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PubMed Journals Articles About "The Therapeutic Effect Of Dysthyroid Optic Neuropathy" RSS

06:15 EST 18th January 2020 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Therapeutic Effect Dysthyroid Optic Neuropathy" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 29,000+

Optic Nerve Stretch Is Unlikely to Be a Significant Causative Factor in Dysthyroid Optic Neuropathy.

Although it is a commonly held belief that stretching of the optic nerve is important in dysthyroid optic neuropathy (DON), it is probably mainly due to microvascular ischemia arising from high pressure at the orbital apex. If stretch is important in DON, one would expect longer optic nerves and reduced optic nerve compliance in these patients.


Minimal-Access Endoscopic Endonasal Management of Dysthyroid Optic Neuropathy: The Dysthone Study.

Dysthyroid optic neuropathy (DON) is a devastating complication of thyroid eye disease. Corticosteroids are the primary medical treatment for DON, but some refractory patients may require surgical management.

Bilateral Optic Disc Edema in a Patient with Lead Poisoning.

Heavy metals, such as lead can cause optic neuropathy. Optic disc neuropathy due to lead intoxication has previously been reported. We report a rare case of lead toxicity-induced optic neuropathy presenting with bilateral hemorrhagic optic disc swelling.


Therapeutic Effects of Puerarin Against Anterior Ischemic Optic Neuropathy Through Antiapoptotic and Anti-Inflammatory Actions.

This study investigated the therapeutic effects of puerarin (PR) on a rat model of anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (rAION).

Ischemic Optic Neuropathy.

Vision is often threatened or lost by acute ischemic damage to the optic nerves. Such pathology most often affects the anterior portion of the nerve and is visible on funduscopic examination. Ischemic optic neuropathy is associated with typical vascular risk factors and with one systemic disease in particular: giant cell arteritis (GCA). This article provides an overview of the three major classes of ischemic optic neuropathy, including information on risk factors, differential diagnosis, evaluation, and ma...

Three Tesla 3D High-Resolution Vessel Wall MRI of the Orbit may Differentiate Arteritic From Nonarteritic Anterior Ischemic Optic Neuropathy.

Anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (AION) is the most common cause of acute optic neuropathy in older patients. Distinguishing between arteritic AION (A-AION) and nonarteritic (NA-AION) is paramount for improved patient management.

Radiation-induced optic neuropathy - observation versus intravitreal treatment.

To compare intravitreal therapy with the natural course of radiation optic neuropathy after primary proton beam therapy for choroidal melanoma with respect to long-term visual acuity and development of optic atrophy DESIGN: Retrospective comparative case series METHODS: Inclusion criteria: Patients treated with primary proton beam therapy for choroidal melanoma with a minimum follow-up of 24 months after the occurrence of radiation optic neuropathy and optic disc imaging during follow-up.

Non-arteritic Anterior Ischaemic Optic Neuropathy: Pathogenesis and Therapeutic Approaches.

Non-arteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION) is an acute neurodegenerative disease with a largely elusive early pathogenesis and no specific therapy. Recent data from animal models of the disease as well as from epidemiological studies have provided new insights into the disease mechanism of NAION. On the basis of this new knowledge, a broad variety of therapeutic approaches is currently being evaluated in animal and clinical studies. This review aims to provide an overview of the pathogenesis a...

An evolving perspective of endoscopic transnasal optic canal decompression for traumatic optic neuropathy in clinic.

Traumatic optic neuropathy (TON) is a serious complication of craniofacial trauma, which damages the optic nerve indirectly and leads to dysfunction of visual acuity. The clinical intervention for a patient with TON includes optic canal decompression (with or without steroids), treatment with corticosteroids alone, or observation only. Currently, there is a controversy among clinicians as to which treatment is optimal. An increasing number of retrospective studies have unveiled that patients could experienc...

Surgical Decompression or Corticosteroid Treatment of Indirect Traumatic Optic Neuropathy: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Traumatic optic neuropathy (TON) is a rare cause of severe permanent visual impairment after injury. Traumatic optic neuropathy may occur due to sharp trauma (direct injury) that damages the optic nerve directly or due to damage from the transmitted forces after a concussive blow to the head or orbit (indirect injury). The management of indirect TON remains controversial. Either surgical decompression or mega dose corticosteroid is used for managing indirect TON. However, no consensus exists regarding the d...

Steroids in the treatment of nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy: A PRISMA-compliant meta-analysis.

Non-arteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION) is the common cause of acute and subacute optic neuropathy in adults over the age of 50. Steroid administration in NAION seems to be in practice and is advised frequently by neurologists. The controversy regarding steroid usage in NAION is far from settled, with strong opinions on both sides. Despite a large amount of articles on this topic, but the results have not always been consistent. To address this gap, we decided to conduct a meta-analysis of ...

