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PubMed Journals Articles About "Study With Two Different Doses Of Desmopressin Melt Tablet With Nocturnal Enuresis" RSS

19:09 EDT 19th August 2018 | BioPortfolio

Study With Two Different Doses Of Desmopressin Melt Tablet With Nocturnal Enuresis PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Study With Two Different Doses Of Desmopressin Melt Tablet With Nocturnal Enuresis articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Study With Different Doses Desmopressin Melt Tablet With" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 60,000+

Desmopressin in moderate hemophilia A patients: a treatment worth considering.

Desmopressin increases endogenous factor VIII levels in hemophilia A. Large inter-individual variation in the response to desmopressin is observed. Patients with a lower baseline factor VIII activity tend to show a reduced response. Therefore, desmopressin is less frequently used in moderate hemophilia A patients (baseline factor VIII activity 1-5 international units/deciliter), even though factor VIII levels may rise substantially in some of them. We aim to describe the response to desmopressin in moderate...


From 'fixed dose combinations' to 'a dynamic dose combiner': 3D printed bi-layer antihypertensive tablets.

There is an increased evidence for treating hypertension by a combination of two or more drugs. Increasing the number of daily intake of tablets has been reported to negatively affect the compliance by patients. Therefore, numerous fixed dose combinations (FDCs) have been introduced to the market. However, the inherent rigid nature of FDCs does not allow titration of the dose of each single component for individual patient needs. In this work, flexible dose combinations of two anti-hypertensive drugs in a s...

A mechanistic study on tablet ejection force and its sensitivity to lubrication for pharmaceutical powders.

Pharmaceutical powders can exhibit markedly different tablet ejection forces. The purpose of this study is to understand the factors leading to the variability of the tablet ejection force and its sensitivity to lubrication. The study showed that the tablet ejection force is mainly governed by 1) tablet diameter and thickness, 2) compact-die wall friction coefficient, and 3) residual die wall stress upon ejection; the latter was further controlled by the maximum compression pressure, as well as the degree o...


Treatment with sublingual desmopressin in two infants with hydranencephaly and central diabetes insipidus.

Central diabetes insipidus is a rare disease in children caused by a deficiency of vasopressin. Its main clinical manifestations are polyuria and polydipsia. Brain malformations are one of the main causes. Desmopressin is the synthetic drug of choice for the treatment. One of the routes of administration is sublingual and its use in infants is very limited. We describe two infants with central diabetes insipidus and hydranencephaly who were successfully treated with sublingual desmopressin.

Comparison of tadalafil pharmacokinetics after administration of a new orodispersible film versus a film-coated tablet.

An orodispersible film (ODF) of tadalafil may provide increased convenience for erectile dysfunction (ED) patients as compared to conventional tablet formulations. In this study, we aimed to compare the pharmacokinetic, safety, and tolerability profiles of a newly developed ODF formulation of tadalafil to those of a film-coated tablet (FCT) of tadalafil.

Population Pharmacokinetic-Pharmacodynamic Modeling of a Novel Methylphenidate Extended-Release Orally Disintegrating Tablet in Pediatric Patients With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder.

A methylphenidate (MPH) extended-release orally disintegrating tablet (MPH XR-ODT) formulation was recently approved for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder treatment in children 6 to 17 years of age. This analysis sought to develop a population pharmacokinetic (PK)/pharmacodynamic (PD) model to describe MPH XR-ODT PD-response data in a classroom study and use the model to simulate PD responses for a range of body weights and doses.

Selection of a round convex tablet shape that mitigates the risk of chipping and capping based on systematic evaluation by utilizing multivariate analysis.

Selecting a tablet shape that minimizes the risk of chipping and capping during manufacture is important in pharmaceutical industry. Here, the selection was performed based on systematic evaluation for the first time. Abrasion and stress relaxation time were utilized as indices of the occurrences of chipping and capping, respectively. Partial least square regression models that used tablet shape parameters to estimate the tablet's abrasion and stress relaxation time were utilized to develop response surface...

Controlled Release of 5-Fluorouracil from Alginate Beads Encapsulated in 3D Printed pH-Responsive Solid Dosage Forms.

Three-dimensional printing is being steadily deployed as manufacturing technology for the development of personalized pharmaceutical dosage forms. In the present study, we developed a hollow pH-responsive 3D printed tablet encapsulating drug loaded non-coated and chitosan-coated alginate beads for the targeted colonic delivery of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). A mixture of Eudragit® L100-55 and Eudragit® S100 was fabricated by means of hot-melt extrusion (HME) and the produced filaments were printed utilizing a f...

