PubMed Journals Articles About "Therachon Receives Orphan Drug Designation Achondroplasia" RSS

13:12 EST 16th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Therachon receives orphan drug designation achondroplasia" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 10,000+

Acanthosis nigricans in achondroplasia.

Acanthosis nigricans (AN) in those with achondroplasia has been reported occasionally in the literature previously. Other disorders arising from constitutive activation of FGFR3 also manifest AN at various frequencies. We assessed the prevalence of AN in a sequential series of 477 individuals with achondroplasia. Using a REDCap database, we collected and analyzed what other features or medical issues may co-occur with AN in those with achondroplasia. AN arises in approximately 10% of individuals with achond...

A quantitative description of self-selected walking in adults with Achondroplasia using the gait profile score.

Achondroplasia is characterised by a shorter appendicular limb-to-torso ratio, compared to age matched individuals of average stature (controls). Previous work shows gait kinematics of individuals with Achondroplasia differing to controls, but no global quantification of gait has been made in adults with Achondroplasia.

Acute type A aortic dissection repair in an octogenarian with achondroplasia: a case report.

Achondroplasia is an inherited disorder and the most common type of short-limbed dwarfism in human beings, affecting more than 250,000 individuals worldwide. To the best of our knowledge, no study has reported a correlation between achondroplasia and aortic dissection. Here, we report a rare case of acute type A aortic dissection repair in a patient with achondroplasia.

FDA Expectations for Demonstrating Interchangeability.

There is a great interest from global companies who are developing biosimilars to pursue interchangeability designation for commercialization of their products in the US. An interchangeability designation will not only allow the substitutability at the pharmacy level without the intervention of a health care provider but the first sponsor who is able to garner interchangeability designation will also receive 12 months of marketing exclusivity. This paper will highlight our current understanding of FDA expec...

Dose-Finding Studies Among Orphan Drugs Approved in the EU: A Retrospective Analysis.

In the development process for new drugs, dose-finding studies are of major importance. Absence of these studies may lead to failed phase 3 trials and delayed marketing authorization. In our study we investigated to what extent dose-finding studies are performed in the case of orphan drugs for metabolic and oncologic indications. We identified all orphan drugs that were authorized until August 1, 2017. European Public Assessment Reports were used to extract the final dose used in the summary of product char...

Growth in achondroplasia: Development of height, weight, head circumference, and body mass index in a European cohort.

As growth references for achondroplasia are limited to reports from United States, Japan, Argentina, and Australia, the aim of this study was to construct growth references for height, weight, head circumference, and body mass index (BMI) from a European cohort of children with achondroplasia and to discuss the development of these anthropometric variables. A mix of cross-sectional and longitudinal, retrospective, and prospective data from 466 children with achondroplasia and 4,375 measuring occasions were ...

Dose adjustment in orphan disease populations: the quest to fulfill the requirements of physiologically based pharmacokinetics.

While the media is engaged and fascinated by the idea of 'Precision Medicine', the nuances related to 'Precision Dosing' seem to be largely ignored. Assuming the 'right drug' is selected, clinicians still need to decide on the 'right dose' for individuals. Ideally, optimal dosing should be studied in clinical trials; however, many drugs on the market lack evidence-based dosing recommendations, and small groups of patients (orphan disease populations) are dependent on local guidance and clinician experience ...

Polysomnography as an indicator for cervicomedullary decompression to treat foramen magnum stenosis in achondroplasia.

Management of cervicomedullary compression due to foramen magnum stenosis in achondroplasia remains controversial, especially for patients with no symptoms or mild symptoms. We examined the effectiveness of polysomnography (PSG) as an indicator for cervicomedullary decompression treatment.

An autoregulatory loop controlling orphan nuclear receptor DAX-1 gene expression by orphan nuclear receptor ERRγ.

Orphan Receptor GPR88 as an Emerging Neurotherapeutic Target.

While G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are recognized as pivotal drug targets involved in multiple physiological and pathological processes, the majority of GPCRs including orphan GPCRs (oGPCRs) are unexploited. GPR88, a brain-specific oGPCR with particularly robust expression in the striatum, regulates diverse brain and behavioral functions including cognition, mood, movement control and reward-based learning, and is thus emerging as a novel drug target for CNS disorders including schizophrenia, Parkins...

Achondroplasia: Orocraniofacial Features and Orthodontic-Surgical Management Guidelines Proposal.

In this study, the authors aimed to describe orocraniofacial features and to suggest orthodontic-surgical managements in achondroplasia, based on a literature review. The authors focused on skeletal and dentoalveolar malocclusion in order to highlight the place of orthognathic surgery, based on our experience of 3 patients. Maxillary hypoplasia in achondroplasia typically results in an Angle class III malocclusion with an anterior open bite. The other orocraniofacial features include enlarged calvarium, pro...

Validation of the binary designation 'Symbiodinium thermophilum' (Dinophyceae).

