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PubMed Journals Articles About "Temperature Variability Wheat Quality" RSS

03:57 EDT 21st September 2018 | BioPortfolio

Temperature Variability Wheat Quality PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Temperature Variability Wheat Quality articles that have been published worldwide.

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We have published hundreds of Temperature Variability Wheat Quality news stories on BioPortfolio along with dozens of Temperature Variability Wheat Quality Clinical Trials and PubMed Articles about Temperature Variability Wheat Quality for you to read. In addition to the medical data, news and clinical trials, BioPortfolio also has a large collection of Temperature Variability Wheat Quality Companies in our database. You can also find out about relevant Temperature Variability Wheat Quality Drugs and Medications on this site too.

Showing "Temperature Variability Wheat Quality" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 16,000+

Increasing Temperature Reduces Wheat Resistance Mediated by Major Resistance Genes to Mayetiola destructor (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae).

Mayetiola destructor (Say) (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) is a destructive pest of wheat and is mainly controlled by deploying resistant cultivars. Unfortunately, wheat resistance to Hessian fly is often lost when temperatures rise to a certain level. This study analyzed temperature sensitivity of 20 wheat cultivars that contain different resistance (R) genes. The lowest temperatures at which the percentage of resistant plants fell below 50% in an assay were 18°C for 'D6647 H17' (921680D1-7) (containing the R ge...


Performance of four crop model for simulations of wheat phenology, leaf growth, biomass and yield across planting dates.

Robustness of four wheat simulation model were tested with 2-year field experiments of three cultivars across a wide range of sowing dates in two different climatic regions: Faisalabad (semi-arid) and Layyah (arid), in Punjab-Pakistan. Wheat growing season temperature ranged from -0.1°C to 43°C. The wide series of sowing dates was a unique opportunity to grow the wheat in an environment which temperatures varies from -0.1°C to 43°C. The CERES-Wheat, Nwheat, CROPSIM-Wheat and APSIM-Wheat model were calib...

Effect of water-washing of wheat straw and hydrothermal temperature on its hydrochar evolution and combustion properties.

In order to upgrade wheat straw, hydrothermal treatment at 160-240 °C was investigated. Meanwhile, the influence of temperature and leaching on the fuel's physicochemical and combustion properties were explored. A temperature of 180-220 °C was found to benefit the generation of hydrochar, with solid and energy yields of at least 57.3% and 69.9%, respectively. When temperature increased to 160 °C, hemicellulose was hydrolyzed and this led to the formation of carbon microspheres. The diameter of the ...


Wheat straw fractionation by ethanol-water mixture: Optimization of operating conditions and comparison with diluted sulfuric acid pre-treatment.

The fractionation of wheat straw by ethanol-water (EW) pre-treatment was studied regarding its main operating conditions: time, temperature, L/S ratio and ethanol percentage were optimized by using an orthogonal experimental design (Taguchi). Afterwards, diluted sulfuric acid (DSA) hydrolysis and EW treatments have been compared in terms of energy consumption and yield of a cellulosic solid residue able to be enzymatically hydrolyzed to glucose. Experimental results show that temperature is the only variabl...

Molecular aspects of sucrose transport and its metabolism to starch during seed development in wheat: A comprehensive review.

Wheat is one of the most important crops globally, and its grain is mainly used for human food, accounting for 20% of the total dietary calories. It is also used as animal feed and as a raw material for a variety of non-food and non-feed industrial products such as a feedstock for the production of bioethanol. Starch is the major constituent of a wheat grain, as a result, it is considered as a critical determinant of wheat yield and quality. The amount and composition of starch deposited in wheat grains is ...

Determination of the dried product resistance variability and its influence on the product temperature in pharmaceutical freeze-drying.

During the primary drying step of the freeze-drying process, mass transfer resistance strongly affects the product temperature, and consequently the final product quality. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the variability of the mass transfer resistance resulting from the dried product layer (R) in a manufacturing batch of vials, and its potential effect on the product temperature, from data obtained in a pilot scale freeze-dryer. Sublimation experiments were run at -25 °C and 10 Pa using tw...

Evidence of cyclical light/dark-regulated expression of freezing tolerance in young winter wheat plants.

The ability of winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) plants to develop freezing tolerance through cold acclimation is a complex rait that responds to many environmental cues including day length and temperature. A large part of the freezing tolerance is conditioned by the C-repeat binding factor (CBF) gene regulon. We investigated whether the level of freezing tolerance of 12 winter wheat lines varied throughout the day and night in plants grown under a constant low temperature and a 12-hour photoperiod. Free...

