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Test Results After Stem Cell Transplant Multiple Myeloma PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Test Results After Stem Cell Transplant Multiple Myeloma articles that have been published worldwide.
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In newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (NDMM), autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) remains the standard approach for transplant-eligible patients. To control the inevitable relapse, post-transplant consolidation/maintenance strategies are commonly used. However, the benefit of post-transplant consolidation is still uncertain.
High-dose chemotherapy with autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (auto-HSCT) improves the outcome of patients with multiple myeloma (MM). It seems that auto-HSCT is also a feasible therapeutic option in MM dialysis-dependent (MMDD) patients. However, to perform transplantation, a sufficient number of stem cells must be collected.
Autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) is generally performed in the inpatient setting in its entirety. Several centers have demonstrated the feasibility of performing ASCT for myeloma in the ambulatory setting. We review the safety, cost-effectiveness, complications and outcomes of outpatient ASCT for myeloma.
To evaluate the outcome of a salvage third autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) in relapsed multiple myeloma.
We report a man who underwent autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) for multiple myeloma. Two months after ASCT, he presented with necrotising cholecystitis due to gallbladder stones and was submitted to laparoscopic cholecystectomy. About a week later, he developed progressive skin ulcers at sites where trochanters had been inserted. Progressive enlargement and necrotic aspect of these ulcers took place despite debridement and large spectrum antibiotics. New ulcers developed at the site of enoxaparin...
The objective of the current retrospective study is to compare differences in rate of breakthrough infections for ciprofloxacin versus levofloxacin prophylaxis in an autologous HSCT patients treated for multiple myeloma. This was a retrospective, cohort study comparing autologous hematopoietic stem-cell transplant (HSCT) recipients treated for multiple myeloma who received ciprofloxacin prophylaxis versus levofloxacin prophylaxis. A total of 297 patients, 143 levofloxacin and 154 ciprofloxacin-treated were ...
The emergence of oligoclonal bands, proteins differing from those originally identified at diagnosis, has been reported in multiple myeloma patients after high-dose chemotherapy followed by autologous stem cell transplantation and after successful conventional chemotherapy. The clinical relevance of oligoclonal bands remains unclear, but their emergence has been associated with better prognosis. The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence, clinical characteristics and prognostic impact of t...
High-dose melphalan and autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) are associated with high symptom burden. This study aimed to explore multiple myeloma (MM) patients' experience of symptom frequency, intensity, and distress during therapy.
This phase 1 study (clinical trial NCT00477815) was conducted to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of yttrium-90 ibritumomab tiuxetan ((90)Y-Zevalin) with high dose melphalan (HDM) therapy in multiple myeloma (MM) patients undergoing autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT). In a 3+3 trial design, 30 patients received rituximab 250 mg/m(2) with indium-111 ibritumomab tiuxetan ((111)In-Zevalin) for dosimetry (day -22); rituximab 250 mg/m(2) with escalating doses of (90)Y-Zevalin (day -14); me...
This case study presents a patient with multiple myeloma whose serum specimen exhibits 2 distinct bands in serum protein electrophoresis but only one band in immunofixation electrophoresis. This latter, single band corresponds to the M-spike. An investigation is presented to determine the identity of this disappearing or phantom band. Furthermore, this case is used as a teaching point to explain the criteria used for staging multiple myeloma, how a cell can become a myeloma propagating cell, methods that ca...
Cytomegalovirus reactivation is often diagnosed in allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant recipients and therefore could lead to CMV-related disease, involving many organs in these immunocompromised patients. In contrast, few studies investigated CMV reactivation and end-organ disease in patients undergoing Autologous Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplant (ASCT) since they are considered at low risk for both reactivation and disease.
Available data suggest that respiratory infections are associated with increased morbidity and mortality in patients hospitalized due to acute leukemia and allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT). However, the precise incidence, risk factors, and severity of respiratory infection, mainly community-acquired, in patients with lymphoma and multiple myeloma (MM) are not fully determined. The current study aimed to investigate risk factors for respiratory infections and their clinical significance in pat...
