PubMed Journals Articles About "Surgical Residents Adapt Flexible Shift Hours" RSS

13:53 EDT 23rd June 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Surgical residents adapt flexible shift hours" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 10,000+

Duty hours restriction for our surgical trainees: an ethical obligation or a bad idea?

To ensure patient safety and protect the well-being of interns and residents, the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) issued guidelines in 2003 limiting the working hours of physician trainees. Although many supported the goals of the ACGME, institutions struggled to restructure their programs and hire staff required by this unfunded mandate. Numerous studies have analyzed the effects of duty hours restrictions on patient outcomes and physician training over the past 15 years. Most ...

Allocation of time in internal medicine.

The hospital internal medicine practice is changing : increasing complexity of patients; implementation of the Electronic Medical Record (EMR); growing volume of medical data and administrative tasks, and limitation of working hours. We quantified the daily tasks of our internal medicine residents. They didn't manage to fulfill their duties in the scheduled time and had to stay after hours ; further, activities indirectly related to patients predominated. Residents spent a daily average of 1.7 hours with pa...

Urology residents on call: Investigating the workload and relevance of calls.

On-call medical services assumed by residents represent many hours of hard work and no studies have documented what it really is. As part of an effort to ameliorate our on-call system, we examined phone calls received by residents on call. Our objectives were to evaluate the characteristics of phone calls received by residents on call (who, when, why, need to go to the hospital) and to determine residents' perception of these calls. We also looked into implementing strategies to reduce unnecessary calls.

Renal Transplantation as a Platform for Teaching Residents Open Vascular Surgical Techniques: Effects on Early Graft Function.

Over the past decade, increases in vascular fellowships and the use of endovascular technology have decreased the general surgery residents' exposure to open vascular surgery. We sought to elucidate whether renal transplant is a safe way to teach general surgery residents the essential tenants of vascular surgery without adversely affecting early patient outcomes.

An advanced simulator for orthopedic surgical training.

The purpose of creating the virtual reality (VR) simulator is to facilitate and supplement the training opportunities provided to orthopedic residents. The use of VR simulators has increased rapidly in the field of medical surgery for training purposes. This paper discusses the creation of the virtual surgical environment (VSE) for training residents in an orthopedic surgical process called less invasive stabilization system (LISS) surgery which is used to address fractures of the femur.

A Shift to the Left: Teaching the Craft of Cardiac Surgery.

I was in Chicago in 1987 when Dr. Shumway delivered his American Association for Thoracic Surgery (AATS) presidential address, and, like most in the audience, I knew he was correct. Having had the privilege of getting to do a lot of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery in my surgical training, I was preparing myself to make my own move to the left side of the operating table. In fact, I had already resolved that I would make my own "shift to the left" very soon after that meeting in 1987, hoping to become, l...

From working hours' restrictions to professional identity: The development of the surgical care practitioner role.

This article describes how restrictions to working hours have encouraged the expansion of the surgical care practitioner role. It also discusses how this role has evolved and the identity that has been formed in the context of interprofessional surgical education.

Taking control: Is job crafting related to the intention to leave surgical training?

The intention to leave surgical training, hereinafter referred as proxy of "attrition," is associated with poor well-being in the workplace. Attrition is suggested to diminish when residents possess job-crafting skills, that is, the ability to redefine their job in meaningful ways and maximize well-being at work by increasing structural and social resources and challenges and decreasing hindering demands. However, the evidence supporting this relationship is scant. This study sought to: 1) investigate to wh...

Fake It 'Til You Make It: Pressures to Measure Up in Surgical Training.

Expectations of certainty and confidence in surgical culture are a source of internal conflict for surgeons and learners, with surgeons describing a pressure to project an image that is, at times, inconsistent with how they feel internally. The authors explored surgical residents' perceptions of "impression management" and its effects on surgical judgment and decision-making.

Residents Rosters: Reversal to Longer Hours in the US.

Enhancing residents' compassionate communication to family members: A family systems breaking bad news simulation.

Surgical residents often need to break bad news (BBN) to patients and family members. While communication skills are a core competency in residency training, these specific skills are rarely formally taught. We piloted a simulation training to teach pediatric surgical residents how to compassionately BBN of an unexpected, traumatic pediatric death to surviving family members. This training was unique in that it was influenced by family systems theory and was a collaborative effort between our institution's ...

Surgical Anatomy of Vaginal Hysterectomy-Impact of a Resident-Constructed Simulation Model.

Obstetrics and gynecology residents are less prepared to perform vaginal hysterectomy (VH), despite its advantages over other hysterectomy routes. The American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists and Council on Resident Education in Obstetrics and Gynecology have prioritized simulation training in VH. Our objective was to improve residents' understanding of surgical anatomy of VH using a resident-constructed, low-cost, low-fidelity model.

