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Temozolomide Plus Bevacizumab In Patients With Metastatic Melanoma Involving The Central Nervous System PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Temozolomide Plus Bevacizumab In Patients With Metastatic Melanoma Involving The Central Nervous System articles that have been published worldwide.
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Asian melanoma patients, predominantly comprised of acral and mucosal subtypes, might not benefit from immunotherapy and targeted therapy as much as Caucasian patients. Novel treatment strategies are demanded after conventional treatment failure. This was a prospective, single-arm, and single-center dose escalation study to investigate the safety and preliminary efficacy of apatinib combined with temozolomide in heavily treated advanced melanoma patients.
Bevacizumab is a recombinant humanised monoclonal antibody to vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) shown to improve survival in advanced solid cancers. We evaluated the role of adjuvant bevacizumab in melanoma patients at high risk of recurrence.
Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) have unprecedented effects on the treatment of metastatic melanoma. However, little is known about the prognostic values of various clinicopathological characteristics. Here, PubMed, Embase and Cochrane database were searched from inception to April 2018 for random controlled trials (RCTs) that compared ICIs with controls. The hazard ratios (HRs) for overall survival (OS) according to gender, age, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS), lactate ...
Previous studies have shown that metastatic colorectal carcinoma (mCRC) patients treated with bevacizumab, experience variation in the plasma levels of angiogenesis growth factors and related cytokines, called angiogenic switch (AS). The aim of the present study was to analyze the relationship between AS and the clinical response during standard chemotherapy-bevacizumab treatment.
Bevacizumab (BEV) plus daily temozolomide (TMZ) as a salvage therapy have been recommended to recurrent glioma. The objective of this retrospective study was to evaluate the effect of the combined regimen on health related quality of life (HRQL) and treatment response in patients with recurrent glioma.
Ipilimumab is a CTLA-4 monoclonal antibody that amplifies T-cell activation and response to melanoma. It is approved to treat unresectable or metastatic melanoma. Immune-related adverse events are common (up to 90% of patients), and include colitis, hypophysitis, hypothyroidism, hepatitis and dermatitis. 1.3% of patients suffer from ocular side effects, such as scleritis, anterior uveitis and Grave's-type ophthalmopathy..
We describe 2 cases of rapidly progressive primary central nervous system malignant melanoma, and summarize 18 previously reported cases of this extremely rare tumor in children. Both patients presented with focal neurological symptoms, with no evidence of skin or other organ system involvement. One patient was treated with temozolomide and etoposide, whereas the other was treated with multiple surgical resections, radiation therapy, and a trial of ipilimumab. New molecularly targeted and immune-based thera...
Acral lentiginous melanoma (ALM) is a unique histopathological subtype of melanoma with a poorer prognosis than other cutaneous melanomas. This study aims to evaluate the clinicopathological characteristics, metastatic pattern, prognostic factors, response to systemic therapy, and overall survival (OS) of ALM in a White population. This is a retrospective study of patients who were diagnosed and/or treated for ALM at the Department of Dermatology of the University Hospital Zurich, Switzerland, from January ...
To retrospectively determine the safety and efficacy of combined chemotherapy with carmustine (BCNU) wafer, bevacizumab, and temozolomide plus radiotherapy in patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma (GBM).
In the current study we used contrast-enhanced T1 subtraction maps to test whether early changes in enhancing tumor volume are prognostic for overall survival (OS) in newly diagnosed GBM patients treated with chemoradiation with or without bevacizumab (BV).
Uveal melanoma is the most common primary intraocular malignancy, which could metastasize at an early stage of the disease and associated with poor prognoses. Liver, small bowel, stomach, and colon are the most common locations for metastatic visceral melanoma, however, solitary abdominal metastasis from uveal melanoma is extremely rare.
Melanoma metastatic to the large bowel (colon, rectum, and anus) is rarely diagnosed, with more than 95% of large bowel metastases identified post-mortem. The incidence, natural history, and survival rates of patients with large bowel melanoma metastases are poorly documented in the literature.
