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22:27 EDT 20th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Synergenz BioScience" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 215


Editorial: Bioscience of D-amino Acid Oxidase From Biochemistry to Pathophysiology.

Correction: Proteasome subunit-α type-6 protein is post-transcriptionally repressed by the microRNA-4490 in diabetic nephropathy.

Improving Undergraduate Life Science Education for the Biosciences Workforce: Overcoming the Disconnect between Educators and Industry.

The BioHealth Capital Region (Maryland, Virginia, and Washington, DC; BHCR) is flush with colleges and universities training students in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics disciplines and has one of the most highly educated workforces in the United States. However, current educational approaches and business recruitment tactics are not drawing sufficient talent to sustain the bioscience workforce pipeline. Surveys conducted by the Mid-Atlantic Biology Research and Career Network identified a ...

Correction: The potential role of MGMT rs12917 polymorphism in cancer risk: an updated pooling analysis with 21010 cases and 34018 controls.

Association between three genetic variants in kallikrein 3 and prostate cancer risk.

Epidemiological studies have assessed the association between kallikrein 3 (KLK3) polymorphisms and prostate cancer (PCa) susceptibility. However, published data on this association are somewhat inconclusive.

Association of genetic polymorphisms of SelS and type 2 diabetes.

Selenoprotein S (SleS) gene expression is positively correlated to triglyceride concentrations and is associated with diabetes in animal model. However, the relationship between genetic polymorphisms of SleS and Type 2 diabetes (T2DM) remains unclear.

Acidic pH promotes nucleus pulposus cell senescence through activating the p38 MPAK pathway.

Nucleus pulposus (NP) cell senescence is an important cellular feature within the degenerative disc. It is known that a very acidic niche exists in the degenerative disc, which participates in regulating disc cell viability and matrix metabolism.

Anti-diabetic effect of S-adenosylmethionine and α-glycerophosphocholine in KK-A mice.

Six-week-old male KK-A mice received drinking water with S-adenosylmethionine (SAM), α-glycerophosphocholine (GPC), or SAM+GPC for 10 weeks. The serum glucose of SAM+GPC at 15 weeks old, total cholesterol of GPC at 12 weeks old, and triglyceride of GPC at 15 weeks old and of SAM at 16 weeks old were reduced. SAM+GPC reduced serum leptin and food intake. Abbreviations: SAM: S-adenosylmethionine; GPC: α-glycerophosphocholine.

Association of IL-6, IL-8, MMP-13 gene polymorphisms with knee osteoarthritis susceptibility in the Chinese Han population.

To identify the association between the rs1800795 (-174 G>C), rs4073 (-251T>A), and rs2252070 (-77G>A) gene polymorphisms and knee osteoarthritis susceptibility in the Chinese Han population.

Baicalein exerts a protective role in pneumonia caused by .

is the most common pathogenic bacterium of pneumonia and can cause death. Here, we examined the impact of Baicalein on mouse mortality caused by infection. Baicalein protected mice from -induced deaths. Baicalein reduced alveolocapillary membrane permeability, lung infiltration of inflammatory cells, inflammatory cytokine production and pulmonary cell apoptosis. These evidences show that Baicalein is useful in the therapy of a severe form of pneumonia that can cause deaths.

Placenta-specific 9, a putative secretory protein, induces G2/M arrest and inhibits the proliferation of human embryonic hepatic cells.

Placenta-specific 9 ( ) is a putative secreted protein that was first discovered in the context of embryogenesis. The expression pattern of during embryogenesis, together with the results of recent reports, suggest that may play a role in liver development. This study was conducted to investigate the secretory characteristics of and its potential role in liver cell physiology.

Ethyl β-d-glucoside: a novel chemoattractant of Ralstonia solanacearum isolated from tomato root exudates by a bioassay-guided fractionation.

A chemoattractant of Ralstonia solanacearum isolated from the activated charcoal-adsorbed fraction of tomato root exudates was identified as ethyl β-d-glucopyranoside by instrumental analyses and comparison with synthetic preparations. Ethyl β-D-glucopyranoside showed unambiguous activity at above 1 µmol/disc. Its stereoisomers and D-glucose were inactive.

CUEDC2: multifunctional roles in carcinogenesis.

The ubiquitously expressed multifunctional protein, CUEDC2 (CUE domain-containing 2), is involved in many physiological and pathological processes, including the cell cycle regulation and inflammation. Although it is known that CUEDC2 is expressed disparately in breast cancer, ovarian carcinoma, hepatocellular carcinoma, cholangiocarcinoma, glioma, lung adenocarcinoma, colon cancers, and is involved in the Warburg's effect, its role in oncogenesis remains to be further explored. In this review, we examine t...

The mechanism of action of Lipiburn on fat metabolism.

Paeoniflorin (PF) is the active ingredient in Lipiburn, a fat loss supplement. PF is a component in with multiple medicinal uses. Here, we studied the effect of Lipiburn on fat metabolism in differentiated 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Adipocytes exposed to Lipiburn exhibited significant increase in expression of beta-adrenergic receptors, HSL levels, and cAMP and exhibited increase in glycerol release. The data show that Lipiburn affects fat metabolism through the cAMP route by activating HSL which in turn breaks do...

