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PubMed Journals Articles About "Synovics Pharmaceuticals" RSS

08:28 EST 18th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

Synovics Pharmaceuticals PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Synovics Pharmaceuticals articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Synovics Pharmaceuticals" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 320

Swimming activity in zebrafish larvae exposed to veterinary antiparasitic pharmaceuticals.

Veterinary antiparasitic pharmaceuticals have been detected in surface waters and several of these pharmaceuticals act on the nervous system on the target organisms implying that neurological effects also might be of concern in non-target animals such as fish. We tested if exposure to antiparasitic pharmaceuticals affect swimming activity in 6 days old zebrafish larvae. The results revealed that most pharmaceuticals did not cause any effects in swimming activity. However, larvae exposed to 0.58 mg/L doram...


Chiral pharmaceuticals: Environment sources, potential human health impacts, remediation technologies and future perspective.

Chiral pharmaceuticals (CPs), including non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), β-blockers and some herbicide and pesticides, are widely used in aquaculture, clinical treatment and many other fields. However, people are increasingly concerned about such ubiquitous pollutants, which can frequently be detected in contaminated soil and water. In large part, the significant sources of chiral pharmaceuticals stem from industrial processes, such as the direct discharge of untreated or incompletely treated ...

Assessment of 83 pharmaceuticals in WWTP influent and effluent samples by UHPLC-MS/MS: Hourly variation.

The removal efficiency of pharmaceuticals in wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) is variable and some of these compounds pass these plants almost intact and others presenting a removal efficiency close to 100%. Their incomplete removal results in a continuous discharge of pharmaceuticals into the environment. To assess the profile of contamination of influents and effluents over a day, a set of 83 pharmaceuticals were evaluated hourly in a WWTP in Leiria, Portugal. The composite samples of the influent and ...


Effects of pharmaceuticals on microbial communities and activity of soil enzymes in mesocosm-scale constructed wetlands.

Cyperus alternifolius based mesocosm-scale constructed wetland was employed to remove pharmaceuticals. We investigated the microbial community composition using phosphor lipid fatty acids (PFLAs) analysis and substrate enzyme activity during long-term exposure to pharmaceuticals in mesocosm-scale constructed wetlands. The results showed that there was no visible inhibition effect of pharmaceuticals on CW substrate enzymes activities in the experimental range (0-500 μg/L). Microbial communities, as reveal...

Impact of Pharmaceuticals on the Environment: Risk Assessment Using QSAR Modeling Approach.

An extensive use of pharmaceuticals and the widespread practices of their erroneous disposal measures have made these products contaminants of emerging concern (CEC). Especially, active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) are ubiquitously detected in surface water and soil, mainly in the aquatic compartment, where they do affect the living systems. Unfortunately, there is a huge gap in the availability of ecotoxicological data on pharmaceuticals' environmental behavior and ecotoxicity which force EMEA (Europe...

Characterizing the removal routes of seven pharmaceuticals in the activated sludge process.

The removal routes of pharmaceuticals especially biodegradation routes in the activated sludge process are still unclear. Some studies indicated pharmaceuticals were mainly removed via nitrification process (autotrophic biodegradation), while others suggested pharmaceuticals were mainly removed via COD degradation process (heterotrophic biodegradation). These unclear problems limited the improvements of pharmaceuticals removal. In this study, in order to elucidate three biodegradation routes (nitrification,...

From Oxiranes to Oligomers: Architectures of US FDA Approved Pharmaceuticals Containing Oxygen Heterocycles.

Oxygen heterocycles are the second most common type of heterocycles that appear as structural components of US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved pharmaceuticals. Analysis of our database of drugs approved through 2017, reveals 311 distinct pharmaceuticals containing at least one oxygen heterocycle. Most prevalent among these are pyranoses, with furanoses, macrolactones, morpholines, and dioxolanes rounding out the top five. The main body of this perspective is organized according to ring-size, com...

Seasonal occurrence and fate of chiral pharmaceuticals in different sewage treatment systems in Hong Kong: Mass balance, enantiomeric profiling, and risk assessment.

Concern about the presence of chiral pharmaceuticals in the environment from wastewater discharge is mounting. In this work, the occurrence and fate of atenolol, metoprolol, venlafaxine, and chloramphenicol, including 10 different stereoisomers, were investigated in sewage and sludge from diverse treatment processes in 4 sewage treatment plants (STPs) in Hong Kong via 4 sampling campaigns over a period of 2 years. The average amounts of individual pharmaceuticals entering the STPs ranged from 4.91 g/d to ...

