PubMed Journals Articles About "Study Of Genetic Factors Other Than CYP2C9 And VKORC1 That Influence Warfarin Dose Requirements In A South-east Asian Population" RSS

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Showing "Study Genetic Factors Other Than CYP2C9 VKORC1 That" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 72,000+

Effect of genetic and patient factors on warfarin pharmacodynamics following warfarin withdrawal: Implications for patients undergoing surgery.

Warfarin therapy is stopped for a fixed period prior to surgery to minimise risk of perioperative bleeding. However, anticoagulation subsides at varying rates among different patients. We evaluated the influence of genetic (CYP2C9 and VKORC1), patient and clinical factors on warfarin clearance and the decline in INR following warfarin withdrawal.

Metabolism of steroids by cytochrome P450 2C9 variants.

CYP2C9 is a human microsomal cytochrome P450c (CYP). Much variation in CYP2C9 levels and activity can be attributed to polymorphisms of this gene. Wild-type CYP2C9 and ten mutants were coexpressed with NADPH-cytochrome P450 reductase in Escherichia coli. The hydroxylase activities toward steroids were examined. CYP2C9.2, CYP2C9.3, CYP2C9.4, CYP2C9.16, CYP2C9.28, CYP2C9.48 and CYP2C9.52 had higher testosterone 6β-hydroxylation than CYP2C9.1. CYP2C9.4 showed higher progesterone 6β-hydroxylation activity tha...

Height, VKORC1 1173, and CYP2C9 Genotypes Determine Warfarin Dose for Pediatric Patients with Kawasaki Disease in Southwest China.

Long-term oral warfarin is recommended in pediatric Kawasaki disease patients with large coronary artery aneurysms; however, heterogeneity is considerable. This study aimed to determine variables affecting warfarin dosage in Kawasaki disease. The enrolled individuals (194 children) were divided into four groups: (1) Cases with severe coronary artery lesions (CAL) of IV to V degrees or thrombogenesis treated with oral warfarin were assigned to Group A; (2) Group B, CAL of I degrees; (3) Group C, CAL of II an...

Weight and the vitamin K expoxide reductase 1 genotype primarily contribute to the warfarin dosing in pediatric patients with Kawasaki disease.

Warfarin therapy is recommended in children with giant coronary artery aneurysms (GCAAs) after Kawasaki disease (KD). Large individual variability makes it difficult to predict the warfarin dose. Polymorphisms in the vitamin K expoxide reductase 1 (VKORC1) and cytochrome P4502C9 (CYP2C9) genes have been reported to influence the warfarin dose. We investigated the effects of the VKORC1 and CYP2C9 genotypes on the warfarin dose in pediatric patients with giant CAAs after KD. We attempted to create a dosing al...

CYP2C9 and OATP1B1 genetic polymorphisms affect the metabolism and transport of glimepiride and gliclazide.

The therapeutic use of glimepiride and gliclazide shows substantial inter-individual variation in pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics in human populations, which might be caused by genetic differences among individuals. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of CYP2C9 and OATP1B1 genetic polymorphisms on the metabolism and transport of glimepiride and gliclazide. The uptake of glimepiride and gliclazide was measured in OATP1B1*1a, *5 and *15-HEK293T cells, and their metabolism was measured using C...

Effect of Fluconazole Coadministration and CYP2C9 Genetic Polymorphism on Siponimod Pharmacokinetics in Healthy Subjects.

The aim of this study was to assess the pharmacokinetics (PK) and safety/tolerability of siponimod in healthy subjects when coadministered with (1) the moderate cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2C9 and CYP3A inhibitor fluconazole (Study A), and (2) with three different CYP2C9 genotype variants (Study B).

Risk Factors of Valproic Acid-Induced Hyperammonaemia in Chinese Paediatric Patients with Epilepsy.

The present study was aimed at identifying genetic and non-genetic risk factors for valproic acid (VPA)-induced hyperammonaemia in Chinese paediatric patients with epilepsy. A total of 210 epileptic patients, treated with VPA as monotherapy, were enrolled and classified into hyperammonaemia and control groups according to their blood ammonia level (cut-off value 50 μmol/L). Serum concentrations of VPA and its major metabolites were simultaneously determined by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-t...