Effects of tablet formulation and subsequent film coating on the supersaturated dissolution behavior of amorphous solid dispersions.

The effects of tablet preparation and subsequent film coating with amorphous solid dispersion (ASD) particles that were composed of a drug with poor water solubility and hydrophilic polymers were investigated. ASD particles were prepared with a drug and vinylpyrrolidone-vinyl acetate copolymer (PVPVA) or polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) at a weight ratio of 1:1 or 1:2 using a melt extrusion technique. Tablets were prepared by conventional direct compression followed by pan coating. A mathematical model based on t...

Clinical Bioavailability of the Novel BACE1 Inhibitor Lanabecestat (AZD3293): Assessment of Tablet Formulations Versus an Oral Solution and the Impact of Gastric pH on Pharmacokinetics.

The relative bioavailability of lanabecestat administered as 2 tablet formulations versus an oral solution was investigated. This phase 1 single-center, open-label, randomized, 3-period crossover study involved healthy male and nonfertile female subjects aged 18-55 years (NCT02039180). Subjects received a single 50-mg lanabecestat dose as solution, tablet A, or tablet B on day 1 of each crossover period; 14 of 16 subjects completed the study. Relative bioavailability based on plasma lanabecestat AUC0-∞ (a...

Heat-stable sublingual oxytocin tablets as a potential needle-free approach for preventing postpartum hemorrhage in low-resource settings.

Postpartum hemorrhage is a major cause of mortality and morbidity related to childbirth in developing countries. The recommended treatment includes administration of oxytocin; however, oxytocin is a heat-labile protein, and it must be given as an intramuscular injection by skilled health care providers. To address these challenges, we developed a freeze-dried oxytocin fast-dissolving tablet (FDT) for sublingual (SL) needle-free administration. Using methods developed previously, we produced a robust FDT tha...

Pharmacokinetic Modelling to Predict FVIII:C Response to Desmopressin and Its Reproducibility in Nonsevere Haemophilia A Patients.

 Nonsevere haemophilia A (HA) patients can be treated with desmopressin. Response of factor VIII activity (FVIII:C) differs between patients and is difficult to predict.

Chiral separation of diastereomers of the cyclic nonapeptides vasopressin and desmopressin by uniform field ion mobility mass spectrometry.

In this study ion mobility-mass spectrometry (IM-MS) is used to distinguish chiral diastereomers of the nonapeptides desmopressin and vasopressin. The differences in gas phase cross sectional area (ca. 2%) were sufficient to directly resolve the enantiomers present in a binary mixture. Results from computational modeling indicate that chiral recognition by IM-MS for nonapeptides is possible due to their diastereomer-specific conformations adopted in the gas-phase, namely a compact ring-tail conformer specif...

A feasibility study on using tablet personal computers for self-reported symptom assessment in newly diagnosed lung cancer patients.

The study aimed to assess the feasibility and acceptability of an innovative tablet-assisted self-reported symptom assessment among newly diagnosed lung cancer patients.

Warming in the Arctic Captured by productivity variability at an Arctic Fjord over the past two centuries.

Arctic fjords feature among some of the most climate-sensitive regions on the planet. The site of this study-Kongsfjorden-is one such fjord in which sedimentation and sediment geochemistry reflect climate-mediated changes in glacial melt and marine primary productivity. Here, we have shown that the fjord is particularly sensitive to the changing melt dynamics of the surrounding glaciers which are a direct consequence of warming/cooling in the region and is reflected in the productivity at the fjord. Warming...

Physical origins of temperature continuity at an interface between a crystal and its melt.

We justify and discuss the physical origins for the assumption of temperature continuity at crystal/melt interfaces by performing atomistic simulations. We additionally answer why the crystal/melt interfaces differ from the typical solid/liquid interfaces, which usually exhibit dissimilarities and a resulting temperature drop. We present results for pure silver modeled using the embedded-atom method and Lennard-Jones potential function and contrast the results with each other. We find that the temperature c...

A High-Resolution Digital DNA Melting Platform for Robust Sequence Profiling and Enhanced Genotype Discrimination.

DNA melting analysis provides a rapid method for genotyping a target amplicon directly after PCR amplification. To transform melt genotyping into a broad-based profiling approach for heterogeneous samples, we previously proposed the integration of universal PCR and melt analysis with digital PCR. Here, we advanced this concept by developing a high-resolution digital melt platform with precise thermal control to accomplish reliable, high-throughput heat ramping of microfluidic chip digital PCR reactions. Usi...

