PubMed Journals Articles About "The Model Building And Empirical Research Of Eye Health Interventions For Children" RSS

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Showing "Model Building Empirical Research Health Interventions Children" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 60,000+

Changing the Face of Health Education via Health Interventions: Social Ecological Perspectives on New Media Technologies and Elementary Nutrition Education.

The relationship between media use, family dynamics, and school environments on a child's likelihood to be overweight or obese is an area of research with limited empirical evidence; however, reports have indicated that children are increasingly developing more negative habits related to their health. The purpose of the present study was to employ a social ecological perspective in determining the effectiveness of a longitudinal health literacy/health intervention program on children's nutritional knowledge...

Capacity assessment in public health community interventions: a systematic review.

The importance of building capacity in community interventions is well recognized. There is general agreement about the determinants of capacity and a range of existing capacity frameworks, however there is limited evidence or consistency in practice around assessing capacity in community interventions. The aim of this review was to describe how capacity is assessed in community interventions. A systematic review of the literature across four databases (MEDLINE, CINAHL, PsycINFO and Sociological Abstracts) ...

Occupational therapy interventions in child and adolescent mental health: a mixed methods systematic review protocol.

The question of this review is: what is the effectiveness of occupational therapy on participation in everyday occupations for children and adolescents with mental health difficulties? The objective is to identify the evidence of occupational therapy interventions that are occupation-based and/or occupation-focused.The quantitative component of the review will consider studies that evaluate the effectiveness of occupation-based and/or occupation-focused interventions; the qualitative component of this revie...

A comprehensive community model to prevent and address adolescent health problems.

This article presents a model for building a comprehensive community response to adolescent health problems. The approach is comprehensive in that it includes prevention and promotion, assistance and protection, and involves different sectors and areas of the State and the community. We describe the conceptual framework and principles of the model, developed based on debates regarding health promotion and collective health as well as the work experiences of the research team in different communities in Arge...

Effectiveness of capacity building interventions relevant to public health practice: a systematic review.

This systematic review assessed the effectiveness of capacity building interventions relevant to public health practice. The aim is to inform and improve capacity building interventions.

Review of mental health promotion interventions in schools.

The prevalence of mental disorders amongst children and adolescents is an increasing global problem. Schools have been positioned at the forefront of promoting positive mental health and well-being through implementing evidence-based interventions. The aim of this paper is to review current evidence-based research of mental health promotion interventions in schools and examine the reported effectiveness to identify those interventions that can support current policy and ensure that limited resources are app...

Intergenerational Interventions for People Living with HIV and Their Families: A Systematic Review.

A variety of interventions have been tested targeting people living with HIV (PLH) and their relationships with their children. The purpose of this study was to synthesize evidence on the goals, types, scope, and outcomes of such intergenerational interventions for PLH. Randomized trials targeting PLH alone or together with their children, published in English, with an intergenerational intervention component were included in this review. Thirteen studies met eligibility criteria. The types and goals of int...

Relationship of Mothers' Mental and Physical Health to Characteristics of Mothers and Their Children with Developmental Disabilities.

While empirical evidence shows that mothers of children with developmental disabilities (DDs) are at risk for poor mental and physical health, the relative contribution of maternal and child characteristics, including sleep quality, remain unclear.

Imagery interventions in health behavior: A meta-analysis.

Imagery-based interventions represent an inexpensive, potentially effective technique for changing health behavior and promoting adaptive health outcomes. However, research adopting mental imagery techniques in health behavior interventions has shown considerable variability in effects across studies. In the present analysis we present a quantitative synthesis of the effectiveness of mental imagery interventions in health behavior and tested effects of key moderators.

Developing Treatments for Antisocial Behavior Among Children: Controlled Trials and Uncontrolled Tribulations.

The article describes my research on the development and evaluation of psychosocial treatments for children who engage in extremes of antisocial behavior (e.g., aggression, property destruction, theft). I begin with my "story" of how the focus on interventions started as I worked in various settings (rehabilitation facilities, schools, hospitals, and outpatient clinical services) and with children, adolescents, and adults. The main stream of treatment research and findings with antisocial child behavior is ...

Empirical evidence of the public health benefits of tropical forest conservation in Cambodia: a generalised linear mixed-effects model analysis.

Potential synergies between public health and environmental protection that offer new opportunities for achieving health and sustainable development targets have been postulated. However, empirical evidence of the effect of ecosystem degradation and protection on public health outcomes is scarce, which restricts policy makers' ability to assess the net health effects of land-use change.

What implementation evidence matters: scaling-up nurturing interventions that promote early childhood development.

Research in early childhood development (ECD) has established the need for scaling-up multisectoral interventions for nurturing care to promote ECD, for improved socioeconomic outcomes for sustainable societies. However, key elements and processes for implementation and scale-up of such interventions are not well understood. This special series on implementation research and practice for ECD brings together evidence to inform effectiveness, quality, and scale in nurturing care programs; identifies knowledge...

Does the Structured Operational Research and Training Initiative (SORT IT) continue to influence health policy and/or practice?

