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PubMed Journals Articles About "There Squid Town" RSS

12:28 EDT 5th April 2020 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "There squid town" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 116

Close-up observations on the spawning behavior of a captive Japanese flying squid (Todarodes pacificus).

The spawning behavior of a Japanese flying squid (Todarodes pacificus) is described based on up-close observation of a captive female. The squid was first transferred from a 10-ton tank to a polystyrene plastic box containing 45 liters of seawater. About one hour later, the mantle-contraction rate increased rapidly, followed by a brief convulsion of the mantle and arms and a whitening of the body. The mantle contractions become shallow and rapid, and several seconds later, semitransparent jelly presumably f...


Halogenated natural products and anthropogenic persistent organic pollutants in chokka squid (Loligo reynaudii) from three sites along the South Atlantic and Indian Ocean coasts of South Africa.

Chokka squid (Loligo reynaudii) from three sites along the South African coast were analyzed for halogenated natural products (HNPs) and anthropogenic persistent organic pollutants (POPs). HNPs were generally more than one order of magnitude more abundant than POPs. The most prevalent pollutant, i.e. the HNP 2,3,3',4,4',5,5'-heptachloro-1'-methyl-1,2'-bipyrrole (Q1), was detected in all chokka squid samples with mean concentrations of 105, 98 and 45 ng/g lipid mass, respectively, at the Indian Ocean (site...

Adaptation to pH stress by can affect its symbiosis with the Hawaiian bobtail squid ().

Many microorganisms engaged in host-microbe interactions pendulate between a free-living phase and a host-affiliated stage. How adaptation to stress during the free-living phase affects host-microbe associations is unclear and understudied. To explore this topic, the symbiosis between Hawaiian bobtail squid () and the luminous bacterium was leveraged for a microbial experimental evolution study. experienced adaptation to extreme pH while apart from the squid host. was serially passaged for 2000 generatio...


Toward an MRI-Based Mesoscale Connectome of the Squid Brain.

Using high-resolution diffusion magnetic resonance imaging (dMRI) and a suite of old and new staining techniques, the beginnings of a multi-scale connectome map of the squid brain is erected. The first of its kind for a cephalopod, this includes the confirmation of 281 known connections with the addition of 145 previously undescribed pathways. These and other features suggest a suite of functional attributes, including (1) retinotopic organization through the optic lobes and into other brain areas well beyo...

Self-reported physical activity status among adolescents in Debre Birhan town, Ethiopia: Cross-sectional study.

Regular physical activity reduces the risk of ischaemic heart disease, stroke, diabetes, and breast and colon cancer. But, adolescents are insufficiently physically active. Therefore, this study was aimed to assess self- reported physical activity status and associated factors among adolescents in Debre Birhan town, Ethiopia.

Level of Knowledge About Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV Option B+ and Associated Factors Among ANC Clients in Kombolcha Town, South Wollo Amhara Regional State, Ethiopia, 2017.

The purpose of this study was to assess the level of knowledge about prevention of mother-to-child transmission option B+ and associated factors among antenatal care clients in Kombolcha town; 2017.

Clonal expansion of colistin resistant Acinetobacter baumannii isolates in Cape Town, South Africa.

Description of colistin resistant Acinetobacter baumannii isolates in Cape Town, South Africa.

Prevalence and determinants of modern contraceptive utilization among women in the reproductive age group in Edaga-hamus Town, Eastern zone, Tigray region, Ethiopia, June 2017.

All individuals and couples have a basic human right to decide freely and responsibly the number, spacing, and timing of their child. However, In Ethiopia, the prevalence of contraceptive utilization remains low and it varies in different regions. Therefore, this study was aimed to determine prevalence and determinant factors affecting the utilization of modern contraception in the reproductive age group (15-49 years) in Edaga-Hamus Town.

The Characteristics and Expression Profile of Transferrin in the Accessory Nidamental Gland of the Bigfin Reef Squid during Bacteria Transmission.