Automatic segmentation variability estimation with segmentation priors.

Segmentations produced manually by experts or by algorithms are subject to variability, as they depend on many factors, e.g., the structure of interest, the resolution, contrast and quality of the images, and the expert experience or the algorithmic method. To properly assess the quality of these segmentations, it is thus essential to quantify their variability. However, obtaining reference variability ground truth requires several observers to manually delineate structures, which is time-consuming and impr...

Genetic markers associated to arbuscular mycorrhizal colonization in durum wheat.

In this work we investigated the variability and the genetic basis of susceptibility to arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) colonization of wheat roots. The mycorrhizal status of wild, domesticated and cultivated tetraploid wheat accessions, inoculated with the AM species Funneliformis mosseae, was evaluated. In addition, to detect genetic markers in linkage with chromosome regions involved in AM root colonization, a genome wide association analysis was carried out on 108 durum wheat varieties and two AM fungal spe...

Looking inside the 'black box': freezing engineering to ensure the quality of freeze-dried biopharmaceuticals.

The freezing step plays a central role in reaching the most stringent requirements of quality, homogeneity and standardization of freeze-dried products. In this paper, a systematic procedure has been proposed to obtain a quantitative estimation of the pore-size variability of lyophilized products resulting from uncontrollable variations of the nucleation temperature. This procedure consisted in collecting the nucleation temperature from a statistically significant number of samples and correlating each nucl...

Coexpression network and phenotypic analysis identify metabolic pathways associated with the effect of warming on grain yield components in wheat.

Wheat grains are an important source of human food but current production amounts cannot meet world needs. Environmental conditions such as high temperature (above 30°C) could affect wheat production negatively. Plants from two wheat genotypes have been subjected to two growth temperature regimes. One set has been grown at an optimum daily mean temperature of 19°C while the second set of plants has been subjected to warming at 27°C from two to 13 days after anthesis (daa). While warming did not affect me...

Effect of thermal pretreatment on chemical composition, physical structure and biogas production kinetics of wheat straw.

Hard lignocellulosic structure of wheat straw is the main hindrance in its anaerobic digestion. Thus, a laboratory scale batch experiment was conducted to study the effect of thermal pretreatment on anaerobic digestion of wheat straw. For this purpose, different thermal pretreatment temperatures of 120, 140, 160 and 180 °C were studied and the results were compared with raw wheat straw. Significant differences in biogas production were observed at temperature higher than 160 °C. Highest biogas yield o...

Irrigation reduces the negative effect of global warming on winter wheat yield and greenhouse gas intensity.

Global warming may exacerbate drought, decrease crop yield and affect greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in semi-arid regions. However, the interactive effects of increases in temperature and water availability on winter wheat yield and GHG emissions in semi-arid climates are not well-understood. Here, we report on a two-year field experiment that examined the effects of a mean soil temperature increase of ~2 °C (at 5 cm depth) with and without additional irrigation on wheat yield and GHG emissions. Infrar...

Temporal and seasonal variations of mortality burden associated with hourly temperature variability: A nationwide investigation in England and Wales.

Sudden temperature change has been linked with elevated short-term mortality, thus may become an important global health threat in the context of climate change. To date, however, little available temperature-mortality evidence has taken into account both intra- and inter-day temperature variability (TV), thus largely limiting the comprehensive understanding of mortality burden due to unstable weather. Moreover, seasonal and temporal patterns in TV-mortality associations were sparsely discussed, nationally ...

Spatiotemporal and demographic variation in the association between temperature variability and hospitalizations in Brazil during 2000-2015: A nationwide time-series study.

Extreme temperature events are known to be adversely associated with a range of health outcomes, but little is known about the effect of less extreme, but more frequent fluctuation in temperature. We examined the spatiotemporal and demographic variation in the effect of temperature variability (TV) on nationwide hospitalizations in Brazil during 2000-2015.

Comparative physiological and metabolomics analysis of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) following post-anthesis heat stress.

Genetic improvement for stress tolerance requires a solid understanding of biochemical processes involved with different physiological mechanisms and their relationships with different traits. The objective of this study was to demonstrate genetic variability in altered metabolic levels in a panel of six wheat genotypes in contrasting temperature regimes, and to quantify the correlation between those metabolites with different traits. In a controlled environment experiment, heat stress (35:28 ± 0.08°C) wa...

Quality of care and variability in lung cancer management across Belgian hospitals: a population-based study using routinely available data.

