PubMed Journals Articles About "The Role Of IMP3 Expression In Patients With Neuroblastoma" RSS

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Showing "Role IMP3 Expression Patients With Neuroblastoma" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 60,000+

IMP3 as a prognostic biomarker in patients with malignant peritoneal mesothelioma.

Malignant peritoneal mesothelioma (MPeM) is an incurable cancer with poor prognosis and several biomarkers have been suggested for screening of MPeM. The aim of our study was to evaluate the prognostic significanceas of IMP3 and Fli-1 in MPeM. Diagnostic biopsies of 44 MPeM patients were centrally collected and were immunohistochemically analyzed for expression of IMP3, Fli-1, and Ki-67. Labelling was assessed by two pathologists. Complete clinical information and follow up were obtained from patients' reco...

IMP3 Stabilization of WNT5B mRNA Facilitates TAZ Activation in Breast Cancer.

Insulin-like growth factor-2 mRNA-binding protein 3 (IMP3) is an oncofetal protein associated with many aggressive cancers and implicated in the function of breast cancer stem cells (CSCs). The mechanisms involved, however, are poorly understood. We observed that IMP3 facilitates the activation of TAZ, a transcriptional co-activator of Hippo signaling that is necessary for the function of breast CSCs. The mechanism by which IMP3 activates TAZ involves both mRNA stability and transcriptional regulation. IMP3...

Genomic Amplifications and Distal 6q Loss: Novel Markers for Poor Survival in High-risk Neuroblastoma Patients.

Neuroblastoma is characterized by substantial clinical heterogeneity. Despite intensive treatment, the survival rates of high-risk neuroblastoma patients are still disappointingly low. Somatic chromosomal copy number aberrations have been shown to be associated with patient outcome, particularly in low- and intermediate-risk neuroblastoma patients. To improve outcome prediction in high-risk neuroblastoma, we aimed to design a prognostic classification method based on copy number aberrations.

MAX to MYCN intracellular ratio drives the aggressive phenotype and clinical outcome of high risk neuroblastoma.

Childhood neuroblastoma, a disease of the sympathetic nervous system, is the most common solid tumour of infancy, remarkably refractory to therapeutic treatments. One of the most powerful independent prognostic indicators for this disease is the amplification of the MYCN oncogene, which occurs at high levels in approximately 25% of neuroblastomas. Interestingly, amplification and not just expression of MYCN has a strong prognostic value, although this fact appears quite surprising as MYCN is a transcription...

The ALK receptor in sympathetic neuron development and neuroblastoma.

The ALK gene encodes a tyrosine kinase receptor characterized by an expression pattern mainly restricted to the developing central and peripheral nervous systems. In 2008, the discovery of ALK activating mutations in neuroblastoma, a tumor of the sympathetic nervous system, represented a breakthrough in the understanding of the pathogenesis of this pediatric cancer and established mutated ALK as a tractable therapeutic target for precision medicine. Subsequent studies addressed the identity of ALK ligands, ...


The paired-like homeobox 2B gene (PHOX2B) encodes a key transcription factor that plays a role in the development of the autonomic nervous system and the neural structures involved in controlling breathing. In humans, PHOX2B over-expression plays a role in the pathogenesis of tumours arising from the sympathetic nervous system such as neuroblastomas, and heterozygous PHOX2B mutations cause Congenital Central Hypoventilation Syndrome (CCHS), a life-threatening neurocristopathy characterised by the defective ...

MicroRNA-193b-3p represses neuroblastoma cell growth via downregulation of , and .

Neuroblastoma is the most common diagnosed tumor in infants and the second most common extracranial tumor of childhood. The survival rate of patients with high-risk neuroblastoma is still very low despite intensive multimodal treatments. Therefore, new treatment strategies are needed. In recent years, miRNA-based anticancer therapy has received growing attention. Advances in this novel treatment strategy strongly depends on the identification of candidate miRNAs with broad-spectrum antitumor activity. Here,...

Molecular mechanisms and therapeutic targets in neuroblastoma.

Neuroblastoma is the most common extracranical tumor of childhood and the most deadly tumor of infancy. It is characterized by early age onset and high frequencies of metastatic disease but also the capacity to spontaneously regress. Despite intensive therapy, the survival for patients with high-risk neuroblastoma and those with recurrent or relapsed disease is low. Hence, there is an urgent need to develop new therapies for these patient groups. The molecular pathogenesis based on high-throughput omics tec...

