint, disinhibition, hunger) have been associated with obesity and weight loss success in middle-aged individuals, but little is known about these relationships in older adults. This study examined relationships between eating behaviors and weight loss in overweight/obese older women (n = 61; 69 ± 3.6 years; body mass index = 31.1 ± 5.0 kg/m) completed a 6-month behavioral weight loss intervention. Baseline, postintervention,...

Early weight loss predicts weight loss treatment response regardless of binge-eating disorder status and pretreatment weight change.

Individuals seeking weight loss treatment have diverse pretreatment weight trajectories, and once enrolled, individuals' response to weight loss treatments also varies greatly and may be influenced by the presence of binge-eating disorder (BED). Reported average weight losses may obscure these considerable differences. This study examined whether BED status and different weight-related change variables are associated with successful weight loss treatment outcomes in a controlled treatment study.

Supervised Physical Training Improves Weight Loss After Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass Surgery: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Bariatric surgery results in significant weight loss and reduces cardiovascular morbidity. However, a large variation in postsurgery weight loss is seen. Physical activity promotes weight loss in nonsurgically treated subjects with obesity. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of 6 months of supervised physical training following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery (RYGB) on body weight and cardiovascular risk markers.

Successful weight loss initiation and maintenance among adolescents with overweight and obesity: does age matter?

Treatments for adolescents with overweight/obesity demonstrate mixed success, which may be due to a lack of consideration for developmental changes during this period. Potential developmental differences in weight loss motivations, weight maintenance behaviours and the role of parents in these efforts were examined in a sample of successful adolescent weight losers. Participants enrolled in the Adolescent Weight Control Registry (n = 49) self-reported demographic information and weight history, reasons ...

Personalised nutrition for weight loss in overweight patients.

Over the past several decades numerous trials have compared various diets for the management of overweight and obesity, assuming that one diet fits all. However, it is far more likely, that different people will have different levels of success on different diets. We have investigated fasting plasma glucose (and insulin) levels as well as the microbiota Prevotella/Bacteroides-ratio as prognostic markers of weight loss during periods of characterised dietary composition. Overall, these biomarkers hold great ...

Normo-Carbohydrate Nutrition: Results from a Pilot Study.

This study was a test of the feasibility of educating a convenience sample about normo-carbohydrate nutrition (NCN). From May 2015 and May 2016, 51 participants were enrolled in this intervention study about NCN. Participants were measured for chest, waist, abdomen, and hip circumferences, weight, and height at start and month 1, 2, and 3. After 1 month, there was a significant reduction in hip circumference, weight, and BMI with similar findings after 2 and 3 months. Significant reductions in chest, hips...

Efficacy of Web-Based Weight Loss Maintenance Programs: A Randomized Controlled Trial Comparing Standard Features Versus the Addition of Enhanced Personalized Feedback over 12 Months.

Few randomized controlled trials (RCT) have evaluated the efficacy of web-based programs targeting maintenance of lost weight. The aims of this study were to evaluate two versions of a commercially available web-based weight loss maintenance (WLM) program and examine whether the provision of enhanced feedback was associated with better WLM. The study was an assessor-blinded RCT of change in body mass index (BMI) over 12 months WLM. Participants were 227 adults (44% male, 42.3 ± 10.1 years, BMI 30.4 ± 4.1 ...

Cognitive and Self-regulatory Mechanisms of Obesity Study (COSMOS): Study protocol for a randomized controlled weight loss trial examining change in biomarkers, cognition, and self-regulation across two behavioral treatments.

Obesity is a global epidemic, yet successful interventions are rare. Up to 60% of people fail to achieve clinically meaningful, short-term weight loss (5-10% of start weight), whereas up to 72% are unsuccessful at achieving long-term weight loss (5-10% loss for ≥5years). Understanding how biological, cognitive, and self-regulatory factors work together to promote or to impede weight loss is clearly needed to optimize obesity treatment. This paper describes the methodology of the Cognitive and Self-regulat...

Mason performed the first gastric bypass (GBP) for obesity in 1967 after having observed substantial weight loss in patients operated for gastric ulcer.  The weight loss after GBP is 30 % and 2/3 of patients with type II diabetes can stop their medication. Half of the patients can stop medication for hypertension or hyperlipidemia, 75% are cured from reflux and obstructive sleep apnea. GBP prolongs survival especially among diabetics. Restriction and malabsorption is of minor importance for weight loss. Th...

The Association Between Weight Loss and Quality of Life 1 and 5 Years After Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass in Danish Bariatric Patients.

Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) is effective to achieve significant weight loss, as well as improvement of comorbidity and quality of life (QoL) in obese patients. Several studies have examined whether weight loss can predict the change in QoL after LRYGB but results vary and follow-up is short. The aim of this study was to examine the association between weight loss and change in QoL at 1- and 5-year follow-up after LRYGB.

Long-term Weight Maintenance after Successful Weight Loss: Motivational Factors, Support, Difficulties, and Success Factors.

The main aims of this study were to assess motivational factors for weight loss, and support and difficulties during the weight loss and weight maintenance phase.

Associations of recent weight loss with health care costs and utilization among older women.

The association of weight loss with health care costs among older women is uncertain. Our study aim was to examine the association of objectively measured weight change with subsequent total health care (THC) costs and other health care utilization among older women. Our study population included 2,083 women (mean age 80.2 years) enrolled in the Study of Osteoporotic Fractures and U.S. Medicare Fee for Service. Weight loss and gain were defined, respectively, as ≥5% decrease and ≥5% increase in body wei...

