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Study To Evaluate Cinacalcet HCl In Pediatric Subjects With Chronic Kidney Disease PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Study To Evaluate Cinacalcet HCl In Pediatric Subjects With Chronic Kidney Disease articles that have been published worldwide.
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Cinacalcet could decrease serum calcium, phosphate, and parathyroid hormone (PTH) in previous meta-analyses. However, the effect of cinacalcet on the new biomarkers such as fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF-23), bone markers, and vascular calcification are still unestablished. We conducted a meta-analysis to examine the effects of cinacalcet on all laboratory and clinical spectrums of chronic kidney disease-mineral bone disorders (CKD-MBD).
Oxidative stress is one of the leading factors contributing to increased mortality in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and secondary hyperparathyroidism (sHPT). Cinacalcet is now commonly used in the treatment of sHPT in patients with CKD. The aim of this study was to assess the influence of treatment with cinacalcet on the oxidative stress markers in patients on hemodialysis with sHPT.
A post hoc analysis of data from the EVOLVE study demonstrates that cinacalcet-induced hypocalcemia is common, mostly asymptomatic, and resolves spontaneously. These findings are reassuring and may warrant therapeutic inertia. However, previous studies in parathyroidectomized patients suggest that calcium repletion may be beneficial and safe from bone and cardiovascular perspectives, respectively, and as such call into question the appropriateness of a "sit back and relax" attitude toward cinacalcet-induced...
This study aimed to evaluate plasma concentrations of leptin and total ghrelin in children with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and assess their roles in protein-energy wasting (PEW).
Cinacalcet hydrochloride (cinacalcet), an oral calcimimetic agent has been widely used for the management of secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) in chronic kidney disease (CKD). In sharp contrast to vitamin D receptor activators, cinacalcet suppresses SHPT without inducing hypercalcemia or hyperphosphatemia. Nevertheless, some patients remain refractory to SHPT with this agent, as the dose cannot be sufficiently increased due to gastrointestinal symptoms. In order to resolve this issue, we have developed a...
The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of Robuvit® (French oak extract, Horphag Research) in improving kidney function in subjects with temporary kidney dysfunction (TKD) and increased oxidative stress levels.
Recent studies suggest that prebiotic and/or probiotic treatments ameliorate kidney function in humans and animals by improving the gut environment. However, the gut microbiota and kidney disease interactions remain to be determined. This study investigated whether synbiotics modulate the gut microbiota and ameliorate kidney function using a rat model of chronic kidney disease (CKD). As uremic toxins are associated with CKD-related mineral and bone disorder, the secondary aim was to evaluate the relationshi...
Our aim was to evaluate lipid trafficking and inflammatory response of macrophages exposed to lipoproteins from subjects with moderate to severe chronic kidney disease (CKD), and to investigate the potential benefits of activating cellular cholesterol transporters via liver X receptor (LXR) agonism.
Chronic kidney disease is a pro-inflammatory condition where the interplay between different regulatory pathways and immune cells mediates an unfavorable remodeling of the vascular wall and myocardial hypertrophy. These mechanisms include the action of CXCL12. The aim of this study is to evaluate the association between serum CXCL12 with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and blood pressure control in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients.
The aim of this study was to investigate neonatal Fc receptor (FcRn) concentration developmental pharmacology in adult and pediatric subjects using minimal physiologically-based pharmacokinetic (mPBPK) modelling. Three types of pharmacokinetic (PK) data for three agents (endogenous/exogenous native IgG, bevacizumab and palivizumab) were used. The adult group contained six subjects with weights from 50 to 100 kg. For pediatric subjects, seven age groups were assumed, with five subjects each having the weigh...
Decreased production of erythropoietin (EPO) is a major cause of anemia associated with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Treatment with recombinant human EPO (rHuEPO) improves patients' quality of life and survival; however, there is a marked variability in response to rHuEPO. At present, no available laboratory test is capable of evaluating responsiveness to EPO treatment. The aim of the present study was to use an in vitro bioassay to estimate the effect of uremic environment on EPO-dependent erythroid cell ...