Optic Neuropathy, Secondary to Ethmoiditis, and Onodi Cell Inflammation during Childhood: A Case Report and Review of the Literature.

Optic neuropathy consists of several etiological events. The primary etiologies of its acute form include optic neuritis, ischemic optic neuropathy, inflammatory (nondemyelinating) disorders, and trauma. Its subacute and chronic forms are most often linked to compressive, toxic, nutritional, or hereditary-genetic causes. Visual loss, dyschromatopsia, and visual field defects are the presenting symptoms. The Onodi cell (sphenoethmoidal air cell) is an anatomic variant located laterally and superior to the sp...

The development of optic neuropathy after chronic rhinosinusitis: A population-based cohort study.

To evaluate the risk of developing optic neuropathy (ON) in patient with both non-surgery and surgery-indicated chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) via the national health insurance research database in Taiwan.

Toward a new definition of glaucomatous optic neuropathy for clinical research.

A process is ongoing to produce a definition of glaucomatous optic neuropathy (GON) using quantitative, objective data from structural and functional tests. At present, a common practice is to define GON by subjective features said to be 'characteristic' as judged by those experienced in glaucoma care.

Clinical and Optic Disc Characteristics of Patients Showing Visual Recovery in Leber Hereditary Optic Neuropathy.

The visual prognosis in Leber hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) is generally poor. However, some individuals can have spontaneous visual recovery (VR) in one or both eyes by a mechanism that is not yet clearly understood. The purpose of this study was to determine whether certain clinical and optic disc features are associated with VR in patients with LHON.

The accuracy of standard multiple sclerosis MRI brain sequences for the diagnosis of optic neuropathy.

Detection of optic neuropathy on MRI has potential implications for the diagnosis and management of Multiple Sclerosis (MS).

Macular Vascularity in Ischemic Optic Neuropathy Compared to Glaucoma by Projection-Resolved Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography.

To compare macular vasculature in patients with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) POAG and atrophic non-arteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION).

Risk of Nonarteritic Anterior Ischemic Optic Neuropathy after Cataract Surgery.

/aims: To determine whether the development of nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION) is increased after receiving cataract surgery in a large general population.

Development and Validation of a Deep Learning System to Detect Glaucomatous Optic Neuropathy Using Fundus Photographs.

A deep learning system (DLS) that could automatically detect glaucomatous optic neuropathy (GON) with high sensitivity and specificity could expedite screening for GON.

MALIGNANT OPTIC GLIOMA OF ADULTHOOD.

A 61-year-old man presented with acute painless optic neuropathy with resultant no light perception in his left eye. Neuro-ophthalmological examination, optical coherence tomography and fluorescein angiography did not reveal the etiology. Since the patient had a cardiac pacemaker, he underwent a CT scan with contrast of the brain and orbits, which was normal. Five months later, the patient presented with visual field loss in his right eye. A repeat targeted CT scan was normal but after stopping his pacemake...

Randomized Controlled Phase 2a Study of RPh201 in Previous Nonarteritic Anterior Ischemic Optic Neuropathy.

No proven treatment exists for nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION), either in the acute or late phase.

Emerging Treatments for Leber's Hereditary Optic Neuropathy and Other Genetic Causes of Visual Loss.

Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) and other genetic causes of visual loss are important clinical entities that can cause profound visual loss. To date, therapeutic options have been quite limited, but insights into the genetic basis of these diseases and advances in the ability to deliver effective and safe gene therapy have opened the door for new therapeutics that may revolutionize the approach to treating these conditions. This article reviews emerging gene therapies of LHON and other inherited ...

Autosomal dominant optic atrophy with gene mutations accompanied by auditory neuropathy and other systemic complications in a Japanese cohort.

This study aimed to describe the genetic and clinical characteristics of four Japanese patients with autosomal dominant optic atrophy (DOA) accompanied by auditory neuropathy and other systemic complications (i.e., DOA-plus disease).

Toxic-Metabolic and Hereditary Optic Neuropathies.

The diagnosis of visual loss from toxic-metabolic and hereditary optic neuropathies may be delayed in some cases because of a failure to elicit important information in the clinical history or to recognize typical examination findings. An understanding of the features specific to each type of toxic-metabolic and hereditary optic neuropathy, and of the underlying mechanism of insult to the optic nerve, could lead to earlier recognition, diagnosis, and treatment (when available).

Diabetic Optic Neuropathy and Its Risk Factors in Chinese Patients With Diabetic Retinopathy.

To investigate diabetic optic neuropathy (DON) prevalence and risk factors in Chinese diabetic retinopathy (DR) patients.


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