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Fetal tracheal occlusion (TO) is currently an experimental approach to drive accelerated lung growth. It is stimulated by mechanotransduction that results in increased cellular proliferation and growth. However, it is currently unknown how TO affects the metabolic landscape of fetal lungs.
Tracheal bronchus is an ectopic bronchus almost arising from the right side of the tracheal wall above the carina. The incidence of a tracheal bronchus is reported as 0.1 to 3%. We experienced a patient with tracheal bronchus that was incidentally found at induction of anesthesia. Endotracheal intubation in a patient with tracheal bronchus might cause obstruction of the tracheal bronchus, although in this case, ventilation was not impaired.
Aortic occlusion during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) increases systemic arterial pressures. Correct thoracic placement during the resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) may be important for achieving effective CPR.
The length of tracheal defect or stenosis exceeded 5 cm could not be treated by simple resection and end-to-end anastomosis of the remaining trachea. Various ways of tracheal replacement had appeared sequentially, such as radial forearm free flap with cartilage grafts, tracheal tissue-engineering and tracheal allotransplantation. Among these methods, tracheal allotransplantation displayed a better long-term result. In this review, we are focused on recent advances in tracheal allotransplantation, particular...
Fetal endoscopic tracheal occlusion (FETO) is offered to fetuses with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) and severe lung hypoplasia to promote lung growth and may secondarily affect left heart growth. The effects of FETO on left heart hypoplasia (LHH) are not described post-CDH repair.
A right aortic arch (RAA) with a left arterial duct (LAD) together encircle the trachea and have the potential to cause tracheobronchial compression and published guidelines recommend bronchoscopy in symptomatic patients. The aim of the study was to describe the incidence of tracheal compression in a cohort of prenatally diagnosed RAA and LAD. Retrospective review of clinical course and imaging of prenatal cases of RAA and LAD assessed with flexible bronchoscopy over an 11-year period. 34 cases of prenatall...
Tracheal resection and reconstruction are traditionally approached with a right lateral thoracotomy or a median sternotomy. The thoracoscopic approach is usually applied in lung resection surgery in most hospitals but seldom used in tracheal resection. Three or more incisions are usually created during a thoracoscopic tracheal resection. We prescribed a method of single-incision thoracoscopic tracheal resection and reconstruction in a case of squamous cell carcinoma of the right tracheal wall.
Comparison of Monthly vs Treat-and-Extend Regimens for Individuals With Macular Edema Who Respond Well to Anti-Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Medications: Secondary Outcomes From the SCORE2 Randomized Clinical Trial.
Comparisons of monthly vs treat-and-extend anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) regimens for macular edema from central retinal vein occlusion or hemiretinal vein occlusion is needed.
Congenital malformations of the trachea include a variety of conditions that cause respiratory distress in neonates and infants. A number of anomalies are self-limiting while others are life-threatening and require immediate therapy. The prevalence of congenital airway malformations has been estimated to range between 0.2 and 1 in 10,000 live births. The most frequent congenital tracheal malformations are: tracheomalacia, congenital tracheal stenosis, laryngotracheal cleft and tracheal agenesis. The managem...
Tracheobronchomalacia (TBM) refers to the weakening trachea or the trachea loss of structural integrity of airway cartilaginous structures. It causes tracheal stenosis, resulting in significantly high rates of mortality. Bronchoplasty by high-pressure balloon dilation under general anesthesia is a simple but effective and safe method to treat tracheobronchial stenosis. However, recurrent postoperative dyspnea after extubation due to tracheal collapse is still a challenge for anesthetists.
We performed a systematic review of randomized controlled studies evaluating any drug, technique or device aimed at improving the success rate or safety of tracheal intubation in the critically ill.
Despite the popularity of peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs), recent literature highlights their potential injurious complications. Innovative PICC materials have been developed to prevent thrombosis and infection formation (Endexo®) and antireflux valves to prevent occlusion (pressure-activated safety valve®). No large randomized controlled trial has assessed these technologies. Our primary aim was to evaluate the feasibility of a large randomized controlled efficacy trial of PICC materials ...
The C-MAC laryngoscope (C-MAC) is a videolaryngoscope that uses a modified Macintosh blade. Although several anecdotal reports exist, it remains unclear whether the C-MAC is superior to the Macintosh laryngoscope for tracheal intubation in the adult population.
The McGrath laryngoscope is a novel self-contained videolaryngoscope with a single-use blade. There are several anecdotal reports that the McGrath is superior to the Macintosh laryngoscope for tracheal intubation. However this remains controversial.
Terminal differentiation of an organ is the last step in development that enables the organism to survive in the outside world after birth. Terminal differentiation of the insect tracheae that ends with filling the tubular network with gas is not fully understood at the tissue level. Here, we demonstrate that yet unidentified valves at the end of the tracheal system of the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster embryo are important elements allowing terminal differentiation of this organ. Formation of these valv...
Glomus tumors (GTs) are rare soft tissue neoplasms. Several treatment options have been reported for tracheal GTs including thoracotomy, bronchoscopic electrocautery, Nd: YAG laser, and cryotherapy. However, few studies have evaluated the ideal treatment for tracheal GTs.
Total arterial occlusive pressure (AOP) is used to prescribe pressures for surgery, blood flow restriction exercise (BFRE) and ischemic preconditioning (IPC). AOP is often measured in a supine position; however, the influence of body position on AOP measurement is unknown and may influence level of occlusion in different positions during BFR and IPC. The aim of this study was therefore to investigate the influence of body position on AOP.
To compare the presentation and outcomes of patients younger than 50 years versus patients aged 50 years and older with central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO).
We aimed to investigate the prophylactic effect simvastatin of and mitomycin C (MMC) on laryngeal and tracheal stenosis in tracheotomised rats by histopathological evaluation of laryngotracheal segment. Randomized prospective single-blind.
The selection of an appropriately-sized tracheal tube is of critical importance in paediatric patients to reduce both the risk of subglottic stenosis from a tracheal tube that is too large, and inadequate ventilation or poor end-tidal gas monitoring from a tracheal tube that is too small. Age formulae are widely used, but known to be unreliable, often resulting in a need to change the tracheal tube. Previous work has shown that the length of the middle finger and the internal diameter can both be used to gu...
GlideScope video laryngoscope (GS) has been widely used to facilitate tracheal intubation in adults and pediatric patients because it can improve glottic view. Several investigations performed in pediatric patients have shown that GS provides a better view of the glottis than direct laryngoscope (DL). However, to date, there are no studies assessing the use of GS in neonates. Therefore, we conducted a prospective study to compare time to intubate (TTI) when either GS or DL was used for endotracheal intubati...
To investigate the safety and efficacy of percutaneous stenting for the management of chronic ischemia caused by endograft limb occlusion following endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR).
Although opioids are used to treat neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS), the best pharmacologic treatment has not been established.