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PubMed Journals Articles About "Temperature Variability Wheat Quality" RSS

04:12 EST 11th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

Temperature Variability Wheat Quality PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Temperature Variability Wheat Quality articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Temperature Variability Wheat Quality" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 16,000+

From Ancient to Old and Modern Durum Wheat Varieties: Interaction among Cultivar Traits, Management and Technological Quality.

Following the boom in durum wheat breeding, ancient wheat disappeared from the human diet and old durum wheat varieties were replaced by what is believed to be their better versions: higher yielding modern varieties grown in high input systems. Although breeders have worked intensely ever since to improve the quality of durum wheat traits, mainly gluten subunit alleles, in order to obtain a superior technological quality of the main durum wheat end products (first pasta and then bread), conflicts about pred...


Performance of four crop model for simulations of wheat phenology, leaf growth, biomass and yield across planting dates.

Robustness of four wheat simulation model were tested with 2-year field experiments of three cultivars across a wide range of sowing dates in two different climatic regions: Faisalabad (semi-arid) and Layyah (arid), in Punjab-Pakistan. Wheat growing season temperature ranged from -0.1°C to 43°C. The wide series of sowing dates was a unique opportunity to grow the wheat in an environment which temperatures varies from -0.1°C to 43°C. The CERES-Wheat, Nwheat, CROPSIM-Wheat and APSIM-Wheat model were calib...

Impacts of heat, cold, and temperature variability on mortality in Australia, 2000-2009.

Evidence is limited on the relative contribution of different temperature exposures (i.e., heat, cold and significant temperature variability) to mortality. This study aims to examine mortality risk and associated mortality burden from heat, cold, and temperature variability in Australia.


Effect of water-washing of wheat straw and hydrothermal temperature on its hydrochar evolution and combustion properties.

In order to upgrade wheat straw, hydrothermal treatment at 160-240 °C was investigated. Meanwhile, the influence of temperature and leaching on the fuel's physicochemical and combustion properties were explored. A temperature of 180-220 °C was found to benefit the generation of hydrochar, with solid and energy yields of at least 57.3% and 69.9%, respectively. When temperature increased to 160 °C, hemicellulose was hydrolyzed and this led to the formation of carbon microspheres. The diameter of the ...

Determination of the dried product resistance variability and its influence on the product temperature in pharmaceutical freeze-drying.

During the primary drying step of the freeze-drying process, mass transfer resistance strongly affects the product temperature, and consequently the final product quality. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the variability of the mass transfer resistance resulting from the dried product layer (R) in a manufacturing batch of vials, and its potential effect on the product temperature, from data obtained in a pilot scale freeze-dryer. Sublimation experiments were run at -25 °C and 10 Pa using tw...

Evidence of cyclical light/dark-regulated expression of freezing tolerance in young winter wheat plants.

The ability of winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) plants to develop freezing tolerance through cold acclimation is a complex rait that responds to many environmental cues including day length and temperature. A large part of the freezing tolerance is conditioned by the C-repeat binding factor (CBF) gene regulon. We investigated whether the level of freezing tolerance of 12 winter wheat lines varied throughout the day and night in plants grown under a constant low temperature and a 12-hour photoperiod. Free...

Automatic segmentation variability estimation with segmentation priors.

Segmentations produced manually by experts or by algorithms are subject to variability, as they depend on many factors, e.g., the structure of interest, the resolution, contrast and quality of the images, and the expert experience or the algorithmic method. To properly assess the quality of these segmentations, it is thus essential to quantify their variability. However, obtaining reference variability ground truth requires several observers to manually delineate structures, which is time-consuming and impr...

Genetic markers associated to arbuscular mycorrhizal colonization in durum wheat.

In this work we investigated the variability and the genetic basis of susceptibility to arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) colonization of wheat roots. The mycorrhizal status of wild, domesticated and cultivated tetraploid wheat accessions, inoculated with the AM species Funneliformis mosseae, was evaluated. In addition, to detect genetic markers in linkage with chromosome regions involved in AM root colonization, a genome wide association analysis was carried out on 108 durum wheat varieties and two AM fungal spe...

Looking inside the 'black box': freezing engineering to ensure the quality of freeze-dried biopharmaceuticals.

