PubMed Journals Articles About "Therapeutic Tumor-Selective Donor Lymphocytes And Aldesleukin In Treating Patients With Malignant Glioma" RSS

10:26 EST 11th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

Therapeutic Tumor-Selective Donor Lymphocytes And Aldesleukin In Treating Patients With Malignant Glioma PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Therapeutic Tumor-Selective Donor Lymphocytes And Aldesleukin In Treating Patients With Malignant Glioma articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Therapeutic Tumor Selective Donor Lymphocytes Aldesleukin Treating Patients" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 49,000+

The prognostic and predictive value of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes and hematologic parameters in patients with breast cancer.

Carcinogenesis and tumor growth are associated with chronic inflammation and the host immune system. Here, we investigated the clinical significance and relationship between tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) and hematologic parameters in patients with breast cancer.

Prognostic Value of Low Tumor Burden in Patients With Melanoma.

The therapeutic landscape for cutaneous melanoma has dramatically advanced in the last several years with the development, validation, and approval by the US Food and Drug Administration of several new therapies that have proven effective in treating metastatic disease. Considerable effort has been put into identifying prognostic and predictive markers of therapeutic response to better delineate the patient populations most likely to benefit from treatment. Baseline tumor burden has been described as a comm...

B lymphocytes can be activated to act as antigen presenting cells to promote anti-tumor responses.

Immune evasion by tumors includes several different mechanisms, including the inefficiency of antigen presenting cells (APCs) to trigger anti-tumor T cell responses. B lymphocytes may display a pro-tumoral role but can also be modulated to function as antigen presenting cells to T lymphocytes, capable of triggering anti-cancer immune responses. While dendritic cells, DCs, are the best APC population to activate naive T cells, DCs or their precursors, monocytes, are frequently modulated by tumors, displaying...

Identification of a subset of microsatellite-stable endometrial carcinoma with high PD-L1 and CD8+ lymphocytes.

Immune checkpoint blockade has emerged as an effective therapeutic strategy for patients with advanced cancer. Identification of biomarkers associated with treatment efficacy will help to select patients more likely to respond to this approach. High levels of microsatellite instability, tumor expression of PD-L1, high tumor mutation burden, and increased tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes have all been associated with response to checkpoint inhibitor blockade. The purpose of this study was to determine if a sub...

Tumor infiltrating lymphocyte volume is a better predictor of neoadjuvant therapy response and overall survival in triple negative invasive breast Cancer.

Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) has an aggressive behavior, limited therapeutic options, and high mortality rate. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) is a standard treatment for TNBC and patients with pathological complete response (pCR) have a favorable outcome. We conducted a comprehensive evaluation of cancer clinicopathologic parameters, and correlated these parameters with the pCR rate and the overall survival. Fifty-eight patients with TNBC of no special type who underwent breast biopsy, neoadjuvant ...

A new method for evaluating tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) in colorectal cancer using hematoxylin and eosin (H-E)-stained tumor sections.

Numerous reports indicate that tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) are a prognostic factor in various cancers and that they must be good biomarkers. However, the methods of evaluating TILs differ in each study; thus, there is not yet a standardized methodology for evaluating TILs. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the prognostic significance of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) using the new method proposed by the International TILs Working Group in brea...

Adoptive transfer of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes in melanoma: a viable treatment option.

The treatment of metastatic melanoma patients with autologous tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) shows robust, reproducible, clinical responses in clinical trials executed in several specialized centers over the world. Even in the era of targeted therapy and immune checkpoint inhibition, TIL therapy can be an additional and clinically relevant treatment line. This review provides an overview of the clinical experiences with TIL therapy thus far, including lymphodepleting regimens, the use of interleukin-2...

Association between density of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes and prognoses of patients with gastric cancer.

Tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) have been shown to be of prognostic significance in patients with gastric cancer. This study aims to investigate the association between density of TILs and prognoses of patients with gastric cancer.

The reciprocal function and regulation of tumor vessels and immune cells offers new therapeutic opportunities in cancer.