Women's employment patterns after childbirth and the perceived access to and use of flexitime and teleworking.

This article sets out to investigate how flexitime and teleworking can help women maintain their careers after childbirth. Despite the increased number of women in the labour market in the UK, many significantly reduce their working hours or leave the labour market altogether after childbirth. Based on border and boundary management theories, we expect flexitime and teleworking can help mothers stay employed and maintain their working hours. We explore the UK case, where the right to request flexible workin...

Anesthesiology residents induction month: a pilot study showing an effective and safe way to train novice residents through simulation.

The transition of new residents from medical school to the post-graduate clinical environment remains challenging. We hypothesized that an introductory simulation course could improve new residents' performance in anesthesiology.

Virtual Reality Surgical Simulation: Implications for Resection of Intracranial Gliomas.

Surgical simulation has the potential to play important roles in surgical training and preoperative planning. The advent of virtual reality (VR) with tactile haptic feedback has revolutionized surgical simulation, creating a novel environment for residents to learn manual skills without compromising patient safety. This concept is particularly relevant in neurosurgical training where the acquired skill set demands performance of technically challenging tasks under pressure and where the consequences of erro...

Effect of Shift, Schedule, and Volume on Interpretive Accuracy: A Retrospective Analysis of 2.9 Million Radiologic Examinations.

Purpose To determine whether there is an association between radiologist shift length, schedule, or examination volume and interpretive accuracy. Materials and Methods This study was institutional review board approved and HIPAA compliant. A retrospective analysis of all major discrepancies from a 2015 quality assurance database of a teleradiology practice was performed. Board-certified radiologists provided initial preliminary interpretations. Discrepancies were identified during a secondary review by a pr...

Psychiatric Emergency Services - Can Duty-Hour Changes Help Residents and Patients?

Limitations on resident duty hours have been widely introduced with the intention of decreasing resident fatigue and improving patient outcomes. While there is evidence of improvement in resident well-being and education following such initiatives, they have inadvertently resulted in increased number of hand-offs between clinicians leading to potential errors in patient care. Current literature emphasizes need for more specialty/setting-specific scheduling, while considering residents' opinions when impleme...

Flexible ureteroscopy: technique, tips and tricks.

During the last decades, the surgical management of kidney stones benefited of many technological advances and one of them is the development of flexible ureteroscopy (fURS). This tool, ancillary equipment such as graspers and baskets, and lithotripsy technique with Holmium:YAG laser underwent many improvements leading to a widening of its indications with diagnostic and therapeutic management of upper urinary tract pathologies such as urolithiasis and urothelial tumors. The objective of this review is to ...

Surgical Residents and Medical Malpractice.

Common Factors Among Family Medicine Residents Who Encounter Difficulty.

Residents in difficulty are costly to programs in both time and resources, and encountering difficulty can be emotionally harmful to residents. Approximately 10% of residents will encounter difficulty at some point in training. While there have been several studies looking at common factors among residents who encounter difficulty, some of the findings are inconsistent. The objective of this study was to determine whether there are common factors among the residents who encounter difficulty during training ...

Using quantitative tissue phenotype to assess the margins of surgical samples from a pan-Canadian surgery study.

The purpose of this study was to use quantitative tissue phenotype (QTP) to assess the surgical margins to examine if a fluorescence visualization-guided surgical approach produces a shift in the surgical field by sparing normal tissue while catching high-risk tissue.

Education Outcomes in a Duty-Hour Flexibility Trial in Internal Medicine.

Background Concern persists that inflexible duty-hour rules in medical residency programs may adversely affect the training of physicians. Methods We randomly assigned 63 internal medicine residency programs in the United States to be governed by standard duty-hour policies of the 2011 Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) or by more flexible policies that did not specify limits on shift length or mandatory time off between shifts. Measures of educational experience included observati...

Surgical Residents and Medical Malpractice-Reply.

Use of Risk Model for Assessment of Residents' Perception of Complexity of Surgical Steps: Example of Modular Component Steps of Lumbar Spinal Fusion Surgery.

Quality improvement projects increasingly emphasize standardization of surgical work flow to optimize operative room efficiency. Removing special cause variability resulting from nonsurgical waste is an obvious target; however, resident surgical education must be maintained, even in the setting of process improvement.

The effectiveness of non-surgical intervention (Foot Orthoses) for paediatric flexible pes planus: A systematic review: Update.

Flexible pes planus (flat feet) in children is a common presenting condition in clinical practice due to concerns amongst parents and caregivers. While Foot Orthoses (FOs) are a popular intervention, their effectiveness remains unclear. Thus, the aim of this systematic review was to update the current evidence base for the effectiveness of FOs for paediatric flexible pes planus.

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