Speckle-interferometry and speckle-correlometry of GB-speckles.

A new method of coding of genetic information using laser speckles has been developed. Specific technique of transforming the nucleotide of gene into a speckle pattern (gene-based speckles or GB-speckles) is suggested. Reference speckle patterns of gene of typical wild strains of of genovars D, E, F, G, and J are generated. This is the first report in which perspectives of the proposed technique in the bacterial gene identification and detection of natural genetic mutations in bacteria as a single nucleot...

Autism in the Gulf States: a regional overview.

In this review, we provide a Gulf region-centric view on autism with special focus on Qatar and Oman, including a review of seminal Qatari/Omani work from the literature. In addition, we offer a summary from the World Innovation Summit for Health and World Innovation Summit for Education autism reports as well as outline some of the main challenges, best practices and a path forward for the Gulf region from a healthcare perspective. Finally, we highlight the role of public outreach and awareness to lay the ...

Toripalimab: First Global Approval.

Toripalimab, a recombinant, humanized programmed death receptor-1 (PD-1) monoclonal antibody that binds to PD-1 and prevents binding of PD-1 with programmed death ligands 1 (PD-L1) and 2 (PD-L2), is being developed by Shanghai Junshi Bioscience Co., Ltd in China for the treatment of various cancers. In December 2018, based on positive efficacy results of a phase 2 trial and safety data from several clinical studies, toripalimab received conditional approval in China for the treatment of unresectable or meta...

Polarity as a physiological modulator of cell function.

Cell polarity, the asymmetric distribution of proteins, organelles, and cytoskeleton, plays an important role in development, homeostasis, and disease. Understanding the mechanisms that govern cell polarity is critical for creating strategies to treat developmental defects, accelerate tissue regeneration, and hinder cancer progression. This review focuses on the role of cell polarity in a number of physiological processes, including asymmetric division, cell migration, immune response mediated by T lymphocy...

Higenamine alleviates cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury in rats.

Cerebral ischemia reperfusion (I/R) injury is associated with a high incidence of neurological morbidity and mortality worldwide. Higenamine has anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidative and anti-apoptotic capacities and has been successfully used in myocardial and intestinal ischemia reperfusion. We hypothesized that higenamine might serve the same effects in cerebral I/R. In a rat model of cerebral I/R, higenamine improved functional state of nerves, significantly inhibited the I/R-induced increase in the ser...

Qingyi Decoction amerliorates acute biliary pancreatitis by targeting Gpbar1/NF-kb pathway.

Acute biliary pancreatitis (ABP) is a potentially life-threatening disease that is induced by the common bile duct (CBD) sludge or stones. This study aimed to investigate protective effects of Qingyi Decoction (QYT) on deoxycholic-acid-sodium salt (DCA) induced ABP in rats. Gpbar1 is a G-protein coupled receptor that can be activated by DCA. Both Gpbar1 overexpression vector and Gpbar1 RNAi were constructed and transfected into ABP cell models. Functional assays reveal that DCA significantly induced AR42J a...

Regulation of animal behavior by epigenetic regulators.

Epigenetic regulation in animals induces rapid and long-lasting effects on gene expression in response to environmental changes that frequently affect animal behavior. In the last decade, accumulating studies have revealed how epigenetic regulation affects the behavior of animals, such as learning and memory, mating and courtship, the circadian sleep-wake cycle, and foraging/starvation-induced hyperactivity. In each section of this review, we discuss what we have learned from studies with mammals, mostly mo...

Lactate as a signaling molecule: Journey from dead end product of glycolysis to tumor survival.

Global metabolism of cancers exhibits a peculiar phenotype that is lactate acidosis (high lactate with acidic pH) in tumor microenvironment. Why tumor microenvironment becomes so responsive towards lactate is still not clear. In this review we have discussed lactate generation and recycling either exogenously, directly or indirectly by cancer cells via some transporters. Tumor cells in hypoxia use glucose rapidly and produce lactate while cells which have profuse oxygen supply take up lactate and use it for...

Diagnosis of TB: From conventional to modern molecular protocols.

Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease caused by different strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex. TB is a curable infection if diagnosed correctly and timely. Late diagnosis and improper treatment may lead to relapse or its escalation to MDR / XDR-TB. TB with HIV co-infection is difficult to diagnose by conventional set-up. Also, detection of child TB and extrapulmonary TB has its own set of problems and is not straightforward to diagnose. The increasing complexity of TB due to the advent of new...

Isolation of tyrosinase and melanogenesis inhibitory flavonoids from Juniperus chinensis fruits.

A new biflavonoid, amentoflavone-7-O-β-D-glucoside, and thirteen known flavonoids were isolated from the fruits of Juniperus chinensis using a bioactivity-guided method and their tyrosinase inhibitory effects were tested using a mushroom tyrosinase bioassay. Two isolates, hypolaetin-7-O-β-D-glucoside and quercetin-7-O-α-L-rhamnoside, were found to reduce tyrosinase activity at a concentration of 50 μM. Quercetin-7-O-α-L-rhamnoside attenuated cellular tyrosinase activity and melanogenesis in α-MSH plus...

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