PubMed Journals Articles About "Switching Substitution Quotas Irish Govt Wants Views Boosting" RSS

03:23 EST 22nd January 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Switching Substitution Quotas Irish Govt Wants Views Boosting" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 2,100+

Physical activity and advanced cancer: The views of chartered physiotherapists in Ireland.

To investigate Irish chartered physiotherapists' views on physical activity for patients with advanced cancer.

The Irish DNA Atlas: Revealing Fine-Scale Population Structure and History within Ireland.

The extent of population structure within Ireland is largely unknown, as is the impact of historical migrations. Here we illustrate fine-scale genetic structure across Ireland that follows geographic boundaries and present evidence of admixture events into Ireland. Utilising the 'Irish DNA Atlas', a cohort (n = 194) of Irish individuals with four generations of ancestry linked to specific regions in Ireland, in combination with 2,039 individuals from the Peoples of the British Isles dataset, we show tha...

A cadaveric study of aortic arch variation in an Irish population.

The aim of this study is to investigate the incidence of variation in the branching pattern of aortic arch (AA) vessels in an Irish population.

2015-2016 Influenza Season in an Irish Regional Paediatric Unit: Importance of Influenza Vaccination Highlighted.

The Abundance of Toxic Genotypes Is a Key Contributor to Anatoxin Variability in Phormidium-Dominated Benthic Mats.

The prevalence of benthic proliferations of the anatoxin-producing cyanobacterium Phormidium are increasing in cobble-bed rivers worldwide. Studies to date have shown high spatial and temporal variability in anatoxin concentrations among mats. In this study we determined anatoxin quotas (toxins per cell) in field samples and compared these results to the conventionally-used concentrations (assessed per dry weight of mat). Three mats were selected at sites in two rivers and were sampled every 2-3 h for 24-26...

The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and the determinants of 25(OH)D concentration in older Irish adults: Data from The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (TILDA).

Few data are available examining the determinants of vitamin D status exclusively in older adults. We aimed to investigate the prevalence and determinants of vitamin D deficiency in a representative sample of the older Irish population (aged 50 - 98 y).

Popular Views on Addictions and on Prospects for Recovery in Poland.

Popular views of addictive substances and behaviors constitute an important research topic because these views have an impact upon the functioning of treatment systems and societal responses to substance use disorders.

Visual Diagnosis of Tree Boosting Methods.

Tree boosting, which combines weak learners (typically decision trees) to generate a strong learner, is a highly effective and widely used machine learning method. However, the development of a high performance tree boosting model is a time-consuming process that requires numerous trial-and-error experiments. To tackle this issue, we have developed a visual diagnosis tool, BOOSTVis, to help experts quickly analyze and diagnose the training process of tree boosting. In particular, we have designed a temporal...

Task switching following 24 h of total sleep deprivation: a functional MRI study.

Task switching is a ubiquitous feature of many human activities that involve multitasking. In addition, owing to occupational demands, many individuals are required to engage in task switching under various levels of sleep deprivation, such as those who work in military and medical contexts. Nevertheless, little is known about the effects that sleep loss has on the neural bases of task switching. To address this shortcoming, we administered a cued switching task to participants following a night of normal s...

Effect of the 2008 economic crisis on the cardiovascular mortality of the Irish population: an ecological 12-year study of a heart-broken Celtic Tiger.

Ireland has endured a substantial financial crisis in 2008 and we sought to explore the effect of economic recession on Irish cardiovascular mortality. We found an increase by 17.2% in CVA-deaths during the financial crisis years (95% CI 11.1% to 23.6%). In males, we found a notable rise in the annual IHD rate by 7.56% (95% CI 4.73% to 10.46%), in annual MI rate by 2.96% (95% CI 0.16% to 5.84%), and in annual CVA death rate by 20.07% (95% CI 16.13% to 24.14%). In females our findings indicated an increased ...

Evaluation of methods for managing censored results when calculating the geometric mean.

Currently, there are conflicting views on the best statistical methods for managing censored environmental data. The method commonly applied by environmental science researchers and professionals is to substitute half the limit of reporting for derivation of summary statistics. This approach has been criticised by some researchers, raising questions around the interpretation of historical scientific data. This study evaluated four complete soil datasets, at three levels of simulated censorship, to test the ...

The natural history of varicella zoster virus infection in Norway: Further insights on exogenous boosting and progressive immunity to herpes zoster.

We use age-structured models for VZV transmission and reactivation to reconstruct the natural history of VZV in Norway based on available pre-vaccination serological data, contact matrices, and herpes zoster incidence data. Depending on the hypotheses on contact and transmission patterns, the basic reproduction number of varicella in Norway ranges between 3.7 and 5.0, implying a vaccine coverage between 73 and 80% to effectively interrupt transmission with a 100% vaccine efficacy against infection. The vari...

Surgery for recurrent stress urinary incontinence: the views of surgeons and women.

The objectives were to explore the views of women with recurrent stress incontinence (SUI) with regard to treatment preferences and the acceptability of randomisation to a future trial, and to survey the views of UK specialists on treatment preferences and equipoise regarding different treatment alternatives.

Biopsychosocial Factors Associated with Foot and Ankle Pain and Injury in Irish Dance: A Prospective Study.

Foot and ankle pain/injury (FAPI) is the most common musculoskeletal problem suffered in Irish dancing. A prospective examination of risk factors for FAPI in this cohort has never been performed.

A novel post hoc method for detecting index switching finds no evidence for increased switching on the Illumina HiSeq X.