Relevance of polymorphisms to neuroblastoma risk in Chinese children: a four-center case-control study.

Neuroblastoma is a lethal tumor that commonly occurs in children. Polymorphisms in reportedly influence risk for several types of cancer, though their roles in neuroblastoma remain unclear. Here we endeavored to determine the relevance of gene polymorphisms and neuroblastoma susceptibility in Chinese children genotyping three polymorphisms (rs3810366, rs13181 and rs238406) in 505 cases and 1070 controls and assessing their contributions to neuroblastoma risk. Overall, we detected no significant associati...

Colony Stimulating Factor 1 Receptor Blockade Improves the Efficacy of Chemotherapy against Human Neuroblastoma in the Absence of T Lymphocytes.

Tumor-associated macrophages can promote growth of cancers. In neuroblastoma, tumor-associated macrophages have greater frequency in metastatic versus loco-regional tumors, and higher expression of genes associated with macrophages helps to predict poor prognosis in the 60% of high-risk patients who have MYCN-non-amplified disease. The contribution of cytotoxic T-lymphocytes to anti-neuroblastoma immune responses may be limited by low MHC class I expression and low exonic mutation frequency. Therefore, we m...

Zika virus as an oncolytic treatment of human neuroblastoma cells requires CD24.

Neuroblastoma is the second most common childhood tumor. Survival is poor even with intensive therapy. In a search for therapies to neuroblastoma, we assessed the oncolytic potential of Zika virus. Zika virus is an emerging mosquito-borne pathogen unique among flaviviruses because of its association with congenital defects. Recent studies have shown that neuronal progenitor cells are likely the human target of Zika virus. Neuroblastoma has been shown to be responsive to infection. In this study, we show tha...

The Human Ion Channel TRPM2 Modulates Neuroblastoma Cell Survival and Mitochondrial Function through Pyk2, CREB, and MCU Activation.

Transient receptor potential melastatin channel subfamily member 2 (TRPM2) has an essential function in cell survival and is highly expressed in many cancers. Inhibition of TRPM2 in neuroblastoma by depletion with CRISPR technology or expression of dominant negative TRPM2-S has been shown to significantly reduce cell viability. Here, the role of proline-rich tyrosine kinase 2 (Pyk2) in TRPM2 modulation of neuroblastoma viability was explored. In TRPM2-depleted cells, phosphorylation and expression of Pyk2 a...

Prospective investigation of applicability and the prognostic significance of bone marrow involvement in patients with neuroblastoma detected by quantitative reverse transcription PCR.

Detection of bone marrow (BM) involvement in patients with neuroblastoma is crucial for staging and defining prognosis. Furthermore, the persistence of residual tumor cells in the BM is associated with an unfavorable outcome.

SPECT/CT MIBG Imaging Is Crucial in the Follow-up of the Patients With High-Risk Neuroblastoma.

Planar whole-body imaging with I-radiolabeled metaiodobenzylguanidine (I-MIBG) is routinely used in the follow-up evaluation of neuroblastoma. In recent years, SPECT with integrated low-dose CT (SPECT/CT) has become more accessible. We investigated how much SPECT/CT can have additional diagnostic value over planar imaging in detection of residual and recurrent neuroblastoma.

Micro-RNA-137 Inhibits Tau Hyperphosphorylation in Alzheimer's Disease and Targets the CACNA1C Gene in Transgenic Mice and Human Neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y Cells.

BACKGROUND Alzheimer's disease (AD) results in cognitive impairment. The calcium voltage-gated channel subunit alpha-1 C CACNA1C gene encodes an alpha-1 C subunit of L-type calcium channel (LTCC). The aim of this study was to investigate the role of micro-RNA-137 (miR-137) and the CACNA1C gene in APPswe/PS1ΔE9 (APP/PS1) double-transgenic AD mice and in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells. MATERIAL AND METHODS Six-month-old APP/PS1 double-transgenic AD mice (N=6) and age-matched normal C57BL/6 mice (N=6) unde...

Wnt Signalling Drives Context-Dependent Differentiation or Proliferation in Neuroblastoma.

Neuroblastoma is one of the commonest and deadliest solid tumours of childhood, and is thought to result from disrupted differentiation of the developing sympathoadrenergic lineage of the neural crest. Neuroblastoma exhibits intra- and intertumoural heterogeneity, with high risk tumours characterised by poor differentiation, which can be attributable to MYCN-mediated repression of genes involved in neuronal differentiation. MYCN is known to co-operate with oncogenic signalling pathways such as Alk, Akt and ...

