PubMed Journals Articles About "The Omission Of Pumice Prophylaxis On Bracket Failure Rates Using Self Etch Primers" RSS

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Showing "Omission Pumice Prophylaxis Bracket Failure Rates Using Self" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 10,000+

Immobilization of Rhodopseudomonas palustris P1 on glass pumice to improve the removal of NH -N and NO -N from aquaculture pond water.

We conducted this research in order to investigate the potential of a new material called glass pumice for use as a microorganism immobilization carrier to improve aquaculture pond water quality. The pH adjustment capacity and the Rhodopseudomonas palustris P1 cell adsorption capacity of glass pumice were measured. The immobilized Rps. palustris P1 and the free sample were compared to determine which had an enhanced NH -N and NO -N removal efficiency. The results showed that glass pumice significantly affec...

Febrile neutropenia hospitalization due to pegfilgrastim on-body injector failure compared to single-injection pegfilgrastim and daily injections with reference and biosimilar filgrastim: US cost simulation for lung cancer and non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

: Guidelines recommend febrile neutropenia (FN) prophylaxis following myelotoxic chemotherapy with either daily injections of filgrastim (Neupogen) or biosimilar filgrastim-sndz (Zarzio/Zarxio), single-injection pegfilgrastim (Neulasta), or pegfilgrastim administered through an on-body injector (PEG-OBI; Neulasta Onpro). PEG-OBI failure rates ≤6.9% have been reported, putting patients at incremental risk for FN and FN-related hospitalization. Our objective was to estimate, from a US payer perspective, the...

Appropriateness of Surgical Antimicrobial Prophylaxis Practices in Australia.

Surgical antimicrobial prophylaxis (SAP) is a common indication for antibiotic use in hospitals and is associated with high rates of inappropriateness.

Quinolone- and multidrug-resistance predict failure of antibiotic prophylaxis of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis.

The efficacy of antibiotic prophylaxis to prevent spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) in patients colonized with multidrug-resistant organisms (MDRO) is unknown. We evaluated the effectiveness of fluoroquinolone-based SBP prophylaxis in an era and area of frequent antibiotic resistance.

Relapse of operant behavior after response elimination with an extinction or an omission contingency.

The present study compared relapse after responding was eliminated by extinction or omission training in rats. In Experiment 1, lever pressing was reinforced with food pellets in Context A and then eliminated with either extinction or omission training in Context B. The response was then tested in Contexts A and B in either the presence or absence of free food pellets delivered on a random time schedule. All rats showed higher responding when tested in Context A than Context B, and there was little evidence...

Local application of a gentamicin-loaded hydrogel early after injury is superior to peri-operative systemic prophylaxis in a rabbit open fracture model.

Open fractures are at significant risk of developing a fracture related infection (FRI), despite the routine administration of perioperative antibiotic prophylaxis. Early application of antibiotic prophylaxis is known to reduce infection rates; however, most international guidelines focus on post-operative duration rather than pre-hospital administration. We compared conventional perioperative prophylaxis against early pre-hospital prophylaxis either as a systemic single shot of cefuroxime or a locally appl...

Factors to Consider When Evaluating Rates of Pharmacologic Venous Thromboembolism Prophylaxis Administration Among Trauma Patients.

It is generally believed that pharmacologic prophylaxis for venous thromboembolism (VTE) is underused. However, previous studies have not shown associations between increased prophylaxis administration and reductions in VTE. We here investigated prophylaxis administration and VTE incidence among trauma patients at our facility to determine whether to further increase prophylaxis administration after implementation of a standardized monitoring protocol. Univariate analyses and regression models were used to ...

Single Center Experience with Use of Letermovir for CMV Prophylaxis or Treatment in Thoracic Organ Transplant Recipients.

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is common in thoracic organ transplant recipients. Valganciclovir and ganciclovir are used for both prophylaxis and treatment of this infection but intolerance and treatment failure are common. Letermovir has been demonstrated to reduce the risk of CMV infection when used for prophylaxis in allogeneic hematopoetic-cell transplantation. However, there is no data on its efficacy in thoracic organ transplantation.

