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20:22 EDT 21st March 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Stepping Stones Group" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 11,000+

Effectiveness of the Stepping Stones Triple P Group Parenting Program as an Additional Intervention in the Treatment of Autism Spectrum Disorders: Effects on Parenting Variables.

Parents of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) often are faced with the challenges of difficult parenting situations. We explored the effectiveness of the Stepping Stones Triple P (SSTP) group parent training as an additional intervention in the treatment of ASD. Parents (n = 23) went through a waiting period and participated afterwards in the training program. We assessed parenting variables via self-report measures. After the intervention, there was a significant reduction of over-reactive p...

Effect of complex landscape geometry on the invasive species spread: invasion with stepping stones.

Spatial proliferation of invasive species often causes serious damage to agriculture, ecology and environment. Evaluation of the extent of the area potentially invadable by an alien species is an important problem. Landscape features that reduces dispersal space to narrow corridors can make some areas inaccessible to the invading species. On the other hand, the existence of stepping stones - small areas or 'patches' with better environmental conditions - is known to assist species spread. How an interplay b...

Analysis and classification of kidney stones based on Raman spectroscopy.

The number of patients with kidney stones worldwide is increasing, and it is particularly important to facilitate accurate diagnosis methods. Accurate analysis of the type of kidney stones plays a crucial role in the patient's follow-up treatment. This study used microscopic Raman spectroscopy to analyze and classify the different mineral components present in kidney stones. There were several Raman changes observed for the different types of kidney stones and the four types were oxalates, phosphates, purin...

Single-operator cholangioscopy for the treatment of concomitant gallbladder stones and secondary common bile duct stones.

To assess the clinical validity and safety of single-operator cholangioscopy system (SOCS) for the treatment of concomitant gallbladder stones and secondary common bile duct (CBD) stones.

Identification of new urinary risk markers for urinary stones using a logistic model and multinomial logit model.

Risk assessment for urinary stones has been mainly based on urinary biochemistry. We attempted to identify the risk factors for urinary stones by statistically analyzing urinary biochemical and inflammation-related factors.

Post-endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography pancreatitis in patients with asymptomatic common bile duct stones.

For asymptomatic common bile duct (CBD) stones, removal by endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is recommended in available guidelines. However, few studies have reported the risk of post-ERCP pancreatitis (PEP), which is the most common and serious ERCP-related complication for asymptomatic CBD stones. We performed a propensity-score-matching analysis to examine the risk of PEP in therapeutic ERCP for asymptomatic CBD stones.

In Vivo Analysis of Urinary Stones With Dual-Energy Computed Tomography.

Formation mechanisms and treatment of the urinary stones are different, depending on their chemical structure. Therefore, determining the stone type plays a key role in planning treatment and preventive measures. Computed tomography (CT), with the use of dual-energy technology in recent years, has made it possible to do in vivo analysis of urinary stones. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the diagnostic efficacy of dual-energy CT (DECT) and compare its results with in vitro analysis, which is accepted as ...

Bidirectional association between gallstones and renal stones: Two longitudinal follow-up studies using a national sample cohort.

The present study evaluated the associations between gallstones and renal stones using a national sample cohort of the Korean population. The Korean National Health Insurance Service-National Sample Cohort was collected from 2002 to 2013. We designed two different longitudinal follow-up studies. In study I, we extracted gallstone patients (n = 20,711) and 1:4-matched control I subjects (n = 82,844) and analyzed the occurrence of renal stones. In study II, we extracted renal stone patients (n = 2...

Hyponatremia and the risk of kidney stones: A matched case-control study in a large U.S. health system.

Kidney stones impose a large and increasing public health burden. Previous studies showed that hyponatremia is associated with an increased risk of osteoporosis and bone fractures, which are also known to be associated with kidney stones. However, the relation between hyponatremia and kidney stones is not known. To assess the relation between hyponatremia and kidney stones, we designed a matched case-control study by using the electronic health records of the MedStar Health system with more than 3.4 million...

Age-related strength loss affects non-stepping balance recovery.

Aging is associated with a higher risk of falls, and an impaired ability to recover balance after a postural perturbation is an important contributing factor. In turn, this impaired recovery ability likely stems from age-related decrements in lower limb strength. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of age-related strength loss on non-stepping balance recovery capability after a perturbation while standing, without constraining movements to the ankle as in prior reports. Two experiments ...

Direct peroral cholangioscopy in the management of difficult biliary stones: a new tool to confirm common bile duct clearance. Results of a preliminary study.

Endoscopic sphincterotomy (ES) with stone extraction is the standard treatment for choledocholithiasis. After stone retrieval, balloon-occluded cholangiography is generally performed to confirm bile duct clearance but can miss residual stones particularly in patients with residual small-sized stones, a large bile duct or pneumobilia. In addition, difficult common bile duct (CBD) stones requiring advanced endoscopic techniques for retrieval are a potential risk factor for choledocholithiasis recurrence.

Task constraints and stepping movement of fast-pitch softball hitting.

