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Strong Patent Protections Give Inventors Certainty That Their PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Strong Patent Protections Give Inventors Certainty That Their articles that have been published worldwide.
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In all but eight states, Medicare supplemental coverage (or Medigap) plans may deny coverage or charge higher premiums on the basis of preexisting health conditions. This may particularly affect chronically ill or high-need Medicare Advantage enrollees who switch to traditional Medicare and subsequently discover that they are unable to purchase affordable Medigap coverage. We found that in states with no Medigap consumer protections, high-need Medicare Advantage enrollees had a 16.9-percentage-point higher ...
To clarify how the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) concept of certainty of evidence applies to certainty ratings of test accuracy.
Recently, a range of organisations, including car and consumer electronics manufacturers, have applied so-called patent pledges. A patent pledge is a publicly announced intervention by patent-owning entities ('pledgers') to out-license active patents to the restricted or unrestricted public free from or bound to certain conditions for a reasonable or no monetary compensation. Despite growing research to better understand this phenomenon, the underlying terminology remains contradictory. We apply an inductiv...
Xanthone derivatives have been reported to possess a wide range of biological properties. In effort to search new effective antihypertensive compounds, we have synthesizednovel xanthone derivatives (xanthonoxypropanolamines) and got patent for these compounds (The Patent Office, Government of India, S. No.: 011-016308, Patent No.: 250538).
The International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes specifically forbids the use of strains deposited solely for patent purposes from serving as nomenclatural types. Despite this ruling there are a number of names at the rank of species where strains deposited solely for patent purposes have been designated as the nomenclatural type. In some cases there is only a single deposit where the strain is deposited solely for patent purposes or there are two or more deposits in culture collections, one (or more) ...
: LAG-3 is checkpoint inhibitor in cancer that coordinates the down regulation of the proliferation of antigen-specific lymphocytes. There is a great need to discover and develop new therapies focused on inhibiting the action of LAG-3 and consequently improving the immune response in the various types of cancer. : The patent literature reveals novel therapies, which provide information on cancer therapies. The authors used the patent databases of the six main patent offices of the world: United States Paten...
Patent application trends were investigated for induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) technologies, particularly disease-specific cell technologies related to iPSCs, in the U.S., Japanese, and European applications during 2017. The number of patent applications for iPSC technologies was 1516 in the United States, 895 in Japan, and 420 in Europe, with 5% of applications for disease-specific cell technologies. In contrast, the percentages of patent applications for iPSC preparation and differentiation technolo...
Farmworkers contribute significantly to North Carolina's communities and economy; however, they incur significant occupational risks with limited workplace protections. Many barriers complicate their access to health care services. Recommendations include increased number of outreach workers, extended clinic hours, strengthening workplace protections, and inclusion of farmworkers in community needs assessments.
Increasing global emissions has led to research on the role of innovations play combating emissions. Mitigations from innovation perspective have mainly been focused on the role of patent, ignoring the role of trademarks. We therefore investigate the mitigating power of patent and trademarks in the OECD economies, benchmarking patent as the traditional mitigation strategy. Examining the complimentary role, we created an interaction term between patent and trademark. Our study divided the OECD economies into...
We conducted a retrospective study of 166 ventilator-dependent neonates born extremely preterm in whom patent ductus arteriosus was surgically ligated and evaluated the association of preoperative characteristics and time-to-successful postoperative extubation. Larger patent ductus arteriosus diameter ([>2.5 mm], adjusted hazard ratio 0.51, 95% CI 0.36-0.72) and left-ventricular dilatation (z score ≥2, adjusted hazard ratio 0.61, 95% CI 0.42-0.87) were associated with earlier extubation.
LAG-3 is checkpoint inhibitor in cancer that coordinates the down regulation of the proliferation of antigen-specific lymphocytes. There is a great need to discover and develop new therapies focused on inhibiting the action of LAG-3 and consequently improving the immune response in the various types of cancer. Authors of patent US2018271940 propose a method to eradicate cancer that utilizes the combination of LAG-3Ig and anti-PD-1 or anti-PD-L1 antibodies. Areas covered: Patent US2018271940 describes a meth...
The current treatment approach in patent ductus arteriosus suggests the identification of high-risk infants that may benefit the most from treatment. Small for gestational age infants are a high-risk population in which the treatment approach to the patent ductus arteriosus and outcomes have not been described.
We report a case of a 75-year-old woman with residual shunt of patent ductus arteriosus after initial surgical repair. She was successfully treated by thoracic aortic stent graft and residual shunt disappeared. Re-surgical repair for residual shunt of patent ductus arteriosus is very invasive and challenging procedure. Also endo-vascular repair using coil or an occluding device can be problematic because of anatomical change due to initial surgical repair. Thoracic aortic stent graft, as a re-intervention p...
To assess the efficacy of computed tomography (CT)-guided localization with the injection of a low dose of patent blue dye (PBD) for the thoracoscopic resection of pulmonary nodules.
We detect ongoing innovation in empirical data about human technological innovations. Ongoing technological innovation is a form of open-ended evolution, but it occurs in a nonbiological, cultural population that consists of actual technological innovations that exist in the real world. The change over time of this population of innovations seems to be quite open-ended. We take patented inventions as a proxy for technological innovations and mine public patent records for evidence of the ongoing emergence o...
There is inequitable distribution of health risks, exposures, resources and outcomes by ethnicity. This may be contributed to by health professional bias. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between ethnicity of patients, within written assessment case scenarios, and medical students' response correctness and certainty.
This review explores the recent divergence in international patent law relating to the patenting of genes and related subject matter. This divergence stems primarily from decisions of the highest courts in the United States and Australia on the eligibility of patent claims relating to the BRCA gene sequences. Patent offices, courts, and policy makers have struggled for many years to clearly articulate the bounds of patent claims on isolated and synthetic DNA and related products and processes, including met...
To date, a posterolateral thoracotomy approach is considered the gold standard for surgical closure of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), also in preterm neonates. However, a posterolateral thoracotomy approach can induce post-thoracotomy lung injury of the immature and vulnerable lungs of preterm neonates. Therefore, this study aims to compare a posterolateral thoracotomy and median sternotomy for surgical closure of patent ductus arteriosus in preterm neonates.
Patients and research participants have indicated that privacy of their genetic test results is an important concern, particularly with respect to insurance coverage. Internists and other physicians whose patients ask about legal protections for information generated by genome sequencing for clinical purposes can provide both reassurance and caution. Protections for medical information in general, as well as laws in some states that provide additional safeguards for genetic data, should reassure patients th...
The natural history and optimal management of a patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) among infants with established severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia (sBPD) remains uncertain.
To evaluate the effectiveness of drugs used to constrict patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in newborns
Zhixiong Capsule (ZXC), a traditional Chinese patent medicine, prevents atherosclerotic plaque formation in rabbit carotid artery and the related mechanism investigation based on network pharmacology and biological research.
Chinese patent medicine Zhixiong Capsule (ZXC) has been used in clinical treatment against blood stasis-induced dizziness and headache for many years in China.
Cardiac trauma often occurs in motor vehicle accidents. A 50-year-old female driver was transported to our hospital with multiple trauma after a high-speed car accident. After admission to the intensive care unit, cardiac ultrasound examination revealed traumatic tricuspid valve papillary muscle rupture and patent foramen ovale, while Lancisi's sign was noted on physical examination. Surgical treatment was performed with valve annuloplasty and closure of the patent foramen ovale and a covert right atrial de...