PubMed Journals Articles About "Switching Substitution Quotas Irish Govt Wants Views Boosting" RSS

18:14 EST 20th November 2017 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Switching Substitution Quotas Irish Govt Wants Views Boosting" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 2,100+

Failure to control hypercholesterolaemia in the Irish adult population: cross-sectional analysis of the baseline wave of The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (TILDA).

Hypercholesterolaemia is an important modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) which requires monitoring and management at a population level.

Lower Limb and Trunk Biomechanics After Fatigue in Competitive Female Irish Dancers.

  Because of the increasing popularity of participation in Irish dance, the incidence of lower limb injuries is high among this competitive population.

The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and the determinants of 25(OH)D concentration in older Irish adults: Data from The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (TILDA).

Few data are available examining the determinants of vitamin D status exclusively in older adults. We aimed to investigate the prevalence and determinants of vitamin D deficiency in a representative sample of the older Irish population (aged 50 - 98 y).

Surgical tuition within Irish hospitals: a national survey.

The General Medical Council (GMC) of the UK states that doctors have a duty to train and contribute to the education of colleagues, and that those involved in formal clinical teaching should have a teaching qualification.

The Abundance of Toxic Genotypes Is a Key Contributor to Anatoxin Variability in Phormidium-Dominated Benthic Mats.

The prevalence of benthic proliferations of the anatoxin-producing cyanobacterium Phormidium are increasing in cobble-bed rivers worldwide. Studies to date have shown high spatial and temporal variability in anatoxin concentrations among mats. In this study we determined anatoxin quotas (toxins per cell) in field samples and compared these results to the conventionally-used concentrations (assessed per dry weight of mat). Three mats were selected at sites in two rivers and were sampled every 2-3 h for 24-26...

Popular Views on Addictions and on Prospects for Recovery in Poland.

Popular views of addictive substances and behaviors constitute an important research topic because these views have an impact upon the functioning of treatment systems and societal responses to substance use disorders.

Visual Diagnosis of Tree Boosting Methods.

Tree boosting, which combines weak learners (typically decision trees) to generate a strong learner, is a highly effective and widely used machine learning method. However, the development of a high performance tree boosting model is a time-consuming process that requires numerous trial-and-error experiments. To tackle this issue, we have developed a visual diagnosis tool, BOOSTVis, to help experts quickly analyze and diagnose the training process of tree boosting. In particular, we have designed a temporal...

Effect of production quotas on economic and environmental values of growth rate and feed efficiency in sea cage fish farming.

In sea cage fish farming, production quotas aim to constrain the impact of fish farming on the surrounding ecosystem. It is unknown how these quotas affect economic profitability and environmental impact of genetic improvement. We combined bioeconomic modelling with life cycle assessment (LCA) to calculate the economic (EV) and environmental (ENV) values of thermal growth coefficient (TGC) and feed conversion ratio (FCR) of sea bass reared in sea cages, given four types of quota commonly used in Europe: ann...

No-touch radiofrequency ablation using multiple electrodes: An in vivo comparison study of switching monopolar versus switching bipolar modes in porcine livers.

To evaluate the in vivo technical feasibility, efficiency, and safety of switching bipolar (SB) and switching monopolar (SM) radiofrequency ablation (RFA) as a no-touch ablation technique in the porcine liver.

Neurotransmitter Switching in the Developing and Adult Brain.

Neurotransmitter switching is the gain of one neurotransmitter and the loss of another in the same neuron in response to chronic stimulation. Neurotransmitter receptors on postsynaptic cells change to match the identity of the newly expressed neurotransmitter. Neurotransmitter switching often appears to change the sign of the synapse from excitatory to inhibitory or from inhibitory to excitatory. In these cases, neurotransmitter switching and receptor matching thus change the polarity of the circuit in whic...

Biopsychosocial Factors Associated with Foot and Ankle Pain and Injury in Irish Dance: A Prospective Study.

Foot and ankle pain/injury (FAPI) is the most common musculoskeletal problem suffered in Irish dancing. A prospective examination of risk factors for FAPI in this cohort has never been performed.

Conditional Random Field (CRF)-Boosting: Constructing a Robust Online Hybrid Boosting Multiple Object Tracker Facilitated by CRF Learning.

Due to the reasonably acceptable performance of state-of-the-art object detectors, tracking-by-detection is a standard strategy for visual multi-object tracking (MOT). In particular, online MOT is more demanding due to its diverse applications in time-critical situations. A main issue of realizing online MOT is how to associate noisy object detection results on a new frame with previously being tracked objects. In this work, we propose a multi-object tracker method called CRF-boosting which utilizes a hybri...

The natural history of varicella zoster virus infection in Norway: Further insights on exogenous boosting and progressive immunity to herpes zoster.

We use age-structured models for VZV transmission and reactivation to reconstruct the natural history of VZV in Norway based on available pre-vaccination serological data, contact matrices, and herpes zoster incidence data. Depending on the hypotheses on contact and transmission patterns, the basic reproduction number of varicella in Norway ranges between 3.7 and 5.0, implying a vaccine coverage between 73 and 80% to effectively interrupt transmission with a 100% vaccine efficacy against infection. The vari...

Renal Transplant Outcomes in Primary FSGS Compared with Other Recipients and Risk Factors for Recurrence: A National Review of The Irish Transplant Registry.

Primary focal segmental glomerular sclerosis (p-FSGS) is commonly complicated by recurrence (r-FSGS) post-transplantation. Our objective was to describe Irish outcomes for transplantation after ESRD due to p-FSGS, specifically rates of, and treatments for, r-FSGS.

