PubMed Journals Articles About "Switching Substitution Quotas Irish Govt Wants Views Boosting" RSS

07:51 EDT 23rd April 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Switching Substitution Quotas Irish Govt Wants Views Boosting" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 2,200+

Physical activity and advanced cancer: The views of chartered physiotherapists in Ireland.

To investigate Irish chartered physiotherapists' views on physical activity for patients with advanced cancer.

The Abundance of Toxic Genotypes Is a Key Contributor to Anatoxin Variability in Phormidium-Dominated Benthic Mats.

The prevalence of benthic proliferations of the anatoxin-producing cyanobacterium Phormidium are increasing in cobble-bed rivers worldwide. Studies to date have shown high spatial and temporal variability in anatoxin concentrations among mats. In this study we determined anatoxin quotas (toxins per cell) in field samples and compared these results to the conventionally-used concentrations (assessed per dry weight of mat). Three mats were selected at sites in two rivers and were sampled every 2-3 h for 24-26...

The Irish DNA Atlas: Revealing Fine-Scale Population Structure and History within Ireland.

The extent of population structure within Ireland is largely unknown, as is the impact of historical migrations. Here we illustrate fine-scale genetic structure across Ireland that follows geographic boundaries and present evidence of admixture events into Ireland. Utilising the 'Irish DNA Atlas', a cohort (n = 194) of Irish individuals with four generations of ancestry linked to specific regions in Ireland, in combination with 2,039 individuals from the Peoples of the British Isles dataset, we show tha...

A cadaveric study of aortic arch variation in an Irish population.

The aim of this study is to investigate the incidence of variation in the branching pattern of aortic arch (AA) vessels in an Irish population.

2015-2016 Influenza Season in an Irish Regional Paediatric Unit: Importance of Influenza Vaccination Highlighted.

Visual Diagnosis of Tree Boosting Methods.

Tree boosting, which combines weak learners (typically decision trees) to generate a strong learner, is a highly effective and widely used machine learning method. However, the development of a high performance tree boosting model is a time-consuming process that requires numerous trial-and-error experiments. To tackle this issue, we have developed a visual diagnosis tool, BOOSTVis, to help experts quickly analyze and diagnose the training process of tree boosting. In particular, we have designed a temporal...

The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and the determinants of 25(OH)D concentration in older Irish adults: Data from The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (TILDA).

Few data are available examining the determinants of vitamin D status exclusively in older adults. We aimed to investigate the prevalence and determinants of vitamin D deficiency in a representative sample of the older Irish population (aged 50 - 98 y).

Task switching following 24 h of total sleep deprivation: a functional MRI study.

Task switching is a ubiquitous feature of many human activities that involve multitasking. In addition, owing to occupational demands, many individuals are required to engage in task switching under various levels of sleep deprivation, such as those who work in military and medical contexts. Nevertheless, little is known about the effects that sleep loss has on the neural bases of task switching. To address this shortcoming, we administered a cued switching task to participants following a night of normal s...

A world of difference? Domain-specific views on aging in China, the US, and Germany.

Research on cross-national differences in views on aging has often focused on a comparison between Asian and Western countries. However, the results are mixed showing either more positive views in Asia, no difference at all, or even more positive views in Western countries. A potential moderator of country differences that might explain some of the heterogeneity is the fact that views on aging differ in their content and valence depending on life domains such as health versus family relations. Therefore, ou...

'All by myself': interns' reports of their experiences taking consent in Irish hospitals.

Obtaining patient consent is a fundamental process in surgical practice and is integral in respecting and safeguarding patient autonomy. It has been reported that the task of consenting patients frequently lies with junior doctors, who have the least experience of the procedure.

Evaluation of methods for managing censored results when calculating the geometric mean.

Currently, there are conflicting views on the best statistical methods for managing censored environmental data. The method commonly applied by environmental science researchers and professionals is to substitute half the limit of reporting for derivation of summary statistics. This approach has been criticised by some researchers, raising questions around the interpretation of historical scientific data. This study evaluated four complete soil datasets, at three levels of simulated censorship, to test the ...

Intentional Switching Between Bimanual Coordination Patterns.

Previous theoretical and empirical work indicates that intentional changes in a bimanual coordination pattern depends on the stability of the bimanual coordination pattern (Kelso, Schotz, & Schöner, 1988; Scholz & Kelso, 1990). The present experiments retest this notion when online Lissajous displays are provided. Switching to and from in-phase and antiphase and to and from 90° and 270° were tested in Experiment 1. Participants were able to very effectively produce the 180°, 90°, and 270° coordination...

Development of Mayonnaise with Substitution of Oil or Egg Yolk by the Addition of Chia (Salvia Hispânica L.) Mucilage.

Chia mucilage is formed by the hydration of chia seeds and presents characteristics that potentiate its application as substitute of fat in several foods. In this study, mayonnaises were prepared with different levels of freeze-dried chia mucilage instead of oil or egg yolk. The substitution of oil in mayonnaise promoted increased stability and texture parameters, and the mayonnaise substituted by egg yolk presented similar stability and texture parameters as the control mayonnaise. The substitution of oil ...

Digital to analog resistive switching transition induced by graphene buffer layer in strontium titanate based devices.

Resistive switching behaviour can be classified into digital and analog switching based on its abrupt and gradual resistance change characteristics. Realizing the transition from digital to analog switching in the same device is essential for understanding and controlling the performance of the devices with various switching mechanisms. Here, we investigate the resistive switching in a device made with strontium titanate (SrTiO3) nanoparticles using X-ray diffractometry, scanning electron microscopy, Raman ...

Fanconi Syndrome in Irish Wolfhound Siblings.

