PubMed Journals Articles About "Smith Nephew Demonstrates Reduction Onset Sacral Pressure Ulcers" RSS

19:40 EST 19th January 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Smith Nephew demonstrates reduction onset sacral pressure ulcers" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 14,000+

Use of Hydrocolloid Dressings in Preventing Pressure Ulcers in High-risk Patients: a Retrospective Cohort.

This work sought to evaluate the association between using preventive hydrocolloid dressings and the onset of pressure ulcers in hospitalized patients.

Osteomyelitis complicating sacral pressure ulcers: whether or not to treat with antibiotic therapy.

The treatment of osteomyelitis in patients with stage IV sacral pressure ulcers is controversial. We conducted a systematic literature review and did not find evidence of benefit of antibacterial therapy in this setting without concomitant surgical debridement and wound coverage. Furthermore, many patients with chronically exposed bone do not have evidence of osteomyelitis when biopsied, and MRI may not accurately distinguish osteomyelitis from bone remodeling. The goal of therapy should be local wound care...

Adult pressure area care: preventing pressure ulcers.

Pressure ulcers (PUs) are caused by tissue damage when the blood supply to an area of skin is diminished as a result of pressure. Although most pressure ulcers are preventable, all patients are at risk. Nurses have a central role in prevention and management of pressure areas. They should be able to assess patients' risk of developing PUs using evidence-based practice, recognised risk assessment tools and by completing a holistic assessment. Nurses must be able to identify the risk factors associated with d...

A Prospective Randomized Clinical Trial of a Novel, Noninvasive Perfusion Enhancement System for the Prevention of Hospital-Acquired Sacral Pressure Injuries.

The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of a novel, noninvasive perfusion enhancement system versus beds with integrated alternating pressure capabilities for the prevention of hospital-acquired sacral region (sacral, coccygeal, and ischium) pressure injuries in a high-risk, acute care patient population.

Organisation of health services for preventing and treating pressure ulcers.

Pressure ulcers, which are a localised injury to the skin, or underlying tissue, or both, occur when people are unable to reposition themselves to relieve pressure on bony prominences. Pressure ulcers are often difficult to heal, painful, expensive to manage and have a negative impact on quality of life. While individual patient safety and quality care stem largely from direct healthcare practitioner-patient interactions, each practitioner-patient wound-care contact may be constrained or enhanced by healthc...

The Modified Keystone Flap for Pressure Ulcers: A Novel Modification of the Keystone Flap With Rotation and Advancement.

The reconstruction of extensive soft tissue defects from pressure ulcers is a great challenge. Resurfacing such defects with like tissues and minimizing morbidities are important. Here we present our surgical experience using a novel modified keystone flap for pressure ulcer patients.

Dressings and topical agents for preventing pressure ulcers.

Pressure ulcers, localised injuries to the skin or underlying tissue, or both, occur when people cannot reposition themselves to relieve pressure on bony prominences. These wounds are difficult to heal, painful, expensive to manage and have a negative impact on quality of life. Prevention strategies include nutritional support and pressure redistribution. Dressing and topical agents aimed at prevention are also widely used, however, it remains unclear which, if any, are most effective. This is the first upd...

Sacral Soft Tissue Deformations When Using a Prophylactic Multilayer Dressing and Positioning System: MRI Studies.

The sacrum is the most common location of pressure injuries (PIs) in bedridden patients. The purpose of this study was to measure the effect of specific pressure preventive devices on sacral skeletal muscle, subcutaneous fat, and skin tissue deformations.

Patient-controlled Analgesia and Postoperative Pressure Ulcer: A Meta-analysis of Observational Studies.

Patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) has become a common practice after surgery, but research has shown that the use of PCA is also a significant risk factor for pressure ulcers. However, no meta-analysis or conclusive review has investigated whether patients using PCA have a significantly higher prevalence of pressure ulcers.

Prevention of heel pressure ulcers among adult patients in orthopaedic wards: an evidence-based implementation project.

Immobility and prolonged bed rest often lead to heel pressure ulcers in patients. A point prevalence audit undertaken in the orthopaedic wards of a Singapore tertiary hospital reported that 6 out of 30 patients who were audited had mild to blanching redness on their heels.

Evidence of metabolic imbalance and oxidative stress among patients suffering from pressure ulcers.

Pressure ulcers (PU) are serious medical problems that involve several factors. Recent studies suggest that oxidative stress along with chronic inflammation may cause and develop PU. However, the metabolic disturbances underlying PU are not totally known. The purpose of this study is to evaluate biochemical oxidative stress markers in Tunisian patients suffering of PU.

Stage IV Perineal Pressure Ulcers in Immobile Patients Treated With Surgical Flap Closure Augmented With Cryopreserved Placental Membrane Containing Viable Cells.

Surgical closure of late-stage pressure ulcers (PUs) poses challenges in the immobilized population due to the high rate of complications, including infection, dehiscence, and recurrence. Muscle flap closure is the standard treatment for chronic, late-stage (stage 4) PUs, characterized by the European Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel and National Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel as full-thickness tissue loss with exposure of bone, tendon, or muscle.

Use of dermal gel pads in preventing and managing pressure ulcers in ICU: an audit.

Most of the pressure ulcers (PUs) that developed in the intensive care unit (ICU) of an acute trust were medical-device related. While use of a dermal pad was recommended as part of its pressure ulcer prevention strategy, staff were concerned that it tended to tear or split while in use. An alternative gel pad (Dermisplus® Prevent, Frontier Medical), that was cost-effective and appeared to be more robust, was identified. A 4-week non-comparative audit involving 37 patients was therefore undertaken to inves...

