PubMed Journals Articles About "Spinal Stabilization Exercises In Individuals With Transtibial Amputatıon" RSS

15:57 EST 27th January 2020 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Spinal Stabilization Exercises Individuals With Transtibial Amputat" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 8,300+

Knee joint biomechanics in transtibial amputees in gait, cycling, and elliptical training.

Transtibial amputees may experience decreased quality of life due to increased risk of knee joint osteoarthritis (OA). No prior studies have compared knee joint biomechanics for the same group of transtibial amputees in gait, cycling, and elliptical training. Thus, the goal of this study was to identify preferred exercises for transtibial amputees in the context of reducing risk of knee OA. The hypotheses were: 1) knee biomechanics would differ due to participant status (amputee, control), exercise, and leg...

Decompression and Dynamic Transpedicular Stabilization Using Polyetheretherketone Rods and Pedicle Screws vs. Decompression Alone for Single-Level Spinal Canal Stenosis with Listhesis: A Retrospective Case-Control Study.

 Spinal stenosis is frequently caused by spondylolisthesis, and surgical treatment may be indicated. However, whether decompression alone or decompression with dynamic stabilization offers better surgical outcomes remains unclear. We compared the clinical and radiologic results of patients with single-level lumbar spinal stenosis and grade 1 spondylolisthesis undergoing microsurgical decompression alone or decompression with transpedicular dorsal dynamic stabilization.

Quantifying muscle coactivation in individuals with incomplete spinal cord injury using wavelets.

Individuals with incomplete spinal cord injury often have decreased gait function and coactivation of antagonistic muscle pairs. Common ways of quantifying coactivation using electromyographic signals do not consider frequency information in the signal. As electromyographic signals from different motor unit types have different frequency components and muscle fiber type can change in individuals with spinal cord injury, it may be beneficial to consider frequency components. The aims were to demonstrate the ...

Postural control and the influence of the extent of thigh support on dynamic sitting balance among individuals with thoracic spinal cord injury.

Unsupported sitting balance with reduced thigh support is necessary during several daily living activities among individuals with spinal cord injury. This study proposed to compare dynamic unsupported sitting postural control under reduced thigh support conditions in individuals with motor-complete thoracic spinal cord injury and able-bodied individuals.

PCL Transtibial Tunnel Reconstruction.

The keys to successful posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) reconstruction are to identify and treat all pathology, use strong graft material, accurately place tunnels in anatomic insertion sites, minimize graft bending, mechanical graft tensioning, secure graft fixation, and the appropriate postoperative rehabilitation program. Adherence to these technical principles results in successful single and double bundle arthroscopic transtibial tunnel PCL reconstruction based upon stress radiography, arthrometer, kn...

Trends in nonroutine physician visits and hospitalizations: findings among five cohorts from the Spinal Cord Injury Longitudinal Aging Study.

Longitudinal cohort study OBJECTIVE: To evaluate lifetime variation in healthcare utilization among individuals with a chronic spinal cord injury (SCI).

Cognitive function, quality of life, and aging: relationships in individuals with and without spinal cord injury.

: Correlations between aging, cognitive impairment and poor quality of life (QOL) have been observed for many patient populations.: The purpose of this study was to examine these correlations in individuals with and without spinal cord injury (SCI).: 23 individuals with complete SCI and 20 individuals without SCI ("NON") underwent assessment of cognitive function via the NIH Toolbox for Neurological and Behavioral Function. Participants self-rated QOL via global and symptom/domain-specific measures.: SCI ra...

Remarkable hand grip steadiness in individuals with complete spinal cord injury.

Although no damage occurs in the brains of individuals with spinal cord injury, structural and functional reorganization occurs in the sensorimotor cortex because of the deafferentation of afferent signal input from below the injury level. This brain reorganization that is specific to individuals with spinal cord injury is speculated to contribute to the improvement of the motor function of the remaining upper limbs. However, no study has investigated in detail the motor function above the injury level. To ...

Effects of Home Exercises on Shoulder Pain and Pathology in Chronic Spinal Cord Injury: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

The purpose of this study was to replicate findings that a home exercise program (HEP) intervention improved shoulder pain and function, and to assess changes in supraspinatus tendon pathology associated with the HEP in persons with chronic spinal cord injury (SCI).

Group-based, individualized exercises can provide perceived bodily changes and strengthen aspects of self in individuals with MS: a qualitative interview study.

: Group-based physiotherapy is effective for individuals with MS; nevertheless individualization within groups is questioned and little is known regarding individuals´ experiences with individualization in small groups. : We aimed to explore the short- and long-term experiences of individuals with MS participating in a 6-week, group-based, individualized physiotherapy-intervention. : Within a randomized controlled trial (RCT), 25 in-depth interviews with a strategic sample of 13 people (9 women; age 25-79...

Hand and foot exercises for diabetic peripheral neuropathy: A randomized controlled trial.

Exercises for diabetic peripheral neuropathy remain controversial, especially with regard to recommended precautions and weightbearing exercises for individuals. We aimed to investigate the effect of 8 weeks of simple hand, finger, and foot exercises in patients with diabetic peripheral neuropathy. After randomization, exercise (n = 51) and control (n = 53) groups received usual care and diabetic foot care education; only the exercise group performed exercises. Primary outcomes, including activities of da...

Analysis of Outcomes Between Traditional Open Versus Mini-Open Approach in Surgical Treatment of Spinal Metastasis.