Non-genetic and genetic risk factors for adult cerebral venous thrombosis.

A wide variety of non-genetic and genetic factors have been shown to associate with increased risk for cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT). However, there is a paucity of risk factor data and conclusions about their impact are often conflicting. Herein, we quantified the associations of non-genetic and genetic risk factors for CVT in adults.

Characterization of ADME genes variation in Roma and 20 populations worldwide.

The products of the polymorphic ADME genes are involved in Absorption, Distribution, Metabolism, and Excretion of drugs. The pharmacogenetic data have been studied extensively due to their clinical importance in the appropriate drug prescription, but such data from the isolated populations are rather scarce. We analyzed the distribution of 95 polymorphisms in 31 core ADME genes in 20 populations worldwide and in newly genotyped samples from the Roma (Gypsy) population living in Croatia. Global distribution ...

Whole exome sequencing in Finnish families identifies new candidate genes for osteoarthritis.

Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common degenerative joint disease and one of the major causes of disability worldwide. It is a multifactorial disorder with a significant genetic component. The heritability of OA has been estimated to be 60% for hip OA and 39% for knee OA. Genetic factors behind OA are still largely unknown. Studying families with strong history of OA, facilitates examining the co-segregation of genetic variation and OA. The aim of this study was to identify new, rare genetic factors and nov...

Ensemble of machine learning algorithms using the stacked generalization approach to estimate the warfarin dose.

Warfarin dosing remains challenging due to narrow therapeutic index and highly individual variability. Incorrect warfarin dosing is associated with devastating adverse events. Remarkable efforts have been made to develop the machine learning based warfarin dosing algorithms incorporating clinical factors and genetic variants such as polymorphisms in CYP2C9 and VKORC1. The most widely validated pharmacogenetic algorithm is the IWPC algorithm based on multivariate linear regression (MLR). However, with only a...

Undergraduate Student Perceptions and Awareness of Genetic Counseling.

Genetic counseling is a rapidly expanding field, and the supply of certified genetic counselors is currently unable to keep up with job demand. Research is fairly limited regarding the awareness and perceptions that prospective genetic counseling students have on the field and what factors most influence their interest. The current study includes data collected from 1389 undergraduate students in the sciences at 23 universities across the United States who were surveyed regarding information related to thei...

GWAS and systems biology analysis of depressive symptoms among smokers from the COPDGene cohort.

Large sample GWAS is needed to identify genetic factors associated with depression. This study used genome-wide genotypic and phenotypic data from the COPDGene study to identify genetic risk factors for depression.

A genome-wide association study identifies three novel genetic markers for response to tamoxifen: A prospective multicenter study.

Although association studies of genetic variations with the clinical outcomes of breast cancer patients treated with tamoxifen have been reported, genetic factors which could determine individual response to tamoxifen are not fully clarified. We performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) to identify novel genetic markers for response to tamoxifen.

Insights into molecular mechanisms of drug metabolism dysfunction of human CYP2C9*30.

Cytochrome P450 2C9 (CYP2C9) metabolizes about 15% of clinically administrated drugs. The allelic variant CYP2C9*30 (A477T) is associated to diminished response to the antihypertensive effects of the prodrug losartan and affected metabolism of other drugs. Here, we investigated molecular mechanisms involved in the functional consequences of this amino-acid substitution. Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations performed for the active species of the enzyme (heme in the Compound I state), in the apo or substrate-...

Cytochrome P450 1A1, 2C9, 2C19, and 3A4 polymorphisms account for inter-individual variability of toxicological drug metabolism in cynomolgus macaques.

Cytochromes P450 (P450s) and their genetic variants in humans are important drug-metabolizing enzymes partly accounted for inter-individual variations in drug metabolism and toxicity. However, these genetic variants in P450s have not been fully investigated in cynomolgus macaques, a non-human primate species widely used in toxicological studies. In this study, genetic variants found in cynomolgus CYP1A1, CYP2C9 (formerly CYP2C43), CYP2C19 (CYP2C75), and CYP3A4 (CYP3A8) were assessed on functional importance...

