PubMed Journals Articles About "Tetanus Pipeline Review 2015" RSS

10:34 EST 16th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Tetanus Pipeline Review 2015" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 19,000+

Pediatric Tetanus in Central Pennsylvania.

Approximately 20% of the nationally reported tetanus infections in children aged 0 to 14 years that occurred in the United States between 2005 and 2015 were treated at Penn State Children's Hospital. With an electronic medical record search, we identified 5 cases of pediatric tetanus; 100% of these cases occurred in unimmunized children. Their median length of stay was 10 days, and the costs were significant.

The research of the tetanus seropositivity levels in registered family physicians in Ankara province, Turkey, 2017.

The aim of this research is to determine the seropositivity levels of tetanus vaccine according to age groups in Ankara province, to identify possible factors that could affect the immune status, and to make recommendations especially in people aged 50 years and older. This cross-sectional epidemiological study covers people over three years of age registered in the Family Medicine Information System. We received blood samples from 992 people and 968 of them were surveyed. Protective tetanus antibody levels...

Pre-post effects of a tetanus care protocol implementation in a sub-Saharan African intensive care unit.

Tetanus is a vaccine-preventable, neglected disease that is life threatening if acquired and occurs most frequently in regions where vaccination coverage is incomplete. Challenges in vaccination coverage contribute to the occurrence of non-neonatal tetanus in sub-Saharan countries, with high case fatality rates. The current WHO recommendations for the management of tetanus include close patient monitoring, administration of immune globulin, sedation, analgesia, wound hygiene and airway support [1]. In respo...

Botulinum and Tetanus Neurotoxins.

Botulinum neurotoxins (BoNTs) and tetanus neurotoxin (TeNT) are the most potent toxins known and cause botulism and tetanus, respectively. BoNTs are also widely utilized as therapeutic toxins. They contain three functional domains responsible for receptor-binding, membrane translocation, and proteolytic cleavage of host proteins required for synaptic vesicle exocytosis. These toxins also have distinct features: BoNTs exist within a progenitor toxin complex (PTC), which protects the toxin and facilitates its...

Tetanus, Botulism, and Diphtheria.

This article reviews the pathophysiology, epidemiology, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, and treatment of tetanus, botulism, and diphtheric neuropathy.

Functional and proteomic comparison of different techniques to produce equine anti-tetanus immunoglobulin F(ab')2 fragments.

Tetanus is still a major cause of human deaths in several developing countries. In particular, the neonatal form remains a significant public health problem. According to the World Health Organization, administration of tetanus toxoid is recommended for neonatal tetanus patients. Furthermore, tetanus antitoxin or anti-tetanus immunoglobulin (Ig) are used for mild case or intensive care. This paper discusses a novel purification technique for improving equine anti-tetanus Ig production. First, equine plasma ...

Contribution of Vaccination to the Reduction of Infectious Mortality in Ukraine in the Second Half of the 20th and Early 21st Century: A Comparative Population Based Study of the Dynamics and Structure of Infectious Mortality and Incidence.

Our work presents an epidemiological analysis of the dynamics and structure of the annual indicators such as Cumulative Incidence, Mortality Rate (MR), and Case Fatality Rate for infections preventable by vaccines (vaccine-preventable infections-VPIs) in Ukraine between 1944 and 2015 compared to the same indicators for infections not preventable by vaccines (nonvaccine-preventable infections-non-VPIs). In 1965, the proportion of all infectious diseases in the context of mortality (7.47%), and especially of ...

Receipt of other routinely recommended vaccines relative to receipt of seasonal influenza vaccines: Trends from medicare administrative data, 2013-2015.

Annual influenza vaccination campaigns emphasize the importance of getting vaccinated against influenza. These campaigns offer potential opportunities to raise awareness of all vaccines. We explored the peak timing of the receipt of influenza and other routinely recommended vaccinations. We examined administrative claims data of 31 million Medicare fee-for-service beneficiaries, eligible to receive vaccinations administered from 2013 to 2015 from Medicare Part B (medical insurance) and Medicare Part D (pres...