Systemic melanoma therapies have the potential to affect basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cuSCC) development. In this study, we aim to compare the incidence of BCC and cuSCC in patients with metastatic melanoma treated with antiprogrammed cell death-1 (anti-PD1), BRAF inhibitor (BRAFi) monotherapy or dabrafenib and trametinib combination therapy (CombiDT) with a group of control patients having similar risk factors. We reviewed the records of melanoma patients on anti-PD1, B...
Non-randomized studies showed that temozolomide (TMZ) achieves an average 10% response rate in heavily pretreated metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) patients with promoter methylation of the DNA repair gene O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT). In this phase II trial, irinotecan and temozolomide (TEMIRI) combination regimen was assessed in irinotecan-sensitive, MGMT methylated/microsatellite stable (MSS) pretreated mCRC patients.
The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of concurrent immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy and radiotherapy (immunoradiotherapy) in patients with metastatic melanoma after progression on nivolumab.
Nestin, a member of the intermediate filament protein family, has been described as a putative cancer stem cell marker (CSC) in uveal melanoma and poor prognostic factor in a variety of tumours, including cutaneous melanoma. In this study, we examined the expression of nestin in primary (PUM) and metastatic uveal melanoma (MUM) samples, and correlated the findings with histological, clinical and survival data.
Purpose Patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) have limited benefit from the addition of bevacizumab to standard chemotherapy. However, a subset probably benefits substantially, highlighting an unmet clinical need for a biomarker of response to bevacizumab. Previously, we demonstrated that losses of chromosomes 5q34, 17q12, and 18q11.2-q12.1 had a significant correlation with progression-free survival (PFS) in patients with mCRC treated with bevacizumab in the CAIRO2 clinical trial but not in pat...
Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) has been shown to be prognostic in several solid malignancies. There are limited data regarding its value during novel therapies in patients with melanoma. The aim of the study was to assess the practical utility of this ratio in patients with BRAF-mutant melanoma treated with a combination of BRAF and MEK inhibitors (BRAFi/MEKi). We included 215 patients with inoperable or metastatic melanoma who underwent BRAFi/MEKi treatment between October 2015 and June 2017. Baselin...
We tested the hypothesis that bevacizumab-induced hypertension may be a useful predictor for objective response rate, progression-free and overall survival in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer via a comprehensive meta-analysis. Search process, article selection and data extraction were independently performed by two investigators. Statistical analyses were conducted using the STATA/SE software. Fourteen independent studies and 2292 study subjects were synthesized. Overall relative risk of objective...
In this analysis, we investigated the cost-effectiveness of panitumumab plus mFOLFOX6 (oxaliplatin, 5-fluorouracil, and leucovorin) compared with bevacizumab plus mFOLFOX6 in the first-line treatment of patients with wild-type RAS metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC).
Immune checkpoint therapy has dramatically changed treatment options in patients with metastatic melanoma. However, a relevant part of patients still does not respond to treatment. Data regarding the prognostic or predictive significance of preexisting immune responses against tumour antigens are conflicting. Retrospective data suggested a higher clinical benefit of ipilimumab in melanoma patients with preexisting NY-ESO-1-specific immunity.
Programmed cell death-1 (PD-1)/programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) blockade immunotherapy has shown notable therapeutic benefit in metastatic melanoma, while the clinical relevance of PD-L1 expression remains unclear in melanoma, especially in acral melanoma which is the most common subtype in Asians. Our study aimed to evaluate the clinical effect of PD-L1 expression in primary acral melanoma.
Older patients have frailty characteristics that impair the transposition of treatment results found in younger patients. Predictive factors are needed to help with treatment choices for older patients. The PRODIGE 20 study is a randomized phase II study that evaluated chemotherapy associated with bevacizumab (BEV) or not (CT) in patients aged 75 years or older.
Previous studies performed by our research group indicated that cytosporone analogues are capable of prevent or repair DNA damages. This work presents the evaluation of the activity of AMS35AA for metastatic murine melanoma cells (B16F10) in experimental model in vitro and, in pre-clinic assay of metastatic melanoma in vivo, using mice lineage C57BL/6.
Despite newly approved treatments, metastatic melanoma remains a life-threatening condition. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy of the MAGE-A3 immunotherapeutic in patients with stage IIIB or IIIC melanoma in the adjuvant setting.