To evaluate the quality of care for all patients diagnosed with lung cancer in Belgium based on a set of evidence-based quality indicators and to study the variability of care between hospitals.

Assessment of intraspecies variability in fungal growth initiation of Aspergillus flavus and aflatoxin Bproduction under static and changing temperature levels using different initial conidial inoculum levels.

Intraspecies variability in fungal growth and mycotoxin production has important implications for food safety. Using the Bioscreen C we have examined spectrophotometrically intraspecies variability of A. flavus using 10 isolates under different environments, including temperature shifts, in terms of growth and aflatoxin B(AFB) production. Five high and five low AFBproducers were examined. The study was conducted at 5 isothermal conditions (from 15 to 37 °C) and 4 dynamic scenarios (between 15 and 30 °...

Measurement of water absorption capacity in wheat flour by a headspace gas chromatographic technique.

The purpose of this work is to introduce a new method for quantitatively analyzing water absorption capacity in wheat flour by a headspace gas chromatographic technique. This headspace gas chromatographic technique was based on measuring the water vapor released from a series of wheat flour samples with different contents of water addition. According to the different trends between the vapor and wheat flour phase before and after the water absorption capacity in wheat flour, a turning point (corresponding t...

Characterization of an Integrated Active Glu-1Ay Allele in Common Wheat from Wild Emmer and Its Potential Role in Flour Improvement.

, one of six genes encoding a high molecular weight glutenin subunit (HMW-GS), is frequently silenced in hexaploid common wheat. Here, an active allele ofwas integrated from wild emmer wheat (ssp.) accession D97 into the common wheat () cultivar Chuannong 16 via the repeated self-fertilization of the pentaploid interspecific hybrid, culminating in the selection of a line TaAy7-40 shown to express the wild emmerallele. The open reading frame of this allele was a 1830 bp long sequence, demonstrated by its het...

Amelioration of Photosynthesis and Quality of Wheat under Non-thermal Radio Frequency Plasma Treatment.

Plasma treatment is recognized as a suitable technology to improve germination efficiency of numerous seeds. The objective of this paper is to demonstrate whether cold air plasma can change the quality and quantity of wheat yield. Effects of cold plasma treatment on wheat (Pishgam variety) yield were studied by a randomized complete block design experiment at the Faculty of Agriculture of Tarbiat Modarres University, Iran, during 2015-17. Seeds were pre-treated with 80 W of cold plasma at four levels of t...

Identification and characterization of wheat stem rust resistance gene Sr21 effective against the Ug99 race group at high temperature.

Wheat stem rust, caused by Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici (Pgt), is a devastating foliar disease. The Ug99 race group has combined virulence to most stem rust (Sr) resistance genes deployed in wheat and is a threat to global wheat production. Here we identified a coiled-coil, nucleotide-binding leucine-rich repeat protein (NLR) completely linked to the Ug99 resistance gene Sr21 from Triticum monococcum. Loss-of-function mutations and transgenic complementation confirmed that this gene is Sr21. Sr21 transc...

Effects of combined pretreatment with rod-milled and torrefaction on physicochemical and fuel characteristics of wheat straw.

The mechanism of rod-milling combined with torrefaction as well as its effects on physicochemical and fuel properties of wheat straw were investigated. Rod-milling and hammer-milling samples were torrefied under three temperatures (250, 275, and 300 °C) with a duration time of 30 min. The results indicated that combined rod-milling and torrefaction pretreatment (CRT) significantly elevated carbon content, higher heating value, fuel ratio, and reduced oxygen content and atomic H/C and O/C ratios in whea...

Anthocyanin bio-fortified colored wheat: Nutritional and functional characterization.

Colored wheat, rich in anthocyanins, has created interest among the breeders and baking industry. This study was aimed at understanding the nutritional and product making potential of our advanced, high yielding and regionally adapted colored wheat lines. Our results indicated that our advanced colored wheat lines exhibited higher anthocyanin content and antioxidant activity than donor wheat lines and it varied in the order of white

The Influence of Climatic Variability on Morphological Integration, Evolutionary Rates, and Disparity in the Carnivora.

Biodiversity is unevenly distributed in space and time. One possible explanation for this is the influence of climate on the ecology, evolution, and morphology of taxa. Here we investigated the link between climatic variability and phenotypic integration, rates of morphological evolution, and disparity (morphological diversity) in three carnivoran clades (Canidae, Felidae, and Mustelidae). We gathered landmark data from the lower jaw and extracted current temperature and precipitation data from range maps. ...


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