Evaluation of methods for managing censored results when calculating the geometric mean.

Currently, there are conflicting views on the best statistical methods for managing censored environmental data. The method commonly applied by environmental science researchers and professionals is to substitute half the limit of reporting for derivation of summary statistics. This approach has been criticised by some researchers, raising questions around the interpretation of historical scientific data. This study evaluated four complete soil datasets, at three levels of simulated censorship, to test the ...

Prenatal surgery for spina bifida: a therapeutic dilemma. Proceedings of the SHINE conference, Belfast.

This is a transcript of a scientific conference on the subject of prenatal surgery for spina bifida. It represents the views of three patients, an obstetrician, a postnatal neurosurgeon, a neonatologist, a paediatric neurologist, two surgeons who practice open spina bifida foetal surgery, a fetoscopic surgeon and an obstetrician experienced in randomised trials and systematic reviews. Implications for current practice and recommendations for future research are also discussed in detail.

Surgery for recurrent stress urinary incontinence: the views of surgeons and women.

The objectives were to explore the views of women with recurrent stress incontinence (SUI) with regard to treatment preferences and the acceptability of randomisation to a future trial, and to survey the views of UK specialists on treatment preferences and equipoise regarding different treatment alternatives.

Health and safety adoption from use of a risk assessment document on irish farms.

This paper describes levels of implementation of occupational health and safety (OHS) controls on a sample of Irish farms following completion of a risk assessment document (RAD) made available as part of a statutory code of practice (COP) for the agriculture sector. The paper describes the legislation mandating the COP and the operation of a prevention initiative (PI) among key stakeholders to develop and promote farmer use of the COP and RAD.

A novel post hoc method for detecting index switching finds no evidence for increased switching on the Illumina HiSeq X.

High throughput sequencing using the Illumina HiSeq platform is a pervasive and critical molecular ecology resource, and has provided the data underlying many recent advances. A recent study has suggested that 'index switching', where reads are misattributed to the wrong sample, may be higher in new versions of the HiSeq platform. This has the potential to invalidate both published and in-progress work across the field. Here, we test for evidence of index switching in an exemplar whole genome shotgun datase...

Intentional Switching Between Bimanual Coordination Patterns.

Previous theoretical and empirical work indicates that intentional changes in a bimanual coordination pattern depends on the stability of the bimanual coordination pattern (Kelso, Schotz, & Schöner, 1988; Scholz & Kelso, 1990). The present experiments retest this notion when online Lissajous displays are provided. Switching to and from in-phase and antiphase and to and from 90° and 270° were tested in Experiment 1. Participants were able to very effectively produce the 180°, 90°, and 270° coordination...

Fragment-sized EthR inhibitors exhibit exceptionally strong ethionamide boosting effect in whole cell Mycobacterium tuberculosis assays.

Small molecule inhibitors of the mycobacterial transcriptional repressor EthR have previously been shown to act as boosters of the second-line antituberculosis drug ethionamide. Fragment-based drug discovery approaches have been used in the past to make highly potent EthR inhibitors with ethionamide boosting activity both in vitro and ex vivo. Herein, we report the development of fragment-sized EthR ligands with nanomolar minimum effective concentration (MEC) values for the boosting of ethionamide activity ...

Digital to analog resistive switching transition induced by graphene buffer layer in strontium titanate based devices.

Resistive switching behaviour can be classified into digital and analog switching based on its abrupt and gradual resistance change characteristics. Realizing the transition from digital to analog switching in the same device is essential for understanding and controlling the performance of the devices with various switching mechanisms. Here, we investigate the resistive switching in a device made with strontium titanate (SrTiO3) nanoparticles using X-ray diffractometry, scanning electron microscopy, Raman ...

Resistive Switching and the Local Electric Field in the Bi0.85-xPr0.15RExFe0.97Mn0.03O3/CuFe2O4 (RE=Sr, Dy) Bilayered Thin Films.

Bilayer Bi0.85-xPr0.15RExFe0.97Mn0.03O3/CuFe2O4 (BPRExFMO/CuFO, RE=Sr, Dy) thin films were prepared onto FTO/glass substrates by the chemical solution deposition method. The structure transition doesn't appear after ions doping, which is confirmed by XRD and its refined results. The samples remain the trigonal R3c: H structure of BFO phase and tetragonal I41/amd structure of CuFO phase. The asymmetric character of leakage current density curves and resistive switching effects have been explored. And the ion...

Selective Si-C(sp3) Bond Cleavage in (Aminomethyl)silanes by Carbanionic Nucleophiles and its Stereochemical Course.

The utilization of tetraorganosilanes by selective cleavage of a silicon-carbon bond is still a great challenge. Here we describe a new type of Si-C(sp3) bond cleavage in bench-stable (aminomethyl)silanes with common organolithium reagents as nucleophiles. Suitable leaving groups are benzyl, allyl, and phenylthiomethyl groups. A β-donor function and polar solvents are essential. Through slight modifications of the reaction conditions, easy switching between α-deprotonation and substitution is possible. Us...

Switching Process Consisting of Three Isomeric States of an Azobenzene Unit.

Azobenzene and its derivatives are among the most commonly used switching units in organic chemistry. The switching process consists of two states, in which the trans isomer has a stretched and the cis isomer a compact form. Here, we have designed a system in which all isomeric states of an azobenzene moiety (trans → cis-(M) → cis-(P)) are passed step by step. The first step involves a change in the distance between the benzene units, which is common for azobenzene derivatives. In the second step an inv...

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