The accessory nidamental gland (ANG) is a female reproductive organ found in most squid and cuttlefish that contains a consortium of bacteria. These symbiotic bacteria are transmitted from the marine environment and selected by the host through an unknown mechanism. In animals, a common antimicrobial mechanism of innate immunity is iron sequestration, which is based on the development of transferrin (TF)-like proteins. To understand this mechanism of host-microbe interaction, we attempted to characterize th...

"Wuzhen: The Last Untouched Riverside Town of China".

Nano-corona formation between foodborne nanoparticles exacted from roast squid and human serum albumin.

Foodborne nanoparticles (FNPs) produced by roasting have attracted people's attention owing to their safety risk to body health. Herein, we reported the formation, physicochemical properties, elemental composition, bio-distribution and binding with human serum albumin (HSA) of FNPs extracted from roast squid. The results showed that the FNP size gradually decreased from 4.1 to 2.3 nm as the roasting temperature changed from 190 to 250 °C. The main component elements of FNPs are carbon, oxygen, and nitrogen...

Dispersive solid-phase extraction and dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction for the determination of flavor enhancers in ready-to-eat seafood by HPLC-PDA.

The dispersion solid-phase microextraction (DSPE) combined with dispersion liquid-liquid microextraction (DLLME) was developed as a rapid, simple and effective pretreatment method for the determination of flavor enhancers (maltol, ethyl maltol, vanillin, methyl vanillin, ethyl vanillin) of ready-to-eat seafood products (dried squid, baked squid, fried fish, steamed abalone). Under the optimized DSPE-DLLME method, the developed method exhibited low limits of quantitation (0.20-0.50 μg g) and excellent l...

Constructing HLM to examine multi-level poverty-contributing factors of farmer households: Why and how?

Accurately identifying poverty-contributing factors of farmer households in an all-round way is the critical prerequisite and guarantee for taking targeted measures in poverty alleviation. From the combined perspectives of multi-level comprehensive detection and human-nature sustainable development, this study has designed a multi-level index system of household-level, village-level, and town-level, and constructed a nested three-level hierarchical linear model to examine the poverty-contributing factors of...

FDA Town Hall: New Drug Approvals in Gastrointestinal Disease (2018-2019).

Adverse childhood experiences and mental health: Comparing the link in rural and urban men who have sex with men.

Research shows individuals experiencing adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) as well as identifying as a man who has sex with other men (MSM) are at an increased risk for mental health issues. Less has been studied, however, on ACEs in MSM; with even fewer studies investigating non-urban (e.g., rural/small town/suburban) MSM, as most research features urban samples. This is problematic due to studies showing that rurality can influence the behavior of MSM. The current study comparatively investigates the im...

"Squid-Capture" modified in situ stent-graft fenestration technique for recurrent abdominal aortic occlusive disease after collapse of balloon-expandable stent.

We present a case of an 85-year-old woman with bilateral limb-threatening ischemia caused by acute-on-chronic occlusion of the infrarenal aorta. The patient once underwent endovascular recanalization using nitinol and stainless-steel bare-metal stent implantation; however, the stainless-steel stent collapsed 3 months later. In the second endovascular therapy, "Squid-Capture" modified in situ stent-graft fenestration technique followed by stent-in-stent implantation with stent-graft and bare-metal stent was ...

Specialization for rapid excitation in fast squid tentacle muscle involves action potentials absent in slow arm muscle.

An important aspect of the performance of many fast muscle fiber types is rapid excitation. Previous research on the cross-striated muscle fibers responsible for the rapid tentacle strike in squid has revealed the specializations responsible for high shortening velocity, but little is known about excitation of these fibers. Conventional whole-cell patch recordings were made from tentacle fibers and the slower obliquely striated muscle fibers of the arms. The fast-contracting tentacle fibers show an approxim...

Assessment of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBLs) - producing Escherichia coli from minced meat of cattle and swab samples and hygienic status of meat retailer shops in Jimma town, Southwest Ethiopia.

The impact of animals sources of food as a possible reservoir for extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) - Producing E. coli, and the dissemination of such strains into the food production chain need to be assessed. This study was aimed to assess the presence and antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of ESBLs - producing E. coli isolates from minced meat and environmental swab samples at meat retailer shops of Jimma town, Southwest Ethiopia.

