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Test Results After Stem Cell Transplant Multiple Myeloma PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Test Results After Stem Cell Transplant Multiple Myeloma articles that have been published worldwide.
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Autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplant (aHSCT) is an efficacious treatment for newly diagnosed multiple myeloma patients. However, as rapid advances have resulted in other highly efficacious and less intensive therapies, the role of aHSCT has been questioned.
The major reason for treatment failure after allografting in multiple myeloma (MM) is relapse. Donor lymphocyte infusions are considered a valuable post-transplant strategy mainly for relapsed patients but using them to prevent relapse in MM has been reported rarely. In the present study we examined the efficacy of prophylactic donor lymphocyte infusions after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) in myeloma patients with a long-term follow-up of more than 5 years.
Significant Nationwide Variability exists in the Costs and in Hospital Mortality Rates in Autologous Stem Cell Transplant for Multiple Myeloma: An Analysis of the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) Database.
Autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (AHCT) is the standard of care for eligible multiple myeloma (MM) patients. We aim to explore disparities in hospital cost and in-hospital mortality among MM patients who received AHCT.
A complex network of cytokines in the bone marrow microenvironment has been implicated as an important factor in the pathogenesis of multiple myeloma (MM). Different cytokines have been studied in MM, both in peripheral blood and/or bone marrow, but there are few data correlating cytokines in leukapheresis product with post-transplant response depth to treatment.
Is it feasible to conduct a randomised controlled trial of pretransplant exercise (prehabilitation) for patients with multiple myeloma awaiting autologous haematopoietic stem cell transplantation? Protocol for the PREeMPT study.
While myeloma is an incurable malignancy, developments in disease management have led to increased life expectancy in recent years. Treatment typically involves stem-cell transplantation. Increased survival rates equate to more patients living with the burden of both the disease and its treatment for increasing number of years, rendering myeloma a long-term condition.Evidence exists to demonstrate the benefits of exercise for patients recovering from stem-cell transplantation, and prehabilitation-exercise b...
Circulating Plasma Cells at the Time of Collection of Autologous PBSC for Transplant in Multiple Myeloma Patients is a Negative Prognostic Factor Even in the Age of Post-Transplant Maintenance Therapy.
Circulating plasma cells (CPCs) have been detected in patients with multiple myeloma (MM) at various stages of disease and associated with worse outcomes. Little data exist regarding the impact of CPCs at the time of autologous peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) collection on outcomes, and the impact of maintenance therapy post autologous transplant (ASCT) on prognosis in patients with CPC containing collections.
Autologous stem cell transplant (ASCT) is an established frontline standard of care for the younger, fitter patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (NDMM) who are eligible for the procedure, and has contributed to improved overall survival. In the current era of novel therapies, the treatment landscape and prognosis have changed. The outstanding efficacy seen with regimens based on novel agents has led to a questioning of the frontline treatment paradigm with respect to ASCT. A key current question i...
Fatal lactic acidosis has been reported while on the treatment with Nucleoside/nucleotide analogs (NA) for the treatment of hepatitis B, C and HIV. No cases of such a complication have been reported in hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) recipients. We present a 65-year male who underwent autologous HSCT for the treatment of multiple myeloma. Prior to transplant he was started on single agent tenofovir alafenamide (TAF) for treatment of resolved hepatitis B infection. He presented few weeks later with...
Multiple myeloma stem cells (MMSCs) have been considered as the major cause resulting in relapse. Eradicating MMSCs may be an effective strategy to improve the outcome of multiple myeloma (MM). Increased activity of aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) has been found in MMSCs, but whether inhibiting ALDH activity can eliminate MMSCs remains unknown. Disulfiram (DS) has been reported as an inhibitor of ALDH, and increasing studies showed it has anti-cancer effects in a copper (Cu)-dependent manner. In this study, w...
Survival of multiple myeloma (MM) patients has improved with introduction of novel anti-myeloma agents. Myeloma has transformed into a chronic condition, accompanied with multiple relapses requiring salvage therapies, which results in cumulative immunosuppression. The impact of novel therapies on the immune system differs from that of traditional chemotherapy, and their application leads to emergence of infections not previously associated with myeloma, cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection being one of them(1). ...
