PubMed Journals Articles About "Tetanus Pipeline Review 2015" RSS

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Showing "Tetanus Pipeline Review 2015" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 19,000+

Tetanus in Poland in 2015

The number of tetanus in the 21st century shows a slight declining trend, but each year there is reported fatal cases of this disease.

Correction: Definition of Human Epitopes Recognized in Tetanus Toxoid and Development of an Assay Strategy to Detect Ex Vivo Tetanus CD4+ T Cell Responses.

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0169086.].

Hib antibody responses in infants following diphtheria, tetanus, acellular pertussis, and conjugated Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) combination vaccines with decreasing amounts of tetanus toxoid.

While combination vaccines have contributed to improved vaccine uptake rates in children, studies have documented varied immunogenicity to specific vaccine components. We studied whether varying the amount of tetanus toxoid (TT) in a DTaP and Hib combination vaccine would result in immunogenicity comparable with separate, concurrent administration.

Chinese expert consensus on tetanus immunization.

Tetanus is an acute specific infection caused by obligate anaerobes, which is still a serious public health problem. Tetanus bacterium is an obligate anaerobic bacterium, widely distributed in nature, which can exist in dust, soil, human or animal excrement. The bacteria invade the body primarily through the skin or mucosal wounds, and most commonly in trauma and burn patients, unclean newborns, and unsafe surgical instruments. Exotoxin produced by tetanus bacteria can cause temporary changes in the central...

Validation of a customized bioinformatics pipeline for a clinical next-generation sequencing test targeting solid tumor-associated variants.

Bioinformatic analysis is an integral and critical part of clinical next-generation sequencing. It is especially challenging for some pipelines to consistently identify insertions and deletions. We present the validation of an open source tumor amplicon pipeline (OTA-pipeline) for clinical next-generation sequencing targeting solid tumor-associated variants. Raw data generated from 557 TruSight Tumor 26 samples as well as in silico data were analyzed by the OTA-pipeline and legacy pipeline and compared. Dis...

Tetanus, a current disease in pediatric population: Case report.

Tetanus is an acute disease caused by a toxin produced by Clostridium tetanii. The disease can affect people of any age, and the fatality rate is high. Thanks to immunization the number of cases of the disease has decreased, although they are still present in isolation in countries with social and economic backwardness.

Risk-based underground pipeline safety management considering corrosion effect.

Due to the long term usage and irregular maintenance for corrosion checks, catastrophic accidents have been increasing in underground pipelines. In this study, a new safety management methodology of underground pipeline, risk-based pipeline management, is introduced reflecting corrosion effect. First, principle of the risk-based pipeline management is presented compared with an original method, qualitative measure. It is distinguished from the qualitative measure by reflecting societal risk and corrosion in...

COPTEM: A Model to Investigate the Factors Driving Crude Oil Pipeline Transportation Emissions.

Previous transportation fuel life cycle assessment studies have not fully accounted for the full variability in the crude oil transport stage - e.g. transporting a light crude through a high-diameter pipeline, vs. transporting a heavy crude through a small-diameter pipeline. We develop a first principles, fluid mechanics-based crude oil pipeline transportation emissions model (COPTEM) that calculates the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions associated with pipeline transport as a function of crude oil parameters,...

Priming the tuberculosis drug pipeline: new antimycobacterial targets and agents.

Claiming close to two million lives each year, tuberculosis is now the leading cause of death from an infectious disease. The rise in number of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) strains resistant to existing TB drugs has underscored the urgent need to develop new antimycobacterials with novel mechanisms of action. To meet this need, a drug pipeline has been established that is populated with new and repurposed drugs. Recent advances in identifying molecules with inhibitory activity against Mtb under conditio...

Sex-differential effects of diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis vaccine for the outcome of paediatric admissions? A hospital based observational study from Guinea-Bissau.

In spite of protection against the targeted infections, a large volume of observational data indicates that diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis (DTP) vaccine may have a negative impact on overall childhood mortality in low-income countries, especially in girls.

Numerical research on the lateral global buckling characteristics of a high temperature and pressure pipeline with two initial imperfections.

With the exploitation of offshore oil and gas gradually moving to deep water, higher temperature differences and pressure differences are applied to the pipeline system, making the global buckling of the pipeline more serious. For unburied deep-water pipelines, the lateral buckling is the major buckling form. The initial imperfections widely exist in the pipeline system due to manufacture defects or the influence of uneven seabed, and the distribution and geometry features of initial imperfections are rando...

Clinical features and outcomes of tetanus: Analysis using a National Inpatient Database in Japan.

This study was performed to elucidate the current clinical features and outcomes of tetanus using a national inpatient database in Japan.

