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PubMed Journals Articles About "Study To Determine The Effects Of Nebivolol And Hydrochlorothiazide In African Americans With Hypertension" RSS

01:18 EDT 22nd October 2018 | BioPortfolio

Study To Determine The Effects Of Nebivolol And Hydrochlorothiazide In African Americans With Hypertension PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Study To Determine The Effects Of Nebivolol And Hydrochlorothiazide In African Americans With Hypertension articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Study Determine Effects Nebivolol Hydrochlorothiazide African Americans With" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 79,000+

A retrospective study evaluating the tolerability and effectiveness of adjunctive antihypertensive drugs in patients with inadequate response to initial treatment.

Real-world tolerability and effectiveness of nebivolol as first add-on therapy were compared with hydrochlorothiazide, metoprolol, and amlodipine. Medical records of hypertensive adults initiating nebivolol, hydrochlorothiazide, metoprolol, or amlodipine as first add-on therapy between December 16, 2010 and July 21, 2011 were retrospectively abstracted (N = 1600; 400/treatment). Outcomes included medication-related side-effect rates and blood pressure (BP) reduction and control. Compared with nebivolol, m...


When anger expression might be beneficial for African Americans: The moderating role of chronic discrimination.

Anger expression is assumed to have mostly negative health effects. Yet, evidence is mixed on how anger expression influences African Americans' cardiovascular health. The present research aimed to clarify this link by examining moderating effects of chronic discrimination on the relationship between anger expression and cardiovascular risk among African Americans in experimental (Study 1) and epidemiological (Study 2) studies.

APOE ε4 status in healthy older African Americans is associated with deficits in pattern separation and hippocampal hyperactivation.

African Americans are 1.4 times more likely than European Americans to carry the apolipoprotein E (APOE) ε4 allele, a risk factor for Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, little is known about the neural correlates of cognitive function in older African Americans and how they relate to genetic risk for AD. In particular, no past study on African Americans has examined the effect of APOE ε4 status on pattern separation-mnemonic discrimination performance and its corresponding neural computations in the hippo...


Community Outreach to African-Americans: Implementations for Controlling Hypertension.

The purpose of this review is to examine the impact and effectiveness of community interventions for controlling hypertension in African-Americans. The questions addressed are as follows: Which salient prior and current community efforts focus on African-Americans and are most effective in controlling hypertension and patient-related outcomes? How are these efforts implemented and possibly sustained?

Prevalence and correlates of obstructive sleep apnea among African Americans: the Jackson Heart Sleep Study.

African Americans have been under-represented in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) research. This study determined the prevalence and correlates of OSA overall and by sex among African Americans in the Jackson Heart Sleep Study.

In vitro evaluation of nebivolol effects on nonadrenergic noncholinergic responses in rabbit corpus cavernosum.

The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of nebivolol on nonadrenergic noncholinergic (NANC) relaxation functions that are mediated by electric field stimulation (EFS) in rabbit corpus cavernosum smooth muscle by comparison with other beta-adrenergic receptor blockers and show the level on which its effects through nitric oxide take place. After the effects of nebivolol on the isolated corpus cavernosum tissues that were contracted through the alpha-adrenergic pathway and application of L-NAME' ...

Association of HIV Suppression with Kidney Disease Progression among HIV-Positive African Americans with Biopsy-Proven Classic FSGS.

In the era of combined antiretroviral therapy (cART), classic focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) is the most common histopathological finding in African American HIV-positive patients with kidney disease. We sought to determine whether HIV suppression is associated with lower risk of progression to end-stage-renal disease (ESRD) among HIV-positive African Americans with biopsy-confirmed classic FSGS.

The Relationship Among Health Beliefs, Depressive Symptoms, Medication Adherence, and Social Support in African Americans With Hypertension.

African Americans are disproportionately affected by hypertension and have lower medication adherence when compared to other racial groups. Antecedent factors such as beliefs surrounding hypertension, the presence or absence of social support, and depressive symptoms have not been extensively studied collectively in relation to hypertension medication adherence in African Americans.

Health literacy, preventive health screening, and medication adherence behaviors of older African Americans at a PCMH.

To determine the health literacy (HL) of older African Americans (AAs) and establish whether associations exist between HL and preventive health screening (PHS) behaviors, disease control (DC), and medication adherence (MA).

An Exploration of Multilevel Physical Activity Correlates Among Low-Income African Americans in Alabama and Mississippi.

Understanding obesity-related health disparities among low-income African Americans in the south requires further research investigating the range of factors influencing health behaviors. This study sought to examine the relationship between meeting the minimum recommendation for moderate physical activity and multilevel, including policy, systems, and environmental, strategies thought to influence health behaviors. We utilize preintervention community survey data from a sample of 256 low-income, predominan...

Depressive symptoms and psychological distress among rural African Americans: The role of material hardship and self-rated health.

Despite experiencing conditions associated with higher risk for depression and psychological distress, the mental health of rural African Americans remains understudied. This brief report examines the association between sociodemographic characteristics, self-rated health, and material hardship, and depressive symptoms and psychological distress among rural African Americans.

African American emerging adults' experiences with racial discrimination and drinking habits: The moderating roles of perceived stress.