Impact of a health care quality improvement intervention to prevent pressure ulcers in a Pediatric Intensive Care Unit.

Among children hospitalized in the intensive care unit who have pressure ulcers (PUs), more than 50% are related to the sustained pressure from a device or equipment. PUs are an indirect indicator of the quality of health care. Objective. To assess the impact of a health care quality improvement intervention on the development of PUs at the pediatric intensive care unit. Materials and methods. Uncontrolled, before and after study. Pre-intervention: measurement of PUs; post-intervention: implementation of a ...

A Descriptive, Cross-sectional Study to Assess Pressure Ulcer Knowledge and Pressure Ulcer Prevention Attitudes of Nurses in a Tertiary Health Institution in Nigeria.

Globally, higher-than-expected pressure ulcer rates generally are considered a quality-of-care indicator. Nigeria currently has no national guidelines for pressure ulcer risk assessment, prevention, and treatment. A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the pressure ulcer knowledge and the attitude of nurses regarding pressure ulcer prevention in a tertiary health institution in Nigeria. During a period of 2 months, nurses were recruited to complete a 25-item paper/pencil survey that inc...

Wound, pressure ulcer and burn guidelines - 2: Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of pressure ulcers, second edition.

Extracorporeal shock wave therapy for the healing and management of venous leg ulcers.

Leg ulcers are chronic wounds of the lower leg, caused by poor blood flow, that can take a long time to heal. The pooling of blood in the veins can damage the skin and surrounding tissues, causing an ulcer to form. Venous leg ulcers are associated with impaired quality of life, reduced mobility, pain, stress and loss of dignity. The standard treatment for venous leg ulcers is compression bandages or stockings. Shock wave therapy may aid the healing of these wounds through the promotion of angiogenesis (the ...

The microbiome of Crohn's disease aphthous ulcers.

Reduced intestinal microbial diversity and bacterial imbalance (dysbiosis) are seen in studies of Crohn's disease. As it is difficult to obtain biopsy samples before disease presentation, the earliest mucosal lesions in Crohn's disease, aphthous ulcers, present the best chance at assessing microbial communities at the onset of disease or a new flare. The aim of our study was to compare the microbial communities of aphthous ulcers and adjacent normal mucosa from patients with Crohn's disease with normal muco...

Support surfaces for the treatment and prevention of pressure ulcers: a systematic literature review.

Changes in technology have resulted in a lack of clarity regarding the comparative effectiveness between active and reactive support surfaces in the prevention and treatment of pressure ulcers (PUs). The purpose of this literature review was to evaluate the comparative effectiveness of active and reactive mattresses for prevention and treatment of PUs.

Novel insole design for diabetic foot ulcer management.

Around the world, over 400 million people suffer from diabetes. In a chronic diabetic condition, the skin underneath the foot often becomes extremely soft and brittle, resulting in the development of foot ulcers. In literature, a plethora of footwear designs have been developed to reduce the induced stresses on a diabetic foot and to consequently prevent the incidences of foot ulcers. However, to date, no insole design exists which can handle post-ulcer diabetic foot conditions without hindering the mobil...

Open Reduction and Internal Fixation of the Femoral Head via the Smith-Petersen Approach.

Pipkin described femoral head fractures in the 1950s, but controversy still exists regarding indications for surgery and approaches for operative treatment of femoral head fractures. Clear indications for operative intervention include inability to reduce the hip with closed methods, a nonconcentric reduction, fracture fragments within the articulating surface of the hip, and associated injuries (acetabulum and femoral neck fractures) with their own indications for surgery. The anterior approach described b...

DRG revenues and costs of multimorbid patients in the German DRG system - Analysis of the surgical treatment of chronic wounds at a university hospital based on the example of pressure ulcers.

The treatment of complex patients with chronic wounds, such as pressure ulcers, is often not adequately reimbursed in patients with need for daily intensive care due to multimorbidity and chronic co-diagnoses. The present study analyses revenues, principle cost factors as well as possible complications.

Pressure pain thresholds: Subject factors and the meaning of peak pressures.

The assessment of pressure pain has become an integral part in pain research. The distribution of pressure under a plunger can be uneven. However, measurements based on conventional devices show the applied force or mean pressure, failing to take local pressure peaks into account. Our main question was whether peak pressures under the probe are responsible for pain onset.

Repair of pressure ulcers in ischial tuberosity of 15 patients by partially de-epithelialized posterior femoral bilobed flaps.

Fifteen patients with sinus-type pressure ulcer in ischial tuberosity were admitted to our unit from April 2013 to April 2017, including 12 patients of unilateral pressure ulcer and 3 patients of bilateral pressure ulcer. The wounds were with infection of different degrees. The outer wound area of pressure ulcer before debridement ranged from 1.5 cm×1.0 cm to 6.0 cm×5.0 cm. Fifteen patients with 15 pressure ulcers were treated with vacuum sealing drainage for 3 to 13 days after debridement and sinus wall ...

Treatment of partial-thickness burns with a tulle-gras dressing and a hydrophilic polyurethane membrane: a comparative study.

The purpose of this revisited study was to compare the clinical efficacy and long-term scar evaluation of a hydrophilic polyurethane membrane (HPM), Omiderm (Omikron Scientific Ltd., Rehovot, Israel) and an antimicrobial tulle-gras dressing (TGD), Bactigras (Smith & Nephew) in the management of partial-thickness burns.

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