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Showing "Study Children Risk Disruptive Behavior Disorders" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 81,000+

Sleep disorders and behavioral disorders in Jamaican children with epilepsy: A case-control study.

Children with epilepsy (CWE) are more likely to have sleep and behavioral disorders. With differences in reports, the aim was to evaluate sleep and behavior in Jamaican CWE and determine any association with epilepsy-related variables. Children with epilepsy were identified along with age and gender-matched controls from the University Hospital of the West Indies and the Bustamante Hospital for Children. Written informed consent was obtained followed by the completion of questionnaires assessing sleep, beha...

Developing an individualized risk calculator for psychopathology among young people victimized during childhood: A population-representative cohort study.

Victimized children are at greater risk for psychopathology than non-victimized peers. However, not all victimized children develop psychiatric disorders, and accurately identifying which victimized children are at greatest risk for psychopathology is important to provide targeted interventions. This study sought to develop and internally validate individualized risk prediction models for psychopathology among victimized children.

Maternal environmental risk factors and the development of internalizing and externalizing problems in childhood: The complex role of genetic factors.

The development of problem behavior in children is associated with exposure to environmental factors, including the maternal environment. Both are influenced by genetic factors, which may also be correlated, that is, environmental risk and problem behavior in children might be influenced by partly the same genetic factors. In addition, environmental and genetic factors could interact with each other increasing the risk of problem behavior in children. To date, limited research investigated these mechanisms ...

Reappraisal is an effective emotion regulation strategy in children with Tourette syndrome and ADHD.

Difficulties in emotion regulation (ER) have been associated with several psychiatric disorders, emphasizing a need for a greater understanding of the concept and its associations with disruptive behavior. We aimed to study the ER strategy of cognitive reappraisal with an experimental test to increase our knowledge of emotional processes in child psychopathology.

Is Disruptive Behavior Inherent to the Surgeon or the Environment? Analysis of 314 Events at a Single Academic Medical Center.

In 2009, the Joint Commission mandated a process to manage disruptive behavior, as evidence suggests it undermines a culture of safety. This process often reviews only the reporter's side of the story as the truth. In this study, we compared both reporter account (RA) and involved party (IP) responses to determine if disruptive behavior was inherent to the surgeon or the hospital environment and its relationship to patient safety.

Atypical Cortical Activation During Risky Decision Making in Disruptive Behavior Disordered Youths With Histories of Suicidal Ideation.

Suicidality is a leading cause of death among adolescents. In addition to other psychiatric conditions, youths with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and disruptive behavior disorders (DBDs) are at heightened risk for suicide. Decision-making deficits are a hallmark symptom of ADHD and DBDs and are also implicated in suicidal behavior. We examined behavioral and neural differences in decision making among youths with ADHD and DBDs with (SI+) and without (SI-) histories of suicidal ideation.

Disruptive Behavior in Siblings Discordant for Exposure to Maternal Smoking during Pregnancy: a Multi-rater approach.

Maternal smoking during pregnancy (SDP) is associated with disruptive behavior. However, there is debate whether the SDP-disruptive behavior association is a potentially causal pathway or rather a spurious effect confounded by shared genetic and environmental factors.

The risk of overweight and obesity in children with autism spectrum disorders: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Multiple studies have suggested that autism spectrum disorders seem to increase the risk of overweight and obesity. We examined the pooled prevalence and relative risk of developing overweight or obesity among children with autism spectrum disorders in a systematic review and meta-analysis. We searched PubMed, Scopus, ProQuest, and Web of Science databases and subsequently screened the records to identify studies that reported prevalence of overweight and/or obesity in children with ASD and matched groups o...

Associations of Sitting Behavior Patterns With Cardiometabolic Risk in Children: The Sit Less for Health Cross-Sectional Study.

The objective of this study was to investigate the associations between sedentary behavior patterns and cardiometabolic risk in children using a monitor that accurately distinguishes between different postures.

Distinct associations between fronto-striatal glutamate concentrations and callous-unemotional traits and proactive aggression in disruptive behavior.

Disruptive behavior is associated with societally and personally problematic levels of aggression and has been linked to abnormal structure and function of fronto-amygdala-striatal regions. Abnormal glutamatergic signalling within this network may play a role in aggression. However, disruptive behavior does not represent a homogeneous construct, but can be fractionated across several dimensions. Of particular interest, callous-unemotional (CU) traits have been shown to modulate the severity, neural and beha...

Grazing in children: associations with child's characteristics and parental feeding practices.

Grazing is a problematic eating behavior linked with poor weight loss outcomes, disordered eating psychopathology, and psychological distress in the adult population. However, no study assessed this behavior in children. Childhood is an important time frame for the development and maintenance of healthy eating habits, which can be influenced by children's psychological state, eating habits, and parental practices. This study investigates the associations between grazing behavior in children and children's p...

Disruptive behaviors among nurses in Israel - association with listening, wellbeing and feeling as a victim: a cross-sectional study.