Tumor angiogenesis and escape of immunosurveillance are two cancer hallmarks that are tightly linked and reciprocally regulated by paracrine signaling cues of cell constituents from both compartments. Formation and remodeling of new blood vessels in tumors is abnormal and facilitates immune evasion. In turn, immune cells in the tumor, specifically in context with an acidic and hypoxic environment, can promote neovascularization. Immunotherapy has emerged as a major therapeutic modality in cancer but is ofte...

Decreased circulating T regulatory lymphocytes in obese patients undergoing bariatric surgery.

It has been previously demonstrated that T lymphocytes may be involved in the development of hypertension and microvascular remodeling, and that circulating T effector lymphocytes may be increased in hypertension. In particular, Th1 and Th 17 lymphocytes may contribute to the progression of hypertension and microvascular damage while T-regulatory (Treg) lymphocytes seem to be protective in this regard. However, no data is available about patients with severe obesity, in which pronounced microvascular altera...

Tumor Treating Fields Utilization in a Glioblastoma Patient with a Preexisting Cardiac Pacemaker: The First Reported Case.

Tumor treating fields (TTF) have become an important, evidence-based modality in the treatment of glioblastoma (GBM). In patients requiring cardiac pacemakers, TTF therapy is complicated by theoretical concerns regarding possible electrical interaction between the devices.

New path to treating pancreatic cancer: TRAIL gene delivery targeting the fibroblast-enriched tumor microenvironment.

Gene therapy has shown promise in antitumor strategies for advanced cancer. However, efficient and safe delivery of potent therapeutic gene expressing in specific tumor tissues remains elusive, especially when there exist stromal obstacles. Here we report a non-viral gene delivery approach targeting pancreatic stellate cells (PSCs) as the transfection host in the fibroblast-enriched tumor microenvironment of pancreatic cancer. Plasmid DNA (pDNA) encapsulated in branched polyethylenemine (BPEI) was found to ...

The Prognostic Value of Tumor-Infiltrating lymphocytes in Stage II Colon Cancer. A Nationwide Population-Based Study.

Additional prognostic markers are needed for better treatment stratification of stage II colon cancer (CC). We investigated the prognostic value of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) in a true population-based cohort of patients with stage II CC.

Identification of spleen tyrosine kinase as a potential therapeutic target for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma using reverse phase protein arrays.

The vast majority of esophageal cancers in China, India and Iran are esophageal squamous cell carcinomas (ESCC). A timely diagnosis provides surgical removal as the main therapeutic option for patients with ESCC. Currently, there are no targeted therapies available for ESCC. We carried out reverse phase protein array-based protein expression profiling of seven ESCC-derivedcell lines and a non-neoplastic esophageal epithelial cell line (Het-1A) to identify differentially expressed proteins in ESCC. SYK non-r...

Prognostic and predictive values of immune infiltrate in patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma.

This study sought to determine whether the in situ tumor-infiltrating immune lymphocytes, as a novel companion to the Immunoscore analysis, could be a promising, valuable prognostic and predictive marker in patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). Total (CD3+) and cytotoxic (CD8+) T lymphocytes were assessed using immunohistochemistry in tumor nests and stroma obtained from patient surgical specimens. The "Immunoscore" methodology has been defined to quantify the amount of in situ immune...

1-Methyl-D-tryptophan Reduces Tumor CD133 cells, Wnt/β-catenin and NF-κβp65 while Enhances Lymphocytes NF-κβ2, STAT3, and STAT4 Pathways in Murine Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma.

1-Methyl-D-tryptophan (1-MT) is extensively utilized in preclinical trials to deplete indoleamine 2,3-dioxigenase (IDO) activity and kynurenine pathway. Since IDO related signaling pathways aren't well understood, some clinical reports affirmed IDO inhibiting therapeutic significance. Therefore, we did use direct tumor autologous antigens vaccination and 1-MT without chemotherapy to explore biological mechanisms and immunomodulations of 1-MT that motivate antitumor responses. However, DCs antigen-uptake cap...

Producing proT-cells to promote immunotherapies.

T-lymphocytes are critical mediators of the adaptive immune system and they can be harnessed as therapeutic agents against pathogens and in cancer immunotherapy. T-cells can be isolated and expanded from patients and potentially generated in vitro using clinically relevant systems. An ultimate goal for T-cell immunotherapy is to establish a safe, universal effector cell type capable of transcending allogeneic and histocompatibility barriers. To this end, human pluripotent stem cells (PSCs) offer an advantag...

