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Study Of Angiocal® In Patients With Solid Tumors, Investigating Safety, Tolerability, Blood Concentration Of Study Drug PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Study Of Angiocal® In Patients With Solid Tumors, Investigating Safety, Tolerability, Blood Concentration Of Study Drug articles that have been published worldwide.
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MINT1526A is a monoclonal antibody that blocks the interaction of integrin alpha 5 beta 1 (α5β1) with its extracellular matrix ligands. This phase I study evaluated the safety and pharmacokinetics of MINT1526A with or without bevacizumab in patients with advanced solid tumors.
This phase 1/2 study (NCT01751308) evaluated cabazitaxel in pediatric patients. Phase 1 determined the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) in patients with recurrent/refractory solid tumors, including central nervous system (CNS) tumors. Phase 2 evaluated activity in pediatric recurrent high-grade glioma (HGG) or diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG).
In the current study, the authors sought to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of the novel class 1 selective histone deacetylase inhibitor CXD101 in a dose escalation study in patients with advanced solid tumors or recurrent/refractory lymphoma.
Scientists have identified a wide variety of challenges preventing the development of effective CAR T-cell therapies for solid tumors, but they are investigating just as many potential solutions. Progress has been slow, but many researchers remain optimistic that successful CAR T-cell therapies, either alone or in combination with other treatments, will eventually be developed.
The characteristics and management of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA) in patients with hematologic malignancies are well known, but IPA in patients with solid tumors is not well described.
Studies have reported that Zinc finger E-box binding homeobox 1 antisense 1 (ZEB1-AS1) is overexpressed in many malignant tumors. However, the sample size in those studies was limited, so the clinicopathological and prognostic value of ZEB1-AS1 in solid tumors remains undetermined, Accordingly, the aim of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the relationship between the expression of lncRNA ZEB1-AS1 and clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis in patients with solid tumors.
Introduction Based on preclinical cytotoxic synergy between tipifarnib and erlotinib, a phase I study of this combination was conducted in patients with advanced solid tumors to evaluate safety, tolerability, maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and preliminary evidence of efficacy. Methods Patient enrollment followed the traditional "3 + 3" dose escalation scheme, through 4 dose levels, ranging from tipifarnib 200 mg twice daily plus erlotinib 75 mg once daily to tipifarnib 300 mg twice daily plus erlotinib 150...
Tumors may evade immunosurveillance through upregulation of the indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase 1 (IDO1) enzyme. Epacadostat is a potent and highly selective IDO1 enzyme inhibitor. The open-label phase I/II ECHO-202/KEYNOTE-037 trial evaluated epacadostat plus pembrolizumab, a programmed death protein 1 inhibitor, in patients with advanced solid tumors. Phase I results on maximum tolerated dose, safety, tolerability, preliminary antitumor activity, and pharmacokinetics are reported.
Immune responses in tissues are constrained by the physiological properties of the tissue involved. Tissue-resident memory T cells (T cells) are a recently discovered lineage of T cells specialized for life and function within tissues. Emerging evidence has shown that T cells have a special role in the control of solid tumors. A high frequency of T cells in tumors correlates with favorable disease progression in patients with cancer, and studies of mice have shown that T cells are necessary for optimal immu...
Dose-escalation of epertinib (S-222611), a new potent oral EGFR/HER2 inhibitor, has established a recommended daily dose of 800 mg in patients with solid tumours. In this study, we have recruited a larger number of patients to assess further the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics (PKs) and antitumour activity.
This study assessed the prognostic value of pre-treatment neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in patients with metastatic solid tumors. Clinical and biological data for patients with metastatic solid tumors treated in an oncology outpatient department and prospectively followed by a call center (PROCHE program) between January 2008 and December 2011 were analyzed. All patients with an NLR value within 28 days before the first cycle of first-line of chemotherapy were included (cohort 1). To assess influence...
Craniospinal irradiation (CSI) is an important part of curative radiation therapy (RT) for many types of pediatric brain or solid tumors. After conventional CSI, long term survivors may experience sequelae due to unintended dose to normal tissue. Volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) CSI reduces off-target doses at the cost of greater complexity and error risk, and we describe our initial experience in a group of pediatric patients with solid tumors presenting with disseminated or recurrent disease.
