PubMed Journals Articles About "Targeting Neuraminidase Lead Universal Vaccine" RSS

00:02 EST 13th December 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Targeting Neuraminidase Lead Universal Vaccine" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 11,000+

Neuraminidase expressing virus-like particle vaccine provides effective cross protection against influenza virus.

Neuraminidase is the second major surface antigen on influenza virus. We investigated the immunogenicity and cross protective efficacy of virus-like particle containing neuraminidase derived from 2009 pandemic H1N1 influenza virus (N1 VLP) in comparison with inactivated split influenza vaccine. Immunization of mice with N1 VLP induced antibody responses specific for virus and cross-reactive neuraminidase inhibition activity whereas an inactivated split vaccine induced strain-specific hemagglutination inhibi...

Exploring the Potential Public Health Benefits of Universal Influenza Vaccine.

Broadly protective, long-lasting universal influenza vaccines are under development in response to low-moderate seasonal vaccine effectiveness, frequent genetic changes in circulating viruses and extended turnaround for vaccine manufacture. Because a long-lasting vaccine might be less effective than a seasonal vaccine that has been matched to current circulating strains, the public health impact of its introduction should be evaluated.

Design, synthesis and biological evaluation of "Multi-Site"-binding influenza virus neuraminidase inhibitors.

Encouraged by our earlier discovery of neuraminidase inhibitors targeting 150-cavity or 430-cavity, herein, to yield more potent inhibitors, we designed, synthesized, and biologically evaluated a series of novel oseltamivir derivatives via modification of C-1 and C5-NH of oseltamivir by exploiting 150-cavity and/or 430-cavity. Among the synthesized compounds, compound 15e, the most potent N1-selective inhibitor targeting 150-cavity, showed 1.5 and 1.8 times greater activity than oseltamivir carboxylate (OSC...

Vaccine stockouts and vaccination rate: examination of unique administrative data from Nigeria.

Universal access to vaccines is crucial in protecting the population from deadly diseases. This study presents the prevalence of vaccine stockouts in Nigeria and examines the correlation between the vaccine stockouts and vaccine take-up.

"Breathing" Hemagglutinin Reveals Cryptic Epitopes for Universal Influenza Vaccine Design.

A universal vaccine against influenza remains a critical target, and efforts have recently focused on the stem of the hemagglutinin glycoprotein. In this issue of Cell and a related Cell Host & Microbe article, three studies identify broad protective epitopes in the hemagglutinin head domain that are exposed by trimer "breathing."

Pre-existing anti-neuraminidase antibodies are associated with shortened duration of influenza A (H1N1)pdm virus shedding and illness in naturally infected adults.

Influenza causes a substantial burden worldwide, and current seasonal influenza vaccine has suboptimal effectiveness. To develop better, more broadly protective vaccines, a more thorough understanding is needed of how antibodies that target the influenza virus surface antigens, hemagglutinin (HA; including head and stalk regions), and neuraminidase (NA), impact influenza illness and virus transmission.

Vaccine Hesitancy and Mandatory Immunizations in Emilia-Romagna Region: the case of MMR vaccine.

An increase of vaccine hesitancy has spread worldwide and lead to reduction in coverage rates. The trivalent Measles-Mumps-Rubella (MMR) vaccine has been one of the most targeted leading due to possible (but never proven) adverse effects. This resulted in an increase of measles cases. The aim of the study is to analyze the 24-months coverage rates for the MMR vaccine in Emilia-Romagna Region (RER) between 2007 and 2018 and to correlate any significant changes to index events.

Is a Universal Influenza Virus Vaccine Possible?

Influenza viruses remain a severe burden to human health because of their contribution to overall morbidity and mortality. Current seasonal influenza virus vaccines do not provide sufficient protection to alleviate the annual impact of influenza and cannot confer protection against potentially pandemic influenza viruses. The lack of protection is due to rapid changes of the viral epitopes targeted by the vaccine and the often suboptimal immunogenicity of current immunization strategies. Major efforts to imp...

Live-attenuated H1N1 influenza vaccine candidate displays potent efficacy in mice and ferrets.