The developmental course of inattention symptoms predicts academic achievement due to shared genetic aetiology: a longitudinal twin study.

Symptoms of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, in particular inattention symptoms, are associated with academic achievement. However, whether and why the developmental course of inattention symptoms (i.e. systematic decreases or increases of symptoms with age) predicts academic achievement remains unclear. A total of 5634 twin pairs born in the UK were included in the current study. We used latent growth curve modelling to estimate the baseline level and the developmental course of inattention sympto...

Connecting links between genetic factors defining ovarian reserve and recurrent miscarriages.

Approximately 1-2% of the women faces three or more successive spontaneous miscarriages termed as recurrent miscarriage (RM). Many clinical factors have been attributed so far to be the potential risk factors in RM, including uterine anomalies, antiphospholipid syndrome, endocrinological abnormalities, chromosomal abnormalities, and infections. However, in spite of extensive studies, reviews, and array of causes known to be associated with RM, about 50% cases encountered by treating physicians remains unkno...

Prioritising Risk Factors for Type 2 Diabetes: Causal Inference through Genetic Approaches.

Causality has been demonstrated for few of the many putative risk factors for type 2 diabetes (T2D) emerging from observational epidemiology. Genetic approaches are increasingly being used to infer causality, and in this review, we discuss how genetic discoveries have shaped our understanding of the causal role of factors associated with T2D.

Celecoxib is a substrate of CYP2D6: Impact on celecoxib metabolism in individuals with CYP2C9*3 variants.

Celecoxib was characterized as a substrate of human cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2D6 in vitro. In recombinant CYP2D6, celecoxib hydroxylation showed atypical substrate inhibition kinetics with apparent K, K, and V of 67.2 μM, 12.6 μM, and 1.33 μM/min, respectively. In human liver microsomes (HLMs), a concentration-dependent inhibition of celecoxib hydroxylation by quinidine was observed after CYP2C9 and CYP3A4 were inhibited. In individual HLMs with variable CYP2D6 activities, a significant correlation was ...

Compound heterozygous mutations in IL10RA combined with a complement factor properdin mutation in infantile-onset inflammatory bowel disease.

Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) are chronic and multifactorial diseases resulting from a complex interaction of host genetic factors and environmental stimuli. Although many genome-wide association studies have identified host genetic factors associated with IBD, rare Mendelian forms of IBD have been reported in patients with very early onset forms. Therefore, this study aimed to identify genetic variants associated with infantile-onset IBD.

Exome sequencing-based identification of novel type 2 diabetes risk allele loci in the Qatari population.

Type 2 diabetes (T2D) susceptibility is influenced by genetic and lifestyle factors. To date, the majority of genetic studies of T2D have been in populations of European and Asian descent. The focus of this study is on genetic variations underlying T2D in Qataris, a population with one of the highest incidences of T2D worldwide.

Is population genetic structure of vascular plants shaped more by ecological or geographical factors? A study case on the Mediterranean endemic Centaurea filiformis (Asteraceae).

All known populations of the Sardinian endemic Centaurea filiformis Viv. (Asteraceae) were studied in order to understand the impact of both geographical and ecological factors on the genetic structuring of this species.

Spatial Assessment of the Association between Long-Term Exposure to Environmental Factors and the Occurrence of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis in Catalonia, Spain: A Population-Based Nested Case-Control Study.

It is believed that an interaction between genetic and non-genetic factors may be involved in the development of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). With the exception of exposure to agricultural chemicals like pesticides, evidence of an association between environmental risk factors and ALS is inconsistent. Our objective here was to investigate the association between long-term exposure to environmental factors and the occurrence of ALS in Catalonia, Spain, and to provide evidence that spatial clusters of...

Genetic influences on neonatal cortical thickness and surface area.

Genetic and environmental influences on cortical thickness (CT) and surface area (SA) are thought to vary in a complex and dynamic way across the lifespan. It has been established that CT and SA are genetically distinct in older children, adolescents, and adults, and that heritability varies across cortical regions. Very little, however, is known about how genetic and environmental factors influence infant CT and SA. Using structural MRI, we performed the first assessment of genetic and environmental influe...

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