FTY720 enhances the anti-tumor activity of carboplatin and tamoxifen in a patient-derived xenograft model of ovarian cancer.

Ovarian cancer is the fifth leading cause of cancer-related deaths among women in the United States. Although most patients respond to frontline therapy, virtually all patients relapse with chemoresistant disease. This study addresses the hypothesis that carboplatin or tamoxifen + FTY720, a sphingosine analogue, will minimize or circumvent drug-resistance in ovarian cancer cells and tumor models. In vitro data demonstrate that FTY720 sensitized two drug-resistant (A2780. cp20, HeyA8. MDR) and two high-grade...

Cost-minimization analysis in the Indian subcontinent for treating Guillain Barre Syndrome patients with therapeutic plasma exchange as compared to intravenous immunoglobulin.

Therapeutic Plasma Exchange (TPE) and Intravenous Immunoglobulin both are first-line treatments for Guillain Barre Syndrome; however, there is a significant difference in cost. We undertook this study to assess the cost minimization for treating Guillain Barre Syndrome patients.

Combined neutralization of interferon gamma and tumor necrosis factor alpha induces IL-4 production but has no direct additive impact on parasite burden in splenic cultures of human visceral leishmaniasis.

Immune activating cytokines Interferon (IFN)-γ and Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α are known to activate macrophages for killing of Leishmania parasite. IFN-γ provides therapeutic potential while TNF-α has been recognized to mediate protection in visceral model of infection. In the present study we investigated whether combination of IFN-γ and TNF-α has better therapeutic strength than individually using one of these cytokines in Visceral Leishmaniasis (VL) patients. We performed combined blockade of IF...

Tumor-selective catalytic nanosystem for activatable theranostics.

A novel tumor-selective catalytic nanosystem that enables efficient chemodynamic therapy (CDT) and activatable fluorescence imaging in H2O2-rich tumor microenvironments has been developed.

Novel 4D-MRI of tumor infiltrating vasculature: characterizing tumor and vessel volume motion for selective boost volume definition in pancreatic radiotherapy.

Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma has dismal prognosis. Most patients receive radiation therapy (RT), which is complicated by respiration induced organ motion in upper abdomen. The purpose of this study is to report our early clinical experience in a novel self-gated k-space sorted four-dimensional magnetic resonance imaging (4D-MRI) with slab-selective (SS) excitation to highlight tumor infiltrating blood vessels for pancreatic RT.

MET‑RON dual inhibitor, BMS‑777607, suppresses cholangiocarcinoma cell growth, and MET‑RON upregulation indicates worse prognosis for intra‑hepatic cholangiocarcinoma patients.

Intra‑hepatic cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is an aggressive cancer with few effective therapeutic options. MET and RON have been found to be increased in a variety of tumors and to be associated with tumor progression and acquired resistance to therapy. The present study evaluated the efficacy of a MET‑RON dual inhibitor (BMS‑777607) for treating CCA and analyzed the prognostic significance of MET‑RON upregulation. We treated CCA cell lines and rats with CCA with BMS‑777607 to determine its effects on...

Evaluation of costimulatory molecules in dogs with B cell high grade lymphoma.

B cell high grade lymphoma is the most common hematopoietic malignancy in dogs. Although the immune checkpoint molecules, programmed death-1 (PD-1) and cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen-4 (CTLA-4), and immune checkpoint inhibitors have been evaluated for the treatment of various human lymphoid malignancies, the expression of those molecules and their relationship with prognosis remain unknown in canine lymphoma. The objective of this study was to evaluate the expression of costimulatory molecules on...

Mutated cancer autoantigen implicated cause of paraneoplastic myasthenia gravis.

Anti-tumor immune responses are postulated to initiate paraneoplastic neurological disorders when proteins normally restricted to neural cells are expressed as oncoproteins. Mutated oncopeptides could bypass self-tolerant T-cells to activate cytotoxic effector T-lymphocytes and requisite helper T-lymphocytes to stimulate autoantibody production by B-lymphocytes.

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