The freezing step plays a central role in reaching the most stringent requirements of quality, homogeneity and standardization of freeze-dried products. In this paper, a systematic procedure has been proposed to obtain a quantitative estimation of the pore-size variability of lyophilized products resulting from uncontrollable variations of the nucleation temperature. This procedure consisted in collecting the nucleation temperature from a statistically significant number of samples and correlating each nucl...

Gene-ecology of durum wheat HMW glutenin reflects their diffusion from the center of origin.

The production of many food items processed from wheat grain relies on the use of high gluten strength flours. As a result, about 80% of the allelic variability in the genes encoding the glutenin proteins has been lost in the shift from landraces to modern cultivars. Here, the allelic variability in the genes encoding the high molecular weight glutenin subunits (HMW-GSs) has been characterized in 152 durum wheat lines developed from a set of landraces. The allelic composition at the two Glu-1 loci (Glu-A1 a...

Impact of straw management on seasonal soil carbon dioxide emissions, soil water content, and temperature in a semi-arid region of China.

The use of crop residues as mulching materials or organic fertilizer, instead of burning, can help improve the soil organic carbon (SOC) and crop grain yield. An experiment was conducted for three consecutive seasons from 2013 to 2016, to study the effect of no straw (S0), S1/2 (700 kg/ha soybean straw, and 3000 kg/ha wheat straw), and S1 (1400 kg ha soybean straw, and 6000 kg/ha wheat straw) treatments in wheat-soybean multi-crop system. The randomized complete block design was used with three re...

Coexpression network and phenotypic analysis identify metabolic pathways associated with the effect of warming on grain yield components in wheat.

Wheat grains are an important source of human food but current production amounts cannot meet world needs. Environmental conditions such as high temperature (above 30°C) could affect wheat production negatively. Plants from two wheat genotypes have been subjected to two growth temperature regimes. One set has been grown at an optimum daily mean temperature of 19°C while the second set of plants has been subjected to warming at 27°C from two to 13 days after anthesis (daa). While warming did not affect me...

Effect of thermal pretreatment on chemical composition, physical structure and biogas production kinetics of wheat straw.

Hard lignocellulosic structure of wheat straw is the main hindrance in its anaerobic digestion. Thus, a laboratory scale batch experiment was conducted to study the effect of thermal pretreatment on anaerobic digestion of wheat straw. For this purpose, different thermal pretreatment temperatures of 120, 140, 160 and 180 °C were studied and the results were compared with raw wheat straw. Significant differences in biogas production were observed at temperature higher than 160 °C. Highest biogas yield o...

Irrigation reduces the negative effect of global warming on winter wheat yield and greenhouse gas intensity.

Global warming may exacerbate drought, decrease crop yield and affect greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in semi-arid regions. However, the interactive effects of increases in temperature and water availability on winter wheat yield and GHG emissions in semi-arid climates are not well-understood. Here, we report on a two-year field experiment that examined the effects of a mean soil temperature increase of ~2 °C (at 5 cm depth) with and without additional irrigation on wheat yield and GHG emissions. Infrar...

Spatiotemporal and demographic variation in the association between temperature variability and hospitalizations in Brazil during 2000-2015: A nationwide time-series study.

Extreme temperature events are known to be adversely associated with a range of health outcomes, but little is known about the effect of less extreme, but more frequent fluctuation in temperature. We examined the spatiotemporal and demographic variation in the effect of temperature variability (TV) on nationwide hospitalizations in Brazil during 2000-2015.

Comparative physiological and metabolomics analysis of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) following post-anthesis heat stress.

Genetic improvement for stress tolerance requires a solid understanding of biochemical processes involved with different physiological mechanisms and their relationships with different traits. The objective of this study was to demonstrate genetic variability in altered metabolic levels in a panel of six wheat genotypes in contrasting temperature regimes, and to quantify the correlation between those metabolites with different traits. In a controlled environment experiment, heat stress (35:28 ± 0.08°C) wa...

Effect of climate change on spring wheat yields in North America and Eurasia in 1981-2015 and implications for breeding.

Wheat yield dynamic in Canada, USA, Russia and Kazakhstan from 1981 till 2015 was related to air temperature and precipitation during wheat season to evaluate the effects of climate change. The study used yield data from the provinces, states and regions and average yield from 19 spring wheat breeding/research sites. Both at production and research sites grain yield in Eurasia was two times lower compared to North America. The yearly variations in grain yield in North America and Eurasia did not correlate s...

