PubMed Journals Articles About "Study Of Treatments Used For White Spot Lesions After Orthodontic Treatment." RSS

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Showing "Study Treatments Used White Spot Lesions After Orthodontic" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 65,000+

Remineralisation of enamel white spot lesions pre-treated with chitosan in the presence of salivary pellicle.

To investigate the remineralisation of chitosan pre-treated enamel white spot lesions (WSLs) by bioglass in the presence of the pellicle layer.

Does the Duration of Fixed Orthodontic Treatment Affect Caries Activity among Adolescents and Young Adults?

This cross-sectional study assessed the relationship between fixed orthodontic treatment duration and caries activity. Two hundred and sixty 10- to 30-year-olds were divided into 4 groups (n = 65): no fixed orthodontic appliances (G0), orthodontic treatment for 1 year (G1), 2 years (G2), or 3 years (G3). Orthodontic treatment duration was significantly associated with active caries: prevalence was 1.5% for G0, 27.7% for G1, and 72.3% for G2 and G3; the median number of lesions was 0 for G0 and G1 and 2 for ...

Effect of ultrasonic, sonic and rotating-oscillating powered toothbrushing systems on surface roughness and wear of white spot lesions and sound enamel: An in vitro study.

To evaluate the effect of ultrasonic, sonic and rotating-oscillating powered toothbrushing systems on surface roughness and wear of white spot lesions and sound enamel.

Comparison of oral microbiota in orthodontic patients and healthy individuals.

Orthodontic treatments often include dental displacement using a fixed retainer such as braces, which may result in the accumulation of plaque that provides a suitable environment for microorganisms to cause oral infection. So, this study was designed to investigate the microbial diversity among orthodontic patients and healthy individuals.

Association between history of orthodontic treatment and sociodemographic factors in adolescents.

The aim of this study was to assess history of orthodontic treatment and its determinants in adolescents. This was a crosssectional study conducted in the city of Passo Fundo, Brazil, on a representative sample of adolescents aged 15 to 19 years, regularly enrolled in 20 high schools. A structured questionnaire was applied to assess demographic, behavioral and health variables. The association between history of orthodontic treatment and the dependent variables was analyzed by the chi-square test or Fisher'...

A Single-Arm, Open-Label, Phase IV Study to Evaluate the Efficacy of a Topical Formulation for Hyperkeratotic Actinic Keratosis Lesions.

Actinic keratosis (AKs) are epidermal lesions that commonly occur in skin exposed to chronic cumulative UV irradiation. Untreated AK lesions can advance to squamous cell carcinoma. Current treatments of AK have many shortcomings; for instance, not all treatments can be used for the hyperkeratotic form of AK. The aim of this study was to test the efficacy and tolerability of a topical product containing 2,4,6-octatrienoic acid and urea for the treatment of hyperkeratotic AK lesions.

Episodic memory decline in Parkinson' s disease: relation with white matter hyperintense lesions and influence of quantification method.

The relation of white matter hyperintense lesions to episodic memory impairment in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) is still controversial. We aimed at evaluating the relation between white matter hyperintense lesions and episodic memory decline in patients with PD. In this multicentric prospective study, twenty-one normal controls, 15 PD patients without mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and 13 PD patients with MCI were selected to conduct a clinico-radiological correlation analysis. Performance during...

Clinical study on the efficacy of LED phototherapy for pain control in an orthodontic procedure.

Pain is an unpleasant and emotional subjective sensory experience that occurs during orthodontic procedures. Currently, LED phototherapy is an alternative to the use of laser light as analgesic agent due to similarity of response and lower cost. This case-control, quantitative, qualitative, and longitudinal study aimed to investigate the effect of IR LED phototherapy (λ846 ± 20 nm) in pain during the process of tooth separation during orthodontic treatment. After approval by the Institution Ethics Co...

Increasing the efficiency of CPP-ACP to remineralize enamel white spot lesions.

To compare the remineralization efficacy of using the MI paste plus according to manufacturer's instructions to MI varnish and to using a modified method of MI-paste plus application.

The effect of temperature on White Spot Disease progression in a crustacean, Pacifastacus leniusculus.

The effects of temperature on the progression of White Spot Disease (WSD) have been studied in the freshwater crayfish Pacifastacus leniusculus. In this study, we aimed to understand the reason for previously observed low mortalities with white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) infected crayfish at low temperatures. The susceptibility of freshwater crayfish to WSSV was studied at different temperatures. The mortality rate at 6°C was zero, meanwhile the animals kept at 22°C developed WSD symptoms and died in a fe...

White matter lesions: Spatial heterogeneity, links to risk factors, cognition, genetics, and atrophy.

To investigate spatial heterogeneity of white matter lesions or hyperintensities (WMH).

Association between White Matter Lesions and Non-Motor Symptoms in Parkinson Disease.

There are only few studies exploring the relationship between white matter lesions (WMLs) and non-motor symptoms in Parkinson disease (PD). This study aimed to investigate the association between WMLs and the severity of non-motor symptoms in PD.

The role of parents in motivation for orthodontic treatment for children.