Comparison of adherence to generic multi-tablet regimens versus brand multi-tablet and brand single-tablet regimens likely to incorporate generic antiretroviral drugs by breaking or not fixed-dose combinations in HIV-infected patients.

Adherence to antiretroviral (ARV) is crucial to achieve viral load suppression in HIV-infected patients. This study aimed to compare adherence to generic multi-tablet regimens (MTR) ver-sus brand MTR likely to incorporate ARV drugs without breaking fixed-dose combinations (FDC) and brand single-tablet regimens (STR) likely to incorporate generics by breaking the FDC. Patients aged of 18 years or over, exposed to one of the generic or the brand of lamivu-dine (3TC), zidovudine/lamivudine (AZT/TC), nevirapine...

Stabilization Mechanism of Roxithromycin Tablets under Gastric pH Conditions.

Macrolide antibiotics are widely used at clinical sites. Clarithromycin (CAM), a 14-membered macrolide antibiotic, was reported to gelate under acidic conditions. Gelation allows oral administration of acid-sensitive CAM without enteric coating by hindering the penetration of gastric fluid into CAM tablets. However, it is unknown whether this phenomenon occurs in other macrolide antibiotics. In this study, we examined the gelation ability of three widely used macrolide antibiotics, roxithromycin (RXM), eryt...

Design and optimization of gastro-floating sustained-release tablet of pregabalin: in vitro and in vivo evaluation.

Pregabalin is a promising drug for the treatment of neuropathic pain, a chronic disease affecting a large population needing long-term treatment. However, due to its short half-life, the commercial tablet has to be administered 2 to 3 times per day, with inconvenience for patient and fluctuations of plasma concentration. In this study, a gastro-floating drug delivery system of pregabalin was developed to prolong the gastric retention of drugs absorbed or act in stomach or upper gastrointestinal tract. First...

A Randomized, Double-Blind, Double-Dummy, Placebo-Controlled, Intranasal Human Abuse Potential Study of Oxycodone ARIR, a Novel, Immediate-Release, Abuse-Deterrent Formulation.

Prescription opioid abuse continues to be a public health concern. Oxycodone ARIR is an immediate-release (IR) oxycodone tablet composed of multiple overlapping barriers that deter manipulation of the tablet for non-oral abuse.

"It ain't what you do, it's the way that you do it": does obesity affect perceptual motor control ability of adults on the speed and accuracy of a discrete aiming task?

The ability to control speed and accuracy of goal directed aiming tasks underpins many activities of daily living. Recent evidence has begun to suggest that obesity can affect the control of movement. This study evaluated perceptual motor control of 183 normal weight, overweight, and obese participants using a discrete Fitts' task on a digital tablet. In addition, we manipulated tablet orientation to determine whether tablet orientation influences task difficulty with the view to increase the task's constra...

Polymorphic phase transitions in carbamazepine and 10,11-dihydrocarbamazepine.

Temperature-induced phase transitions in carbamazepine (CBZ) and 1,10-dihydrocarbamazepine (DHC) were studied by simultaneous differential scanning calorimetry - X-ray diffraction in this work. The transitions generally involve a transitional melt phase which is quickly followed by recrystallisation. The expansions of the unit cell as a function of temperature could be quantified and allow us to determine a directional order of stability in relation to the lattice constants. Dihydrocarbamazepine form II und...

The Effects of Fillers and Binders on the Accuracy of Tablet Subdivision.

The effects of excipients on the accuracy of tablet subdivision are severely underinvestigated. In this study, placebo tablets were prepared using a combined mixture design of fillers and binders to evaluate the effect of these excipients on subdivision accuracy. The responses assessed were mass loss, mass variation, tablet fragmentation, and increased friability. Dicalcium phosphate dihydrate (DCP) gave rise to more uniform and denser tablets than microcrystalline cellulose (MCC), thus resulting in greater...

Quantitative screening of the pharmaceutical ingredient for the rapid identification of substandard and falsified medicines using reflectance infrared spectroscopy.

The World Health Organization suggests that approximately 10% of medicines worldwide are either falsified or substandard with higher figures in low and middle income countries. Such poor quality medicines can seriously harm patients and pose a threat to the economy worldwide. This study investigates attenuated total reflectance-fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy as a simple and rapid method for determination of drug content in tablet dosage forms. Paracetamol was used as the model pharmaceut...


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