The binary designation 'Symbiodinium thermophilum' was invalid due to the absence of an illustration as required by Article 44.2 of the ICN. Herein, it is validated. This species is the most common symbiont in reef corals in the southern Persian/Arabian Gulf (PAG), the world's hottest body of water sustaining reef coral growth. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Total Joint Arthroplasty Quality Ratings: How Are They Similar and How Are They Different?

A patient's perception of hospital or provider quality can have far-reaching effects, as it can impact reimbursement, patient selection of a surgeon, and healthcare competition. A variety of organizations offer quality designations for orthopedic surgery and its subspecialties. Our goal is to compare total joint arthroplasty (TJA) quality designation methodology across key quality rating organizations. One researcher conducted an initial Google search to determine organizations providing quality designation...

Efficient multi-task chemogenomics for drug specificity prediction.

Adverse drug reactions, also called side effects, range from mild to fatal clinical events and significantly affect the quality of care. Among other causes, side effects occur when drugs bind to proteins other than their intended target. As experimentally testing drug specificity against the entire proteome is out of reach, we investigate the application of chemogenomics approaches. We formulate the study of drug specificity as a problem of predicting interactions between drugs and proteins at the proteome ...

Urrets-Zavalia syndrome post keratoplasty, keratoconus and achondroplasia: Is there a link?

Changes in the range of motion of the lower limb joints during extensive tibial lengthening in achondroplasia.

Increase in the magnitude of lengthening during the limb lengthening procedure involves a high risk of decreased range of motion (ROM) in adjacent joints. Even though patients with achondroplasia can tolerate a relatively larger amount of lengthening owing to its inherent soft-tissue laxity, they often exhibit significant joint contractures during extensive lengthening. In the present study, we evaluated temporal changes in the ROM of the hip, knee, and ankle joints throughout the treatment period in 12 lim...

Assessment of Pregabalin Postapproval Trials and the Suggestion of Efficacy for New Indications: A Systematic Review.

After a drug receives regulatory approval, researchers often pursue small, underpowered trials, called exploratory trials, aimed at testing additional indications. If favorable early findings from exploratory trials are not promptly followed by confirmatory trials, then physicians, patients, and payers can be left uncertain about a drug's clinical value (clinical agnosticism). Such findings may encourage the off-label use of ineffective drugs.

The core sequence of PIF competes for insulin/amyloid β in insulin degrading enzyme: potential treatment for Alzheimer's disease.

The central pathological feature of Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the sequential proteolytic processing of amyloid precursor protein (APP) to amyloid-β peptides (Aβ) agglomeration. The clearance of Aβ may be induced by the large zinc-binding protease insulin degrading enzyme (IDE). IDE is the common link between AD and Type II diabetes as insulin is an IDE target as well. Not surprisingly, the search for safe and effective drugs modulating IDE is ongoing. A new pregnancy derived peptide, PreImplantation Fa...

Specialty Drug Coverage Varies Across Commercial Health Plans In The US.

We analyzed specialty drug coverage decisions issued by the largest US commercial health plans to examine variation in coverage and the consistency of those decisions with indications approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Across 3,417 decisions, 16 percent of the 302 drug-indication pairs were covered the same way by all of the health plans, and 48 percent were covered the same way by 75 percent of the plans. Specifically, 52 percent of the decisions were consistent with the FDA label, 9 ...

Speed breeding orphan crops.

This review explores how speed breeding protocols that hasten plant growth and development could be applied to shorten breeding cycles and accelerate research activities in orphan crops. There is a growing need for the agri-food sector to sustainably produce larger quantities of higher-quality food, feed and fuel using fewer resources, within the context of changing agroclimatic conditions. Meeting this challenge will require the accelerated development and dissemination of improved plant varieties and subs...

Severe poisoning with naphazoline: update from a therapeutic error.

Naphazoline is a drug commonly used as a decongestant in adult patients. Its indication in Pediatrics is not frequent, being approved its use from the age of 12 for the toxic effects it possesses. Intoxication in children generates a potentially serious clinical picture. It is characterized by the immediate appearance of hypotonia, deterioration of the sensory, hypothermia and bradycardia of variable degree of clinical compromise. Although it is an infrequent intoxication, the anamnesis and the initial mana...

Promoting ancillary conservation through marine spatial planning.

The term Other Effective Conservation Measures (OECMs) refers to areas which are not protected areas and yet significantly contribute to conservation; they were recently defined by the Convention on Biological Diversity. Efforts to address the designation of OECMs include further definition of the term and the development of typologies of OECMs and of screening tools which can be applied to identify potential OECMs. While the designation process of OECMs is still unclear, especially in the marine environmen...

The Orphan Receptor GPR35 Contributes to Angiotensin II-Induced Hypertension and Cardiac Dysfunction in Mice.

The orphan receptor G protein-coupled receptor 35 (GPR35) has been associated with a range of diseases, including cancer, inflammatory bowel disease, diabetes, hypertension, and heart failure. To assess the potential for GPR35 as a therapeutic target in cardiovascular disease, this study investigated the cardiovascular phenotype of a GPR35 knockout mouse under both basal conditions and following pathophysiological stimulation.

Breakthrough Therapy Designation for New Drugs.

Breakthrough Therapy Designation for New Drugs-Reply.

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