Association between clinically probable REM sleep behavior disorder and tetanus in dogs.

Abnormal sleep behavior has been reported in 5 dogs during recovery from tetanus.

The Effect of Concurrent Tetanus-diphtheria Vaccination on the Antibody Response to Rabies Vaccine: A Preliminary Study.

The number of studies in the literature investigating the effect of tetanus vaccination on rabies prophylaxis is rather limited. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effect of concurrent tetanus-diphtheria (Td) vaccination on the antibody response to rabies vaccine. The data of consecutive 80 patients who presented to Sakarya University Training and Research Hospital, Department of Emergency due to rabies suspected exposure between 15 October 2012 and 12 June 2013 were enrolled to this study. Postexpo...

Immunization rates of pneumococcal, influenza and tetanus vaccines and knowledge and attitudes of adult patients who receive inpatient treatment at hospital: Point prevalence study.

The safety of vaccines, access to health care, the level of community's knowledge and the attention of physicians play a critical role in the rate of adult vaccination. This study aims to determine the immunization rate of pneumococcal, influenza and tetanus vaccines among the patients and their knowledge and attitudes in the hospital. The study is a cross-sectional point prevalence survey. The patients who agreed to participate in the study were interviewed using a questionnaire. Patients' gender, occup...

Thrombogenicity assessment of Pipeline Flex, Pipeline Shield, and FRED flow diverters in an in vitro human blood physiological flow loop model.

Endovascular treatment of intracranial aneurysms with endoluminal flow diverters (single or multiple) has proven to be clinically safe and effective, but is associated with a risk of thromboembolic complications. Recently, a novel biomimetic surface modification with covalently bound phosphorylcholine (Shield Technology™) has shown to reduce the material thrombogenicity of the Pipeline flow diverter. Thrombogenicity of Pipeline Flex, Pipeline Shield, and Flow Redirection Endoluminal Device (FRED) in the p...

Observational studies of non-specific effects of Diphtheria-Tetanus-Pertussis vaccines in low-income countries: Assessing the potential impact of study characteristics, bias and confounding through meta-regression.

It has been suggested that some vaccines have effects beyond protection against the diseases they target, called non-specific effects (NSEs). In 2016, a systematic review by Higgins et al., commissioned by the WHO Strategic Advisory Group of Experts (SAGE) on immunization, estimated the relative risk (RR) of all-cause mortality after whole-cell Diphtheria-Tetanus-Pertussis (DTwP) vaccination to be 1.38 (95% CI: 0.92-2.08), and described these potential NSEs as inconsistent. However, the selection of studies...

VCPA: genomic Variant Calling pipeline and data management tool for Alzheimer's Disease Sequencing Project.

We report VCPA, our SNP/Indel Variant Calling Pipeline and data management tool used for analysis of whole genome and exome sequencing (WGS/WES) for the Alzheimer's Disease Sequencing Project. VCPA consists of two independent but linkable components: pipeline and tracking database. The pipeline, implemented using the Workflow Description Language and fully optimized for the Amazon elastic compute cloud environment, includes steps from aligning raw sequence reads, to variant calling using GATK. The tracking ...

Review article A translational view of cells' secretome analysis - from untargeted proteomic to potential circulating biomarkers.

The identification of circulating biomarkers capable of being used as routine for diagnosis, prognosis, risk stratification and therapeutic monitoring is still the major aim at clinical proteomics. However, the direct search in blood samples or other clinical relevant biofluids is frequently associated with technical limitations that makes the biomarker discovery process extremely difficult when using these types of samples. In this sense, the use of different approaches, such as the analysis of cells' secr...

Immunogenicity and safety of the quadrivalent meningococcal vaccine MenACWY-TT co-administered with a combined diphtheria-tetanus-acellular pertussis vaccine versus their separate administration in adolescents and young adults: A phase III, randomized study.