Caregivers of patients with chronic kidney disease experience great burdens. Changes in these caregivers' quality of life (QOL) before and after their children underwent kidney transplantation (KTx) were evaluated in this prospective study.
Chronic kidney disease has become an increasingly significant clinical and public health issue, accounting for 1.1 million deaths worldwide. Information on the epidemiology of chronic kidney disease and associated risk factors is limited in the United Arab Emirates. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the incidence and causes of chronic kidney disease stages 3-5 in adult United Arab Emirates nationals with or at high risk of cardiovascular disease. This retrospective study included 491 adults with or at...
To demonstrate construct validity of the Total Neuropathy Score (TNS) in assessing peripheral neuropathy in subjects with chronic kidney disease (CKD).
Dietary potassium (K+) has beneficial effects on blood pressure and cardiovascular (CV) outcomes. Recently, several epidemiological studies have revealed an association between urinary K+ excretion (as proxy for dietary intake) and better renal outcomes in subjects with chronic kidney disease (CKD). To address causality, we designed the "K+ in CKD" study.
Roxadustat is a hypoxia-inducible factor prolyl hydroxylase inhibitor currently being investigated for the treatment of anemia in chronic kidney disease. Lanthanum carbonate is a phosphate binder that is commonly used to treat hyperphosphatemia in patients with chronic kidney disease. This study investigated the effect of lanthanum carbonate on the pharmacokinetics, safety and tolerability of a single oral dose of roxadustat in healthy non-elderly adult male subjects.
Both iron deficiency and chronic inflammation are highly prevalent in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). The effect of intravenous iron infusion on mineral metabolism in CKD may be modified by inflammation. Intravenous iron theraphy may reduce peripheral degradation, secretion, clearence of iFGF23 and lead to hypophosphatemia. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of intravenous iron on mineral metabolism in CKD patients.
Although anomalies in the urinary tract are the leading cause of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in the pediatric population, there are few studies focusing on etiological discrepancies between younger and older children.
Despite advances in immunosuppression, acute allograft rejection remains one of the key factors affecting patient and graft survival in pediatric kidney transplantation. The aim of the study is to evaluate the role of serum soluble IL2 receptor (sIL2R) level as a noninvasive assessment parameter of acute rejection (AR).
In low and middle-income countries, reliable data on the epidemiology of childhood acute kidney injury (AKI) is lacking. The Global Snapshot, conducted by the ISN "0by25" AKI initiative, was a world-wide cross-sectional, observational study to evaluate AKI in hospitalized patients. Here we report the pediatric results of this study.
Obesity and metabolic syndrome (MS) are common after kidney transplantation, but their contribution to adverse cardiovascular (CV) outcomes in children are not well known. A prospective, controlled, longitudinal cohort study was conducted to investigate the effects of obesity and MS on left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and myocardial strain in pediatric kidney transplant recipients.
Despite abundant evidence in adults, the relationship between acute kidney injury (AKI) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) remains unanswered in pediatrics. Obstacles to overcome include the challenges defining these entities and the lack of long-term follow-up studies. This review focuses on pediatric populations at high-risk for AKI, the evidence of the long-term effect of AKI on renal health, and biomarkers to detect renal disease.
Blood transfusion after kidney transplant carries a risk of sensitization to the graft as well as blood borne infections. The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence of blood transfusions in pediatric recipients of kidney transplants and to determine the factors associated with transfusions during the perioperative period. Additionally, to describe the changes in hemoglobin levels during the first 12 months following transplant.
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is frequent and associated with poor outcome in intensive care unit (ICU) patients. Besides the association with short- and long-term mortality, the increased risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD) has been recently highlighted in non-ICU patients. This study aims to describe the incidence and determinants of CKD after AKI and to develop a prediction score for CKD in ICU patients.
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is characterized clinically as an abrupt decline in renal function marked by reduced excretion of waste products, disordered electrolytes, and disrupted fluid homeostasis. The recent development of a standardized AKI definition has transformed our understanding of AKI epidemiology and outcomes. We now know that in the short term, children with AKI experience greater morbidity and mortality; additionally, observational studies have established that chronic renal sequelae are far mor...