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Thoracic Paravertebral Block For Postoperative Analgesia After Video-assisted Thoracic Surgery. PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Thoracic Paravertebral Block For Postoperative Analgesia After Video-assisted Thoracic Surgery. articles that have been published worldwide.
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Paravertebral block (PVB) has been proven to be an efficient way to control postoperative pain in patients who have undergone a thoracotomy. This study aimed to explore whether the utilization of a patient-controlled PVB can provide benefits over intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) for three-port single-intercostal video-assisted thoracic surgery.
A best evidence topic in cardiac surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was: In patients undergoing video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery, is paravertebral block (PVB) superior to epidural analgesia (EP) in terms of pain control and its postoperative complication rates? Altogether, 153 papers were found using the reporting search, of which 4 represented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The authors, journal, date and country of publication, patient gro...
Adequate pain control after cardiac surgery is essential. Paravertebral block is a simple technique and avoids the potential complications of epidural catheters. The objective of this study is to compare the effect of ultrasound-guided bilateral thoracic paravertebral block with thoracic epidural block on pain control after cardiac surgery.
Postoperative supraventricular arrhythmias are common in patients after thoracoscopic lobectomy. Inadequate pain control has long been recognised as a significant risk factor for arrhythmias. The performance of ultrasound-guided (USG) thoracic paravertebral block (PVB) is increasing as an ideal technique for postoperative analgesia.
Improvement of recovery parameters using patient-controlled epidural analgesia for video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery lobectomy in enhanced recovery after surgery: A prospective, randomized single center study.
We compared the effects of thoracic epidural analgesia (TEA) to conventional patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) on several postoperative parameters of recovery after elective video-assisted thoracoscopic (VATS) lobectomy.
The erector spinae plane block is a novel interfascial plane block that can provide thoracic and abdominal analgesia. We describe a patient with opioid intolerance scheduled for breast surgery who received an erector spinae plane block with liposomal bupivacaine as well as a supplemental T1 paravertebral block resulting in profound analgesia throughout her postoperative course. This case report demonstrates that use of liposomal bupivacaine in the erector spinae plane block can be successful in providing ex...
Thoracic paravertebral block is a technique for perioperative analgesia in patients undergoing thoracic, chest wall, or breast surgery, or for pain management with rib fractures, which can be performed with or without ultrasound guidance. The ultrasound guidance technique can be used to identify the thoracic paravertebral space, guide needle placement, monitor the spread of local anesthetic (LA) solution, and reduce complications such as pleural puncture and pneumothorax. The possibility of assessing anesth...
Paravertebral catheters are a well-established analgesic modality in thoracic surgery but have not been described in abdominal aortic surgery. We describe a simple, safe, and effective technique of paravertebral catheter insertion by the operative surgeon after a retroperitoneal abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. Once the aneurysm repair is complete, an extrapleural plane between the parietal pleura and the twelfth rib is created through blunt dissection. A catheter is advanced into the space percutaneously ...
Analgesia for many open thoracic and abdominal procedures has traditionally been accomplished through neuraxial techniques or paravertebral blocks. Erector spinae plane (ESP) blocks purport effective analgesia over a similar anatomical distribution with a more favorable side effect profile and complication rate than epidurals. However, the extent of clinical applicability for ESP blocks has yet to be elucidated. In this case series, we demonstrate the efficacy of ESP blocks for 3 distinct etiologies of acut...
Thoracic Epidurals are Associated With Decreased Opioid Consumption Compared to Surgical Infiltration of Liposomal Bupivacaine Following Video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery for Lobectomy: A Retrospective Cohort Analysis.
Thoracic epidural analgesia (TEA) is considered the gold standard for postoperative pain control in thoracic surgery, however it is associated with the undesirable risks of hypotension urinary retention, and bleeding. Recently, surgical site infiltration with liposomal bupivicaine (LB) has been suggested as a comparable alternative to TEA. The authors compared total opioid consumption in patients who received either TEA or LB undergoing video-assisted thorascopic surgery (VATS) for lobectomy.