Despite the abundance of research aimed at quantifying the impact of racism on the mental and physical health of African Americans, results remain inconclusive largely because of challenges with operationalization, as well as conflation with the concept of racial discrimination, which may be more readily assessed. The purpose of the current study was to: (a) determine whether racial discrimination had an impact on the degree of alcohol use and binge drinking among African American emerging adults, and if so...

The effects of nebivolol and irbesartan on postdialysis and ambulatory blood pressure in patients with intradialytic hypertension: a randomized cross-over study.

Intradialytic hypertension is estimated at 5-15% of hemodialysis patients and is associated with poor prognosis. Studies on therapeutic interventions for this entity are extremely few. We aimed to evaluate the effects of nebivolol and irbesartan on peridialytic, intradialytic, and ambulatory BP in patients with intradialytic hypertension.

Brain and retinal atrophy in African-Americans versus Caucasian-Americans with multiple sclerosis: a longitudinal study.

On average, African Americans with multiple sclerosis demonstrate higher inflammatory disease activity, faster disability accumulation, greater visual dysfunction, more pronounced brain tissue damage and higher lesion volume loads compared to Caucasian Americans with multiple sclerosis. Neurodegeneration is an important component of multiple sclerosis, which in part accounts for the clinical heterogeneity of the disease. Brain atrophy appears to be widespread, although it is becoming increasingly recognized...

Rasch Analysis of the Brief Symptom Inventory-18 with African Americans.

Although the United States offers some of the most advanced psychological services in the world, not everyone in U.S. shares equally in these services, and health disparities persist when assessments do not appropriately measure different populations' mental health problems. To address this assessment issue, we conducted factor and Rasch analyses to assess the psychometric characteristics of the Brief Symptom Inventory-18 (BSI-18) to evaluate whether the BSI is culturally appropriate for assessing African A...

African American nurses describe pre-licensure education experiences: A qualitative study.

Greater diversity in the healthcare workforce enhances cross-cultural communication, diminishes bias and stereotyping, thereby improving health outcomes for African Americans. Diversifying the nursing profession has been a persistent challenge and the experiences of African American nursing students in not yet well understood. The aims of this study were to describe the experiences of pre-licensure nursing school, and the meaning of those experiences, retrospectively for African American nurses. The sample ...

Disparities in Hypertension Among African-Americans: Implications of Insufficient Sleep.

Sleep deficiency has been proposed as a potential contributor to racial disparities in cardiovascular health. We present contemporary evidence on the unequal burden of insufficient sleep in Blacks/African-Americans and the repercussions for disparate risk of hypertension.

Race and Objective Social Isolation: Older African Americans, Black Caribbeans, and Non-Hispanic Whites.

Social isolation is a major risk factor for poor physical and mental health among older adults. This study investigates the correlates of objective social isolation among older African Americans, black Caribbean immigrants, and non-Hispanic whites.

Cost-Effectiveness of a Faith-Based Lifestyle Intervention for Diabetes Prevention among African Americans: A Within-Trial Analysis.

We assessed costs and cost-effectiveness of implementing Fit Body and Soul (FBAS), a church-based 18-session lifestyle education intervention for African Americans.

Admixture mapping and fine-mapping of birth weight loci in the Black Women's Health Study.

Several genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified genetic variants associated with birth weight. To date, however, most GWAS of birth weight have focused primarily on European ancestry samples even though prevalence of low birth weight is higher among African-Americans. We conducted admixture mapping using 2918 ancestral informative markers in 2596 participants of the Black Women's Health Study, with the goal of identifying novel genomic regions where local African ancestry is associated with b...

MRI and Neuropsychological Correlates in African Americans with Hypertension and left vEntricular Hypertrophy.

African Americans (AA) are at high risk for hypertension (HTN) and poor blood pressure (BP) control. Persistently elevated BP contributes to cardiovascular morbidity. White matter hyperintensities (WMH) are a definable magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) marker of cerebrovascular injury linked to impairments in higher level thinking (i.e., executive functions), memory formation and speed of perceptual-motor processing.

The Association of Early Life Factors and Declining Incidence Rates of Dementia in an Elderly Population of African Americans.

To explore the possible association of childhood residence, education levels, and occupation with declining incidence rates of dementia in 2 cohorts of elderly African Americans.

Genetic Ancestry for Sleep Research: Leveraging Health Inequalities to Identify Causal Genetic Variants.

Recent evidence has highlighted the health inequalities in sleep behaviors and sleep disorders that adversely impact outcomes in select populations, including African Americans and Hispanic Americans. Race-related sleep health inequalities are ascribed to differences in multilevel and interlinked health determinants, such as sociodemographic factors, health behaviors and biology. African Americans and Hispanic Americans are admixed populations whose genetic inheritance combines two or more ancestral populat...

Hiding in Plain Sight: Nebivolol Exhibits Compelling Tocolytic Properties.

Preterm birth before 37 weeks of completed gestation results in numerous health consequences for the foetus. Preterm labour leads to preterm birth in over 50% of cases, and no FDA-approved treatment can prevent labour or help a foetus remain in the womb until term. Examination of nitric oxide mediated relaxation signaling in the uterine smooth muscle reveals a role for protein S-nitrosation. The recent discovery of upregulated S-nitrosoglutathione reductase (GSNOR) in spontaneously preterm labouring women h...

Gender Differences in Predictors of HIV Testing Among African American Young Adults.

The primary aim of this study was to examine gender differences in predictors of past HIV test behavior among young African Americans.


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