High throughput sequencing using the Illumina HiSeq platform is a pervasive and critical molecular ecology resource, and has provided the data underlying many recent advances. A recent study has suggested that 'index switching', where reads are misattributed to the wrong sample, may be higher in new versions of the HiSeq platform. This has the potential to invalidate both published and in-progress work across the field. Here, we test for evidence of index switching in an exemplar whole genome shotgun datase...

Intentional Switching Between Bimanual Coordination Patterns.

Previous theoretical and empirical work indicates that intentional changes in a bimanual coordination pattern depends on the stability of the bimanual coordination pattern (Kelso, Schotz, & Schöner, 1988; Scholz & Kelso, 1990). The present experiments retest this notion when online Lissajous displays are provided. Switching to and from in-phase and antiphase and to and from 90° and 270° were tested in Experiment 1. Participants were able to very effectively produce the 180°, 90°, and 270° coordination...

Digital to analog resistive switching transition induced by graphene buffer layer in strontium titanate based devices.

Resistive switching behaviour can be classified into digital and analog switching based on its abrupt and gradual resistance change characteristics. Realizing the transition from digital to analog switching in the same device is essential for understanding and controlling the performance of the devices with various switching mechanisms. Here, we investigate the resistive switching in a device made with strontium titanate (SrTiO3) nanoparticles using X-ray diffractometry, scanning electron microscopy, Raman ...

Prenatal surgery for spina bifida: a therapeutic dilemma. Proceedings of the SHINE conference, Belfast.

This is a transcript of a scientific conference on the subject of prenatal surgery for spina bifida. It represents the views of three patients, an obstetrician, a postnatal neurosurgeon, a neonatologist, a paediatric neurologist, two surgeons who practice open spina bifida foetal surgery, a fetoscopic surgeon and an obstetrician experienced in randomised trials and systematic reviews. Implications for current practice and recommendations for future research are also discussed in detail.

Selective Si-C(sp3) Bond Cleavage in (Aminomethyl)silanes by Carbanionic Nucleophiles and its Stereochemical Course.

The utilization of tetraorganosilanes by selective cleavage of a silicon-carbon bond is still a great challenge. Here we describe a new type of Si-C(sp3) bond cleavage in bench-stable (aminomethyl)silanes with common organolithium reagents as nucleophiles. Suitable leaving groups are benzyl, allyl, and phenylthiomethyl groups. A β-donor function and polar solvents are essential. Through slight modifications of the reaction conditions, easy switching between α-deprotonation and substitution is possible. Us...

Development of Mayonnaise with Substitution of Oil or Egg Yolk by the Addition of Chia (Salvia Hispânica L.) Mucilage.

Chia mucilage is formed by the hydration of chia seeds and presents characteristics that potentiate its application as substitute of fat in several foods. In this study, mayonnaises were prepared with different levels of freeze-dried chia mucilage instead of oil or egg yolk. The substitution of oil in mayonnaise promoted increased stability and texture parameters, and the mayonnaise substituted by egg yolk presented similar stability and texture parameters as the control mayonnaise. The substitution of oil ...

Resistive Switching and the Local Electric Field in the Bi0.85-xPr0.15RExFe0.97Mn0.03O3/CuFe2O4 (RE=Sr, Dy) Bilayered Thin Films.

Bilayer Bi0.85-xPr0.15RExFe0.97Mn0.03O3/CuFe2O4 (BPRExFMO/CuFO, RE=Sr, Dy) thin films were prepared onto FTO/glass substrates by the chemical solution deposition method. The structure transition doesn't appear after ions doping, which is confirmed by XRD and its refined results. The samples remain the trigonal R3c: H structure of BFO phase and tetragonal I41/amd structure of CuFO phase. The asymmetric character of leakage current density curves and resistive switching effects have been explored. And the ion...

Lipidomics of Thalassiosira pseudonana Under Phosphorus Stress Reveal Underlying Phospholipid Substitution Dynamics and Novel Diglycosylceramide Substitutes.

Phytoplankton substitute phosphorus (P) containing lipids with non-P analogues boosting growth in P-limited oceans. In the model diatom Thalassiosira pseudonana, lipid headgroup substitution dynamics are well described, but those of the individual lipids, varying in fatty acids, are unknown. Moreover, the behaviour of lipids outside of the common headgroup classes, and the relationship between lipid substitution and cellular particulate organic P (POP) are yet to be reported. We investigated these through t...

Switching Process Consisting of Three Isomeric States of an Azobenzene Unit.

Azobenzene and its derivatives are among the most commonly used switching units in organic chemistry. The switching process consists of two states, in which the trans isomer has a stretched and the cis isomer a compact form. Here, we have designed a system in which all isomeric states of an azobenzene moiety (trans → cis-(M) → cis-(P)) are passed step by step. The first step involves a change in the distance between the benzene units, which is common for azobenzene derivatives. In the second step an inv...

Clinical autopsies from a medical ethics perspective.

Autopsy quotas in Germany are persistently low. By way of providing an explanation, the (ethical) reservations of the general population against autopsies are presented.

Renal Transplant Outcomes in Primary FSGS Compared with Other Recipients and Risk Factors for Recurrence: A National Review of The Irish Transplant Registry.

Primary focal segmental glomerular sclerosis (p-FSGS) is commonly complicated by recurrence (r-FSGS) post-transplantation. Our objective was to describe Irish outcomes for transplantation after ESRD due to p-FSGS, specifically rates of, and treatments for, r-FSGS.

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