Three juvenile male Irish wolfhound littermates presented with marked polyuria and polydipsia. The four female siblings were apparently unaffected. Diagnostic testing revealed glucosuria with normoglycemia, generalized aminoaciduria, hypokalemia and metabolic acidosis consistent with Fanconi syndrome. Renal ultrasonographic and histologic findings are presented. Cases were managed with a supplementation regimen based on a treatment protocol for Fanconi syndrome in basenjis. These dogs did not have angular l...

Effect of the 2008 economic crisis on the cardiovascular mortality of the Irish population: an ecological 12-year study of a heart-broken Celtic Tiger.

Ireland has endured a substantial financial crisis in 2008 and we sought to explore the effect of economic recession on Irish cardiovascular mortality. We found an increase by 17.2% in CVA-deaths during the financial crisis years (95% CI 11.1% to 23.6%). In males, we found a notable rise in the annual IHD rate by 7.56% (95% CI 4.73% to 10.46%), in annual MI rate by 2.96% (95% CI 0.16% to 5.84%), and in annual CVA death rate by 20.07% (95% CI 16.13% to 24.14%). In females our findings indicated an increased ...

Lipidomics of Thalassiosira pseudonana Under Phosphorus Stress Reveal Underlying Phospholipid Substitution Dynamics and Novel Diglycosylceramide Substitutes.

Phytoplankton substitute phosphorus (P) containing lipids with non-P analogues boosting growth in P-limited oceans. In the model diatom Thalassiosira pseudonana, lipid headgroup substitution dynamics are well described, but those of the individual lipids, varying in fatty acids, are unknown. Moreover, the behaviour of lipids outside of the common headgroup classes, and the relationship between lipid substitution and cellular particulate organic P (POP) are yet to be reported. We investigated these through t...

Generic Versions of Narrow Therapeutic Index Drugs: A National Survey of Pharmacists' Substitution Beliefs and Practices.

Small changes in bioavailability of narrow therapeutic index (NTI) drugs can alter clinical outcomes, raising concern over generic NTI substitution. We surveyed pharmacists to identify their perceptions of generic NTI drugs, their frequency of performing generic NTI substitution, and predictors of this behavior. Of 710 respondents (33% response rate), 87% perceived generic NTI drugs as effective as their brand-name versions and 94% as safe. Whereas 82% almost always performed generic NTI substitution for in...

Viral load and antibody boosting following herpes zoster diagnosis.

Acute varicella zoster virus (VZV) replication in shingles is accompanied by VZV antibody boosting. It is unclear whether persisting virus shedding affects antibody levels.

Valence State of Eu and Superconductivity in Se-Substituted EuSr2Bi2S4F4 and Eu2SrBi2S4F4.

Recently, we reported the synthesis and investigations of EuSr2Bi2S4F4 and Eu2SrBi2S4F4. We have now been able to induce superconductivity in EuSr2Bi2S4F4 by Se substitution at the S site (isovalent substitution) with Tc = 2.9 K in EuSr2Bi2S2Se2F4. The other compound, Eu2SrBi2S4F4, shows a significant enhancement of Tc. In Se-substituted Eu2SrBi2S4-xSexF4, we find Tc = 2.6 K for x = 1.5 and Tc = 2.8 K for x = 2, whereas Tc = 0.4 K in the Se-free sample. In addition to superconductivity, an important effect ...

Ferroelectric Field Effect Induced Asymmetric Resistive Switching Effect in BaTiO/Nb:SrTiO Epitaxial Heterojunctions.

Asymmetric resistive switching processes were observed in BaTiO/Nb:SrTiO epitaxial heterojunctions. The SET switching time from the high-resistance state to low-resistance state is in the range of 10 ns under + 8 V bias, while the RESET switching time from the low-resistance state to high-resistance state is in the range of 10 ns under - 8 V bias. The ferroelectric polarization screening controlled by electrons and oxygen vacancies at the BaTiO/Nb:SrTiO heterointerface is proposed to understand this...

Ag85A-specific CD4 T cell lines derived after boosting BCG-vaccinated cattle with Ad5-85A possess both mycobacterial growth inhibition and anti-inflammatory properties.

There is a need to improve the efficacy of the BCG vaccine against human and bovine tuberculosis. Previous data showed that boosting bacilli Calmette-Guerin (BCG)-vaccinated cattle with a recombinant attenuated human type 5 adenovirally vectored subunit vaccine (Ad5-85A) increased BCG protection and was associated with increased frequency of Ag85A-specific CD4 T cells post-boosting. Here, the capacity of Ag85A-specific CD4 T cell lines - derived before and after viral boosting - to interact with BCG-infecte...

Capsule switching of Neisseria meningitidis Sequence Type 7 serogroup A to serogroup X.

The bacterial pathogen Neisseria meningitidis is able to escape the currently available capsule-based vaccines by undergoing capsule switching. In this study, we investigated whether capsule switching has occurred in a recently emerged sequence type (ST) 7 serogroup X isolate in China, for which currently no vaccine is available.

Prenatal surgery for spina bifida: a therapeutic dilemma. Proceedings of the SHINE conference, Belfast.

This is a transcript of a scientific conference on the subject of prenatal surgery for spina bifida. It represents the views of three patients, an obstetrician, a postnatal neurosurgeon, a neonatologist, a paediatric neurologist, two surgeons who practice open spina bifida foetal surgery, a fetoscopic surgeon and an obstetrician experienced in randomised trials and systematic reviews. Implications for current practice and recommendations for future research are also discussed in detail.

Exploration of adherence and patient experiences with DOACs one year after switching from vitamin-K antagonists- insights from the switching study.

Current UK and European guidelines recommend anticoagulated patients prescribed warfarin with time in therapeutic range (TTR)

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