Seasonal fluxes and sources apportionment of dissolved inorganic nitrogen wet deposition at different land-use sites in the Three Gorges reservoir area.

To identify seasonal fluxes and sources of dissolved inorganic nitrogen (DIN) wet deposition, concentrations and δN signatures of nitrate (NO) and ammonium (NH) in wet precipitation were measured at four typical land-use types in the Three Gorges reservoir (TGR) area of southwest China for a one-year period. Higher DIN fluxes were recorded in spring and summer and their total fluxes (averaged 7.58 kg N ha) were similar to the critical loads in aquatic ecosystems. Significant differences of precipitation ...

Progression to type 2 diabetes mellitus and associated risk factors after hyperglycemia first detected in pregnancy: A cross-sectional study in Cape Town, South Africa.

Global data indicate that women with a history of hyperglycemia first detected in pregnancy (HFDP) are at up to 7 times risk of progressing to type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) compared with their counterparts who have pregnancies that are not complicated by hyperglycemia. However, there are no data from the sub-Saharan African region, which has the highest projected rise in diabetes prevalence globally. The aim of this study was to determine the proportion of women who progress to T2DM and associated risk fa...

Magnitude and associated factors of postpartum depression among women in Nekemte town, East Wollega zone, west Ethiopia, 2019: A community-based study.

Postpartum depression is a non-psychotic disorder that happens during the first 1year after childbirth. It affects both the mother's health and child's development and is given significant public health concern in developed countries. However, in developing countries including Ethiopia, postnatal care is mainly concerned with obstetric problems and the baby's health, while the psychological well-being of the mother is given little attention. Therefore, this study was aimed to assess the magnitude and associ...

Adherence to iron-folic acid supplement and associated factors among antenatal care attending pregnant mothers in governmental health institutions of Adwa town, Tigray, Ethiopia: Cross-sectional study.

Iron-folic acid supplementation during pregnancy is among the very effective interventions to prevent iron deficiency anemia, low birth weight, and prematurity. There is a need of having recent studies on adherence to the supplement that consider the very recent interventions targeted to scale up the use of iron-folic acid (IFA) supplement. Therefore we sought to assess adherence to IFA supplement and its associated factors among antenatal care attending pregnant mothers in governmental health institutions ...

Dynamics of a squid-inspired swimmer in free swimming.

The untethered swimming performance of a two-dimensional squid-inspired swimmer is studied. Our model includes fully-coupled fluid-structure interaction and an idealized activation algorithm that drives periodic shape change of the body. We present results of both escape jetting via a single deflation-coasting motion and long-distance swimming via repeated inflation-deflation cycles. In both cases added-mass-related force is found to contribute significantly to thrust generation. Moreover, we find that the ...

INDOOR RADON CONCENTRATION AND RISK ASSESSMENT IN SOME DWELLINGS OF OBUASI, MINING TOWN.

222Rn concentration indoors was measured in 40 dwellings in the Obuasi municipality, a gold-mining town in the Ashanti Region of Ghana using the LR 115 type II strippable detectors for the two major seasons in Ghana, rainy and dry. The detectors were placed in the bed rooms of dwellers for 6 months each. Average indoor radon concentration varied from 63.9 to 364.9 Bqm-3 with a mean of 152.2 ± 10.9 Bqm-3 in the rainy season and 26.1-119.0 Bqm-3 with a mean of 50.5 ± 3.9 Bqm-3 in the dry season. The ...

Service providers' perceptions of barriers to the implementation of trauma-focused substance use services for women in Cape Town, South Africa.

A substantial number of South African women with substance use disorders also report psychological trauma related to experiences of physical and sexual abuse. Trauma-focused substance use programmes may support recovery from co-occurring substance use disorders and psychological trauma, yet integrated programmes are not widely available in South Africa. As part of the process of developing a trauma-focused substance use programme for South African women, we explored service providers' views of the feasibili...


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