Early Venous Thromboembolism Prophylaxis for Isolated High-Grade Blunt Splenic Injury.

Nonoperative management (NOM) has become more common in hemodynamically stable patients with high-grade blunt splenic injury. However, there are no widely accepted guidelines for an optimal and safe timeframe for the initiation of venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis. The purpose of this study was to explore the association between the timing of VTE prophylaxis initiation and NOM failure rate in isolated high-grade blunt splenic injury.

Venous thromboembolism prophylaxis and the impact of a thrombosis service at a Canadian level 1 trauma centre

Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a common and serious complication seen in patients with trauma. Guidelines recommend the routine use of pharmacologic prophylaxis; however, compliance rates vary widely. The aim of this study was to describe the clinical practice related to VTE prophylaxis in the first 24 hours after injury at our level 1 Canadian trauma centre and the impact of a thrombosis consultation service.

Use of Prophylaxis for Prevention of Venous Thromboembolism in Patients with Isolated Foot or Ankle Surgery: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Although prophylaxis for venous thromboembolism (VTE) is recommended after many surgeries, evidence base for use of VTE prophylaxis after foot or ankle surgery has been elusive, leading into varying guidelines recommendations and notable practice variations. We conducted a systematic review of the literature to determine if use of VTE prophylaxis decreased the frequency of subsequent VTE, including deep vein thrombosis (DVT) or pulmonary embolism (PE), compared with control. We searched PubMed, the Cochrane...

Photosensitization of Lithium Di Silicate Ceramic by Er, Cr: YSGG and Fractional Carbon dioxide Laser Bonded to Orthodontic Bracket.

To evaluate the shear bond strength (SBS) and modes of lithium disilicate ceramics (LDC) photosensitized by Er,Cr:YSGG (ECL) and fractional carbon dioxide (CO) laser bonded to metallic bracket compared to traditional conditioning methods.

Failure rates and survival times of systemic and biologic therapies in treating psoriasis: a retrospective study.

Systemic and biologic therapies have varying failure rates and survival times in treating psoriasis. We aim to describe the patterns of therapy failure in psoriasis patients. A retrospective (Jan 2009 to May 2018) analysis of 250 psoriasis patients seen at a psoriasis referral center, and 806 treatment courses of several systemic and biologic therapies, was conducted to determine failure rates and survival times for systemic and biologic therapies. Systemic therapies failed more often due to their adverse e...

Effectiveness of the pharmacist-involved multidisciplinary management of heart failure to improve hospitalizations and mortality rates in 4630 patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

Systemic antibiotic prophylaxis does not affect infectious complications in pediatric burn injury: A meta-analysis.

In pediatric burns the use of systemic antibiotic prophylaxis is a standard procedure in some burn centers, though its beneficial effect on the infectious complications is debated. The present meta-analysis aimed at determining whether systemic antibiotic prophylaxis prevents infectious complications in pediatric patients with burn injuries. We searched the PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library databases from inception to August 2019. We included 6 studies, in which event rates of infectious complications we...

Frailty and Function in Heart Failure: Predictors of 30-Day Hospital Readmission?

Although there have been decreases noted in 30-day readmission rates for persons with heart failure since enactment of the Hospital Readmissions Reduction Program, costs related to heart failure readmissions remain high. Consequently, there is a need to better identify persons with heart failure who are at risk for 30-day hospital readmission. Therefore, this study aimed to compare the ability of measures of function and frailty to predict 30-day hospital readmissions for adults 65 years and older with hear...

Prophylaxis of febrile neutropenia with colony-stimulating factors: the first 25 years.