The treatment of spinal metastasis carries significant surgical morbidity, and decompression and stabilization is often necessary. Less invasive techniques may reduce risks and postoperative pain. This study describes the differences between a mini-open (MO) procedure compared to traditional open surgery (OS) for symptomatic spinal metastasis, and reports differences in outcome for similar patients undergoing each procedure.

A Novel Method to Prevent Terminal Appositional Overgrowth Following Pediatric Below Knee Amputations A Case Series and Review of the Literature.

The terminal overgrowth of the tibia following pediatric transtibial amputation is a common problem leading to pain, disability, and repeat surgical procedures. We present three patients who underwent transtibial amputation due to sarcoma of the lower extremity followed by compress osseointegration prosthesis fixation. The minimum follow-up was 1 year. The average age of patients was 10.8 years. There were no complications that required surgical revision. To date, there has been no evidence of terminal appo...

Ultrasonography of Gluteal and Fibularis Muscles During Exercises in Individuals With A History of Lateral Ankle Sprain.

Individuals with a history of lateral ankle sprains (LASs) have ankle and hip neuromuscular changes compared with those who do not have a history of LAS.

Individuals with spinal cord injury have greater odds of substance use disorders than non-sci comparisons.

Individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) are disproportionately affected by numerous physical and behavioral health disparities, but the literature lacks a clear understanding of the association between SCI and substance use disorders. Identifying such behavioral health disparities in persons with disabilities is an increasingly central focus for public health researchers and represents a critical first step for prevention.

Cerebellum-mediated trainability of eye and head movements for dynamic gazing.

To investigate whether gaze stabilization exercises (GSEs) improve eye and head movements and whether low-frequency cerebellar repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) inhibits GSE trainability.

A Web-Based Physical Activity Portal for Individuals Living With a Spinal Cord Injury: Qualitative Study.

The population with a spinal cord injury (SCI) largely remains inactive following discharge from rehabilitation despite evidence on the benefits of physical activity. These individuals need to develop skills to self-manage their condition in order to prevent secondary comorbidities and rehospitalization. A Web-based physical activity portal can address this need. Few Web-based interventions incorporate theoretical frameworks, behavior change techniques, and modes of delivery into their design.

Polyaxial pedicle screw dislocation during screw tightening for posterior spinal lumbar stabilization.

Ankle proprioception during gait in individuals with incomplete spinal cord injury.

Proprioception is known to be affected after a spinal cord injury (SCI). However, it is currently assessed during simple tasks that do not reflect activities of daily living. To better understand how proprioception affects movement, assessing it during a functional sensorimotor task such as walking is therefore of primary importance. Therefore, the objectives of this study were as follows: (a) measure the protocol reliability of a new robotic test in nondisabled controls; (b) evaluate the effect nonlesion-r...

Osteoporosis-related fractures after spinal cord injury: a retrospective study from Brazil.

Retrospective study OBJECTIVES: To describe the epidemiological and clinical profile in a retrospective chart review of individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) and osteoporosis-related fractures.

Intranasal Delivery of Mesenchymal Stem Cell Derived Exosomes Loaded with Phosphatase and Tensin Homolog siRNA Repairs Complete Spinal Cord Injury.

Individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) usually suffer from permanent neurological deficits, while spontaneous recovery and therapeutic efficacy are limited. Here, we demonstrate that when given intranasally, exosomes derived from mesenchymal stem cells (MSC-Exo) could pass the blood brain barrier, and migrate to the injured spinal cord area. Furthermore, MSC-Exo loaded with phosphatase and tensin homolog small interfering RNA (ExoPTEN) could attenuate the expression of PTEN in the injured spinal cord reg...

Anatomy of the human spinal cord arachnoid cisterns: applications for spinal cord surgery.

The goal in this study was to describe the overall organization of the spinal arachnoid mater and spinal subarachnoid space (SSAS) as well as its relationship with surrounding structures, in order to highlight spinal cord arachnoid cisterns.

Percutaneous balloon kyphoplasty and short instrumentation compared with traditional long instrumentation for thoracolumbar metastatic spinal cord compression.

Many cancer patients have thoracolumbar vertebral metastatic epidural spinal cord compression and affect life quality. Traditional surgical management involves early decompression with concomitant spine stabilization with long instrumentation. However, complications caused by massive blood loss and long operation time. This study aimed to compare the safety and efficacy of short posterior instrumentation with kyphoplasty and traditional method for thoracolumbar metastatic epidural spinal cord compression.

Stabilization of a Type B1.1 Injury in a Morbidly Obese Patient Using an Internal Fixator in a Minimally Invasive Technique: A Case Report.

In this case report, we present a novel stabilization technique of the pubic symphysis using an internal spinal fixator in a 78-year-old morbidly obese woman having a pelvic disruption type B1.1 (AO classification). We treated the disruption using an internal fixator to reduce the extent of the incision and soft-tissue damage.

Differences in Gluteal and Quadriceps Muscle Activation During Weight-Bearing Exercises Between Female Subjects With and Without Patellofemoral Pain.

Glaviano, NR and Saliba, S. Differences in gluteal and quadriceps muscle activation during weight-bearing exercises between female subjects with and without patellofemoral pain. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2019-Therapeutic exercises targeting gluteal and quadriceps muscles have been previously investigated; however, these studies have only been conducted on healthy individuals. Female subjects with patellofemoral pain (PFP) present with weakness in their gluteal and quadriceps muscles and commonly p...

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