High Conservation of Tetanus and Botulinum Neurotoxins Cleavage Sites on Human SNARE Proteins Suggests That These Pathogens Exerted Little or No Evolutionary Pressure on Humans.

The Genome Aggregation Database presently contains >120,000 human genomes. We searched in this database for the presence of mutations at the sites of tetanus (TeNT) and botulinum neurotoxins (BoNTs) cleavages of the three SNARE proteins: VAMP, SNAP-25 and Syntaxin. These mutations could account for some of the BoNT/A resistant patients. At the same time, this approach was aimed at testing the possibility that TeNT and BoNT may have acted as selective agents in the development of resistance to tetanus or bot...

Relationship between patient copayments in Medicare Part D and vaccination claim status for herpes zoster and tetanus-diphtheria-acellular pertussis.

To assess the relationship between copay amount and vaccination claim submission status for tetanus-diphtheria-acellular pertussis (Tdap) and herpes zoster (GSK study identifier: HO-14-14319).

Prevalence of dental fluorosis in Mexico 2005-2015: a literature review.

To perform a literature review regarding current dental fluorosis prevalence in Mexico reported from 2005 to 2015.

Randomized Controlled Trial of the Safety and Immunogenicity of Revaccination With Tetanus-Diphtheria-Acellular Pertussis Vaccine (Tdap) in Adults 10 Years After a Previous Dose.

Reduced-antigen-content tetanus, diphtheria, and acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccine is recommended in many countries for boosting immunity in adolescents and adults. Although immunity to these antigens wanes with time, currently available Tdap products are not labeled for repeat administration in the United States.

Filling the Pipeline: AOA Critical Issues.

This is the Presidential Address, "Filling the Pipeline," that was given by Sanford E. Emery, MD, MBA, at the Annual Meeting of the American Orthopaedic Association in June 2016.

A Case of Localized, Unilateral (Cephalic) Wound Botulism.

We describe a rare presentation of botulism originally presenting with exclusively unilateral cranial nerve deficits following a puncture wound to the face. Cephalic tetanus was initially suspected but laboratory testing confirmed botulism. Botulism caused by local diffusion of toxin from a contaminated head wound can be confused with cephalic tetanus.

CRISPR-DAV: CRISPR NGS Data Analysis and Visualization Pipeline.

The simplicity and precision of CRISPR/Cas9 system has brought in a new era of gene editing. Screening for desired clones with CRISPR-mediated genomic edits in a large number of samples is made possible by next generation sequencing (NGS) due to its multiplexing. Here we present CRISPR-DAV (CRISPR Data Analysis and Visualization) pipeline to analyze the CRISPR NGS data in a high throughput manner. In the pipeline, BWA and ABRA are used for small and large indel detection, and results are presented in a comp...

Using the 4 Pillars to increase vaccination among high-risk adults: who benefits?

To compare changes in vaccination rates (pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine [PPSV]; tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis [Tdap] vaccine; and influenza vaccine) among high-risk adults following an intervention (June 1, 2013, to January 31, 2015) that used the 4 Pillars Practice Transformation Program (4 Pillars Program).

Neuroprotective effects of C-terminal domain of tetanus toxin on rat brain against motorneuron damages after experimental spinal cord injury.

Experimental animal study investigating the efficacy of C-terminal domain of tetanus toxin application as neuroprotective effects on rat brain in a model of spinal cord injury.

Fragments of peer review: A quantitative analysis of the literature (1969-2015).

This paper examines research on peer review between 1969 and 2015 by looking at records indexed from the Scopus database. Although it is often argued that peer review has been poorly investigated, we found that the number of publications in this field doubled from 2005. A half of this work was indexed as research articles, a third as editorial notes and literature reviews and the rest were book chapters or letters. We identified the most prolific and influential scholars, the most cited publications and the...

Problems with the 2015 Dietary Guidelines for Americans. An Alternative.

The updated 2015 Dietary Guidelines for Americans, published in January 2016, have stirred much controversy since the advisory report first appeared. Several important changes have been made, with some recommendations having greater scientific evidence for their support than others. The focus of this review is to discuss specific recommendations from the 2015 Dietary Guidelines for Americans that lack sound scientific evidence; these include: 1) Allowing approximately half of all grains to be refined; 2) Th...

Comment on: 'β Blocker use and mortality in cancer patients: systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies' (Zhong et al., 2015; published Epub ahead of print 3 September 2015).

Sequence-Based Synteny Analysis of Multiple Large Genomes.

Current methods for synteny analysis provide only limited support to study large genomes at the sequence level. In this chapter, we describe a pipeline based on existing tools that, applied in a suitable fashion, enables synteny analysis of large genomic datasets. We give a hands-on description of each step of the pipeline using four avian genomes for data. We also provide integration scripts that simplify the conversion and setup of data between the different tools in the pipeline.

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