Currently, influenza vaccine manufacturers need to produce 1-5 x 107 PFU of each vaccine strain to fill one dose of the current live-attenuated-influenza-vaccine (LAIV). To make a single dose of inactivated vaccine (15 ug of each hemagglutinin), the equivalent of 1010 PFU of each vaccine strains need to be grown. This high dose requirement is a major drawback for manufacturing as well as rapidly sourcing sufficient doses during a pandemic. Using our computer-aided vaccine platform Synthetic Attenuated Virus...

Epidemiology of Kawasaki disease before and after universal Bacille Calmette-Guérin vaccinations were discontinued.

Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccine (BCG) has been suggested to induce the primary immunity needed for the subsequent Kawasaki disease (KD). We studied the epidemiology of KD before and after the universal BCG vaccination ended in Finland in September 2006.

Formalin treatment increases the stability and immunogenicity of coxsackievirus B1 VLP vaccine.

Type B Coxsackieviruses (CVBs) are a common cause of acute and chronic myocarditis, dilated cardiomyopathy and aseptic meningitis. However, no CVB-vaccines are available for human use. We have previously produced virus-like particles (VLPs) for CVB3 with a baculovirus-insect cell production system. Here we have explored the potential of a VLP-based vaccine targeting CVB1 and describe the production of CVB1-VLPs with a scalable VLP purification method. The developed purification method consisting of tangenti...

Antivirals targeting the polymerase complex of influenza viruses.

Current influenza antivirals have limitations with regard to their effectiveness and the potential emergence of resistance. Encouragingly, several new compounds which inhibit the polymerase of influenza viruses have recently been shown to have enhanced pre-clinical and clinical effectiveness compared to the neuraminidase inhibitors, the mainstay of influenza antiviral therapy over the last two decades. In this review we focus on four compounds which inhibit polymerase function, baloxavir marboxil, favipirav...

Trend in the rate of varicella and mumps vaccination in children under age three years in a tertiary children's hospital in Japan.

In Japan, the voluntary vaccination rate is not known accurately. Although two doses of the measles and rubella vaccines have been part of the universal vaccine program since 2006, the varicella vaccine was added in October 2014 while the mumps vaccine still remains voluntary. The aim of this study was to evaluate trends in the live measles, rubella, varicella and mumps vaccination rates in Japan.

The role of cell surface expression of influenza virus neuraminidase in induction of human lymphocyte apoptosis.

The immunopathological mechanisms as well as the role played by influenza A virus infection of human leukocytes and induction of apoptosis have not been fully elucidated. We confirm here that the percentage of cells that are infected is less than the percent of apoptotic cells. Depletion of monocytes/macrophages and depletion of cells expressing influenza neuraminidase from the cultures after exposure to virus decreased lymphocyte apoptosis. Treatment of virus-exposed leukocyte cultures with anti-neuraminid...

Long-term seroprotection of varicella-zoster immunization in pediatric liver transplant recipients.

Chickenpox is a highly contagious vaccine-preventable disease that can lead to severe complications, especially in immunocompromised patients. Varicella-zoster virus (VZV) vaccine appears to be safe and immunogenic in pediatric solid organ transplant recipients, but there are few data on the long-term vaccine-induced seroprotection.

Genotype-matched Newcastle disease virus vaccine confers improved protection against genotype XII challenge: The importance of cytoplasmic tails in viral replication and vaccine design.

Although typical Newcastle disease virus (NDV) vaccines can prevent mortality, they are not effective in preventing viral shedding. To overcome this, genotype-matched vaccines have been proposed. To date, this approach has never been tested against genotype XII strains. In this study, we generated and assessed the protection against genotype XII challenge of two chimeric NDV vaccine strains (rLS1-XII-1 and rLS1-XII-2). The rLS1-XII-1 virus has the complete fusion protein (F) and the hemagglutinin-neuraminid...

Enhanced safety and immunogenicity of a psaA mutant whole-cell inactivated pneumococcal vaccine.

Existing capsular polysaccharide-based vaccines against pneumococcal disease are highly effective against vaccine-included serotypes, but they are unable to combat serotype replacement. We have developed a novel pneumococcal vaccine that confers serotype-independent protection, and could therefore constitute a 'universal' vaccine formulation. This preparation is comprised of whole un-encapsulated pneumococci inactivated with gamma-irradiation (generating γ-PN), and we have previously reported induction of ...