In this study, we used a rapid, highly-sensitive, single-cell biomass measurement method, Live Cell Interferometry (LCI), to measure biomass in populations of CD3 + T cells isolated from hematopoietic stem cell transplant (SCT) patients at various times pre- and post-transplant (days 0-100). CD3 + T cell 'mass spectra' were obtained from five autologous and 20 allogenic transplant recipients. We found a pronounced rise in median T cell biomass (+25%; p
Autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) is an integral part of the frontline therapy in eligible multiple myeloma (MM) patients. The impact of ASCT on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in myeloma has not been well described. We performed a systematic literature search to identify studies evaluating the impact of ASCT on HRQoL. Our search retrieved 12 relevant studies: 10 manuscripts and 2 conference abstracts. There was a widespread heterogeneity across studies in instruments used to measure HRQoL,...
Prognostic significance of normalized FDG-PET parameters in patients with multiple myeloma undergoing induction chemotherapy and autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation: a retrospective single-center evaluation.
The purpose of this study was to determine retrospectively, through a single-center evaluation, whether FDG PET-CT normalized semi-quantitative parameters may predict response to induction chemotherapy (iChT) and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), as well as disease progression and progression-free survival in multiple myeloma (MM) patients, thus becoming a tool of personalized medicine.
The optimal intensity of myeloablation with a reduced-toxicity conditioning regimen to decrease relapse rate after allogeneic stem-cell transplantation without increasing transplant-related mortality (TRM) has not been well established.
The revised International Staging System (R-ISS) and the International Myeloma Working Group 2014 (IMWG 2014) are newer staging systems used to prognosticate multiple myeloma (MM) outcomes. We hypothesized that these would provide better prognostic differentiation for newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (MM) compared to ISS. We analyzed the Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research database from 2008-2014 to compare the 3 systems (N=628) among newly diagnosed MM undergoing upfront AHCT. The...
Fanconi anemia (FA) is an autosomal recessive, progressive bone marrow failure disorder characterized by congenital defects and marked cancer predisposition. Hematopoietic stem cell transplant is the therapy of choice for FA patients with progressive pancytopenia. These patients receive multiple transfusions for cytopenias. Oxymetholone has been used with variable success to improve cytopenias. Eltrombopag has been shown to induce bilineage or trilineage hematopoiesis in aplastic anemia and patients with my...
Multiple myeloma is a haematological blood cancer in elderly patients, in which neoplastic cell populations cause osteolytic destruction in the bone skeleton. More than 50% of all patients sustain pathological fractures during the course of their disease. Of all malignant lesions of the spine, multiple myeloma is the most frequent spinal tumour and accounts for approximately 15% of all cases. 8 - 10% of the patients develop neurological deficits. In addition to systemic antineoplastic therapy, surgical ...
Analysis of Clinical Factors and Outcomes Associated with Non-Utilization of Collected Peripheral Blood Stem Cells for Autologous Stem Cell Transplants in Transplant Eligible Patients with Multiple Myeloma.
Collection and storage of peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) for use in autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) upon first disease relapse is an accepted practice for eligible patients with multiple myeloma (MM). However, little is known about the factors and outcomes associated with non-utilization of these collected and stored PBSC by MM patients who intended to have a delayed ASCT. From January 1st 2004 to December 31st 2014, we identified 342 patients who underwent collection and storage of their PB...
One explorative observational study in 2 parts was performed to examine early salivary changes in relation to oral mucositis (OM) in multiple myeloma patients treated with high-dose melphalan and autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). As cryotherapy was introduced after part A as regular care, its effect on OM could be evaluated.
Several studies demonstrate that the bromodomain inhibitor OTX015 has an anti-tumor activity in cancers. However, translation of these data to molecules suitable for clinical development has not yet to be accomplished in multiple myeloma (MM). Here, we identified genes and biologic processes which substantiated the anti-myeloma activity of OTX015 with global transcriptomics. OTX015 exerted a strong anti-proliferative effect and induced cell cycle arrest in vitro. Gene expression profiling uncovered that OTX...
To evaluate response rates and survival in adults with transplant-associated thrombotic microangiopathy (TA-TMA) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) who were treated with eculizumab (ECU).