RSRC1 and CPZ gene polymorphisms with neuroblastoma susceptibility in Chinese children.

Two new neuroblastoma susceptibility loci at 3q25 (RSRC1 rs6441201 G > A) and 4p16 (CPZ rs3796725 T > C and rs3796727 A > G) were identified by a genome-wide association study (GWAS) involving Italians, African Americans and European Americans. In this case-control study with 393 neuroblastoma cases and 812 controls, we investigated the association between these three polymorphisms and neuroblastoma susceptibility in Chinese population. We found that participants harboring the RSRC1 rs6441201A a...

Inhibition of Sirtuin 6 Induces Neuroblastoma Differentiation.

Sirtuins (SIRTs) play crucial roles in various signaling pathways that modulate differentiation and proliferation. We sought to elucidate the role of SIRTs in differentiation and proliferation of human neuroblastoma (NB).

Antitumor Effect of Burchellin Derivatives Against Neuroblastoma.

Neuroblastoma is one of the most commonly encountered malignant solid tumors in the pediatric age group. We examined the antitumor effects of five burchellin derivatives against human neuroblastoma cell lines.


Neuroblastoma is one of the most common solid tumors in children and has a diverse clinical behavior that largely depends on the tumor biology. Neuroblastoma exhibits unique features, such as early age of onset, high frequency of metastatic disease at diagnosis in patients over 1 year of age and the tendency for spontaneous regression of tumors in infants. The high-risk tumors frequently have amplification of the MYCN oncogene as well as segmental chromosome alterations with poor survival. Recent advanced g...

Potential role of MicroRNA 200c gene expression in assessment of colorectal cancer.

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a common cancer worldwide that affects men and women of all racial and ethnic groups. Recent evidence supports the role of microRNAs in CRC. We planned to investigate microRNA200c expression and its relation with diagnosis, prognosis, metastasis and overall survival in CRC patients. This study enrolled 90 subjects (3'0 CRC patients, 30 patients with benign colorectal polyps and 30 healthy control subjects).

Updates in Diagnosis, Management, and Treatment of Neuroblastoma.

Neuroblastoma is an embryonic tumor of the peripheral sympathetic nervous system. It is the most common extracranial solid tumor of childhood and accounts for up to 15% of all pediatric cancer fatalities. The manifestation of neuroblastoma is variable depending on the location of the tumor and on the presence or absence of paraneoplastic syndromes. The prognosis of neuroblastoma is also highly variable, ranging from spontaneous regression to widespread metastatic disease that is unresponsive to treatment. T...

Molecular and functional analysis of anchorage independent, treatment-evasive neuroblastoma tumorspheres with enhanced malignant properties: A possible explanation for radio-therapy resistance.

Despite significant advances in cancer treatment and management, more than 60% of patients with neuroblastoma present with very poor prognosis in the form of metastatic and aggressive disease. Solid tumors including neuroblastoma are thought to be heterogeneous with a sub-population of stem-like cells that are treatment-evasive with highly malignant characteristics. We previously identified a phenomenon of reversible adaptive plasticity (RAP) between anchorage dependent (AD) cells and anchorage independent ...

Circulating autoantibodies against neuroblastoma suppressor of tumorigenicity 1 (NBL1): A potential biomarker for coronary artery disease in patients with obstructive sleep apnea.

Although severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is an important risk factor for atherosclerosis-related diseases including coronary artery disease (CAD), there is no reliable biomarker of CAD risks in patients with OSA. This study aimed to test our hypothesis that circulating autoantibodies against neuroblastoma suppressor of tumorigenicity 1 (NBL1-Abs) are associated with the prevalence of CAD in patients with OSA.

NRP1 knockdown promotes the migration and invasion of human neuroblastoma-derived SK‑N‑AS cells via the activation of β1 integrin expression.

Neuropilin 1 (NRP1) is a transmembrane glycoprotein, which regulates many aspects of cellular function by functioning as co-receptor of various ligands. Recent studies have suggested that NRP1 promotes tumorigenesis, not only by activating the growth of tumor vessels, but also by activating the growth or migration of tumor cells themselves. The present study was performed to elucidate the roles of NRP1 in the development and/or progression of neuroblastoma (NB). In contrast to previous observations in var...

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