The emergence of new molecular targeting agents has improved the prognosis of patients with multiple myeloma (MM). However, MM remains incurable because MM stem cells are likely resistant to these agents. Thus, it is important to further investigate the biology of MM stem cells, which reside in the hypoxic bone marrow niche. In this study, we established and investigated the characteristics of hypoxia-adapted MM (HA-MM) cells, which could proliferate for more than six months under hypoxic conditions (1% O2)...
Treatment of multiple myeloma has changed considerably over the last two decades with remarkable reduction in mortality rates in clinical trials and in population-based studies. Since health care systems and patient management differ between countries, population-based data from cancer registries with high coverage may provide further insight into real-life achievements and unmet needs. We report on the first population-based nation-wide study of incidence, mortality and survival of multiple myeloma in Swit...
Most patients with multiple myeloma (MM) are considered to be incurable, and relapse owing to minimal residual disease (MRD) is the main cause of death among these patients. Therefore, new technologies to assess deeper response are required.
Multiple myeloma is the second most frequent hematological disease. The introduction of melphalan as high-dose therapy followed by autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation (HDT/ASCT) for young patients and the availability of novel agents for young and elderly patients with multiple myeloma have dramatically changed the perspective of treatment. However, further research is necessary if we want definitively to cure the disease. Treatment goals for transplant-eligible and non-transplant-eligible patient...
Nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) proteins are transcription factors that play key roles in regulating most immune responses and cell death. Constitutively active NF-κB has been shown to exhibit chemoresistance by inducing anti-apoptosis in tumor cells. Multiple myeloma is known as a constitutive NF-κB activating disease, and the proteasome inhibitor bortezomib is used to treat multiple myeloma and mantle cell lymphoma. We demonstrate here that DANFIN (N,N'-bis-(2,4-dimethyl-phenyl)-ethane-1,2-diamine) function...
Objective: To investigate the effects of proteasome beta 5 subunit (PSMB5) on proliferation and bortezomib (BTZ) chemo-sensitivity of multiple myeloma (MM) and its related molecular mechanisms. Methods: We used two MM cell lines, RPMI 8226 and BTZ drug-resistant cell line RPMI 8226/BTZ100 (hereinafter referred to as BTZ100) , as the research object. PSMB5 was overexpressed or knocked down in two myeloma cell lines via lentivirus transfection. CCK8 assay was used to detect the impact of PSMB5 on cell viabili...
Background Multiple myeloma is a haematological blood cancer of the bone marrow and is classified by the World Health Organisation (WHO) as a plasma cell neoplasm. In multiple myeloma, normal plasma cells transform into malignant myeloma cells and produce large quantities of an abnormal immunoglobulin called monoclonal protein or M protein. This ultimately causes multiple myeloma symptoms such as bone damage or kidney problems. The annual worldwide incidence of multiple myeloma is estimated to be 6 - 7/...
Bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome has been associated with increased morbidity and mortality after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT). Previous studies have suggested that azithromycin may reduce the incidence of post-lung transplant bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome.
The red blood cell distribution width (RDW), a credible marker for abnormal erythropoiesis, has recently been studied as a prognostic factor in oncology, but its role in multiple myeloma (MM) hasn't been thoroughly investigated.
Guidelines recommend vaccination starting 12 months after autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplant (aHCT), but there is varying practice for patients on maintenance therapy, with some centers not immunizing at all. Due to decreased vaccine rates among the general population causing loss of herd immunity, we aimed to establish the safety and efficacy of revaccinating multiple myeloma patients on lenalidomide maintenance (LM). Of the 122 patients who were vaccinated after aHCT between 2010-2014 at MSKCC,...
Randomized controlled trial on the effects of a supervised high intensity exercise program in patients with a hematologic malignancy treated with autologous stem cell transplantation: Results from the EXIST study.
This single blind, multicenter randomized controlled trial aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of a supervised high intensity exercise program on physical fitness and fatigue in patients with multiple myeloma or lymphoma recently treated with autologous stem cell transplantation.