To examine the association between listening and disruptive behaviors and the association between disruptive behavior and the wellbeing of the nurse. To test whether constructive and destructive listening has an incremental validity.

The risk factors of development of behavior disorders in children of early age fostered in surrogate families.

The study established biological and social psychological risk factors of development of emotional and behavioral disorders, usually onsetting in childhood and adolescence (F90-98) in children of early age in a year of fostering in substitute families. The psychological examination of adoptive mothers was carried out using such methods as MINI-SMIL test, parent attitude to child test (A. Ya. Varga, V. V. Stolin), "Family Relationship Analysis" questionnaire, motivation of adopting child choice test. The sta...

Motor Disturbance in ASD: A Pilot Study Showing Hypokinetic Behavior?

Data supporting theoretical models linking autism spectrum disorders (ASD) to motor disturbance are inconclusive. In the present study, children and adolescents with ASD (n = 44) were compared with a matched group of typically developing individuals (n = 49) on both instrumental and observational assessments of motor abnormalities. No group differences were found in the instrumental data. However, more bradykinetic motor behavior was found using an observational scale in the ASD groups. More rigid m...

Impact of parent-child relationship and sex on trajectories of children internalizing symptoms.

Parenting and parental-child relationship may lead children to develop behavior disorders that can affect many aspects of their later life. This study aimed to examine the impact of parent-child relationship and sex on the development of internalizing symptoms in children.

Ghrelin and leptin levels in children with anxiety disorders.

Background Anxiety disorders are common psychiatric disorders in childhood and an important health problem that is associated with the risk of serious mental, educational and economical problems. Researchers have mentioned many different mechanisms in the etiopathology of anxiety disorders. This study aimed to investigate ghrelin and leptin levels in children with anxiety disorders and thus to contribute to the clarification of anxiety in children. Methods Forty-three children aged 6-12 years with a diagnos...

Visual attention in 7-year-old children at familial high risk of schizophrenia or bipolar disorder: The Danish high risk and resilience study VIA 7.

Attention deficits are found in children at familial high risk of schizophrenia (FHR-SZ) and bipolar disorder (FHR-BP) using assessment methods relying on motor-based response latency. This study compares visual attention functions in children at FHR-SZ or FHR-BP with controls using an unspeeded task unconfounded by motor components.

Are parental changes related to improvements in preschool children's disruptive behaviors?

To investigate whether changes in parenting after behavioral parent training in routine clinical care are associated with improvements in preschool children's disruptive behaviors.

Family Factors and Communicative Skills in Children with Autism Without Intellectual Disability.

The primary objective of this study was to identify the profiles of families of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) without intellectual disability (ID) based on several risk indicators: sociodemographic and emotional indicators, parental stress, confidant social support, and coping strategies. A second aim was to determine the differences in communicative skills between children of family subtypes empirically established according to the aforementioned risk factors. Participants were 52 Spanish mo...

Behavior Problems in Physically Ill Children in Rwanda.

Childhood behavior problems are underidentified in low- and middle-income countries. This study sought to systematically screen for behavior problems among children receiving medical care in Rwanda and investigate factors associated with behavior problems in this cohort.

Association between child abuse exposure and the risk of psychiatric disorders: A nationwide cohort study in Taiwan.

Child abuse affects children physiologically and psychologically, increasing the risk of future psychiatric disorders.

Investigating the factor structure of the child behavior checklist dysregulation profile in children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder.

Dysregulation has been identified as an important risk factor for the development of psychiatric disorders in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Therefore, it is necessary to empirically characterize dysregulation and identify psychometrically sound and readily available assessment methods in the ASD population. We sought to evaluate the factor structure of the Child Behavior Checklist-Dysregulation Profile (CBCL-DP), an established dysregulation measure in neurotypical children that is derive...

Sleep disorders in low-risk preschool very preterm children.

(i) to assess the presence of sleep disorders in a population of very preterm children (ie, with a gestational age [GA] ≤ 31 weeks) of preschool age with no history of neurological disabilities using a questionnaire standardized for this age group and (ii) to identify possible differences in a control group of term-born children.

Patterns of Objectively and Self-Reported Sedentary Behavior in Children and Adolescents Living With Human Immunodeficiency Virus: The PositHIVe Health Study.

Sedentary behavior (SB) has been shown to be associated with unhealthy outcomes in children, and it is not clear whether children living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) engage in different patterns of SB compared with healthy children. This cross-sectional study aimed to compare patterns of SB between children living with HIV and a healthy control group.

Quality of life and self-esteem in 7-year-old children with familial high risk of schizophrenia or bipolar disorder: the Danish High Risk and Resilience Study-VIA 7-a population-based cohort study.

It is well established that children with familial high risk of schizophrenia (FHR-SZ) or bipolar disorder (FHR-BP) have a higher risk of developing mental disorders, however, little is known of to what degree the genetic and environmental vulnerabilities affect the quality of life and self-esteem of these children. We aimed to compare the quality of life and self-esteem between children with FHR-SZ or FHR-BP and controls. We used Danish nationwide registers to retrieve a cohort of 522 7-year-old children w...

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