Screening of wheat straw biochars for the remediation of soils polluted with Zn (II) and Cd (II).

The immobilization behaviors of Zn(II) and Cd(II) by wheat straw (WS) biochars could vary with the soil conditions. In the acidic environment, WS biochars produced at low temperature were more competent than those produced at high temperature on Zn(II) and Cd(II) immobilization; while WS biochars produced at high temperature were more effective than those produced at low temperature in the alkaline environment. The ions in the porewater could compromise the sorption capacities of Zn(II) and Cd(II) by WS bio...

Spatiotemporal variability of soil nutrients and the responses of growth during growth stages of winter wheat in northern China.

Studying soil nutrient variability and its effect on the growth and development of crops under a traditional tillage mode is the foundation for comprehensively implementing precision agriculture policies at the field scale and ensuring excellent crop management. In this paper, a 28.5 hm2 winter wheat field under the traditional cultivation model in Tianzhuang town of Huantai County was selected as the research area. The mesh point method was utilized for sampling (60×60 m), and the characteristics of soil ...

Amelioration of Photosynthesis and Quality of Wheat under Non-thermal Radio Frequency Plasma Treatment.

Plasma treatment is recognized as a suitable technology to improve germination efficiency of numerous seeds. The objective of this paper is to demonstrate whether cold air plasma can change the quality and quantity of wheat yield. Effects of cold plasma treatment on wheat (Pishgam variety) yield were studied by a randomized complete block design experiment at the Faculty of Agriculture of Tarbiat Modarres University, Iran, during 2015-17. Seeds were pre-treated with 80 W of cold plasma at four levels of t...

Geographical traceability of wheat and its products using multielement light stable Isotopes coupled with chemometrics.

The present study was aimed to investigate the variation of stable isotopic ratios of carbon, nitrogen, hydrogen, and oxygen in wheat kernel along with different processed fractions from three geographical origins across five years using isotope ratio mass spectrometry (IRMS). Multiway ANOVA revealed significant differences among region, harvest year, processing and their interactions for all isotopes. The region contributed the major variability in the δ C ‰, δ H ‰, δ N ‰, and δ O‰ values of wh...

Effects of combined pretreatment with rod-milled and torrefaction on physicochemical and fuel characteristics of wheat straw.

The mechanism of rod-milling combined with torrefaction as well as its effects on physicochemical and fuel properties of wheat straw were investigated. Rod-milling and hammer-milling samples were torrefied under three temperatures (250, 275, and 300 °C) with a duration time of 30 min. The results indicated that combined rod-milling and torrefaction pretreatment (CRT) significantly elevated carbon content, higher heating value, fuel ratio, and reduced oxygen content and atomic H/C and O/C ratios in whea...

The Influence of Climatic Variability on Morphological Integration, Evolutionary Rates, and Disparity in the Carnivora.

Biodiversity is unevenly distributed in space and time. One possible explanation for this is the influence of climate on the ecology, evolution, and morphology of taxa. Here we investigated the link between climatic variability and phenotypic integration, rates of morphological evolution, and disparity (morphological diversity) in three carnivoran clades (Canidae, Felidae, and Mustelidae). We gathered landmark data from the lower jaw and extracted current temperature and precipitation data from range maps. ...

Assessing data quality and the variability of source data verification auditing methods in clinical research settings.

Data audits within clinical settings are extensively used as a major strategy to identify errors, monitor study operations and ensure high-quality data. However, clinical trial guidelines are non-specific in regards to recommended frequency, timing and nature of data audits. The absence of a well-defined data quality definition and method to measure error undermines the reliability of data quality assessment. This review aimed to assess the variability of source data verification (SDV) auditing methods to m...

Viscoelastic and textural properties of canary seed starch gels in comparison with wheat starch gel.

In this study, viscoelastic properties and textural profile analysis of starches from two canary seed varieties (CDC Maria and C05041) were compared with wheat starch. Based on amplitude sweep, the limiting strain values were 5.7%, 5.4% and 16.3% for CDC Maria, C05041, and wheat starch gels, respectively. The yield stress values at the linear viscoelastic limit (τ) and flow point (τ) of wheat starch (25.4 & 35.5 Pa, respectively) were higher than CDC Maria (14.3 and 24.2 Pa, respectively) and C05041 (...


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