PubMed Journals Articles About "Study Of ASP1948, Targeting An Immune Modulatory Receptor, In Japanese Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors" RSS

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Study Of ASP1948, Targeting An Immune Modulatory Receptor, In Japanese Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Study Of ASP1948, Targeting An Immune Modulatory Receptor, In Japanese Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Study ASP1948 Targeting Immune Modulatory Receptor Japanese Patients" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 90,000+

An open-label, phase 1 study of androgen receptor antagonist, apalutamide in Japanese patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer.

Apalutamide, a nonsteroidal potent androgen receptor antagonist, was safe and effective in patients with non-metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (nmCRPC) and metastatic-CRPC (mCRPC) in global studies. In this phase 1 study, safety, pharmacokinetics (PK), and efficacy of apalutamide were evaluated in Japanese patients with mCRPC.

Japanese encephalitis-induced anti-N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor encephalitis: A hospital-based prospective study.

A hospital-based prospective study was performed to determine: 1) whether Japanese encephalitis (JE) normally triggers anti-N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) immunoglobulin G (IgG) synthesis, especially in monophasic JE patients; and 2) the incidence of JE-induced anti-NMDAR encephalitis in pediatric patients with JE.

Serum levels of stress hormones in Albanian patients with allergic rhinitis.

The integration of the immune and endocrine systems through a network of signaling molecules-including cytokines and hormones-produces a consequent modulatory effect on immune function. In this study we aimed to comparatively evaluate the serum concentrations of dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEA-S) and cortisol in patients with allergic rhinitis and healthy control subjects.

The modulatory role of dopamine receptors in brain neuroinflammation.

Neuroinflammation is a general pathological feature of central nervous system (CNS) diseases, primarily caused by activation of astrocytes and microglia, as well as the infiltration of peripheral immune cells. Inhibition of neuroinflammation is an important strategy in the treatment of brain disorders. Dopamine (DA) receptor, a significant G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR), is classified into two families: D1-like (D1 and D5) and D2-like (D2, D3 and D4) receptor families, according to their downstream signa...

Factors associated with prolonged overall survival in patients with postmenopausal estrogen receptor-positive advanced breast cancer using real-world data: a follow-up analysis of the JBCRG-C06 Safari study.

Assessing survival risk is important for discussing treatment options with estrogen receptor-positive (ER+) advanced breast cancer (ABC) patients. However, there are few reports from large-scale databases on the survival risk factors in ER+ ABC. The Safari study (UMIN000015168) was a retrospective, multicenter cohort study involving 1072 Japanese patients receiving fulvestrant 500 mg mostly as a second- or later-line endocrine therapy for ER+ ABC. The follow-up data after the Safari study were examined, fo...

Efficacy of trastuzumab emtansine in Japanese patients with previously treated HER2-positive locally advanced or metastatic gastric or gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma: A subgroup analysis of the GATSBY study.

The phase II/III GATSBY study (NCT01641939) showed that trastuzumab emtansine did not have an efficacy benefit over taxane in patients with previously treated, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive advanced or metastatic gastric or gastroesophageal junction cancer. We evaluated patients from Japanese centers within GATSBY.

Functional characterization of purinergic receptor P2Y in the Japanese flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus) head kidney macrophages.

Extracellular nucleotides and nucleotide sugars are important danger-associated signaling molecules that play critical roles in regulation of immune responses in mammals through activation of purinergic receptors located on the cell surface. However, the immunological role of extracellular UDP-glucose-activated P2Y receptor (P2YR) in fish still remains unknown. In this study, we identified and characterized a P2YR paralog in the Japanese flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus). The mRNA transcripts of P2YR are de...

Retinoic acid modulates IL-4, IL-10 and MCP-1 pathways in immune mediated hepatitis and interrupts CD4+ T cells infiltration.

Immune mediated liver injury includes activation of different immune pathways that requires various modalities to control their consequences. The current study involves evaluation of retinoic acid (RA) modulatory effects on immune responses induced in concanavalin A (ConA) model of acute hepatitis.

Immunomodulatory miRNAs in Cancer: Targeting of Immune Checkpoints and the Tumor Microenvironment.