The Structured Operational Research and Training Initiative (SORT IT) is a successful model of integrated operational research and capacity building with about 90% of participants completing the training and publishing in scientific journals.

Building a Global Culture of Science - The Vietnam Experience.

We detail the lessons learned, challenges, achievements, and outlook in building a chemistry research center in Vietnam. Through the principles of 'global science', we provide specific insight into the process behind establishing an internationally-competitive research program - a model that is scalable and adaptable to countries beyond Vietnam. Furthermore, we highlight the prospects for success in advancing global science education, research capacity building, and mentorship.

Using Mobile Health to Promote Early Language Development: A Narrative Review.

In this narrative review, we will present a brief overview of known disparities in children's language development based on socioeconomic status (SES) and efforts in the primary care setting to promote children's language development. Next, we will define mobile-health (m-health) and review the limited, published literature regarding the effectiveness of m-health interventions in promoting children's health, in general, and language development, in particular. Finally, we will discuss the potential role of ...

Racial-ethnic Disparities in Inflammation: Evidence of Weathering in Childhood?

Building on the weathering hypothesis, we advance health disparities research by assessing racial-ethnic differences in low-grade inflammation, a marker of chronic stress exposure, in young children. Using nationally representative data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey ( N = 6,652) and logistic regression, we find an increased risk of low-grade inflammation among Hispanic and African American children compared to white children. The risk of inflammation appears to be stronger for Hi...

Establishing trust in HIV/HCV research among people who inject drugs (PWID): Insights from empirical research.

The establishment of trust between researchers and participants is critical to advance HIV and HCV prevention particularly among people who inject drugs (PWID) and other marginalized populations, yet empirical research on how to establish and maintain trust in the course of community health research is lacking. This paper documents ideas about trust between research participants and researchers amongst a sub-sample of PWID who were enrolled in a large, multi-year community health study of social networks an...

Lack of evidence on mental health and well-being impacts of individual-level interventions for vulnerable adolescents: systematic mapping review.

To review empirical evaluations of individual-level interventions intended to improve mental health or well-being for vulnerable adolescents.

How do we assess a racial disparity in health? Distribution, interaction, and interpretation in epidemiological studies.

Identifying the exposures or interventions that exacerbate or ameliorate racial health disparities is one of the fundamental goals of social epidemiology. Introducing an interaction term between race and an exposure into a statistical model is commonly used in the epidemiologic literature to assess racial health disparities and the potential viability of a targeted health intervention. However, researchers may attribute too much authority to the interaction term and inadvertently ignore other salient inform...

Differences in Attitudes Toward Online Interventions in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy Between Health Care Professionals and Nonprofessionals: A Survey.

Although the use of e-mental health interventions and their evaluation is already well advanced in countries such as the United States and Australia, research in this area is still in the early stages in Germany. Moreover, existing programs are used only to a small extent by patients, although physicians and therapists generally have a positive attitude toward their use. To help promote the use of online interventions in the future, an analysis of the differences in opinions and attitudes toward e-mental he...

Updating the determinants of health model in the Information Age.

In 1991, Dahlgren and Whitehead produced a highly influential model of the determinants of health that has since been used by numerous national and international public health organizations globally. The purpose of the model is to enable interventions that improve health to be addressed at four key policy levels. It is not a model of health or disease; instead the model is structured around health policy decision-making. However the model needs an update, since it was devised there has been a digital revolu...

Complex health promotion community interventions with children : Evaluation using examples from a rural (Ortenaukreis) and an urban region (Lenzviertel Hamburg).

This article focuses the challenges of evaluating complex health promotion interventions in community settings. On the basis of two examples - the Präventionsnetzwerk Ortenaukreis (prevention network Ortenau, southwest Germany) and the project "Lenzgesund" (health promotion in the Lenz quarter of Hamburg, Germany) - empirical approaches and solutions are described. Across projects five central principles could be extracted: 1) a detailed description of the intervention and its objectives, 2) the connect...

The role of social and economic factors in the formation of the somatic health level in school-aged children.

Introduction: The article is devoted to a relevant problem - the state of health in school-aged children. Almost 90 % of school-aged children have deviations in their health, and over 50 % have poor physical fitness. Therefore, the problem of early diagnosis, detection and correction of pre-nosologic conditions is an effective means of preventing diseases and improving the health of children. The aim: The aim of the research was to examine the state of somatic health of school-aged children in Poltava and t...

Deworming in pre-school age children: A global empirical analysis of health outcomes.

There is debate over the effectiveness of deworming children against soil-transmitted helminthiasis (STH) to improve health outcomes, and current evidence may be limited in study design and generalizability. However, programmatic deworming continues throughout low and middle-income countries.

Patterns of early primary school-based literacy interventions among Pacific children from a nationwide health screening programme of 4 year olds.

Literacy success is critical to unlocking a child's potential and enhancing their future wellbeing. Thus, the early identification and redressing of literacy needs is vital. Pacific children have, on average, the lowest literacy achievement levels in New Zealand. However, this population is very diverse. This study sought to determine whether the current national health screening programme of pre-school children could be used as an early detection tool of Pacific children with the greatest literacy needs. T...

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