Filgrastim prophylaxis, both primary and secondary, was rapidly incorporated into clinical practice in the 1990s. When pegfilgrastim became available in 2002, it quickly replaced filgrastim as the colony-stimulating factor (CSF) of choice for prophylaxis. Use of prophylaxis increased markedly in the first decade of this century and has stabilized during the present decade.Data concerning real-world CSF prophylactic practice patterns are limited but suggest that both primary and secondary prophylaxis are com...

Endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy: reasons for failure.

Endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) is a widely performed and safe procedure for the treatment of nasolacrimal duct obstruction manifested as epiphora or dacryocystitis. Current success rates are above 90%. Data on causes for failure of the procedure are sparse. We investigated the influence of several preoperative parameters on surgery outcome and to establish that parameters are linked with failure.

Long-term outcome evaluation of medium/high risk acute lymphoblastic leukaemia children treated with or without cranial radiotherapy in the EORTC 58832 randomized study.

We investigated the long-term outcome, the incidence of second neoplasms (SN) and the rate of late adverse effects (LAE) in children with central nervous system (CNS) negative medium/high-risk de novo acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL), in first complete remission (CR1) at end of late intensification, randomized to receive no cranial radiotherapy (No CRT, n = 92) versus CRT (standard arm, n = 84) in the non-inferiority EORTC 58832 study (1983-1989). Median follow-up was 20 years (range 4-32 years). T...

Failure of atovaquone prophylaxis for prevention of toxoplasmosis in hematopoietic cell transplant recipients.

Toxoplasma gondii DNA can be detected in peripheral blood by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in up to 16% of hematopoietic cell transplant (HCT) patients in the first 6 months post-transplant; and disease occurs in 3-6% , with attributable mortality of 44-66% , and about a quarter of cases being diagnosed post-mortem . The majority (73-87%) of cases result from reactivation in previously exposed (i.e., Toxoplasma seropositive) recipients and most (67-87%) occur in patients not receiving effective prophylaxi...

Influences on surgical antimicrobial prophylaxis decision making by surgical craft groups, anaesthetists, pharmacists and nurses in public and private hospitals.

Surgical antimicrobial prophylaxis (SAP) is a leading indication for antibiotic use in the hospital setting, with demonstrated high rates of inappropriateness. Decision-making for SAP is complex and multifactorial. A greater understanding of these factors is needed to inform the design of targeted antimicrobial stewardship interventions and strategies to support the optimization of SAP and its impacts on patient care.

The impact of low-dose versus high-dose antibiotic prophylaxis regimens on surgical site infection rates after cesarean delivery.

The objective of this study was to determine if high-dose antibiotic prophylaxis with cefazolin decreases the risk of surgical site infection (SSI) after a cesarean delivery.

Emicizumab: A Review in Haemophilia A.

Emicizumab (Hemlibra), a recombinant, humanized, bispecific monoclonal antibody, restores the function of missing activated factor VIII (FVIII) by bridging FIXa and FX to facilitate effective haemostasis in patients with haemophilia A. Subcutaneous emicizumab is approved in several countries, including in the USA and Japan, for the routine prophylaxis of bleeding episodes in patients with haemophilia A with or without FVIII inhibitors. It is also approved in the EU for the routine prophylaxis of bleeding ep...

Reinforcement omission effects in rats with bilateral lesions in the substantia nigra pars compacta and ventral tegmental area.

Reinforcement omission effects (ROEs) are characterized by higher response rates after reinforcement omission than after reinforcement delivery. This pattern of behavior is interpreted in terms of motivational and attentional processes. Recent studies from our laboratory have shown that the amygdala, nucleus accumbens, and medial prefrontal cortex are involved in ROE modulation. Also, the literature has demonstrated a role of other areas such as substantia nigra pars compacta (SNc) and the ventral tegmental...

Changing perioperative prophylaxis during antibiotic therapy and iterative debridement for orthopedic infections?

Perioperative antibiotic prophylaxis in non-infected orthopedic surgery is evident, in contrast to prophylaxis during surgery for infection. Epidemiological data are lacking for this particular situation.

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