Cancer immunotherapy represents a promising new era in cancer management due to the relatively high safety margins and selectivity, compared to the classical cancer chemotherapeutic agents. However, there is an imperative need to overcome tumor resistance in order to improve clinical outcomes and maximize the benefits of cancer immunotherapy. The interaction between the programmed death-1 (PD-1) receptor and its ligand PD-L1 is a vital immune checkpoint that is often adopted by cancer cells to undergo immun...

Gene network analysis reveals a core set of genes involved in the immune response of Japanese flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus) against Vibrio anguillarum infection.

Japanese flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus) is one of the most economically important marine fish cultured in north Asia. Vibrio anguillarum is a severe bacterial pathogen to Japanese flounder and many other aquaculture species. In order to understand the immune response of flounder during bacterial infection, we systematically examined the transcriptome profiles of flounder spleen at three time points after V. anguillarum challenge. More than one billion high quality reads were obtained, approximately 80.70...

Long-term efficacy and safety of eculizumab in Japanese patients with generalized myasthenia gravis: A subgroup analysis of the REGAIN open-label extension study.

The terminal complement inhibitor eculizumab was shown to improve myasthenia gravis-related symptoms in the 26-week, phase 3, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled REGAIN study (NCT01997229). In this 52-week sub-analysis of the open-label extension of REGAIN (NCT02301624), eculizumab's efficacy and safety were assessed in 11 Japanese and 88 Caucasian patients with anti-acetylcholine receptor antibody-positive refractory generalized myasthenia gravis. For patients who had received placebo during REGAI...

Real-world outcomes of rivaroxaban treatment in elderly Japanese patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation.

Direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs), such as rivaroxaban, reduce the risk of stroke and systemic embolism in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF). However, it is still unclear whether the stroke reduction benefit outweighs the bleeding risk in elderly Japanese patients with NVAF. The Xarelto Post-Authorization Safety and Effectiveness Study in Japanese Patients with Atrial Fibrillation (XAPASS) was a real-world, prospective observational, post-marketing surveillance study on the safety and ef...

Targeting PD-1 in cancer: Biological insights with a focus on breast cancer.

Programmed cell death-1 (PD-1) receptor and its ligands physiologically regulate the activity of the adaptive immune system to limit excessive inflammatory processes, thus preventing normal tissue damage. Tumor cells escape from the host immune surveillance using this pathway, rendering it relevant therapeutic target. Despite the relevant clinical efficacy observed in patients with solid and hematological malignancies, the clinical benefit of these novel treatments is limited to a relatively restricted numb...

Osimertinib for Japanese Patients with T790M-positive Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer: A Pooled Subgroup Analysis.

Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) are standard of care for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) harboring EGFR mutations. However, almost all patients develop resistance after approximately one year of treatment, with >50% of cases due to the T790M secondary mutation of the EGFR gene. A large global phase III study (AURA3) demonstrated that osimertinib significantly prolonged progression-free survival (PFS) over platinum-doublet chemotherapy in patients with T790M-posit...

Comparison of efficacy of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors and sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitors between Japanese and non-Japanese patients: a meta-analysis.

We explored efficacy of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors (DPP-4i) and sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitors (SGLT2i) between Japanese and non-Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, by conducting a systematic review and meta-analysis. A literature search of public databases before May 2017 identified 91 (DPP-4i) and 63 (SGLT2i) randomized placebo-controlled trials (>12-weeks treatment). Multi-variate meta-regression analysis identified baseline hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels and placebo respon...

The association between chemotherapy-induced febrile neutropenia and breast cancer subtype in Japanese patients.

Background Chemotherapy-induced febrile neutropenia is a common and potentially lethal side effect; therefore, predicting febrile neutropenia development is important. Objective This study examined the risk factors for febrile neutropenia development according to breast cancer subtype among Japanese patients receiving chemotherapy. Methods This single-center retrospective study evaluated 60 outpatients who received chemotherapy for breast cancer (epirubicin plus cyclophosphamide or docetaxel plus cyclophosp...

The magnitude of slowing gastric emptying by GLP-1 receptor agonists determines the amelioration of postprandial glucose excursion in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes.