Development of an alternating tangential flow (ATF) perfusion-based transient gene expression (TGE) bioprocess for universal influenza vaccine.

An alternating tangential flow (ATF) perfusion-based transient gene expression (TGE) bioprocess has been developed using human embryonic kidney (HEK) 293 cells to produce H1-ss-np, a promising candidate for a universal influenza vaccine. Two major adjustments were taken to improve the process: 1) eliminate the interference of microbubbles during gene transfection; and 2) utilize an ATF perfusion system for a prolonged culture period. As a result, a closed-operation 9-days ATF perfusion-based TGE bioprocess ...

Impact of mandatory law on vaccine hesitancy spectrum: The case of measles vaccine catch-up activities in Tuscany, Italy.

Vaccines targeting Staphylococcus aureus skin and bloodstream infections require different composition.

Staphylococcus aureus infections represent a major public health threat, but previous attempts at developing a universal vaccine have been unsuccessful. We attempted to identify a vaccine that would be protective against both skin/soft tissue and bloodstream infections. We first tested a panel of staphylococcal antigens that are conserved across strains, combined with aluminum hydroxide as an adjuvant, for their ability to induce protective immunity in both skin and bacteremia infection models. Antigens wer...

Why isn't everyone using the thermotolerant vaccine? Preferences for Newcastle disease vaccines by chicken-owning households in Tanzania.

Understanding preferences for veterinary vaccines in low and middle-income countries is important for increasing vaccination coverage against infectious diseases, especially when the consumer is responsible for choosing between similar vaccines. Over-the-counter sales of vaccines without a prescription gives decision-making power to consumers who may value vaccine traits differently from national or international experts and vaccine producers and distributers. We examine consumer preferences for La Sota and...

Neuraminidase Inhibitors and Hospital Length of Stay: A Meta-analysis of Individual Participant Data to Determine Treatment Effectiveness Among Patients Hospitalized With Nonfatal 2009 Pandemic Influenza A(H1N1) Virus Infection.

The effect of neuraminidase inhibitor (NAI) treatment on length of stay (LoS) in patients hospitalized with influenza is unclear.

An improved 2D-HPLC-UF-ESI-TOF/MS approach for enrichment and comprehensive characterization of minor neuraminidase inhibitors from Flos Lonicerae Japonicae.

Flos Lonicerae Japonicae(Jinyinhua) possesses clearing heat and detoxification activity, and has been used as a traditional Chinese medicine to treat influenza for many years. Due to the complex chemical composition and diverse content of Jinyinhua, especially the many trace ingredients, the effective components are unknown. In this study, an improved two-dimensional high performance liquid chromatography-ultrafiltration combined with electrospray ionization-time-of-flight/mass spectroscopy (ESI-TOF/MS) app...

The failure of a DNA prime/protein boost regime and CTLA-4 mediated targeting to improve the potency of a DNA vaccine encoding Fasciola hepatica phosphoglycerate kinase in sheep.

DNA vaccination in large animals has often been associated with poor immunogenicity, consequently several approaches have been evaluated to enhance its efficacy. Here, we tested a cDNA encoding a phosphoglycerate kinase from Fasciola hepatica (cDNA-FhPGK/pCMV) as a vaccine against ovine fasciolosis and investigated whether a DNA prime/protein boost regime or CTLA-4 (cytotoxic lymphocyte antigen 4) mediated targeting improved DNA vaccine efficacy. No statistically significant differences in the cellular resp...

Nanoparticles in influenza subunit vaccine development: Immunogenicity enhancement.

The threat of novel influenza infections has sparked research efforts to develop subunit vaccines that can induce a more broadly protective immunity by targeting selected regions of the virus. In general, subunit vaccines are safer but may be less immunogenic than whole cell inactivated or live attenuated vaccines. Hence, novel adjuvants that boost immunogenicity are increasingly needed as we move toward the era of modern vaccines. In addition, targeting, delivery, and display of the selected antigens on th...

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