Exercise training and weight loss, not always a happy marriage: single blind exercise trials in females with diverse BMI.

Individuals show high variability in body weight responses to exercise training. Expectations and motivation towards effects of exercise on body weight might influence eating behaviour and could conceal regulatory mechanisms. We conducted two single-blind exercise trials (4 weeks (study 1) and 8 weeks (study 2)) with concealed objectives and exclusion of individuals with weight loss intention. Circuit exercise training programs (3 times a week (45-90 min), intensity 50-90% VO2peak, for 4 and 8 weeks) were c...

The impact of the interventionist-participant relationship on treatment adherence and weight loss.

Little is known about the impact of the relationship built between interventionists and their participants on weight loss. Our objective is to determine whether stronger early (i.e., 4 weeks) participant-interventionist bond is associated with significantly greater weight loss success and treatment adherence. Three hundred and ninety-eight participants received an online group behavioral weight control program over 18 months. Weight was measured objectively at baseline and at 6 and 18 months. At 4 weeks, pa...

Comment on "Sarcopenic obesity, weight loss, and mortality: the English Longitudinal Study of Aging".

Attribution of weight regain to emotional reasons amongst European adults with overweight and obesity who regained weight following a weight loss attempt.

Despite the wide availability of effective weight loss programmes, maintenance of weight loss remains challenging. Difficulties in emotion regulation are associated with binge eating and may represent one barrier to long-term intervention effectiveness in obesity. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between emotion regulation difficulties and the extent of weight regain in a sample of adults who had lost, and then regained, weight, and to examine the characteristics associated with e...

Therapeutic alliance in dietetic practice for weight loss: Insights from health coaching.

The psychological construct of 'therapeutic alliance' can be used to better understand the effectiveness of consultations, particularly goal setting for weight management. We analysed audio-recorded health coaching sessions during a weight loss trial to explore relationships between therapeutic alliance and various contextual factors.

Effect of carbohydrate restriction-induced weight loss on aortic pulse wave velocity in overweight men and women.

Increased aortic stiffness, measured by carotid-to-femoral pulse wave velocity (PWV), is an independent predictor of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and past data have shown that low-fat and low-energy diets, fed for 8-24 wks lower PWV. The purpose of this study was to determine whether a reduction in PWV would be achieved by dietary carbohydrate (CHO) restriction, shown to bring about weight loss over a shorter timeframe. Men [n=10, age: 41.8 ± 3.2 y, BMI: 34.2 ± 1.0 kg/m2 (mean±SE)] and women (n=10, age: ...

Emotional food cravings predicts poor short-term weight loss following laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy.

Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) incidence has increased worldwide. However, a proportion of patients achieve inadequate weight loss and some experience weight regain. Little is known of the influence of eating beliefs and behaviours in response to cravings on early weight loss trajectory. This study aimed to identify the post-surgery eating cravings that predicted patients not achieving excess weight loss outcome (EWL) at 6-8 months post-LSG.

Biochemical, Anthropometric and Lifestyle Factors Related with Weight Maintenance after Weight Loss Secondary to a Hypocaloric Mediterranean Diet.

The aim of our study was to evaluate the influence of lifestyle factors and molecular biomarkers on the maintenance of the weight lost after a hypocaloric Mediterranean diet.

Effect of intermittent versus continuous energy restriction on weight loss, maintenance and cardiometabolic risk: A randomized 1-year trial.

Long-term adherence to conventional weight-loss diets is limited while intermittent fasting has risen in popularity. We compared the effects of intermittent versus continuous energy restriction on weight loss, maintenance and cardiometabolic risk factors in adults with abdominal obesity and ≥1 additional component of metabolic syndrome.

Long-term dietary replacement of fishmeal and fish oil in diets for rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss): Effects on growth, whole body fatty acids and intestinal and hepatic gene expression.

The effects of replacing fishmeal and fish oil with a plant-based diet were studied in juvenile (10g) and ongrowing (250-350g) rainbow trout from first-feeding. Feed-related differences in the intestinal and hepatic transcriptome were examined in juveniles after 7 months of feeding at 7°C. Based on microarray results obtained for juveniles, the expression of selected genes related to lipid, cholesterol and energy metabolisms, was assessed by RT-qPCR in ongrowing trout after 6 additional months of feeding a...

Improved cognitive functioning in obese adolescents after a 30-week inpatient weight loss program.

Studies linked obesity with a large number of medical conditions including decreased cognitive functioning. The relation between BMI and cognition was proven in adults, but in adolescents the results are conflicting. Further, limited data are available on the impact of weight loss on cognition. This study analyzed the impact of a 30-week lasting weight loss program on cognition and determined the impact of changes in body composition and self-perceived fatigue on changes in cognition.

Dietary Management of Obesity: Cornerstones of Healthy Eating Patterns.

Several dietary patterns, both macronutrient and food based, can lead to weight loss. A key strategy for weight management that can be applied across dietary patterns is to reduce energy density. Clinical trials show that reducing energy density is effective for weight loss and weight loss maintenance. A variety of practical strategies and tools can help facilitate successful weight management by reducing energy density, providing portion control, and improving diet quality. The flexibility of energy densit...

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