This study aims to clarify the relationship between task constraints and the preparatory movement of fast-pitch softball batters in Japan for three different competition categories, namely high school, college, and league. As task constraints, we focused on the temporal and tool constraints and evaluated preparatory movements using initiation time and step duration of the stepping movement in a striking action. First, we confirmed the temporal constraints in each category and then examined the relationship ...

Designing a diagnostic kit for Oxalyl CoA Decarboxylase enzyme by ELISA method.

Urinary stones are the third most commonly reported urinary tract disease. Kidney stones are one of the most common types of urinary stones that most of them (70-80%) are calcium oxalate. Oxalic acid is highly oxidized organic compounds, which found in dietary and produced by the intestinal microflora. Oxalyl CoA decarboxylase is a key enzyme and plays an important role in oxalate degradation. In this study, the Oxalyl CoA decarboxylase gene which contains an -histidine tag was cloned in pET 28a (+) and exp...

Intraoperative cholangiography versus magnetic resonance cholangiography in patients with mild acute biliary pancreatitis: A prospective study in a second-level hospital.

Cholecystectomy is the only definitive management of pancreatitis secondary to gallstone disease. Approximately 20% to 30% of patients with acute biliary pancreatitis (ABP) will have persistent common bile duct (CBD) stones. Therefore, choosing a method for the early diagnosis of choledocholithiasis is essential to reduce waiting days for surgery and hospital stay in these patients.The aim of this study was to compare the use of magnetic resonance cholangiography (MRC) and intraoperative cholangiography (IO...

Current insights into the mechanisms and management of infection stones.

Infection stones are complex aggregates of crystals amalgamated in an organic matrix that are strictly associated with urinary tract infections. The management of patients who form infection stones is challenging owing to the complexity of the calculi and high recurrence rates. The formation of infection stones is a multifactorial process that can be driven by urine chemistry, the urine microenvironment, the presence of modulator substances in urine, associations with bacteria, and the development of biofil...

Percutaneous Transcholecystic Removal of Common Bile Duct Stones: Case Series in 114 Patients.

Purpose To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of percutaneous transcholecystic removal of common bile duct (CBD) stones in 114 patients. Materials and Methods This retrospective study was approved by the institutional review board. From September 2011 through February 2017, 114 consecutive patients (68 men, 46 women; mean age, 73 years) underwent percutaneous transcholecystic removal of CBD stones. All patients had acute cholangitis or cholecystitis. Stones were extracted through a 12-F sheath by using a...


Purpose To investigate the factors which predict success and complication rates of semi-rigid ureterorenoscopy (URS) in pediatric population. Material-Methods This is a retrospective analysis of the database including 182 patients who underwent URS between 2001 and 2016. The possible factors which might affect the outcome were age, gender, stone laterality, largest stone size, number of stones, stone location, orifice dilatation status and caliber of ureterorenoscope. Results The mean age was 68.1 (7-204) m...

Predictors of Uric Acid Stones: Mean Stone Density, Stone Heterogeneity Index, and Variation Coefficient of Stone Density by Single-Energy Non-Contrast Computed Tomography and Urinary pH.

We analyzed the capacities of pertinent parameters (determined by single-energy non-contrast computed tomography [NCCT]) and urinary pH to predict uric acid stones. We reviewed the medical records of 501 patients whose stones were removed surgically or passed spontaneously between December 2014 and April 2016. Qualifying participants ( = 420) were stratified by the nature of the stone (calcium oxalate, uric acid, or infectious). Based on NCCT, we determined maximal stone length (MSL), mean stone density (MS...

Hip-Muscle Activity in Men and Women During Resisted Side Stepping With Different Band Positions.

Weakness or decreased activation of the hip abductors and external rotators has been associated with lower extremity injury, especially in females. Resisted side stepping is commonly used to address hip weakness. Whereas multiple variations of this exercise are used clinically, few data exist regarding which variations to select.

Associations of Device-Measured Sitting, Standing, and Stepping Time with Informal Face-to-Face Interactions at Work.

This cross-sectional study examined the interrelationships between workplace movement (sitting, standing, and stepping), availability of discussion space, and face-to-face (FTF) interactions between workers.

Bench stepping with incremental heights improves muscle volume, strength and functional performance in older women.

Task-specific exercises such as bench stepping can improve functional ability and reduce falling incidents in older adults. However, such exercises are often not optimized to improve muscle volume and force-velocity characteristics. This study determined the effects of a 12-week stepping program using incremental step heights (STEEP), on muscle volume, strength, power, functional ability and balance performance in older women.

Biochemical composition of salivary stones in relation to stone- and patient-related factors.

Salivary stones are calcified structures most often found in the main duct of the submandibular or parotid salivary gland. They contain of a core surrounded by laminated layers of organic and inorganic material.

Radiographic distribution of ureteral stones in 78 cats.

To document the distribution of ureteral stones in cats.

Outcomes of Elective Ureteroscopy for Ureteric Stones in Patients with Prior Urosepsis and Emergency Drainage: Prospective Study over 5 yr from a Tertiary Endourology Centre.

Elective treatment of ureteric stones is needed after emergency drainage of urosepsis.

Protective stepping in multiple sclerosis: Impacts of a single session of in-place perturbation practice.

To evaluate the impact of a single day of protective stepping practice in individuals with Multiple Sclerosis (MS).

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