Thoracoscopic lobectomy is less painful than normal thoracotomy, but pain management is still an issue in the postoperative period. Thoracic epidural analgesia (TEA) is considered as the gold standard for post-thoracotomy pain control, but is associated with numerous risks.
Pain during and after pulmonary percutaneous radiofrequency ablation (RFA) may be severe enough to require opioids. Thoracic paravertebral block (TPVB) is a regional anesthetic technique that can relieve pain during and after abdominal or thoracic painful procedures. We report the use of TPVB to relieve postprocedural pain in a 50-year-old woman after RFA of lung metastasis. The TPVB was performed under computed tomographic guidance by the anesthesiologist. The patient was pain free (rest and mobilization) ...
The effect of adjunct caudal block on postoperative analgesia in robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy: A prospective randomized controlled, single blinded pilot study in a tertiary centre.
Caudal block provides satisfactory postoperative pain relief in lower abdominal operations. This pilot study explores its safety and effect on postoperative pain control in patients who underwent robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RARP).
The PECS II nerve block is a relatively new regional anesthetic technique that targets the medial and lateral pectoral nerves, as well as the lateral cutaneous branches of the intercostal nerves. It has been described for surgical cases involving the breast, as an adjunct or alternative to neuraxial or paravertebral techniques. This case report describes the first successful use of the PECS II nerve block placed using ultrasound guidance as the primary anesthetic and postoperative analgesic in a non-breast-...
Reports of surgical outcomes comparing proficient surgeons performing either robotic-assisted or video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy are lacking. We evaluate the comparative effectiveness of robotic-assisted and video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomies by surgeons who performed ≥20 annual cases in a national database.
Severe postoperative pain following spine surgery is a significant cause of morbidity, extended length of facility stay, and marked opioid usage. The erector spinae plane (ESP) block anesthetizes the dorsal rami of spinal nerves that innervate the paraspinal muscles and bony vertebra. We describe the use of low thoracic ESP blocks as part of multimodal analgesia in lumbosacral spine surgery.
The aim of the study was to compare the analgesic efficacy of epidural analgesia and transverse abdominis plane (TAP) block. TAP block has gained popularity to provide postoperative analgesia after abdominal surgery but its advantage over epidural analgesia is disputed.
Hip surgery is a major surgery that causes severe postoperative pain. Although pain during rest is usually considerably reduced mobilization is important in terms of thromboembolic complications. The quadratus lumborum block is a regional analgesic technique that blocks T6-L3 nerve branches. This block may provide adequate analgesia and reduce opioid consumption after hip surgery.
WHAT THIS ARTICLE TELLS US THAT IS NEW: BACKGROUND:: Ambulatory hip arthroscopy is associated with postoperative pain routinely requiring opioid analgesia. The potential role of peripheral nerve blocks for pain control after hip arthroscopy is controversial. This trial investigated whether a preoperative fascia iliaca block improves postoperative analgesia.
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is a commonly performed minimally invasive procedure that has led to a decrease in procedure-related mortality and morbidity. However, LC requires analgesia that blocks both visceral and somatic nerve fibers. In this study, we evaluated the effectiveness of Erector Spinae Plane Block (ESPB) for postoperative analgesia management in LC.
Evidence from cadaveric studies note that the sympathetic nerves from the second and third thoracic ganglia bypass the stellate ganglion in 20% of the population. We present a novel alternative technique for sympathetic blockade of upper extremity via thoracic epidural approach.
Primary palmar hyperhidrosis (PPH) is featured by aberrantly perspiration of the hands, which may bring a lot of inconvenience to patient's daily life and work. The purpose of this study is to summarize the clinical effect of needlescopic video-assisted thoracic bilateral T4 sympathicotomy for the treatment of PPH.
The Italian VATS Group database was accessed to evaluate whether preoperative and intraoperative factors may affect the safety of lymphadenectomy (LA) during video-assisted thoracic surgery lobectomy.
There have been few prospective randomized studies, but many retrospective studies strongly suggest the benefits of segmentectomy in properly selected patients. The indications for video-assisted thoracic surgery segmentectomy are growing because of the effectiveness and minimal invasiveness of the procedure. The aim of the present study was to analyze the learning curve for video-assisted thoracic surgery segmentectomy procedures in our institution.