New toxicogenetic insights and ranking of the selected pharmaceuticals belong to the three different classes: A toxicity estimation to confirmation approach.

Tetracycline hydrochloride (TH), indomethacin (IM), and bezafibrate (BF) belong to the three different important classes of pharmaceuticals, which are well known for their toxicity and environmental concerns. However, studies are still elusive to highlight the mechanistic toxicity of these pharmaceuticals and rank them using both, the toxicity prediction and confirmation approaches. Therefore, we employed the next generation toxicity testing in 21st century (TOX21) tools and estimated the in vitro/vivo toxi...

The quantification of pharmaceutical related biological activity in effluents from wastewater treatment plants in UK and Japan.

Whilst pharmaceuticals are now routinely detected in aquatic environments, we know little of the biological activity their presence might provoke. It is estimated that nearly 40% of all marketed pharmaceuticals are G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs)-acting pharmaceuticals. Here, we applied an in vitro assay, called the TGFα shedding assay, to measure the biological activities of GPCRs-acting pharmaceuticals present in effluents from municipal wastewater treatment plants in the United Kingdom (UK) and Japa...

Advanced oxidation process-mediated removal of pharmaceuticals from water: A review.

Pharmaceuticals, which are frequently detected in natural and wastewater bodies as well as drinking water have attracted considerable attention, because they do not readily biodegrade and may persist and remain toxic. As a result, pharmaceutical residues pose on-going and potential health and environmental risks. To tackle these emerging contaminants, advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) such as photo-Fenton, sonolysis, electrochemical oxidation, radiation and ozonation etc. have been applied to remove pharm...

Adsorptive interaction of cationic pharmaceuticals on activated charcoal: Experimental determination and QSAR modelling.

Due to high mobility and specific toxic actions of the ionizable pharmaceuticals in surface water with a normal range of pH, the pharmaceuticals should be removed before being discharged. Therefore, this study investigated the adsorptive interactions between cationic pharmaceuticals and a popular adsorbent (i.e., activated charcoal) frequently used in water treatment processes. For that, we performed isotherm experiments and then the results were plotted by Langmuir model to determine the adsorption affinit...

Sensitivity of physiological and biochemical endpoints in early ontogenetic stages of crops under diclofenac and paracetamol treatments.

Early stages of ontogenesis determining subsequent growth, development, and productivity of crops can be affected by wastewater and sludge contaminated with pharmaceuticals. Diclofenac (DCF) and paracetamol (PCT; both 0.0001 to 10 mg/L) did not affect seed germination and primary root length of onion, lettuce, pea, and tomato. Conversely, 20-day-old pea and maize plants exhibited decrease in biomass production, leaf area (by approx. 40% in pea and 70% in maize under 10 mg/L DCF), or content of photosynthe...

Spatial distribution of pharmaceuticals in conventional wastewater treatment plant with Sludge Treatment Reed Beds technology.

Pharmaceutical residues are an emerging environmental problem. It is strongly confirmed that pharmaceuticals are present in soils and environmental waters (surface, marine and even groundwater), and that wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) effluents are the main source of pharmaceuticals in the watershed. The aim of this study was to recognize the spatial distribution and seasonal changes of selected pharmaceuticals in conventional WWTP with Sludge Treatment Reed Beds (STRBs) technology used for dewatering an...

Transport of platinum-based pharmaceuticals in water-saturated sand and natural soil: Carboplatin and cisplatin species.

This study reports the transport characteristics of the pharmaceutical compounds carboplatin and cisplatin, and their respective derivatives, in saturated sand and soil columns. Pharmaceuticals are recognized as emerging pollutants of soil and water resources, but studies of the transport characteristics of organometallic pharmaceuticals in soil-water environments are rare. A recent study of oxaliplatin transport in natural soil raises the question of whether or not its behavior is representative of all Pt-...

Unveiling the important roles of coexisting contaminants on photochemical transformations of pharmaceuticals: Fibrate drugs as a case study.

Pharmaceuticals are a group of ubiquitous emerging pollutants, many of which have been shown to undergo efficient photolysis in the environment. Photochemically produced reactive intermediates (PPRIs) sensitized by the pharmaceuticals in sunlit natural waters may induce photodegradation of coexisting compounds. In this study, the roles of coexisting contaminants on the phototransformation of pharmaceuticals were unveiled with the fibrate drugs gemfibrozil (GMF), fenofibrate (FNF), and fenofibric acid (FNFA)...