As a treatment for solid tumors, dendritic cell (DC)-based immunotherapy has not been as effective as expected. Here, we review the reasons underlying the limitations of DC-based immunotherapy for solid tumors and ask what can be done to improve immune cell-based cancer therapies. Several reports show that, rather than a lack of immune induction, the limited efficacy of DC-based immunotherapy in cases of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) likely results from inhibition of immune responses by tumor-secreted TGF-β a...
Prognostication in cancer is challenging and inaccurate. C-Reactive Protein (CRP), a cheap and sensitive marker of inflammation may help. This study investigated the relationship between CRP and prognosis in a large cohort of solid tumors with mixed cancer diagnoses and stages.
In cancer immunotherapy, cytotoxic T or NK cells need to engage cancer cells to initiate the killing. However, in clinical studies and in mouse models, some solid tumors are found with no lymphocytes. It is likely that these tumors will be resistant to all sorts of immunotherapies. Thus, restoring lymphocytic infiltration will be vital to the success of immunotherapies on solid tumors. In order to understand the complex interaction between cancer cells and stromal cells, we propose to establish animal model...
Several recent studies have demonstrated that Stathmin 1expression may be closely associated with prognosis in patients with various types of cancers. In the present study, we conducted a meta-analysis of all available studies in the English literature to assess the prognostic value of Stathmin 1expression in patients with solid cancers.
While radioimmunotherapy (RIT) for the treatment of hematological malignancies such as indolent B-cell lymphoma has proven quite successful, clinical results of RIT in solid tumors have only been moderate in the past. The reasons were manifold and can be mostly attributed to the different biological properties of solid tumors vs. hematological cancers. Furthermore, the slow clearance of the radiolabelled antibody prevents the use of radiation doses necessary to achieve clinical responses. The long biologica...
Relapsed/refractory pediatric cancers show poor prognosis; however, their genomic patterns remain unknown. To investigate the genetic mechanisms of tumor relapse and therapy resistance, we characterized genomic alterations in diagnostic and relapsed lesions in patients with relapsed/refractory pediatric solid tumors using targeted deep sequencing.
Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) was shown to be prognostic in several solid malignancies. There are limited data about predictive/prognostic value of NLR during targeted therapy of patients with advanced gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST). The aim of this study was to asses a clinical value of this ratio in patients with advanced GIST.
Recently, several studies have reported that the long non-coding RNA cancer susceptibility 2 (CASC2) is downregulated in human solid tumors. However, as the sample size in those studies was limited, the role of CASC2 in cancer remains unknown. Accordingly, we conducted this meta-analysis to explore the role of CASC2 in solid tumors.
Although immune checkpoint inhibitors have shown significant survival benefits in the treatment of several cancers, optimal outcomes have been limited to certain subsets of patients. In a previous study, we found that the addition of metformin to nivolumab, an anti-programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) antibody, yielded substantial tumor regression in mouse models. Further analysis revealed that the number of tumor-infiltrating CD8 T cells had increased markedly. Based on this result, we have launched an i...
Objective This study was performed to explore the characteristics and outcomes of patients with sepsis accompanied by active cancer who were admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU). Methods The baseline characteristics, infection profiles, and outcomes of patients with sepsis were retrospectively analyzed according to the presence of concomitant active cancer. The association between concomitant active cancer and 28-day mortality was explored. Results Of 23,956 patients with sepsis, 1574 (6.6%) had concom...
The direct acting antivirals (DAAs) for treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection have sustained virologic response (SVR) rates of greater than 90% in most patients. However, data evaluating DAA use in transplant patients are limited. The goal of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of HCV treatment in this high-risk population.
Patients with advanced nonsquamous nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who experienced progression with two or more lines chemotherapy have no treatment options that clearly confer a survival benefit. As a novel vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 tyrosine kinase inhibitor, apatinib has a certain antitumor effect for various solid tumors. The present study evaluated the efficacy and safety of apatinib in advanced nonsquamous NSCLC as salvage treatment in Chinese real-world practice.
Hyaluronan is abundant in the extracellular matrix of many desmoplastic tumors and determines in large part the tumor biochemical and mechanical microenvironment. Additionally, it has been identified as one of the major physiological barriers to the effective delivery of drugs to solid tumors and its targeting with the use of pharmaceutical agents has shown to decompress tumor blood vessels, and thus improve tumor perfusion and efficacy of cytotoxic drugs. In this study, we investigated the contribution of ...