Pharmacological levels of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) can decelerate gastric emptying (GE) and reduce postprandial glucose levels. Most previous studies have used liquid meals to evaluate GE. We evaluated the effects of GLP-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1 RAs) on GE and postprandial glucose excursion (PPGE) in Japanese type 2 diabetes (T2DM) patients using a combination of solid and liquid meals.

Immune senescence and immune activation in elderly colorectal cancer patients.

In our previous study, we found that low thymic output and short telomere length were associated with a higher risk of tumor in elderly cancer patients. Here, we aimed to examine in depth the impact of immunological and biological senescence and immune activation on disease outcome in elderly patients with colorectal cancer (CRC).Peripheral blood samples from 81 CRC patients were studied for immune activation, immune senescence and recent thymic emigrant(RTE) CD4 and CD8 cells by flow cytometry. T-cell rece...

Targeting the γ-aminobutyric acid type B (GABAB) receptor complex: Development of inhibitors targeting the K+ channel tetramerization domain (KCTD) containing proteins/GABAB receptor protein-protein interaction.

Targeting multi-protein receptor complexes, rather than receptors directly, is a promising concept in drug discovery. This is particularly relevant to the GABAB receptor complex, which plays a prominent role in many brain functions and diseases. Here, we provide the first studies targeting a key protein-protein interaction of the GABAB receptor complex; the interaction with KCTD proteins. By employing the µSPOT technology, we first defined the GABAB receptor binding epitope mediating the KCTD interaction. ...

Avelumab plus axitinib vs sunitinib for advanced renal cell carcinoma: Japanese subgroup analysis from JAVELIN Renal 101.

The phase 3 JAVELIN Renal 101 trial of avelumab + axitinib vs sunitinib in patients with treatment-naive advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC) demonstrated significantly improved progression-free survival (PFS) and higher objective response rate (ORR) with the combination vs sunitinib. Japanese patients enrolled in the study (N=67) were randomized to receive avelumab + axitinib (N=33) or sunitinib (N=34); 67% vs 59% had PD-L1+ tumors (≥1% of immune cells) and 6%/64%/27% vs 6%/82%/12% had IMDC favorable/inte...

A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study to Assess the Efficacy and Safety of Vortioxetine in Japanese Patients With Major Depressive Disorder.

The burden of major depressive disorder (MDD) in Japan is high. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the multimodal antidepressant vortioxetine in Japanese patients with MDD.

Impact of LDLR and PCSK9 pathogenic variants in Japanese heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia patients.

More than 4970 variants in the low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) gene and 350 variants in the proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin 9 (PCSK9) gene have been reported in familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) patients. However, the effects of these variants on FH pathophysiology have not been fully clarified. We aimed to update the LDLR and PCSK9 variants in Japanese heterozygous FH (HeFH) patients and annotate their clinical significance for the genetic diagnosis of HeFH.

The role of AhR in transcriptional regulation of immune cell development and function.

The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) is a ligand-activated transcriptional factor (TF) that is a member of the Per-Arnt-Sim family of proteins. AhR regulates diverse processes, including malignant transformation, hematopoietic cell development, and fate determination of immune cell lineages. Moreover, AhR forms a crucial link between innate and adaptive arms of the immune system. Malignant cells frequently evolve multiple mechanisms for suppressing tumor-specific responses, including the induction of suppres...

Severe colitis after PD-1 blockade with nivolumab in advanced melanoma patients: potential role of Th1-dominant immune response in immune-related adverse events: two case reports.

Nivolumab is an immune checkpoint inhibitor specific to the programmed death 1 (PD-1) receptor. Nivolumab has shown clinical responses in many malignancies. Although immune-related adverse events (irAEs) associated with nivolumab are largely tolerable, severe irAEs have occurred in some patients. However, the mechanisms underlying the development of irAEs are not fully clarified.

A prospective multicentre feasibility study of stereotactic body radiotherapy in Japanese patients with spinal metastases.

Stereotactic body radiotherapy has emerged as an attractive alternative to conventional radiotherapy for spinal metastases. However, it has limitations, including the need for advanced techniques and specific adverse effects. The present trial aimed to validate the feasibility and safety of stereotactic body radiotherapy in Japanese patients with spinal metastases.

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