Human health risk assessment of pharmaceuticals in treated wastewater reused for non-potable applications in Sharjah, United Arab Emirates.

Pharmaceuticals and personal care products are an integral part of societal health yet their presence in various environmental compartments, including treated wastewaters, has sparked concerns towards possible human and ecological health effects. The current study aims to characterize human health risks posed by ten pharmaceuticals quantified in wastewater treatment plant effluents where water is reused mainly for landscape irrigation. Receptors were identified as children playing in green areas, adult land...

Application of liquid-liquid microextraction for the effective separation and simultaneous determination of 11 pharmaceuticals in wastewater samples using HPLC-MS/MS.

A dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction method for the simultaneous determination of 11 pharmaceuticals has been developed. The method is based on a microextraction procedure applied to wastewater samples from different regions of Hungary followed by high performance liquid chromatography with mass spectrometry. The effect of the nature of the extractant, dispersive solvent, different additives and extraction time were examined on the extraction efficiently of the dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction...

Application of prioritization approaches to optimize environmental monitoring and testing of pharmaceuticals.

Pharmaceuticals are ubiquitous in the natural environment with concentrations expected to rise as human population increases. Environmental risk assessments are available for a small portion of pharmaceuticals in use, raising concerns over the potential risks posed by other drugs that have little or no data. With >1900 active pharmaceutical ingredients in use, it would be a major task to test all of the compounds with little or no data. Desk-based prioritization studies provide a potential solution by ident...

Pharmaceuticals and personal care products in the urban river across the megacity Shanghai: Occurrence, source apportionment and a snapshot of influence of rainfall.

Occurrence of eleven pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) along Huangpu River, a representative urban river of megacity Shanghai, was investigated in four sampling campaigns. The overall concentrations of PPCPs ranged from

Review of A Paradigm Shift to Prevent and Treat Alzheimer's Disease: From Monotargeting Pharmaceuticals to Pleiotropic Plant Polyphenols A Paradigm Shift to Prevent and Treat Alzheimer's Disease: From Monotargeting Pharmaceuticals to Pleiotropic Plant Polyphenols . By Howard Friel and Sally Frautschy. Academic Press . 2017 . 290 pp. $199.90. ISBN 9780128122594 .

Pharmaceuticals residues in selected tropical surface water bodies from Selangor (Malaysia): Occurrence and potential risk assessments.

This study investigated the occurrence of nine pharmaceuticals (amoxicillin, caffeine, chloramphenicol, ciprofloxacin, dexamethasone, diclofenac, nitrofurazone, sulfamethoxazole, and triclosan) and to evaluate potential risks (human health and ecotoxicological) in Lui, Gombak and Selangor (Malaysia) rivers using commercial competitive Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) kit assays. Physicochemical properties of these rivers showed the surface samples belong to Class II of Malaysian National Water Qual...

A Short Review of the Treatment of Headaches Using Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment.

This review highlights the importance of osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) in headache sufferers. OMT is a viable option for patients who either do not wish to use pharmaceuticals or who have contraindications to pharmaceuticals. Patients with headaches that are refractory to other treatment options may also be candidates for OMT. Multiple headache etiologies are amenable to this non-invasive treatment option and they will be reviewed here. Although there are advantages to using this treatment method...

Adverse effects of two pharmaceuticals acetaminophen and oxytetracycline on life cycle parameters, oxidative stress, and defensome system in the marine rotifer Brachionus rotundiformis.

To investigate the adverse effect of two widely used pharmaceuticals, paracetamol (acetaminophen [APAP]) and oxytetracycline (OTC) on the marine rotifer Brachionus rotundiformis (B. rotundiformis), the animals were exposed to various environmentally-relevant concentrations. Up to date, acetaminophen and oxytetracycline have been considered as toxic, if used above threshold concentration, i.e. overdosed. However, this study demonstrated these two pharmaceuticals even at low concentration (i.e., μg/L scale) ...

Pharmaceutical residues in streams near concentrated animal feeding operations of Korea - Occurrences and associated ecological risks.

Concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs) have been suggested to be the most significant source of pharmaceutical release into the environment. However, limited information is available on the occurrence of veterinary pharmaceutical residues and the associated ecological risks to the aquatic environment near CAFO areas. In this study, ten commonly used veterinary antibiotics, including sulfonamides, tetracyclines, and cephalosporins, along with three analgesics, were measured in water samples collected...


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