Introduction: One of the main features of orthodontic treatment is the cooperation of the doctor with the patient. Active growth of a child's organism at the age from 6 to 12 has not only physiological but also psychological aspects of development. Motivation for orthodontic treatment is absent during mixed dentition. Only taking into account the somato-psychological status and the psycho-emotional condition of the patient during the orthodontic treatment allows to choose an optimal treatment option and to ...

Statistical testing against baseline in orthodontic research: a meta-epidemiologic study.

To assess the prevalence of within-group comparisons from baseline to follow-up in published orthodontic articles and to identify potential associations between this statistical problem and a number of study characteristics.

Factors Associated with Gastric Black Spot, White Flat Elevated Mucosa, and Cobblestone-Like Mucosa: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Previous studies have reported a possible relevance between proton pump inhibitor (PPI) use and 3 new gastric mucosal changes: black spots (BSs), white flat elevated mucosa (WFEM), and cobblestone-like mucosa (CLM). The aim of this study was to investigate the association between these mucosal changes and multiple factors including PPI use.

Detection of carious lesions utilizing depolarization imaging by polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography.

As dental caries is one of the most common diseases, the early and noninvasive detection of carious lesions plays an important role in public health care. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) with its ability of depth-resolved, high-resolution, noninvasive, fast imaging has been previously recognized as a promising tool in dentistry. Additionally, polarization sensitive imaging provides quantitative measures on the birefringent tissue properties and can be utilized for imaging dental tissue, especially enamel...

Effects of white matter lesions on brain perfusion in patients with mild cognitive impairment.

To evaluate the effects of white matter lesions on regional cerebral blood flow in subjects with amnestic mild cognitive impairment.

Antibacterial Activity of Orthodontic Cement Containing Quaternary Ammonium Polyethylenimine Nanoparticles Adjacent to Orthodontic Brackets.

Enamel demineralization is a common problem found in patients using orthodontic devices, such as orthodontic braces. It was found thatgrowth increases adjacent to orthodontic devices, which may result in caries development. Incorporated antibacterial quaternary ammonium polyethylenimine (QPEI) nanoparticles were previously shown to be highly efficacious against various bacteria. Combining antibacterial materials in orthodontic cement may be advantageous to prevent bacterial outgrowth adjacent to orthodontic...

Impact of pediatric obstructive sleep apnea on the development of Class II hyperdivergent patients receiving orthodontic treatment: A pilot study.

To conduct a pilot study to determine if the presence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) influences the orthodontic treatment outcome of Class II hyperdivergent patients receiving comprehensive orthodontic treatment.

Orthodontic Movement after Regenerative Endodontic Procedure: Case Report and Long-term Observations.

Although regenerative treatment approaches in teeth with incomplete root formation and pulp necrosis have become part of the suggested therapeutic endodontic spectrum, little is known about the effect of orthodontic movement in the tissue that has been regenerated. Furthermore, as the number of adults undergoing orthodontic treatment increases, there is an increasing need to investigate the changes that these tissues may undergo during orthodontic movement. Here we describe the alterations observed after th...

Lesions Consistent with Tuberculous Spondylitis in Domestic and Wild Swine and Their Potential Use as a Model for Pott Disease in Humans.

During a routine abattoir inspection of pig carcasses and control activities of hunted wildlife in 2013, 118 large white pigs Sus scrofa domesticus, 474 Nebrodi black pigs and 135 wild boars Sus scrofa scrofa were submitted to anatomopathological examination to evaluate the presence of tuberculosis-like lesions. Localized and generalized granulomatous lesions were detected with a prevalence of about 25% in large white pigs, 13% in Nebrodi black pigs and 8.15% in wild boars. Localized lesions involved mainly...

Risk Factors for Failure of Class V Restorations of Carious Cervical Lesions in General Dental Practices.

The aim of this retrospective, non-interventional, multi-center, practice-based study was to analyze factors influencing the survival of restorative treatments of one- and two-surface active cervical (root) caries lesions (CCLs).

Survival analysis of orthodontic retainers.

Retainers play a critical role in the long-term success of orthodontic treatment. The aims of this study were to evaluate the survival time of different retainers and to investigate the potential predictors of the retainer failures.

Changes in biochemical parameters of oral fluid in patients during the orthodontic treatment with a bracket system under the action of a developed mucosal gel with probiotic.

Introduction: Many research studies involving orthodontic patients focus on changes in levels of oral microbiocenosis after bracket placement. Based upon this the objective of the current study was to determine the effect of the developed mucosal gel with probiotics on the biochemical parameters of the oral fluid of patients during the orthodontic treatment with a bracket system. The aim: Aim of our study is to determine the effect of the developed mucosal gel with probiotics on the biochemical parameters o...

Retrospective evaluation of treatment time and efficiency of a predictable cantilever system for orthodontic extrusion of impacted maxillary canines.

Orthodontic extrusion of impacted maxillary canines requires careful biomechanical planning and the use of physiologic force. The aim of this study was to evaluate the time needed for orthodontic extrusion of impactions of different severities, using a device that can predictably apply forces under 0.6 N.

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