This study evaluated the immunogenicity and safety of quadrivalent meningococcal conjugate vaccine using tetanus (T) toxoid as carrier protein (MenACWY-TT) co-administered with combined diphtheria-tetanus-acellular pertussis vaccine (Tdap) versus their separate administration in adolescents and young adults.

Novel Therapeutics in Psoriatic Arthritis. What Is in the Pipeline?

To highlight the recently approved therapeutic agents in psoriatic arthritis (PsA), drugs in the pipeline, as well as to discuss efficacy with regard to different clinical domains of PsA.

A Randomized Controlled Trial of the Safety and Immunogenicity of Tetanus, Diphtheria, and Acellular Pertussis Vaccine Immunization During Pregnancy and Subsequent Infant Immune Response.

Immunization of pregnant women with tetanus-diphtheria-acellular pertussis vaccine (Tdap) provides protection against pertussis to the newborn infant.

An effective, simple and low-cost pretreatment for culture clarification in tetanus toxoid production.

Chemically inactivated tetanus toxin (tetanus toxoid, TT), purified from cultures of a virulent Clostridium tetani strain, is the active pharmaceutical ingredient of anti-tetanus vaccines. Culture clarification for TT production and is usually performed by filtration-based techniques. Final clarification of the culture supernatant is achieved by passage through 0.2 µm pore size filtering membranes. Large particles removal (primary clarification) before final filtration (secondary clarification) reduces c...

Appendicular fracture epidemiology of children and adolescents: a 10-year case review in Western Australia (2005 to 2015).

Fracture incidence data of Australian children and adolescents have not been reported in the literature. A 10-year case review of fracture presentations in Western Australia is provided. Between 2005 and 2015, fracture incidence increased relative to population growth. This is concerning, and interventions are required to reverse this trend.

Understanding mode of action can drive the translational pipeline towards more reliable health benefits for probiotics.

The different levels of knowledge described in a translational pipeline (the connection of molecular mechanisms with pre-clinical physiological and human health effects) are not complete for many probiotics. At present, we are not in a position to fully understand the mechanistic basis of many well established probiotic health benefits which, in turn, limits our ability to use mechanisms to predict which probiotics are likely to be effective in any given population. Here we suggest that this concept of a tr...

Pipeline Embolization Device Flow Diversion for a Dissecting Ruptured Posterior Cerebral Artery Aneurysm in a Pediatric Patient.

Intracranial aneurysms(IAs) are rare in the pediatric population and are usually considered difficult to treat with traditional microsurgery due to their complex morphology. Endovascular techniques have become the standard option for treating IAs in adults. More recently, flow diverters such as the Pipeline Embolization Device(PED) are being widely adopted for unruptured IAs with safety and efficacy in adults, yet their use in the pediatric population is not well defined. In this paper we present a pediatri...

Pipeline validation for connectivity-based cortex parcellation.

Structural connectivity plays a dominant role in brain function and arguably lies at the core of understanding the structure-function relationship in the cerebral cortex. Connectivity-based cortex parcellation (CCP), in the context of this article a framework to process structural connectivity information gained from diffusion MRI and diffusion tractography, identifies cortical subunits that furnish functional inference. The underlying pipeline of algorithms interprets similarity in structural connectivity ...

Usefulness of a systematic approach at listing for vaccine prevention in solid organ transplantation candidates.

Solid organ transplantation (SOT) candidates may not be immune against potentially vaccine-preventable diseases because of insufficient immunizations and/or limited vaccine responses. We evaluated the impact of a systematic vaccinology workup at listing including 1) pneumococcal ± influenza immunization, 2) serology-based vaccine recommendations against measles, varicella, hepatitis B, hepatitis A and tetanus and 3) the documentation of vaccines and serologies in a national electronic immunization registry...

Morphological Feature Elongation Can Predict Occlusion Status Following Pipeline Embolization of Intracranial Aneurysms.

To explore whether computed morphological features can be used as independent predictors of incomplete occlusion of aneurysms treated with pipeline embolization device.

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